Best Substrate for Cichlid Aquarium

The best substrates for cichlids

Choosing the correct substrate for your tank is important as it aids biological filtration, enhances the habitat for your cichlids, is beneficial to live plants and on top of this, adds to the beauty of your fish tank. In this article we jump into the lively debate and explore which is the best substrate for cichlid aquarium.

Cichlids are a popular choice with aquarium owners. There are more than 1,000 species of cichlids and they are found in most parts of the world.

It is the species found in the African lakes being considered the most beautiful. Cichlids can be just a few centimeters in size or up to 90cm.

They are popular, not just because of their looks, most of them are easy-going fish that are easy to keep and fun to watch.

They are low maintenance and – if kept in the right conditions- are long-living.

Best Substrate for Cichlid Aquarium

best substrate for cichlid aquarium

Natural vs. Artificial Substrates

The first question to answer is what is substrate? Substrate is aquarium gravel, sand or any other material poured in a layer on the tank’s bottom.

Substrate fulfils several roles with the important one being that beneficial bacteria live on the substrate and there the bacteria break down leftover food, fish waste and any plant debris and this helps to keep the water clean and the balance of good and bad bacteria in check.

Experimenting with different types of materials helps determine the best substrate for cichlid aquarium.

Natural substrates

These are usually classified as ‘inert’ and ‘active’ and this refers to whether they change the chemistry of the water in the tank so that it supports plant life.

The changes that are made are usually positive because the natural substrate contains micronutrients. Some are designed to reduce the pH of a tank whilst others leech ammonia into the water which is beneficial for the plants.

Active substrates with aragonite help prevent pH swings in fish tanks, whilst one with peat will soften the tank water and one with vermiculate releases magnesium and potassium into the water which are both nutritional to plants.


cichlid substrateThe largest form of natural nitrates can also be made using artificial materials. Pebbles come in every size and color imaginable, and the natural ones are made of rock or quartz.

Pebbles look good but when they are in layers at the bottom of the tank there are large gaps between them, and these can easily trap leftover foods and fish waste which in time can build up and produce nitrates and these are toxic to cichlid (and other fish).

Live plants do not root very easily in pebbles either.


In reality, gravel is just really small-pebbles. Gravel is available in a variety of natural (and artificial) materials and each piece of gravel usually measures between 2-4mm.

The big advantage of choosing gravel is that the gaps between the gravel are small so it is much harder for food or fish waste to get trapped.

Food waste tends to just settle on top of the gravel so that it can be easily cleaned up using a tank vacuum.


Natural sand is another popular type of substrate and comes in a variety of different types- just as it does on different beaches.

The grains of sand are available in different sizes from really fine to coarse and a selection of natural shades.

Aquarium Sand is a popular choice because it helps create the most natural environment for fish like the cichlid that has sand in its native home.

Sand is nice and easy to clean too as there is nowhere for uneaten food or animal waste to go except lie on top of the sand for easy removal.

Variations on sand substrates include crushed coral and crushed shells.

Aquarium soil:

This is specially formulated soil that means that it does not easily mix with tank water to become a muddy mess!

It is popular with those planting many plants in their aquarium as it is rich in nutrients which is good for the plants.

For those not wanting to plant many plants, other substrates are more suitable.

Having said that, some experts have a bottom substrate of soil so that their tank plants thrive and top this with a layer of natural sand.

Artificial substrate

There is a wide variety of artificial substrate available on the market, made from all different materials that does not affect the quality of the tank water.

Artificial pebbles, gravels, sands and soils can all be bought. Artificial pebbles for example, can be bought made from glass, beads and plastic.

Ceramic beads in a rainbow of colors are also available. Like all-natural substrate, those like the artificial beads and pebbles still form gaps where spare food and fish waste can easily accumulate.

And bare bottoms!

Some aquarium fans are adamant that there is no need to have a substrate and do not have any in their tank –this is usually referred to as a ‘bare bottom tank’.

This approach is not possible if you have fish like cichlid that like to dig in the substrate or others who scavenge for food.

The Best Substrate for Cichlids Aquarium

What is the best substrate for cichlid aquarium If you have cichlids, it is important to understand their natural living conditions. Most of the African cichlids come from the African rift lakes.

The waters in these lakes have very high mineral content and a high pH level ranging from 7.7 – 9.3. The water is harder and slightly more alkaline.

If you do not mimic these conditions in your fish tank, your cichlids will lose their color, be unable to breed and be more prone to infection.

Aquarium Ivory Coast sand is a great choice of substrate if you have a fish tank with African cichlids. This is because this substrate contains various natural minerals that are found in their natural habitat and helps keep the tank water crystal clear.

The Ivory Coast black sand is an alternative which can make a dramatic contrast with your brightly colored fish. It is more like a fine gravel than sand but contains a water-purifying bacteria that helps to detox the water.

Many fish experts recommend using coral sand, crushed coral or crushed oyster shell too. These help to balance the pH of the tank water. They prefer hard and slightly alkaline water, and this will also enhance the colors of your fish.

Considerations When Choosing Substrate

There are four important points to consider when choosing a substrate for your cichlid’s tank:

  • Size of particles

It is important to remember that uneaten food and fish waste and get trapped in the gaps between large particles/ pebbles and this will negatively impact the water quality of your tank as they decompose as the toxins build up.

It is important to consider what your cichlid wants too – they usually like to dig in sand.

  • Color

There are just so many different colors to choose from and whilst some are bright and whacky, others are totally naturally and enhance the beauty of the fish.

Darker colors can have the effect of making tanks and aquariums look smaller whilst light natural shades enhance their size. Some substrate looks dirty quickly, so this is another consideration.

  • Impact on the tank water

The African Cichlid is one of many fish species that needs certain water parameters – in this case a higher pH.

One way to achieve this is to add a substrate to the tank that will buffer the water.

Coral is a really good choice for cichlids as it does this successfully and coral sand combines the benefits of the coral on the pH and sand which is the cichlids’ favorite substrate.

  • Effect on the fish

What you choose as substrate will definitely impact your fish. Substrate with sharp edges can hurt fish.

Light-colored substrate can frighten fish– especially if teamed with bright lights.

To ensure you make a good choice, research the natural habitat and behavior of your cichlid and try to recreate it.

It is important to remember that you do not need to use just one type of substrate. If you need to use crushed coral for your tank but your cichlid much prefers sand, either invest in some coral sand – if you can find it- or mix crushed coral with sand for maximum benefit.

Some cichlid experts recommend using coral sand with aragonite. This is because aragonite is crystallized calcium carbonate which increases the hardness of water and its pH- both these are beneficial for healthy happy cichlids.

Tips for Maintaining and Using Substrate

When choosing a substrate for your cichlids, sand is considered the best. This is because cichlids love to dig in the sand and move it around.

They do scavenge for food in the wild and do make nests in the sand for their eggs. When you are putting aquarium sand or coral sand into your tank, it is best to have the layer at a depth of 2.5 – 5 cm (1-2 inches).

When you are in the pet shop wondering how much to buy, the guide is one pound (450g) per gallon of water.

Regular maintenance of the best substrate for cichlid aquarium is crucial for sustaining a balanced ecosystem.

It is important to keep the tank environment well and to remove any food and fish waste from the tank promptly and not let it start to decompose.

You should regularly change the water in your tank once or twice a week – the frequency depends on how many fish and the size of tank.

Once a month, you need to clean all the algae from the tank walls using a sponge, clean the sand by stirring in water to release all the dirt particles and check and clean the filter and pump.

  • It is a good idea to test your tank water weekly for nitrate levels and the pH. If your fish seem stressed test the water straight away to pinpoint the problem.

Final Thoughts – best substrate for cichlid aquarium

Selecting the best substrate for cichlid aquarium can significantly impact the health and behavior of the fish.

Choosing natural sand or coral sand for your fish tank will really enhance the environment for your cichlid as it will mimic their natural environment.

Keep the sand clean and healthy for your fish and regularly check the hardness of the water and its pH to ensure these are both within the ideal parameters for your cichlid.

Your fish will definitely enjoy having a substrate of sand or coral sand in their tank and you will have the fun of watching them digging in the sand and maybe even building a nest.


Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews 2023

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews 2023

If you want to keep your aquarium clean, you will need a gravel cleaner. By presenting you with our guide containing the best aquarium vacuum cleaner reviews you will be able to identify a gravel cleaner to suit your needs.

There are many models of vacuum cleaners on the market today that are helpful in ensuring that you maintain an excellent aquarium substrate.

Comparison Table

Prices pulled from the Amazon Product Advertising API on:

With the best environment, the aquarium inhabitants will have an easy time living in a home that is clean from build-up of debris and waste on the bottom of the tank.

Many years ago my thinking process about aquarium gravel was simple. The gravel was gravel and therefore inherently dirty like road gravel.

I believed that since this gravel was underwater, it must be as clean as it could possible be.

If you are seeking an aquarium siphon, or vacuum, you are in the right place.

In this buyer’s guide, we look at the different types that can be bought and summarize their benefits.

After researching 40+ different gravel vacuums, we have narrowed it down to the selection below which we have reviewed for you. The ones we selected are suitable for every aquarium size.

We aim to give you a better understand aquarium gravel dredgers, including which one is perfect for your tank.


Why Do You Need a an Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner?

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews 2022

One of the most common causes of marine and freshwater fish disease is stress. Poor water conditions in the aquarium often cause stress, so keeping your tank meticulously clean is critical for your fish to thrive. But it is not always easy to remove fish waste and uneaten food from the substrate. This waste can change the chemistry of the water, which may hinder the health of your fish.

Thus having a gravel vacuum will enable aquarium maintenance to be speedier and much more efficient to just using a siphon hose. A cleaner aquarium environment means healthier happy fish.

If you own an aquarium, it is your responsibility to maintain a healthy environment for your aquatic life. This includes cleaning substrates regularly. The best way to do this would be by using an underwater vacuum cleaner specifically designed for aquariums.

Left over food, fish waste and plant material end up in the substrate and begin to decompose. Decomposition increases ammonia levels that are toxic to fish and it reduces oxygen in the water. Cleaning, using traditional methods, where you need to siphon water from the aquarium is not the best way to go. It can be messy and cumbersome.

Many fish, corals and plants, have very narrow parameters with water chemistry and with water PH that ensures their survival. When wastes build up the fish will stress. A vacuum cleaner helps maintain a consistent water chemistry.

Top 10 Best Gravel Cleaners 

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews


1. Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance System

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The health of your aquarium is always important. This requires having the correct maintenance system. The Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance System should help you with this.

So why do people like this product?

One thing is for certain, you will always get the best performance when using this type of product. It is easy to operate.

Setting up complexed equipment can be off putting for some. This product does not need to be assembled. The manufacturer will send it assembled. Just open the packaging and use it in your aquarium.

I am impressed with the quality. It is well made and value for money and the materials are FDA approved.


  1. Save time
  2. Environmentally friendly
  3. Best quality
  4. Easy to use


  1. None that I can see
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2. SunGrow Aquarium Gravel Cleaner Kit

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

There’s no point in being messy when it comes to cleaning your tank. The Sungrow Aquarium Gravel Cleaner Kit comes with all the necessary equipment to clean the aquarium.

You get a portable controller that is effective at removing debris from the aquarium easily. Within minutes of cleaning you should start to see a difference in your aquarium water.

The product is suitable for fresh and saltwater tanks.

The equipment will allow for easy routine maintenance. Use the short nozzle to clean gravel and substrate. The flexible tube allows you to reach the behind rocks and plants where debris has built up. The vacuum is designed for ease.


  1. Easy to use
  2. Less time to set up
  3. Compact for hassle-free storage
  4. Easy maintenance


  1. Some quality issues
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3. Luigi’s Aquarium Siphon and Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

This is the perfect option if you regularly change the water in your tank.

The Luigi’s Aquarium Siphon and Gravel Cleaner, allows for easy filtering of the gravel at the bottom of the tank. It easily removes uneaten food, waste and debris that has accumulated over time.

There is a filter in this cleaner, so you don’t have to worry about accidentally sucking up small shrimps or fish. Other vacuum cleaner suction tubes do not have this function. However, the holes in the filter are a little small, so it is not able to suck up the bigger chunks of debris.

This product is affordable, being value for money, and comes with a 100% money back guarantee. So you can buy it with confidence.


  1. The filter prevents it from sucking up small fish or shrimps
  2. The affordable price makes it good value
  3. Hand pump


  1. No instructions are supplied
  2. Syphon hole small- not able to suck larger pieces of debris
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4. SSRIVER Aquarium Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The SSRIVER Aquarium Gravel Cleaner has a practical design that allows you to clean aquariums of different sizes, and it is easy to operate.

Having a filter feature prevents the suction of gravel or even small fish or shrimp. The filter allows for easy separation of waste from things that should remain in your tank.

To use this aquarium vacuum cleaner, simply press the air push button to pump water. You can use the flow regulator, so you can go as fast or slow as you want while sucking the water out of your tank.

The product comes with some great accessories that other vacuum cleaners don’t have. These include a glass scraper, flow clamp, valve and filter.

The company offers a money back guarantee if customers are not happy with the product.


  1. Adjustable flow
  2. Lots of accessories, including a glass scraper.
  3. The air push button starts the water flow


  1. No seals, so air can escape and weaken suction
  2. Leaks can occur
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5. Marina Easy Clean Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

This Marina Easy Clean Gravel Cleaner is designed to be a hassle-free option.

This device comes with a hose that will never kink. It also has a comfortable grip and the tube is oval in shape, making it easy to tuck the hose into the corners of the tank.

The cleaning vacuum component is 15 inches long and 2.5 inches in diameter. It comes with a 1.8 meter tube. The gravel vacuum works quickly to pick up dirt without any problems. A protective attachment prevents you from vacuuming up gravel or fish.

The tube is soft and flexible, making it easy to use and manoeuvre. A feature of a flow valve, allows you to control the speed of the water flow.


  1. Soft flexible hose that doesn’t kink
  2. 6 foot tube, perfect for large tanks
  3. Includes a protection accessory to prevent suction of gravel or fish


  1. Not a very sturdy product
  2. Very small pieces of gravel can pass through the gravel protector
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6. LL Products Gravel Vacuum for Aquarium

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

This LL Products Gravel Vacuum is a BPA-free gravel cleaning kit. The kit helps you clean the area around the gravel, and it does this quickly and easily.

The vacuum has one-way flow control, so you don’t have to worry about water spilling onto the floor or into the tank.

This kit also comes with a shut-off valve, allowing you to adjust the flow of the water. You can also cut off the flow completely, which is convenient when you’re done cleaning the gravel.

Having a feature of a hand pump enables easy starting the water flow. Another feature, a filter ensures that the vacuum will not suck in any of your fish or gravel.

You can cut the rigid tubing to a length that suits the size of your tank. Therefore the vacuum can suit a 10 gallon tank through to a large 100 gallon tank.


  1. Comes with a filter to prevent sucking fish/gravel
  2. Easily adjusted water flow
  3. BPA-free design (not toxic to fish)


  1. Joints can leak water
  2. It is big and bulky compared to other vacuums.
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7. EHEIM Quick Vac Pro

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The EHEIM Quick Vac Pro is a battery run electric gravel vacuum. Being an electric vacuum, it comes with a higher price tag to the simpler manual hand gravel cleaners.

What’s good about this battery electric vacuum, is that it does not have electric cords that could pose a danger and they get in the way.

This product works as a vacuum cleaner and not as a water exchanger.

4 AA batteries are required, giving you 4 hours running time. Plenty of time to clean your tank many times over.

The Quick Vac is ideal for tanks with a lot of organic waste and uneaten food on the gravel bed. The vacuum uses gentle sucking to draw in debris. The water flow passes through a fine mesh that traps the debris, then the water returns to the tank.

When you’re done, it is a simple step to take out the mesh cartridge, empty and clean it, then put the mesh back for use next time. It’s that easy.


  1. Easy to use
  2. Doesn’t suck the water out of the tank
  3. Gentle suction
  4. Convenience of being battery operated


  1. More expensive
  2. Some reviews say the construction is poor quality
  3. Some reviews point out that the impeller tends to jam
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8. KollerCraft TOM Mr Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner


Update as of 11th April 2022: This product is no longer available on Amazon.

The KollerCraft TOM Mr Cleaner is another battery operated unit and the company says it gives a 3-in-1 cleaning option. You can use it to clean gravel, remove algae, and extract dirty water.

The unit uses 2 C-batteries. The vacuum can be fully submerged under water and better suits smaller nano tanks.

Although better suited to smaller tanks, it does have a tube that stretches to 16 inches. The aquarium gravel vacuum sucks in the water, with the water passing through a filter screen to catch the debris.

The water can then be either returned to the tank, or is drawn through a hose into a bucket.


  1. Works well once the operation is understood
  2. Well priced
  3. Assembling it is easy, however, it was noted that a small black piece must be removed before putting on the “sock” that catches the debris.


  1. You will need to be careful so that you don’t end up close to the edge of your tank so the water runs out onto your floor.
  2. Requires a certain tilt for it to work correctly
  3. Some reviews say the debris catching sock doesn’t work so well (these people replace it with a standard women’s nylon stocking)
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9. Fluval EDGE Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The Fluval EDGE Gravel Cleaner is an effective and affordable tool for cleaning gravel in moderately sized tanks.

The angled design of the vacuum head makes it easy to access the gravel depths of your aquarium. Additionally, the siphon comes with two different head attachments: one that is designed for cleaning bulk gravel, and one that is narrower for easy cleaning of the corners of the tank.

The gravel guard built into the top of the hose prevents the hose from clogging with gravel, avoiding the headache experienced with other gravel siphons.

Another advantage is that this siphon is designed with an easy start valve, which only requires moving the vacuum head up and down to pressurize the tube and start continuous water suction.

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10. Siphon-style Gravel Vacuums

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

Consisting of little more than a hose and a hollow tube, this is the most popular type of gravel dredger. The Siphon-style Gravel Vacuum is inexpensive and available in a wide variety of sizes. This product is a favorite for beginners and experts alike.

The downside to this simple vacuum is that to clean your gravel you also have to drain the water from your tank.


  1. Affordable
  2. Wide range of sizes
  3. Option to siphon water from tank and/or clean your gravel
  4. No batteries required as gravity does all the work
  5. Simple


  1. It takes practice to use it correctly
  2. Improper use can lead to spillage
  3. You cannot clean the gravel without draining the water
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Our No1 Pick for the Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews

We selected the best aquarium Vacuum cleaner options, ensuring we included in our review the cheaper simple products through to more expensive electric products that come with greater features.

That said, the Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance System is, in our view, the pick of them all.

The Python is well designed, is simple to use and allows for quick cleaning without disturbing the fish or decorations in your tank.

Customer reviews rated it well and this vacuum gives good value for money.


How to Use an Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner?

It is not easy to fully explain how to use an aquarium vacuum as it may vary from model to model. Therefore, it is important that you refer to the vacuum cleaner manufacturer’s instructions to understand the specifics of their product.

For the majority of the models, the operating systems are quite simple.


How often Should You Vacuum the Gravel in the Aquarium?

When it comes to how often to vacuum your gravel, it depends on the type of aquarium you have. Some aquariums may have more fish or plants, so it’s important to vacuum more often.

For most fish aquariums, once a week should be sufficient.


Final Comments

Using a siphon to clean the gravel in your tank is an important job in maintaining a welcoming environment for your fish, and for the prevention of ammonia build-up. Gravel siphons can make water changes easier to do.

Identifying the right cleaner from the many models sold in aquarium stores has required much research into reading about the product features and looking carefully at customer reviews.

Ultimately, we are confident that all the products we have covered in our Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews are worth considering. It does depend upon your type of aquarium and what you are prepared to spend.


Top 7 Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs 2023 (Reviews + Guide)

Top 7 Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs 2023 (Reviews + Guide)

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Believe it or not, the substrate is the most important part of a hermit crab’s habitat. Substrate is the sand (mixed with other materials) you will use within your hermit crab tank or habitat. Hermit crabs depend on this substrate as they use it to bury themselves. One reason is that it provides protection against predators (for camouflage and feeling safe – especially in a new environment), and the other is for when they are ready to molt (shed their old shell). The best substrate for hermit crabs is super important, especially for the longevity of your pet.

The ideal primary substrate in your tank or habitat for your hermit crab should be a good quality sand with some coco fiber mixed in. This helps with the aeration in the sand as well as adding humidity, which is needed to keep the substrate moist.

Hermit crabs’ homes do not need to be elaborate, however, as most land hermit crabs come from warm, tropical climates, keeping their habitat at the right temperature and humidity are vital for their health and survival.

Comparison Table


As mentioned above, because the substrate is critical to the hermit crabs’ health and well-being, it is important to get the best substrate for hermit crabs. This may well be one of the most important decisions you will make for your pet.

Top 7 Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

Best Hermit Crab Substrate Reviews

1. Fluker’s All Natural Premium Sand Substrate Mixture

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

If you’re looking for the perfect substrate for your hermit crab tank, consider Fluker’s all-natural premium sand substrate. It is designed exclusively for hermit crabs to withstand moisture and encourage natural digging behavior.

Much of the sand sold for hermit crabs is pure calcium carbonate, which is made from small pieces of broken shells. Fluker’s uses something different.

This all-natural premium sand is actually a blend of all-natural silica sand, coconut fiber, sea salt, calcium carbonate, with an added probiotic. Together, these ingredients make the perfect mix for digging, but they also each serve a specific purpose.

Silica sand and coconut fibers retain water. Sea salt is added to mimic the natural coastal habitat and the probiotic helps keep the substrate clean by promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria that break down organic waste.



  • Non-toxix
  • Retains moisture
  • Formulated mix
  • Probiotic


  • Some viewers don’t like that it arrives damp
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2. Hermit Habitat Terrarium Sand

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

If you’re looking for a way to add some color to your hermit crab’s habitat, this beautiful, sparkling blue Hermit Habitat Terrarium Sand might be just the thing.

Don’t worry, the pigments are completely natural and safe for your pet.

This particular substrate is a great source of calcium carbonate that hermit crabs need to grow and form an exoskeleton.

It is 100% digestible and contains no silica or phosphates. It also has a great, regular consistency for digging and a natural odor neutralizer. This would be most beneficial if you have your hermit crab’s tank inside your house.



  • Natural pigments
  • Source of calcium carbonate
  • 100% digestible


  • Sand is sticky
  • Difficult to clean
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3. Reptile Sciences Terrarium Sand for Aquarium

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

This Reptile Sciences Sand substrate is made from 100% natural calcium carbonate sand.

It is obtained from all natural sources and contains no silica or phosphates. The fine texture is really great for two reasons – it’s 100% digestible and perfect for digging.

Another great advantage of this product is the natural, white color. This natural look will help you create an environment similar to where hermit crabs live, when in their natural beachy environment.

This sand is also a natural odor neutralizer that comes in handy between cleanings.



  • 100% natural calcium carbonate sand
  • 100% digestible
  • White color
  • Natural odor neutralizer


  • Poor packaging
  • Dusty as the product is very fine
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4. Zoo Med Laboratories Hermit Crab Soil

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

Hermit crabs need a variety of substrates in their habitat to maintain ideal living conditions. If you’re looking for a convenient and healthy way to increase humidity, check out this hermit crab land from Zoo Med.

This product contains two compressed stones. Just add a little water and each expands to seven to eight liters of substrate. You can use it alone or mix it with hermit crab sand. It’s great for digging in and keeps crabs busy and happy.

Each stone is made of coconut fiber. This eco-friendly, renewable material breaks down waste products and absorbs odor, keeping the living environment smelling healthy and fresh.



  • Increases humidity
  • Eco-friendly
  • Absorbs odors


  • Some reviews say it doesn’t expand to 8 liters
  • May need to mix with sand
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5. Zilla Jungle Mix

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

This Zilla Jungle Mix is a mix of peat moss and spruce shavings. Mix it with a little sand and it will help create an ideal home for your hermit crabs. Because it takes up more than its own weight in water, it adds the moisture that hermit crabs need to thrive.

Hermit crabs love to dig and this product has an ideal texture. It is smooth and light, which makes it easy for them to manoeuvre  through. This 100% natural product has an earthy scent and is completely biodegradable, so it is also good for the planet.

You can choose from three different sizes: four quarters, eight quarters and 24 quarters. Change it when necessary to ensure that your hermit crabs always have a clean place to dig.



  • Texture for digging
  • Smooth and light
  • 100% natural
  • Biodegradable


  • Some reviews said it had minute splinters/spikes in the mix
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6. Carib Sea ACS05820 Super Natural Moonlight Sand

Carib Sea ACS05820 Super Natural Moonlight Sand for Aquarium, 5-Pound

If you’re looking for a great sand substrate to mix or use alone, Super Natural Moonlight Sand is worth checking out. The natural white color is simple, but beautiful, and makes an appropriate background when accessorising your decor for your pet hermit crab.

This product is made in the USA and contains no paint or dyes. It also has no coating, so it’s completely safe for your pet. The super fine and smooth texture also encourages digging for your pet.

One of the remarkable things about the super natural sands of the Caribbean Sea is that it is meant to mimic natural environments. So if you are going for a natural look for your hermit crab’s habitat, then this is it.



  • Natural white color
  • No paint or dyes
  • Natural look
  • PH neutral


  • None that we can see
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7. Exo Terra Coco Husk Brick Tropical Terrarium Reptile Substrate


Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

Humidity is important in a hermit crab tank and coconut fibers are the perfect substrate to sustain humidity. The Exo Terra Coco Husk is 100% natural and also helps support your hermit crab’s natural digging behavior. It has a natural appearance, enhancing the aesthetics of your hermit crab tank, and it is very affordable.



  • Helps with humidity
  • Natural look
  • Non-toxic
  • Stimulates digging


  • Non that we could see
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How Much Substrate for Hermit Crabs?

Best Substrate for Hermit Crabs

By now you will definitely know that the substrate is the most important part of keeping a pet hermit crab happy and healthy.

In nature, hermit crabs have access to everything they need to keep them healthy and happy. If you keep them as pets, it is your responsibility to give them the same attention and make their environment as natural as possible too.

In the wild, hermit crabs burrow underground when it’s time to molt. One reason is that they need darkness to activate their bodies to start the process. of molting.

Once the hermit crabs shed their old exoskeleton, they are vulnerable to predators. Not only do they lack protection, but they are also unable to control their muscles until the new exoskeleton hardens. That’s why it’s so important for them to be able to hide.

Some hermit crabs can remain buried for up to 3 months while waiting for this process to be completed. The importance of having a deep, moist substrate that needs little maintenance during this time so as not to disturb them, is essential.

The type of substrate you use is important, but there are two other things to ask yourself.

Are you using sufficient substrate? And is it wet enough?

To some extent, the amount of substrate you need depends on the size of the hermit crab. Tiny hermit crabs about a dime to a quarter in size, need no less than 6 inches of substrate. Large baseball-sized hermit crabs need a substrate that is at least 12 inches (30 cm) deep.

A general rule of thumb is that the substrate should be deep enough so that the largest hermit crab in its habitat can dig 2 to 3 times its size.

However, remember that using the right amount of good substrate is not the only requirement. Humidity is absolutely crucial as well.

Hermit crabs create an underground cavern with plenty of air spaces to move into. If the substrate is too dry, they will not be able to dig the tunnels and caves they need. Everything will collapse on them as they try to dig.

How wet should the surface be?

The surface needs to be about the same consistency as you would need if you were trying to build a sandcastle on the beach.


How to Clean Hermit Crab Substrate?

Like any pet that lives in a small space, the hermit crab’s habitat can become very cluttered, which can lead to strong odors and a large amount of bacterial growth.

This not only causes stress for your pets, but can also make them sick. A clean tank is a healthy tank. A healthy tank is a happy hermit crab.

How often the habitat needs to be cleaned depends on a number of things: how many crabs you have, what size they are and how large the habitat is. A large tank with only a few small crabs may take longer between cleanings than a small tank with a large hermit crab.

Ideally, check the substrate every day and remove any obvious dirt from the substrate surface. Use a simple sand shovel to remove any dirt or lumps.

If you see any signs of mites or flies, or if you notice a strong odor, a thorough cleaning is needed.

So how do you deep clean the surface?

First of all, you should prepare for this by having a temporary second home ready for your pets. Humidity and temperature are very important for hermit crabs, so get this secondary home prepared ahead of time.

Cleaning the substrate at the bottom of the tank is not easy and it is often easier to replace it with new material.

If there are stains on the surface that are difficult to clean, use hot water or a vinegar solution to clean them. Hermit crabs are very sensitive and most cleaning products will be too harsh on them, especially bleach.

When cleaning the substrate thoroughly, also pay attention to the rest of the habitat. Take out empty shells and toys and boil them in running water for a few minutes to disinfect them. Wood or live plants should also be cleaned with hot water.

Hermit crabs are smart. They can get bored, so swap out toys and different obstacles with every cleanup.

Final Comments

Hermit crabs are really cool pets and part of what makes them so interesting is watching them molt. To do this, they must burrow into the substrate and make a safe little cave for themselves while they wait for their new exoskeleton to harden.

So keep in mind that the substrate remain deep enough, wet enough and clean enough for your hermit crab to use it effectively (especially when it comes time for your precious pet to molt).

It is precisely for this reason that choosing the best substrate for hermit crabs is one of the most important decisions you will make as a hermit crab owner.


The Best Aquarium Rock Buyers Guide – 2023 – Aquarium Hunter

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If you are setting up your tank for the first time, you may want to consider adding some rocks to your tank. While you may think of stones that simply serve as a visual aid in your tank, in fact, they have many benefits for your fish and other things that live in your tank.

Best Aquarium rocks serve many different purposes. They help create a natural-looking aquatic landscape, provide a home for colonies of beneficial bacteria…

Comparison Table

CustomSiteStripe ImageTitleReviewBuy
Top PerformanceNature’S Ocean Coral Base Rocks For Aquarium4.5/5.0Check Price
cheapestCarib Sea ACS00372 3 Case South Sea Base Rock Bag For Aquarium4.6/5.0Check Price

Give your fish and others a place to explore, and it can even provide a base for coral to grow.

What are the best aquarium stones? It depends on what you are looking for!

Today’s post covers it all. I will review the types of stones used for freshwater aquariums and then compile a list of the best stones to buy online. In the posts, there will be affiliate links where I can get a commission if you decide to make a purchase at no cost to you. Let’s get on with that revelation.

The 9 Best Rocks For Freshwater, Saltwater Marine Aquariums

Best Aquarium Rock Reviews

1. Carib Sea ACS00370 South Sea Base Rock for Aquarium


 Best Aquarium Rock

This base rock of the southern seas of the Caribbean Sea is absolutely beautiful. They are formed by natural weather processes and erosion that create beautiful shapes that make any aquarium look like the bottom of the ocean. However, these rocks do more than just look cool.
They have an impressive 50% empty space for incredible porosity levels. While water moves easily through this rock, it is also extremely durable and long-lasting. Plus, all the little nooks and crannies are the perfect place for beneficial bacteria to thrive.
The rock of the South Seas has more structure than almost any other rock used for water construction. It is safe for all saltwater tanks and freshwater systems operating at a high pH. This rock is composed of calcium carbonate that supports a high pH and is mined from ancient underground coral reefs. You can use it as an alternative to live rock or as a base to start a colony.

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2. Nature’s Ocean Coral Base Rocks for Aquarium

 Best Aquarium Rock

These Nature’s Ocean Coral Base Rocks come in 2 large pieces, each about 12 to 18 inches, for a total of about 40 pounds. To get the shape you want, just use a hammer and chisel to cut it through until you have what you need.

You’ll find that if you’re working with large chunks of rock, dust and other debris will break away to open them up further, revealing holes and tunnels that you may not have noticed right out of the box.

This is an all natural 100% premium aragonite stone. They are absolutely covered in holes and cracks, which makes them exceptionally porous. It also allows you to create very elaborate and interesting setups as you lay a foundation for new coral growth. It is also a great addition to established coral tanks.

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3. Carib Sea ACS00372 3 case South Sea Base Rock Bag for Aquarium

 Best Aquarium Rock

This next rock from the Caribbean Sea is a base rock in the South Seas that’s perfect for reef and marine tanks or if you’re looking for something to add with African cichlids. It is an excellent base for living coral because it is clean and extremely porous with macro and micro parasites.

There is no need to cure this stone, it is immediately ready to go in your aquarium. This pack contains a total of 10 pounds, but as each stone is unique, the number of pieces in each pack varies.

One great thing about this rock is that it is filled with so many nooks and crannies that building a structure to suit a waterscape is quite easy.

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4. Marina Naturals Rock Outcrop

 Best Aquarium Rock

For a piece that really makes a statement, this Marine Naturals unlock is sure to turn heads.

These large, intricately designed formations can be used individually or together with others to create arches, cavities and tunnels that fish will love as it gives them plenty of nooks and crannies to swim and hide.

This product is made of non-toxic material that does not affect the chemistry of the water. It is safe for freshwater and saltwater aquariums.

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5. Deep Blue DecoConcepts Texas Holey Rock

 Best Aquarium Rock

Last on our list is Deep Blue’s man-made Texas holey rock. Although it is not a natural rock, no one will be able to see it because they look very realistic. If it is in an aquarium, it is indistinguishable from the real thing.

Deep Blue uses polyresin material that is safe for any aquatic environment and does not alter the chemistry of the water. It is safe for plants and animals.

This design is very long and hollow and the fish love it. They are attracted to it because it makes their environment more interesting. Add interesting arches and holes for them to swim in and create a focal point in the aquatic landscape.

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6. Ohko Dragon Stone Rock – Great Rocks for Planted Tanks

 Best Aquarium Rock

Ohko Dragon Stone is one of the favorite aquarium stones to use in Iwagumi Aquascapes. These rocks are not only beautiful, they are also natural in nature. They will not change their pH or hardness because they are based on granite. They look great in any planted tank setup. They are full of holes, nooks and crannies, making them great rocks as a natural refuge for your fish.
These are the hot stones for pro aquascaping projects these days. Watch the video above from BucePlant to see how amazing they look. Like any favorite aquascaper rock, they come at a higher price.

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7. Black Mountain Seiryu Stone – Best Value In Unique Looking Rocks

 Best Aquarium Rock

If you are looking for a unique looking Best aquarium rock, check out Black Mountain Seiryu Stone. The unique white veins really show up in a waterscape. They won’t change your pH or hardness, so you can add them to any aquarium setup. These rocks are hard to find, so be wary if you like them and want to buy one. The best thing about buying from our link is that Buce Black Seiryu sells very high quality and in packs up to £30!

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8. Black Lava Rock – A Great Budget Aquascaping Rock

 Best Aquarium Rock

Quality lava rock is hard to find online. It is quite common to see lists of lava rocks used as biomes or chimneys. This makes sense because they are excellent at harboring beneficial bacteria and are excellent hearthstones. However, this limits what you can buy online. When it comes to aquarium lava rock, these black lava rocks from BucePlant are exactly what we’re looking for. These are large stones with unique shapes, unlike what you will find in most pet stores. If you are looking for quality lava rock, check out their store and selection.

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9. Traditional Seiryu Rock – The Aquascaper’s Choice

 Best Aquarium Rock

If you want a professional quality waterscape rock, but the Ohko is out of your budget, I highly recommend Dive Seiryu Rock. Seiryu is the godfather of all water rocks. These are stones collected by hand at Buce. With their excellent customer service and high-quality reviews, you can’t go wrong!

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Types of Rocks to Use For Aquarium

There are different types of natural stones that you can put in an aquarium. They are classified into 3 categories: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic.

Sedimentary rocks include limestone, sandstone, and shale. They are made of small particles and chunks of sediment that settle over time and press against each other. As time goes by, the cycles repeat. This forms layers that are actually visible in most sedimentary rock formations.

Igneous rock forms when molten rock crystallizes from the Earth’s core or reaches the surface. Finally, metamorphic rock is the result of another type of rock being subjected to intense heat and pressure causing it to change from one shape to another.

Be sure to do your research before adding rocks to your aquarium that are not from a reputable company. There are some that you should definitely avoid such as limestone, marble, geodes, dolomite and shells or broken corals in tanks, except those in which African cichlids live.

Also keep in mind that not all aquarium stones you buy are natural stones. Today, there are companies that make polyresin bricks that look just as real as those found in nature. They’re usually a bit cheaper than the real thing, but because they’re made from molds, they don’t offer that much variety.


How to Choose Rocks for Aquarium?

There are a few important things to keep in mind when choosing rocks for your aquarium.

First, you should know that the rock is suitable for aquariums. If you order from a reputable company, you are almost guaranteed to receive a safe aquarium product. While it may be tempting, it’s not a good idea to collect rocks outside and assume it’s safe to put them in a tank.

Avoid stones with sharp edges. Some of the natural rocks we include in our list may break during shipping or you can choose to modify their shape and size. If so, round off any sharp edges.

If you are using real rocks that are not hollow or porous, be careful not to exceed the weight limit for your aquarium as this can cause significant damage. Also make sure there is a layer of sand or pebbles between the rocks and the glass bottom of the tank.

Soak or clean the rocks before adding them to your aquarium. Some stones need to be cured by boiling them in water. Follow the instructions that came with your Best aquarium rocks to be safe.




Generally, using rocks you find outside in your aquarium is advised against. This is because the rocks outside have not been treated and can therefore sometimes contain micorogranisms that could harm your fish. They can also contain calcium which can alter the pH of aquarium water. It is for this reason that you should buy rocks specially designed for aquariums.


Saltwater and freshwater aquariums are different and therefore have different requirements. Just like some fish can’t live in freshwater and saltwater and others can only live in freshwater, the same goes for rocks. The wrong type of rock in the wrong water can also affect the water, which can then harm your fish. You should always check the rocks you use are suitable for the type of aquarium you have.

Rocks for saltwater aquariums include Fiji Rock, Pukani Rock, Aquacultured Live Rock, Dry Rock and Tonga Branch Rock. Rocks for freshwater aquariums include Slate, Lava Rock, Petrified Wood, Mountain Stone and Quartzite.



When it comes to choosing the best stone for aquariums, there are many things to consider. Do you want natural or artificial stone? Something just for looks or looking for a solid foundation to start a reef tank?

Regardless of your needs, the Best aquarium rocks we’ve included in these reviews are among the best available. We’re confident you’ll find one that’s right for your aquatic landscape.

[updated 2023] Best Low Light Aquarium Plants (Reviews + Guide)

[updated 2023] Best Low Light Aquarium Plants (Reviews + Guide)

If you’ve been in the aquarium hobby for a while, you know that all aquarium plants need a light source to grow and thrive. However, not all plants are the same in their lighting needs: some need more than others, while others not so much.

Don’t just pick any type of plant and think it will work for your aquarium. You need to do some research to learn more about Best Low Light Aquarium Plants. It is best to choose the best low light plants for your aquarium.

But with so many different types of plants, it can be difficult to know where to start. That’s why we’ve put together this list of the best low-light aquarium plants to make your job easier! These plants do not require much maintenance to grow well. Below are some of the plants to consider.

Top 15 Best Low Light Aquarium Plants


Best Low Light Aquarium Plants Reviews


1. Cryptocoryne Usteriana

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants


The plant is known to grow slowly, but this is to be expected in low light conditions.

The plant comes with broad leaves so that it can absorb every possible gram of light that enters the aquarium. This always ensures that the plant can grow easily, even in low light environments.

You can also add a soil rich substrate if you want it to grow better. You are expected to see a rich dark green color on the leaves.

Who wouldn’t want such a beautiful color of the leaves in the aquarium?

2. Sagittaria Subulata

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

The plant will spread faster than other plants you have tried before. This is why many people will choose it.

With just one plant you can cover the entire aquarium in a few weeks.

The plant comes with potting soil. Be sure to transplant it with such soil.

This will help accelerate growth in the aquarium substrate. Now you can work on other projects more easily, because the plant covers the entire aquarium.

The plant grows its leaves in all different directions. This can make it difficult for some people to control their growth. You can always prune back a bit to control its spread after a while.

3. Taxiphyllum

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

If you choose this plant, you can be sure that you will get a tall creeper. The unique growing style gives your aquarium a different look than others.

Its resemblance to the Christmas tree often makes more people like it. It also looks like pine trees, which are also popular.

Because of the way the plant always climbs, you can be sure that it is always in front of the light source. This also gives your aquarium a nice green decoration.

Don’t worry even if you see the spikes. These spikes bend easily when you touch them. The same goes for fish in the aquarium. Therefore, it will not affect fish with delicate fins.

4. Microsorum Pteropus

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

This type of plant is for people who are always busy maintaining their aquarium. It is slow growing, but easy when it comes to propagation.

The best part is that it also needs little light to keep growing. Give it a few weeks and you will see that it has grown into the prettiest green looking aquarium.

The shape of the blades allows the fish to brush easily while swimming. You will also notice that the plant creates the illusion of a sloping lawn. You will find this type of plant that gives the fish more surface area to find safe roosts.

5. Cladophora Aegagropila

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

This is an interesting plant that comes in a unique shape. Expect that many people who can see this plant will also be intrigued by buying one.

The plant will form into a ball as it grows. It will often serve as a decoration for many people.

You may need to move it more often to keep it in its perfect spherical shape. You will also notice that it feels soft to many people. This feeling can be great for the fish so that the delicate fins are not injured.

The shiny nature of the plant will always attract fish to keep rubbing it. However, it may not be the best way to protect against aggressive fish.

6. Java Moss

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

The plant is often considered the most capable when it comes to withstanding harsh conditions.

The best part is that it sticks to various objects easily and still works. You can use twine or staples to connect it to other parts of the aquarium.

Even in low light, it will always grow easily to create a living wall in the aquarium. Your fish will always find a place to play or lay eggs and let them hatch quietly.

It is also crucial that you can prune the plant more often. This promotes better growth and prevents overgrowth.

7. Java Fern

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

This is one of the most common types of ferns you can find for the aquarium today.

You can get some with short leaves and some with wide leaves. You can also buy one with blades that are too thin, which will make it easier for fish to get through.

Ferns don’t need much when it comes to their maintenance. Occasional pruning is usually enough to ensure you get a plant that looks great.

The plant tends to have a lot of leaves, giving you a dense canopy in no time. This can be ideal for your fish to have adequate shelter even when they are in the aquarium.

8. Vallisneria

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

This is one of the best freshwater plants you can use for the aquarium today.

You will often find people calling it seagrass. It is the same.

Plant growth is usually easy as it will grow towards the back of the tank frame. It will easily work for most people looking for an easy to maintain plant for their aquarium.

The plant may be tall compared to the other plants in the aquarium. It can shade other plants, so make sure the other plants grow easily in low light as well.

The leaves tend to grow in clusters, which can be great as shade for fish and also as a place to hide.

9. Sagittaria

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

The plant is one of the most common species when it comes to aquatic plants. Many people love it because it is simple and easy to maintain.

You can always find more people who choose it so that they can easily maintain their green aquarium appearance.

They are characterized by an appearance similar to bright green grass. Because color always makes your aquarium look great.

The plant needs little light to continue growing, so you don’t have to worry about that anymore. Make sure you have access to any light source and it will keep the aquarium green.

10. Anubias Barteri

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

This lush green plant is a favorite among aquarists for its easy care. It can thrive in a wide range of water temperatures, can be fully or partially submerged, and is tolerant of low to moderate light conditions.

Its glossy pointed blades make it a good choice for foreground and background landscaping in your aquarium.

11. Sunset Hygro (Hygrophila polysperma “Rosanervig”)

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

Sunset hygro is a green foliage plant that is close to blooming thanks to the purple and red leaves at the top of the plant’s stem.

This fast-growing tropical freshwater plant can anchor to the substrate or float freely on your aquarium, reaching a maximum length of up to 16 inches. When Sunset Hygro is planted in the substrate, it absorbs nutrients through the roots and leaves.

Sunset hygro is native to Southeast Asia and therefore strongly prefers hot water tanks. Furthermore, this versatile plant is undemanding – it is quite tough, requires little maintenance and can handle a variety of light conditions.

12. Anubias Nana

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

Related to Anubias barteri, Anubias nana has the same spiny dark green leaves that grow in a tight formation just above the base of its tank.
Like A. barteri, A. nana is easy to care for and ideal for beginners as it can grow in most standard aquarium conditions and can withstand changes in temperature and light.
Anubias nana feeds on roots and grows best with fertilizers, especially if there isn’t a lot of organic waste falling to the bottom of your tank. You will also want to plant it in a gravel substrate rather than sand so that the roots have room to grow.

13. African Water Fern (Bolbitis heduelotii)

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

This fern is native to the Congo River basin in Africa and is suitable for medium to large tanks as it has a maximum size of 22 inches.

However, the plant grows slowly, especially in low light conditions. The African water fern also needs slightly warmer fresh water than other similar plants to thrive.

Although the African water fern is not difficult to care for, this column feeder requires more attention than simply planting it in the substrate at the bottom of your aquarium.

You will need fishing line or wire to attach the fern’s roots to a piece of driftwood or a rock. You also cannot place this plant in an aquarium with goldfish, koi or cichlids.

14. Green Hygro (Hygrophila polysperma)

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

Green hygro is known as an extremely easy-to-grow and hardy freshwater aquarium plant, although it requires quite a bit of trimming due to its rapid growth rate.

Pruning the green hygro will also make it longer, so you can use this as a way to encourage the generation of renewed leaves in areas that are starting to brown.

The plant takes root in the substrate at the bottom of your aquarium, but you can use almost any type of substrate as it gets its nutrients from the water column.

While the green hygro is compatible with almost any freshwater tank and generally not touched by herbivorous fish, it can be disturbed by goldfish or burrowing cichlids.

15. Hornwort (Ceratophylum demersum)

Best Low Light Aquarium Plants

Hornwort is a fast growing plant that can reach a maximum height of up to 3 meters, so it is best for aquarists with large tanks and lots of patience to prune.
Hornwort can also produce chemicals that inhibit the growth of other plants, so you may see other plants die after adding hornwort to your tank.

That said, the hornwort is extremely hardy and can fill a tank landscape thanks to the multiple stems raised by a single plant.

Hornwort feeds on the water column and can be anchored freely to the substrate with rhizomes or float freely on the water surface. Fortunately, hornwort can grow without problems in both cold water (60 degrees F) and tropical freshwater tanks.


There you have it, some of the best low light aquarium plants you can grow today. Many people who have always searched for the best plants can now easily identify them.

These plants will also grow easily so you don’t have to spend more time maintaining them. Sometimes maintenance can deter aquarists from using plants.

If you want to keep your aquarium looking its best, now you have the best way to do it.

Top 10 Best Substrate for Planted Tank – [Latest 2023 Review]

Top 10 Best Substrate for Planted Tank – [Latest 2023 Review]

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Top 10 Best Substrate for Planted Tank: All plants, whether terrestrial or aquatic, have some form of root system. Some of these systems are simple, while others are very complicated.

Regardless of the complexity, all the roots are used for nutrient intake. Thanks to these nutrients, plants can stay alive and healthy.

Comparison Table

CustomSiteStripe ImageTitleReviewBuy
Top PerformanceADA Aquasoil Amazonia4.7/5.0Check Price
cheapestSeachem Flourite Black Clay Gravel4.6/5.0Check Price

As you know, land plants have soil. What about aquatic plants in your aquarium?

Have you ever wondered how to keep them “standing” in your aquarium and provide them with the nutrients they need?

That’s why you need substrate for your tank.

Not only for plants, the substrate is also necessary and important for your fish.

Since it is an essential element of your aquarium, it is essential to choose the best substrate for the planted tank.

The substrate is the basis for a healthy and successful planted aquarium.

Without a good substrate, you will have difficulty growing beautiful lush plants.

But it’s not just about picking a good substrate for your planted tank.

You need to understand the type of plants you want to keep as they dictate the type of substrate you need.

And that’s what you’re going to learn. In this article, I will describe how to choose the best substrate for the plants you want to keep.

In the end, I will look at my best options for the best substrate for planted aquariums.


How to choose the Best Substrate for Planted Tank

Before going further and examining the individual types of substrate for your planted tank, you will need to understand some basic facts.

Learning this will allow you to make the right decision for your tank.


What is the substrate?

It is the martial at the bottom of your aquarium to root plants. However, substrates can also influence water chemistry, filtration and the aesthetic appeal of the planted aquarium.


Choose your substrate

This is important if you want to have a successful aquarium: you need to know how your plants get their nutrients.

You have plants that get most of their nutrients from water and these are called water column feeders.

And then you have root feeders, these are plants that get their nutrients from the substrate.

This can affect the type of media you decide to purchase. Because it makes no sense to invest in an expensive substrate that is full of nutrients if you want to maintain column water feeders.

I’m not saying that a nutrient-rich substrate does nothing for your aquarium. But if you have a limited budget, your money could be better spent elsewhere.


Understand different substrates

Let’s analyze the popular options:



Whenever you choose field sand, it can be an Best Substrate for Planted Tank.

However, sand grades below n. ° 3 may increase the risk of hydrogen sulphide formation during the nitrogen cycle.

If you wish, you can add iron supplements to your aquarium to help control hydrogen sulfide that your plants can’t handle.



If your plants are column feeders, gravel can work as long as it doesn’t produce a lot of waste.

You can also use gravel as the top layer of a multilayer tank.

If you are thinking of adding gravel, you should consider which fish you are going to store.

Some fish can eat small pebbles (gold fish) and some can be injured by sharp gravel (betta fish).

So be sure to keep that in mind and choose accordingly.


Complete supports

Substrates such as ADA Aquatic Soil or CaribSea Eco-Complete contain ideal nutrients for maintaining root feeders.

Complete substrates are great for starting the nitrogen cycle because they tend to cause an ammonia spike.

This means you just have to add this substrate to the new fish-free aquarium. After pedaling the tank and testing the pH levels, fish can be added.



Adding a subsequent sand base, an intermediate layer of aquarium soil and a top layer of gravel, will mimic a natural aquatic environment.

This type of layering can create a good base for the roots of your plants and offers them an excellent environment for growing.

And by overlapping the substrates, the gravel will help prevent smaller particles from misting up the water in the tank.


Top 10 Best Substrates for Planted Tanks Review


1. Carib Sea Eco Complete Planted Black Aquarium Substrate

Top 10 Best Substrate for Planted Tank - [Latest 2020 Review]

This product is supplied in a twenty pound bag. It is a complete substrate for use in freshwater tanks. This substrate meets all the needs of your plants without having to add other substrates or additional chemicals.

This substrate uses a new formula to improve root development. It’s all in one package. Your advertisement compares this substrate with the fertile soil of Hawaii or Costa Rica.

The complete Eco substrate contains only magnesium, iron, calcium, potassium, sulfur and over 25 other elements. This product is perfect for feeding your aquatic plants.

Not only is it beneficial for plants, this product is also good for fish. The substrate has highly porous spherical granules for greater diffusion performance, so debris is less likely to remain on the surface, but will be diffused and absorbed in the substrate layer.

This substrate also contains live heterotrophic bacteria, which help to quickly convert fish waste into natural and nutritious foods for your aquatic plants. With the Eco-Complete substrate, there will be a natural biological balance in your tank, ensuring that all nutrients and waste are recycled and reproduced as naturally and quickly as possible.

However, there is a problem with this almost perfect product. It is the pH level. Being a combination of many nutrients at the same time, it is very difficult to have a neutral pH level. This product has a slightly alkaline characteristic.

Before placing the fish in the tank, you need to check the overall pH level of the entire tank to make sure it is in the correct range for the fish and plants.

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2. ADA Aquasoil Amazonia

Top 10 Best Substrate for Planted Tank - [Latest 2020 Review]

ADA Aquasoil is an excellent choice if you want to keep many different plants.

In general, nutrients will be good in the tank for a year. Therefore, it will be necessary to provide a liquid dose.

This substrate will lower the pH and soften the water in the tank. Now this is good for many aquatic plants, but it may not be for the fish it preserves. So keep that in mind.

If you need to lower your pH, ADA Amazonia Aquasoil will help you.

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3. Seachem Flourite Black Clay Gravel

Top 10 Best Substrate for Planted Tank - [Latest 2020 Review]

This product is available in 15.4-pound packs. It is black in color (hence the name), which makes it more suitable for planted aquariums, but it can also be used in any other aquarium environment you desire.

It is not coated or treated with any chemical product, therefore it will not contain any harmful substance for the tank. It also has the ability to maintain the pH level of the tank without altering the overall quality of the water.

The basic product alone is sufficient to provide a level of essential nutrients for aquatic plants. The substrate encourages root development for a healthier plant and can be mixed with any other type of nutrient substrate it deems appropriate.

However, it is not necessary to mix with something additional. It is fully functional without gravel modifiers such as laterite.

This substrate is a stable and particularly fractured porous gravel. Facilitates the dissolution of fish food residues in the substrate layer, keeping the water clean and healthy for fish.

This substrate has a particularly long lifespan. When using Fluorite Black, you never have to worry about replacing it with a new batch, as the substrate remains effective for the life of your aquarium.

There are very few complaints about this product from customers. If there is a problem, it is clay powder. Thanks to its formulation, the substrate can release a lot of clay dust when used for the first time in the aquarium.

This clay powder can cloud the water for a few minutes. However, it will sink and dissolve quickly and the water will be cleaned again.

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4. ADA Aqua Soil Amazonia Powder Type

This substrate consists of a rare Japanese soil derived from decomposed leaves. It is rich in organic materials, which helps create a perfect environment for many different types of plants, fish and even shrimp.

Another great thing that this substrate does is lower the pH to a good level. It also helps to reduce the hardness of the water. Both of these things help create an ideal environment for plants and fish.

Since this substrate has a fine grain size, it is a good choice for nano aquariums, although it can also be used with the normal substrate. Just layering the dust and the normal substrate. This allows you to keep costs low, but still get surprising results.

When you are looking for a substrate to create a delicious carpet in the herb and plant tank, this is also a great option. The small size of the grain allows the plants to anchor easily to the substrate, improving the health and growth of the roots.

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5. Fluval Plant and Shrimp Stratum

If you have an aquarium that does not only have plants and fish, but also shrimp, this substrate is definitely the one for you. This is definitely one of the best substrates out there.

This product is composed of natural and mineral-rich organic volcanic soil. Yes, it is not normal soil but volcanic soil. Volcanic soil contains many special components that are different from standard soil.

All these special volcanic nutrients are very useful for stimulating healthy plant growth. The substrate also contains nutrients that are good for promoting the development of the root system.

The texture of this substrate is also excellent. It is light, not compact and porous. These characteristics facilitate the growth and development of nitrifying bacteria in the tank. These bacteria will help maintain the health and cleanliness of the water at its best levels.

The substrate is designed to promote a neutral to only slightly acidic pH level.

A particularity of this substrate advertised to make this product particularly suitable for shrimp is the size of the particles. The particle size allows the crayfish to hide inside the substrate until they are large enough to leave the “ground” to defend themselves against other crayfish and fish.

However, there is a small problem with this shrimp announcement. Although the substrate is similar to gravel, the particle size is rather small.

Although it can act as a refuge for shrimp, it won’t be long before the shrimp exceeds the size of the substrate and can no longer hide. However, overall it is still a great product.

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6. CaribSea Eco-Complete

Made in volcanic soil, it is rich in nutrients.

This substrate provides an excellent base for growing plant roots and creates a biological balance, facilitating the water cycle.

It does not contain artificial chemicals, dyes or additives and does not discolour the water.

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7. Mr. Aqua N-MAR-066 1 L Fine Pet Habitat Water Plant Soil

This substrate contains an impressive amount of nutrients which are very good for aquatic plants. They provide an excellent source of nutrients to help plants grow and stay healthy.

The substrate also encourages the development of strong roots, helping plants to grow strong in the corrugated environment of the reservoir.

The substrate is light and highly porous. This feature creates an environment that promotes the growth of healthy bacteria that are essential for the overall tank environment.

A further advantage of this substrate is its ability to maintain and control the pH level of the tank. Unlike other types, this substrate lowers the pH in the aquarium. This medium rejects the water pH level from 6.6 to 6.8 depending on the water parameters.

Thanks to this, it is not necessary to treat your water so often. In addition, many freshwater crayfish and dwarf fish prefer the acidic and freshwater environment created by this substrate.

A difference between this and other substrate brands is the size of the package it arrives at. It only weighs 1.85 pounds, so you’ll need a pack and a half to put a fairly thick layer of substrate on the bottom of a 5.5 gallon tank. This isn’t a big deal, it just takes a little more planning when buying the packages and it will be fine.

This substrate can release a lot of dust when it comes out of the bag. When the substrate is first placed in water, the water will become slightly turbid for a few hours, then sink and be perfectly clean and clear again.

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8. Hermit Habitat Terrarium Substrate

If you want to add some bright colors, this could be the one for you.

Hermit Habitat terrarium substrate is a completely natural gravel that provides a basis for plant roots.

However, it does not offer any nutritional value, making it suitable for plants that mainly obtain their nutrients from water.

It’s less work, but you’ll have to replace it every 6 months.

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9. UP AQUA Sand for Aquatic Plants

UP Aqua Sand is one of the best substrates for aquarium plants on the market.

Almost no dust is released when the substrate is placed in the tank, so the water does not mist up when the tank is filled. It is impressive how clear the water is when installed with this substrate.

The substrate supplies many nutrients to the plants and is independent: it does not need any additional component or other substrate to support the mini ecosystem inside the tank. This substrate alone provides enough nutrients for healthy plants to grow and develop.

The texture of this substrate is round, light and porous. Thanks to the porous shape, it is easy for this substrate to support the roots of plants. This product also encourages strong root development, making plants more stable.

The substrate does an excellent job of maintaining and controlling the pH level of the water. The substrate reduces the pH level to a range from 6.5 to 7.0 which is perfectly neutral or slightly acidic. This pH range is a perfect environment for many fish and aquatic plants.

The substrate has an incredible longevity. It will last as long as your aquarium.

This is a great product. There are almost no complaints from customers. The only small problem is a very slight complaint that the bag sometimes rips before reaching the door. But this has happened rarely, so it’s not something to worry about too much.

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10. ADA Aqua Soil Amazonia Light

With natural color and high customer feedback, ADA Aqua Soil Amazonia Light is an excellent choice when looking for a substrate to place in your tank. It is a beautiful color, although it still adds incredible beauty to any aquarium.

This substrate contains rare black soil from Japan which promotes the growth of most aquatic plants. It also contains numerous organic materials and the perfect nitrogen level to create an ideal environment.

If there is a caveat on this fantastic substrate, it is that some report that their tanks mist up a little for a couple of days after using it. This is generally due to the high level of organic compounds. It is normal and will disappear in a couple of days.

In addition, this substrate helps keep the tank slightly acidic, perfect for most fish and tropical plants. This substrate is also ideal for beginners who want to make their tanks more beautiful and hospitable for their fish.

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Benefits of the substrate in an aquarium

The substrate can perform many functions inside the tank.

If you have an aquarium with plants, you should definitely use the substrate to grow plants inside the tank. The roots of aquatic plants cannot be supported on the glass surface, so a substrate layer on the bottom is an absolute requirement.

The substrates also help keep fish feces and food waste on the bottom of the tank instead of floating freely around the fish tank and contaminating the water. The bottom substrate layer holds debris inside after the debris sinks to the bottom of the tank.

The substrate provides an aesthetic and natural environment for fish. In nature, the depths of the oceans, lakes and rivers are not bare. They are covered in sand, mud, pebbles or some type of natural material. Having these materials on the bottom of the tank helps fish and other creatures to feel more familiar and comfortable in their living environment.

In addition to aesthetic purposes, some animals actually require the existence of a substrate in the lower part to live their normal lives. Some fish and snails have to bury themselves in the substrate to hide or find food inside.

This substrate provides a source of multiple nutrients. Many of these are necessary for plant growth and the general environment of the water in the tank. Different media have different qualities and characteristics.

Adding a specific type of substrate can add a particular type of nutrient or substance to the water, which can influence and control the pH level in the tank based on the needs of fish and plants.


How much substrate for the planted aquarium?

The answer to this question depends a lot on your preferences. You can use as much substrate as you want, depending on how you want your tank to look. You should be careful if you are using a substrate that can change the characteristics of the water, such as altering the pH levels. In this case, after adding the substrate, you will need to monitor the water quality and adjust it according to your preferences.

Although there is no maximum level for the amount of substrate that can be placed in the tank, there is a minimum level. The level of the substrate in the tank must not be less than 1 “.

The rule of thumb is to get a 1 “bed, you will need to use 1 kg of substrate per gallon the size of your tank. For example, to create a 1 inch bed in a 10 gallon tank, you will need 10-20 pounds of substrate. If you want a 2 “bed, use 2 pounds per gallon and so on.

How to configure the substrate for the planted aquarium?

Here’s how to apply a complete aquarium substrate. All of the products listed above are substrates for complete aquariums, which means that you will not need anything more than that product to install your aquarium.

First of all, just pour the substrate into the tank and position it according to your tastes and preferences. Then fill the tank with water.

Secondly, if you are using a fertilized substrate or any substrate that is believed to contain many nutrients and chemicals, you need to wait about a week before adding the fish to the tank. During that time, ammonia and nitrite levels will increase, creating a very suitable environment for growing useful bacteria in the planted aquarium, but making the environment uninhabitable for fish. To be sure, check the ammonia and nitrite levels before putting fish in the tank later.

Finally, plant your plants in the substrate. Wear decorations and devices. And then put all your beautiful fish in the tank.


Right now there are many types of substrates on the market, with different characteristics and qualities. Choosing the best substrate is not that simple: one that makes your aquarium beautiful, healthy, and safe for fish, while encouraging plant growth. That’s why we present you with a list of the best Substrate for Planted Tank, so it would be easier to choose the best one for your aquarium.

Now, when you already know which one is the best, what are you waiting for? Go find an excellent substrate for your beloved aquarium with plants.

[Guide] 10 Best Floating Aquarium Plants for Beginners

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You are landed here that means interested to buy floating plants for your aquarium.

Every body know that floating plants for aquarium are a stunning feature to include in any tank. floating plants aren’t attached to the base of the tank and you know they are available in various shapes and sizes from little to over one foot in length.

So here we review top 10 best floating aquarium plants which more helpful to decide you which one is better for you. You can also read here Best Canister Filters for Aquariums.

Comparison Table

So let’s started.

10 best Floating Aquarium Plants for Beginners


Best Floating Aquarium Plants Review

1. Java Moss Live Aquarium Plant

best floating aquarium plant

Java moss is the most popular floating plant among the all the collections of the floating plants. It grows very quickly, is difficult to kill and requires little maintenance. If you combine it with a huge brick on the floor, it will extend over the surface of the tank.

Due to the well-known floating nature of the plant, we recommend sticking to something that at least partly catches it, so that it does not freely roam the aquarium.

It has a carpet-like pattern, short height and almost “airiness”. This plant can withstand anything in the range of 72 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, but it turned out that the plant develops fastest around 73 degrees. Similarly, it grows best in all lighting conditions, which makes fitting easier.

[i2pc][i2pros]This is a fast growing plant that does not die off easily.
Java moss is relatively low maintenance.
This plant has a fluffy and soft look to it, which makes it quite beautiful.
Survives well under a variety of different lighting conditions.
Can be used as a floater, carpeting or substrate cover.
Java moss is compatible with the vast majority of fish species.[/i2pros][i2cons]This plant can spread easily and should therefore be harnessed down to a solid base, such as a rock.
The growth of this plant will be hindered in warmer water.
Although it can grow in low light, it looks much less lush under these conditions.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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2. live duckweed Aquarium plants (lemna minor)

best floating aquarium plant

Perhaps you know the eyelash as a small floating aquatic plant that can grow over the entire lake in a few weeks. In any case, it can also be used in aquariums; keep away unless you are sure you need it because it is difficult to remove!

You can use the eyelash plant to protect the fish in a layer of water on top, but as you combine earlier, it is also a good choice if you plan to use the plant as food for betty. Garden eyelash requires little or no health care and requires the use of all different aquarium configurations.

[i2pc][i2pros]Very long roots with large leaves make this plant quite attractive.
The Amazon frog grows very easily.
Ideal for use in a wide range of temperature conditions.
Frogbit offers a very dense shadow shield.
Looks great on Amazon style tanks with dimmed lighting.
It has a classic look that favors generations of water lovers.[/i2pros][i2cons]It may not be ideal for fish that prefer lighter biotopes.
The long roots of this plant can sometimes become entangled in tank filters.
This plant may need to be used on one side of the container to take advantage of its distribution.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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3. Frogbits Live Freshwater Aquarium Floating Plant

best floating aquarium plant

Amazon Frogbit is a beginner-friendly best floating aquarium plant with a long history in aquariums.

It has fairly broad leaves, large rosettes, long branched roots, and is often used in Amazon or biotope style configurations.

Frogbits is a classic style that has been on the market for a long time. It is very popular among hobbyists, reliable, easy to grow and less often a takeover tank other than other species (looking at you, duck …).

However, frogs block a lot of light.

If you do a biotope, this should not be a problem (especially since most fish and other plants in this area prefer darker, more turbid water). Imagine an insulated bag at the bottom of the Amazon tributary – this is a typical example of a “dark” biotype.

[i2pc][i2pros]Very long roots with large leaves make this plant quite attractive.
The Amazon frog grows very easily.
Ideal for use in a wide temperature range.
Frogbit offers a very thick shadow.
Looks great in Amazon tanks with dim lighting.
It has a classic look that favors generations of watersports enthusiasts.[/i2pros][i2cons]Perhaps it is not ideal for fish that prefer lighter biotopes.
The long roots of this plant can sometimes get tangled up in tank filters.
This plant may need to be used on one side of the tank to prevent spreading.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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4. Dwarf Water Lettuce, Live Aquarium/Floating/Aquatic Plant

The situation in which the Amazon frog, lettuce increases its attractiveness and has long roots.

Plant rosettes are on the larger side, making the plant less suitable for the smallest aquarium configurations; in a larger tank it can be just as extensive. Remember that this is a fast grower that blocks a significant amount of light.

If you do not want your other aquarium plants to be competitive in terms of nutrients and light or if you have problems with the roots that penetrate the filter, use the fish-link strategy to keep it on one side or one device.

Always remove dead / yellowing leaves and plants with excess water, so that the lettuce varieties remain green and healthy.

[i2pc][i2pros]This plant has long roots and large leaves, which makes it a very attractive plant.
Adds a sophisticated and decorative touch to large aquariums.
Water lettuce grows very quickly and offers a lot of shade.
It is easy to remove excess plant material, but it should not be placed in public water systems.
The roots fall to the bottom of the aquarium and offer great hideouts.[/i2pros][i2cons]Due to the size of the leaves, this plant is not ideal for smaller aquariums.
Due to the amount of shade this plant offers, it is not ideal for fish that enjoy a lot of light.
Unless it is controlled, this plant absorbs many nutrients that can harm other plants.
Requires regular care to remove dead and yellowing leaves.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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5. Water Spangles (Salvinia Minima) Aquarium Floating Plants

best floating aquarium plant

Water spangles are also another beautiful floating plant to consider in an aquarium, and this specific order includes twelve spangles, each with up to six leaves.

These plants are really strong and can handle a wide range of water conditions, but it must be said that if you want them indoors, you need special lighting for the aquarium.

These plants are a good cover for betty, who doesn’t really like sunlight. They also serve as an excellent food source for omnivores and herbivores.

These things usually feed on supplements in tank water, so they stop the growth of algae. One of the most important advantages of aquatic plants is of course that they do not need a substrate.

[i2pc][i2pros]Water droplets are a very strong type of plant.
This plant is resistant to many different conditions in the aquarium.
A great option for the beta aquarium because this plant offers a large range.
It serves as a food source with many nutrients for many different types of fish.
Water droplets work to take advantage of algae growth.
This plant does not need any medium.[/i2pros][i2cons]For indoor use, this plant needs specialized aquarium light.
This plant can only be used in low current aquariums.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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6. Hornwort Bunch – 5+ Stems | Ceratophyllum Demersum Aquarium Floating Plants

best floating aquarium plant


This floating plant species is one of the most difficult aquarium plants of all. It will thrive in environments that can destroy weaker plants, such as algae, and are still a very attractive choice for most aquariums.

Hornwort can be grounded in the ground, but can also swim in the water segment.

This aquarium plant has a major disadvantage. In some cases it sheds needles and can cause a light wreck in the aquarium.

Similarly, it becomes slightly less attractive in an environment with a lot of light, because it becomes stiff and has a long appearance.

[i2pc][i2pros]Due to its exceptional strength, the horn leaf plant can grow in many environments.
This plant can be planted in the ground or left on the surface.
Hornwort is very effective in controlling algae growth.
Young fish like to hide in these plants!
In particular, the Hornwort is a great addition to the new tanks.[/i2pros][i2cons]The hornbill can sometimes drop its spiky leaves that need to be cleaned.
This plant loses part of its beauty and splendor in brightly lit conditions.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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7. Fairy Moss Floating Pond Plants 2-order/Green water control moss Aquarium Floating Plants

best floating aquarium plant

This best floating aquarium plant, often also referred to as mosquito ferns, takes place in a group of ferns and will float great on the surface of the aquarium.

It has a stitched appearance that hides a single root sticking out of each stem. They come in different colors, shades of red form green.

Like other floating plants for the aquarium, Azolla will provide shelter and shade for your small fish, but it must be trimmed and maintained so that it does not take control of the surface of your aquarium.

[i2pc][i2pros]This plant can float freely.
It comes in different colors, from green to red.
Azolla can tolerate a wide range of different temperatures in tanks.
The colors change from green to red and brown, depending on sunlight and nutrients.
Despite the rapid growth, there are various methods to slow it down.[/i2pros][i2cons]It requires consistent care, including pruning, otherwise it will overtake the tank.
Hot and humid conditions can cause this plant to grow.
This plant easily falls apart, thanks to which it grows even faster.
This requires a lot of effort to control growth.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

8. Water Wisteria (Hygrophila Difformis), Live Aquarium/Aquatic/Stem Floating Plant

best floating aquarium plant

Water wisteria is a type of freshwater plant from the Indian subcontinent. Recordings can be up to 20 inches long and have a width of around 10 inches.

The stems are slightly darker than the bright green leaves they occupy. These leaves have a strange shape with narrow protrusions along it.

It can be planted in the ground of an aquarium or allowed to grow over the ground to form a carpet.

This species requires moderate to high lighting, as well as water temperatures of 70-82 ° F. The water PH must be kept between 6.5 and 7.5

[i2pc][i2pros]Water rain is very easy to maintain and does not require much attention.
This plant will grow well in very low light conditions.
It survives both when floating and planted in the ground.
It’s a great choice for a hobbyist or novice aquarium owner.[/i2pros][i2cons]This plant does not grow as well when it is left behind as a floater when it is planted.
The water temperature influences the size of the leaves – colder water causes smaller leaves.
It can only develop at water temperatures of 74 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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9. Red Root Floater (Phyllanthus Fluitans), Live Aquarium/Aquatic/Floating/ Pond/Beginner Plant

best floating aquarium plant

This plant, from the Amazon basin, needs a nutrient-rich environment for it to grow. Iron is especially important for a float with a red foot, without which the plant will die. In stronger light conditions, the leaves of this plant change color from green to red, hence the name.

[i2pc][i2pros]This plant is most ideal for humid aquatic environments.
It grows quickly in the right conditions.
The red carrot float is ideal if you are looking for a more exotic and lesser known float.
The plant is small and is ideal for easy pruning.
Floats with a red root are very beautiful and have small flowers, making them ideal for tanks with an open roof.[/i2pros][i2cons]Floats with a red root will develop only under intense lighting.
This plant is quite picky and requires a very specific nutritional balance.
Due to the high growth rate, excess plant material should be removed regularly.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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10. Cabomba Caroliniana – 4+ Stems | Freshwater Aquatic Floating Plant

best floating aquarium plant

The growing popularity of the cabomba plant is from green to purple. Purple varieties are sometimes called purple fan shorts. This plant works best at the back of the aquarium.

[i2pc][i2pros]This plant is actually a weed and therefore grows well in a variety of environments.
It has a unique light green color, which contributes to the aesthetic appearance of your tank.
This plant can be left swimming or planted in the ground.
It will survive, like a float, when it is grounded.
An ideal plant to add to the shrimp aquarium.[/i2pros][i2cons]This plant can be a bit difficult to care for, especially the red and purple varieties.
Cabomba is not an ideal choice for beginning aquarium owners.
It should not be stored in poorly lit or basic tanks.[/i2cons][/i2pc]

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