Best Substrate for Cichlid Aquarium

The best substrates for cichlids

Choosing the correct substrate for your tank is important as it aids biological filtration, enhances the habitat for your cichlids, is beneficial to live plants and on top of this, adds to the beauty of your fish tank. In this article we jump into the lively debate and explore which is the best substrate for cichlid aquarium.

Cichlids are a popular choice with aquarium owners. There are more than 1,000 species of cichlids and they are found in most parts of the world.

It is the species found in the African lakes being considered the most beautiful. Cichlids can be just a few centimeters in size or up to 90cm.

They are popular, not just because of their looks, most of them are easy-going fish that are easy to keep and fun to watch.

They are low maintenance and – if kept in the right conditions- are long-living.

Best Substrate for Cichlid Aquarium

best substrate for cichlid aquarium

Natural vs. Artificial Substrates

The first question to answer is what is substrate? Substrate is aquarium gravel, sand or any other material poured in a layer on the tank’s bottom.

Substrate fulfils several roles with the important one being that beneficial bacteria live on the substrate and there the bacteria break down leftover food, fish waste and any plant debris and this helps to keep the water clean and the balance of good and bad bacteria in check.

Experimenting with different types of materials helps determine the best substrate for cichlid aquarium.

Natural substrates

These are usually classified as ‘inert’ and ‘active’ and this refers to whether they change the chemistry of the water in the tank so that it supports plant life.

The changes that are made are usually positive because the natural substrate contains micronutrients. Some are designed to reduce the pH of a tank whilst others leech ammonia into the water which is beneficial for the plants.

Active substrates with aragonite help prevent pH swings in fish tanks, whilst one with peat will soften the tank water and one with vermiculate releases magnesium and potassium into the water which are both nutritional to plants.


cichlid substrateThe largest form of natural nitrates can also be made using artificial materials. Pebbles come in every size and color imaginable, and the natural ones are made of rock or quartz.

Pebbles look good but when they are in layers at the bottom of the tank there are large gaps between them, and these can easily trap leftover foods and fish waste which in time can build up and produce nitrates and these are toxic to cichlid (and other fish).

Live plants do not root very easily in pebbles either.


In reality, gravel is just really small-pebbles. Gravel is available in a variety of natural (and artificial) materials and each piece of gravel usually measures between 2-4mm.

The big advantage of choosing gravel is that the gaps between the gravel are small so it is much harder for food or fish waste to get trapped.

Food waste tends to just settle on top of the gravel so that it can be easily cleaned up using a tank vacuum.


Natural sand is another popular type of substrate and comes in a variety of different types- just as it does on different beaches.

The grains of sand are available in different sizes from really fine to coarse and a selection of natural shades.

Aquarium Sand is a popular choice because it helps create the most natural environment for fish like the cichlid that has sand in its native home.

Sand is nice and easy to clean too as there is nowhere for uneaten food or animal waste to go except lie on top of the sand for easy removal.

Variations on sand substrates include crushed coral and crushed shells.

Aquarium soil:

This is specially formulated soil that means that it does not easily mix with tank water to become a muddy mess!

It is popular with those planting many plants in their aquarium as it is rich in nutrients which is good for the plants.

For those not wanting to plant many plants, other substrates are more suitable.

Having said that, some experts have a bottom substrate of soil so that their tank plants thrive and top this with a layer of natural sand.

Artificial substrate

There is a wide variety of artificial substrate available on the market, made from all different materials that does not affect the quality of the tank water.

Artificial pebbles, gravels, sands and soils can all be bought. Artificial pebbles for example, can be bought made from glass, beads and plastic.

Ceramic beads in a rainbow of colors are also available. Like all-natural substrate, those like the artificial beads and pebbles still form gaps where spare food and fish waste can easily accumulate.

And bare bottoms!

Some aquarium fans are adamant that there is no need to have a substrate and do not have any in their tank –this is usually referred to as a ‘bare bottom tank’.

This approach is not possible if you have fish like cichlid that like to dig in the substrate or others who scavenge for food.

The Best Substrate for Cichlids Aquarium

What is the best substrate for cichlid aquarium If you have cichlids, it is important to understand their natural living conditions. Most of the African cichlids come from the African rift lakes.

The waters in these lakes have very high mineral content and a high pH level ranging from 7.7 – 9.3. The water is harder and slightly more alkaline.

If you do not mimic these conditions in your fish tank, your cichlids will lose their color, be unable to breed and be more prone to infection.

Aquarium Ivory Coast sand is a great choice of substrate if you have a fish tank with African cichlids. This is because this substrate contains various natural minerals that are found in their natural habitat and helps keep the tank water crystal clear.

The Ivory Coast black sand is an alternative which can make a dramatic contrast with your brightly colored fish. It is more like a fine gravel than sand but contains a water-purifying bacteria that helps to detox the water.

Many fish experts recommend using coral sand, crushed coral or crushed oyster shell too. These help to balance the pH of the tank water. They prefer hard and slightly alkaline water, and this will also enhance the colors of your fish.

Considerations When Choosing Substrate

There are four important points to consider when choosing a substrate for your cichlid’s tank:

  • Size of particles

It is important to remember that uneaten food and fish waste and get trapped in the gaps between large particles/ pebbles and this will negatively impact the water quality of your tank as they decompose as the toxins build up.

It is important to consider what your cichlid wants too – they usually like to dig in sand.

  • Color

There are just so many different colors to choose from and whilst some are bright and whacky, others are totally naturally and enhance the beauty of the fish.

Darker colors can have the effect of making tanks and aquariums look smaller whilst light natural shades enhance their size. Some substrate looks dirty quickly, so this is another consideration.

  • Impact on the tank water

The African Cichlid is one of many fish species that needs certain water parameters – in this case a higher pH.

One way to achieve this is to add a substrate to the tank that will buffer the water.

Coral is a really good choice for cichlids as it does this successfully and coral sand combines the benefits of the coral on the pH and sand which is the cichlids’ favorite substrate.

  • Effect on the fish

What you choose as substrate will definitely impact your fish. Substrate with sharp edges can hurt fish.

Light-colored substrate can frighten fish– especially if teamed with bright lights.

To ensure you make a good choice, research the natural habitat and behavior of your cichlid and try to recreate it.

It is important to remember that you do not need to use just one type of substrate. If you need to use crushed coral for your tank but your cichlid much prefers sand, either invest in some coral sand – if you can find it- or mix crushed coral with sand for maximum benefit.

Some cichlid experts recommend using coral sand with aragonite. This is because aragonite is crystallized calcium carbonate which increases the hardness of water and its pH- both these are beneficial for healthy happy cichlids.

Tips for Maintaining and Using Substrate

When choosing a substrate for your cichlids, sand is considered the best. This is because cichlids love to dig in the sand and move it around.

They do scavenge for food in the wild and do make nests in the sand for their eggs. When you are putting aquarium sand or coral sand into your tank, it is best to have the layer at a depth of 2.5 – 5 cm (1-2 inches).

When you are in the pet shop wondering how much to buy, the guide is one pound (450g) per gallon of water.

Regular maintenance of the best substrate for cichlid aquarium is crucial for sustaining a balanced ecosystem.

It is important to keep the tank environment well and to remove any food and fish waste from the tank promptly and not let it start to decompose.

You should regularly change the water in your tank once or twice a week – the frequency depends on how many fish and the size of tank.

Once a month, you need to clean all the algae from the tank walls using a sponge, clean the sand by stirring in water to release all the dirt particles and check and clean the filter and pump.

  • It is a good idea to test your tank water weekly for nitrate levels and the pH. If your fish seem stressed test the water straight away to pinpoint the problem.

Final Thoughts – best substrate for cichlid aquarium

Selecting the best substrate for cichlid aquarium can significantly impact the health and behavior of the fish.

Choosing natural sand or coral sand for your fish tank will really enhance the environment for your cichlid as it will mimic their natural environment.

Keep the sand clean and healthy for your fish and regularly check the hardness of the water and its pH to ensure these are both within the ideal parameters for your cichlid.

Your fish will definitely enjoy having a substrate of sand or coral sand in their tank and you will have the fun of watching them digging in the sand and maybe even building a nest.


Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews 2023

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews 2023

If you want to keep your aquarium clean, you will need a gravel cleaner. By presenting you with our guide containing the best aquarium vacuum cleaner reviews you will be able to identify a gravel cleaner to suit your needs.

There are many models of vacuum cleaners on the market today that are helpful in ensuring that you maintain an excellent aquarium substrate.

Comparison Table

Prices pulled from the Amazon Product Advertising API on:

With the best environment, the aquarium inhabitants will have an easy time living in a home that is clean from build-up of debris and waste on the bottom of the tank.

Many years ago my thinking process about aquarium gravel was simple. The gravel was gravel and therefore inherently dirty like road gravel.

I believed that since this gravel was underwater, it must be as clean as it could possible be.

If you are seeking an aquarium siphon, or vacuum, you are in the right place.

In this buyer’s guide, we look at the different types that can be bought and summarize their benefits.

After researching 40+ different gravel vacuums, we have narrowed it down to the selection below which we have reviewed for you. The ones we selected are suitable for every aquarium size.

We aim to give you a better understand aquarium gravel dredgers, including which one is perfect for your tank.


Why Do You Need a an Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner?

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews 2022

One of the most common causes of marine and freshwater fish disease is stress. Poor water conditions in the aquarium often cause stress, so keeping your tank meticulously clean is critical for your fish to thrive. But it is not always easy to remove fish waste and uneaten food from the substrate. This waste can change the chemistry of the water, which may hinder the health of your fish.

Thus having a gravel vacuum will enable aquarium maintenance to be speedier and much more efficient to just using a siphon hose. A cleaner aquarium environment means healthier happy fish.

If you own an aquarium, it is your responsibility to maintain a healthy environment for your aquatic life. This includes cleaning substrates regularly. The best way to do this would be by using an underwater vacuum cleaner specifically designed for aquariums.

Left over food, fish waste and plant material end up in the substrate and begin to decompose. Decomposition increases ammonia levels that are toxic to fish and it reduces oxygen in the water. Cleaning, using traditional methods, where you need to siphon water from the aquarium is not the best way to go. It can be messy and cumbersome.

Many fish, corals and plants, have very narrow parameters with water chemistry and with water PH that ensures their survival. When wastes build up the fish will stress. A vacuum cleaner helps maintain a consistent water chemistry.

Top 10 Best Gravel Cleaners 

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews


1. Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance System

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The health of your aquarium is always important. This requires having the correct maintenance system. The Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance System should help you with this.

So why do people like this product?

One thing is for certain, you will always get the best performance when using this type of product. It is easy to operate.

Setting up complexed equipment can be off putting for some. This product does not need to be assembled. The manufacturer will send it assembled. Just open the packaging and use it in your aquarium.

I am impressed with the quality. It is well made and value for money and the materials are FDA approved.


  1. Save time
  2. Environmentally friendly
  3. Best quality
  4. Easy to use


  1. None that I can see
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2. SunGrow Aquarium Gravel Cleaner Kit

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

There’s no point in being messy when it comes to cleaning your tank. The Sungrow Aquarium Gravel Cleaner Kit comes with all the necessary equipment to clean the aquarium.

You get a portable controller that is effective at removing debris from the aquarium easily. Within minutes of cleaning you should start to see a difference in your aquarium water.

The product is suitable for fresh and saltwater tanks.

The equipment will allow for easy routine maintenance. Use the short nozzle to clean gravel and substrate. The flexible tube allows you to reach the behind rocks and plants where debris has built up. The vacuum is designed for ease.


  1. Easy to use
  2. Less time to set up
  3. Compact for hassle-free storage
  4. Easy maintenance


  1. Some quality issues
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3. Luigi’s Aquarium Siphon and Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

This is the perfect option if you regularly change the water in your tank.

The Luigi’s Aquarium Siphon and Gravel Cleaner, allows for easy filtering of the gravel at the bottom of the tank. It easily removes uneaten food, waste and debris that has accumulated over time.

There is a filter in this cleaner, so you don’t have to worry about accidentally sucking up small shrimps or fish. Other vacuum cleaner suction tubes do not have this function. However, the holes in the filter are a little small, so it is not able to suck up the bigger chunks of debris.

This product is affordable, being value for money, and comes with a 100% money back guarantee. So you can buy it with confidence.


  1. The filter prevents it from sucking up small fish or shrimps
  2. The affordable price makes it good value
  3. Hand pump


  1. No instructions are supplied
  2. Syphon hole small- not able to suck larger pieces of debris
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4. SSRIVER Aquarium Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The SSRIVER Aquarium Gravel Cleaner has a practical design that allows you to clean aquariums of different sizes, and it is easy to operate.

Having a filter feature prevents the suction of gravel or even small fish or shrimp. The filter allows for easy separation of waste from things that should remain in your tank.

To use this aquarium vacuum cleaner, simply press the air push button to pump water. You can use the flow regulator, so you can go as fast or slow as you want while sucking the water out of your tank.

The product comes with some great accessories that other vacuum cleaners don’t have. These include a glass scraper, flow clamp, valve and filter.

The company offers a money back guarantee if customers are not happy with the product.


  1. Adjustable flow
  2. Lots of accessories, including a glass scraper.
  3. The air push button starts the water flow


  1. No seals, so air can escape and weaken suction
  2. Leaks can occur
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5. Marina Easy Clean Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

This Marina Easy Clean Gravel Cleaner is designed to be a hassle-free option.

This device comes with a hose that will never kink. It also has a comfortable grip and the tube is oval in shape, making it easy to tuck the hose into the corners of the tank.

The cleaning vacuum component is 15 inches long and 2.5 inches in diameter. It comes with a 1.8 meter tube. The gravel vacuum works quickly to pick up dirt without any problems. A protective attachment prevents you from vacuuming up gravel or fish.

The tube is soft and flexible, making it easy to use and manoeuvre. A feature of a flow valve, allows you to control the speed of the water flow.


  1. Soft flexible hose that doesn’t kink
  2. 6 foot tube, perfect for large tanks
  3. Includes a protection accessory to prevent suction of gravel or fish


  1. Not a very sturdy product
  2. Very small pieces of gravel can pass through the gravel protector
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6. LL Products Gravel Vacuum for Aquarium

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

This LL Products Gravel Vacuum is a BPA-free gravel cleaning kit. The kit helps you clean the area around the gravel, and it does this quickly and easily.

The vacuum has one-way flow control, so you don’t have to worry about water spilling onto the floor or into the tank.

This kit also comes with a shut-off valve, allowing you to adjust the flow of the water. You can also cut off the flow completely, which is convenient when you’re done cleaning the gravel.

Having a feature of a hand pump enables easy starting the water flow. Another feature, a filter ensures that the vacuum will not suck in any of your fish or gravel.

You can cut the rigid tubing to a length that suits the size of your tank. Therefore the vacuum can suit a 10 gallon tank through to a large 100 gallon tank.


  1. Comes with a filter to prevent sucking fish/gravel
  2. Easily adjusted water flow
  3. BPA-free design (not toxic to fish)


  1. Joints can leak water
  2. It is big and bulky compared to other vacuums.
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7. EHEIM Quick Vac Pro

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The EHEIM Quick Vac Pro is a battery run electric gravel vacuum. Being an electric vacuum, it comes with a higher price tag to the simpler manual hand gravel cleaners.

What’s good about this battery electric vacuum, is that it does not have electric cords that could pose a danger and they get in the way.

This product works as a vacuum cleaner and not as a water exchanger.

4 AA batteries are required, giving you 4 hours running time. Plenty of time to clean your tank many times over.

The Quick Vac is ideal for tanks with a lot of organic waste and uneaten food on the gravel bed. The vacuum uses gentle sucking to draw in debris. The water flow passes through a fine mesh that traps the debris, then the water returns to the tank.

When you’re done, it is a simple step to take out the mesh cartridge, empty and clean it, then put the mesh back for use next time. It’s that easy.


  1. Easy to use
  2. Doesn’t suck the water out of the tank
  3. Gentle suction
  4. Convenience of being battery operated


  1. More expensive
  2. Some reviews say the construction is poor quality
  3. Some reviews point out that the impeller tends to jam
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8. KollerCraft TOM Mr Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner


Update as of 11th April 2022: This product is no longer available on Amazon.

The KollerCraft TOM Mr Cleaner is another battery operated unit and the company says it gives a 3-in-1 cleaning option. You can use it to clean gravel, remove algae, and extract dirty water.

The unit uses 2 C-batteries. The vacuum can be fully submerged under water and better suits smaller nano tanks.

Although better suited to smaller tanks, it does have a tube that stretches to 16 inches. The aquarium gravel vacuum sucks in the water, with the water passing through a filter screen to catch the debris.

The water can then be either returned to the tank, or is drawn through a hose into a bucket.


  1. Works well once the operation is understood
  2. Well priced
  3. Assembling it is easy, however, it was noted that a small black piece must be removed before putting on the “sock” that catches the debris.


  1. You will need to be careful so that you don’t end up close to the edge of your tank so the water runs out onto your floor.
  2. Requires a certain tilt for it to work correctly
  3. Some reviews say the debris catching sock doesn’t work so well (these people replace it with a standard women’s nylon stocking)
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9. Fluval EDGE Gravel Cleaner

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

The Fluval EDGE Gravel Cleaner is an effective and affordable tool for cleaning gravel in moderately sized tanks.

The angled design of the vacuum head makes it easy to access the gravel depths of your aquarium. Additionally, the siphon comes with two different head attachments: one that is designed for cleaning bulk gravel, and one that is narrower for easy cleaning of the corners of the tank.

The gravel guard built into the top of the hose prevents the hose from clogging with gravel, avoiding the headache experienced with other gravel siphons.

Another advantage is that this siphon is designed with an easy start valve, which only requires moving the vacuum head up and down to pressurize the tube and start continuous water suction.

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10. Siphon-style Gravel Vacuums

Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner

Consisting of little more than a hose and a hollow tube, this is the most popular type of gravel dredger. The Siphon-style Gravel Vacuum is inexpensive and available in a wide variety of sizes. This product is a favorite for beginners and experts alike.

The downside to this simple vacuum is that to clean your gravel you also have to drain the water from your tank.


  1. Affordable
  2. Wide range of sizes
  3. Option to siphon water from tank and/or clean your gravel
  4. No batteries required as gravity does all the work
  5. Simple


  1. It takes practice to use it correctly
  2. Improper use can lead to spillage
  3. You cannot clean the gravel without draining the water
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Our No1 Pick for the Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews

We selected the best aquarium Vacuum cleaner options, ensuring we included in our review the cheaper simple products through to more expensive electric products that come with greater features.

That said, the Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance System is, in our view, the pick of them all.

The Python is well designed, is simple to use and allows for quick cleaning without disturbing the fish or decorations in your tank.

Customer reviews rated it well and this vacuum gives good value for money.


How to Use an Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner?

It is not easy to fully explain how to use an aquarium vacuum as it may vary from model to model. Therefore, it is important that you refer to the vacuum cleaner manufacturer’s instructions to understand the specifics of their product.

For the majority of the models, the operating systems are quite simple.


How often Should You Vacuum the Gravel in the Aquarium?

When it comes to how often to vacuum your gravel, it depends on the type of aquarium you have. Some aquariums may have more fish or plants, so it’s important to vacuum more often.

For most fish aquariums, once a week should be sufficient.


Final Comments

Using a siphon to clean the gravel in your tank is an important job in maintaining a welcoming environment for your fish, and for the prevention of ammonia build-up. Gravel siphons can make water changes easier to do.

Identifying the right cleaner from the many models sold in aquarium stores has required much research into reading about the product features and looking carefully at customer reviews.

Ultimately, we are confident that all the products we have covered in our Best Aquarium Vacuum Cleaner Reviews are worth considering. It does depend upon your type of aquarium and what you are prepared to spend.


Top 10 Best Reef Sumps For Saltwater Aquarium Reviewed [2023]

Best Reef Sumps

Sump tanks are necessary for those worried about keeping their saltwater fish alive and healthy. If you have your heart set on a marine aquarium, it’s important to get the Best Reef Sumps to keep the water clean and fresh.

Comparison Table – Best Reef Sumps

Prices pulled from the Amazon Product Advertising API on:

There are many reef sinkholes on the market. Finding the right one can a challenge, but we’ve put together this short guide to make the process as easy as possible.

A sump is the life support system of a healthy seawater aquarium. Some hobbyists may start with a filter canister and stick to the rear gear, but modern saltwater aquarists choose to use a catch basin for many beneficial reasons.


Seawater aquariums are made of durable acrylic and contain all the space needed to house mechanical, chemical and biological filtering equipment. Most manufacturers offer a range of products suitable for beginners and advanced hobbyists, giving all aquarists the option to install a sump.

The sinks fit under the main screen, allowing all your equipment and cables like your heater to be tucked away, creating a clutter-free display tank. An advantage of using sumps is the increased water volume, which helps improve gas exchange and oxygenates the water.

Today, let’s talk about what an aquarium crate is, what a shelter is, then the Best Reef Sumps available to buy with ease.

What Is a Reef Sump?

10 Best Reef Sumps Reviewed for Saltwater Aquariums

A reef sump is a container that goes behind or under an aquarium. It holds the water and gives you a place to store the equipment the system needs.

A reef crate can be made from acrylic and glass, food-safe plastics or feed troughs. The chosen material depends on how much available space you have.

You usually need a glass or acrylic tank if the sump has to go under the aquarium. If the sump is in the basement or has a lot of space, storage tanks are suitable. The type of container and the receptacle must be taken into account.

Best reef sumps benefits

It helps to know the many benefits of a sump to understand why you need a catcher.

Contamination in the tank can accumulate in the water. Having a container increases the total water volume and slows down that problem. The container also skims over the water surface, giving your tank clear water.

Sinks can also lower the water temperature by up to two degrees Fahrenheit, providing an environment for your reefs to thrive and grow.

A tank can benefit from a sump as it’s a place for your equipment to hide out of view. This means the protein skimmers, heaters and monitoring probes won’t be filling up the empty space of your display tank anymore.

Most aquariums require additives to help the water. You can pour the additives directly into the receptacle. This allows the chemicals and RO / DI water to be mixed well before entering the tank.

Best Sumps for Your Reef Tank 

We’ve put together a list of the ten best reef sumps for your reef tank below, to help make the best-informed decision for your tank.

Best Reef Sump Reviews

1. Pro Clear Aquatic Systems Freedom Reef Sump

 Best Reef Sumps

The Pro Clear Aquatic Systems Reef Sump is available in four sizes: 100, 200, 300 and 400 gallons. It’s designed to work well in saltwater systems. An easy-to-use tank that is inexpensive to maintain.

It includes dual inlet ports for efficiency and also has muffler tubes that eliminate bubbles and suppress noise. This sump diffuses the flow of water to prevent debris from passing through.

The Pro Clear Aquatic Reef Sump also has water retention with a foam block on the back, helping remove bubbles before the water goes to the return pump.

The receptacle also comes with wire clamps, a probe holder and a dispenser holder. The crankcase also has bulkhead couplings, flexible hoses, and 4-inch Micron bags.

All consumers who have tried this product have been raving about its effectiveness. However, the upper chambers may be slightly wider.


  • Easy to use
  • Inexpensive to maintain
  • Available in multiple sizes


  • Upper chambers may be wider
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2. Eshopps RS-75 Reef Sump

 Best Reef Sumps

The Eshopps RS-75 Reef Sump is suitable for tanks up to 75 liters. The dimensions are 45 x 30 x 40 cm. The return pocket is 3.5 “x9.5” and the Skimmer compartment is 8 “x9.5”.

This reef crate offers plenty of room in the sump area to store your gear. The kit can include pumps, skimmers and other devices for your aquarium. It also has a prefilter sponge that keeps air bubbles and debris out of the pump.

This collector has an open-top design, making it easy to access for maintenance. The Micron bag is also easy to remove.

The Eshopps Sump is suitable for reef and seawater aquariums. Each sump has a lid, 1-inch baffle, square foam, 300 micron bag, and 90 cm flexible hose.

Many consumers claim that this product is suitable.


  • Lots of space
  • Open-top design, easy for maintenance access


  • None that we can see
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3. IceCap 48XL Reef Sump

 Best Reef Sumps

The IceCap 48XL Reef Sump is made for today’s reef aquarist, designed to meet all your needs and measures 48 “x23.5” x16 “in length.

The sump is well suited for 300 gallon tanks.

Includes a 2.5 cm double drain and two 10 cm filter sock holders. The fresh water tank holds 15 liters of water and has a 24 “x14.8” skimmer section.

This collection has a practical design with much attention to detail, giving your home and tank setup a more aesthetic appeal.

The modern catcher has a spill design and compartment covers. It is very quiet while running and includes adjustable baffles and probe holders to meet your filtration needs.


  • Aesthetic appeal
  • Quiet
  • Contains compartment covers


  • None that we can see
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4. Windridercreations 50 Gal Refugium-Sump

 Best Reef Sumps

The Windridercreations 50 Gal Refugium-Sump includes two pairs of socks and measures 45 “x15” x15 “in height. It also has four chambers, designed with a 50 gallon sump and offers a wet-dry aquarium filter function.

The inlet chamber is 20 inches, allowing for large sock and skimmer options. The escape room is 18 “and contains a 10” wall. The third chamber contains a 10 cm media label track.

The return chamber is 15 cm wide. It is designed to fit most internal sump pumps.

Many consumers are happy with the product and claim that it works very well. They also say that the finish is beautiful.


  • Offers a wet-dry filter function
  • Contains 4 chambers
  • Aesthetic appeal


  • None that we can see
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5. Trigger Systems

 Best Reef Sumps

Trigger Systems is an American manufacturer of filter basins, automatic filling and dosing systems (ATO).

Acrylic sinks are assembled by hand using high quality acrylic and precision welding methods.

Sumps from Trigger Systems have rounded corners that increase the strength of the seam and have a variety of color options (ruby, sapphire, crystal, emerald and amethyst) look great under the reef aquarium.

The collection box has adjustable partitions, making the collection box easier to function as a shelter. The height of the water in the skimmer area can be adjusted. You can use filter socks or foam filter blocks to remove particles.

Trigger Systems‘ sump trays are pre-drilled to add an automatic filling system.

These collectors are available in a wide range of sizes, from the tiny 18 â€bucket to the monstrous 44†Triton collector.


  • Variety of size and color options
  • Quiet
  • Increased seam strength


  • None that we can see
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6. CPR AquaFuge2 Hang-On Refugium

 Best Reef Sumps

The CPR AquaFuge 2 Hang-On Refugium provides an isolated safe zone for live foods such as copepods and amphipods to feed SPS and LPS corals along with fish in the reef tank.

With the optional LED light you can grow macroalgae in the hanging drain. The internal baffle system prevents sand and live food from being flushed out of the chamber.

The shelter comes with a Rio submersible pump, making it a plug and play setup. The AquaFuge 2 is available in three sizes.

Small: 33 x 4.5 x 30 cm
Medium: 48 x 4.5 x 30 cm
Large: 25 “x 4.5″ x 12 ”


  • Includes water pump
  • Various sizes


  1. LED light not included.
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7. Aqueon ProFlex Sump

 Best Reef Sumps

The Aqueon ProFlex Sump contains three-chamber modular bins, which means you can adjust the configuration in a number of different ways.

The basic sump design uses two 200 micron filter socks in the first chamber of the sump.

Incoming water flows through the socks to remove particles. The modular design allows you to install an optional wet-dry biological container that contains plastic bio-media. You will need to purchase the rack as an additional component and provide your own bio media. Reef aquarists don’t normally use wet-dry but if you want one, it’s available.

For a Berlin filter, place an internal protein skimmer in the second collection chamber and pump again into the third. It’s easy to add shelter to the third room. Just add rock debris and macro algae along with a small LED light. The ProFlex collector comes in four sizes.

Small – ProFlex 1: Holds 44-55 Gallons – Size: 21 “x 18″ x 11 ”
Medium – ProFlex 2: Holds 55-75 gallons – Size: 30.9 “X 11″ X 19 ”
Large – ProFlex 3: Holds 65-110 Gallons – Size: 26.3 “x 17.4″ x 14.8 ”
Extra-large – ProFlex 4: Holds 120-210 gallons – Size: 36.9 “x 19″ x 14.8 ”


  • Modular design
  • Quiet
  • Limited Lifetime Warranty
  • Many sizes


  • Packaging has occasionally resulted in damaged panels
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8. Fiji Cube Sump Kit – A Great Do It Yourself Sump Kit

 Best Reef Sumps

We’re a huge fan of building your own catcher and this DIY shelter and shelter kit from Fiji Cube provides with a high-quality shelter kit.

Fiji Cube kits are inexpensive, and are designed for a 20 or 40 gallon aquarium. A 40 gallon set fits all medium sized aquariums and is easily adjustable to set up as a traditional sump + drain setup or as a triton setup.

It has a three filter sock design, but are unfortunately not designed for larger tanks.


  • DIY kit
  • Inexpensive


  • Only 20 and 40 gallon sets available
  • No drain baffles
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9. Bubblefin DIY Sump – A Cheap Sump Option


 Best Reef Sumps

The Bubblefin DIY Sump Kit is a cheaper option. It comes with the acrylic plates to get you started. You can compose your crate arrangement according to your own preferences.

It’s a full base kit with just bulkheads, but many DIYers love this option because they can build whatever they want.

The price of this kit is the most affordable when compared with buying one already made, or making one from scratch.

This kit is missing a pipe bracket or bulkhead, but can be bought through other online providers.


  • Cheapest option
  • Configure the catcher to your preferences


  • Missing pieces
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10. Refugium, Marine Aquarium Filter, 40 Gallon Sump


 Best Reef Sumps

The Refugium Marine Aquarium Filter is a 40 gallon catch basin measuring 40 “x15” x15 “. It includes dual 1” baffles with sock damper chamber and also has interchangeable plates for different sizes of socks.

This reef sump has an adjustable water port with an adjustment range of 5 to 10 inches. The return chamber measures 15 x 15 cm and contains four holes for the water pipe with power cables.

This product is manufactured from all laser cut parts. All parts are also ¼ â€molded material.

Unique to this product is that you can choose your own color. You must send a message to the seller to indicate whether you want blue, black, or red. However, the body is black and the partitions are white.

The product is designed for seawater aquariums, but you can also use it for freshwater tanks. You do not need to drill holes to use this product.

Many consumers have rated this product with five stars. Everyone says the quality is excellent.


  • Custom colors
  • Can be used for seawater and freshwater tanks
  • Good quality


  • None that we can see
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What to Put in Reef Sump?

Here are a few options as to what to put in your reef sump.

Some aquarists only use it to store their heater, skimmer and return pump, whereas others add more, such as sand and living organisms.

It’s recommended to put about four inches of sand on the bottom of your sump and include macroalgae to clean the tank in between water changes.

Aquarists may place Chaetomorpha in the tank as it reduces nitrates in the water, and live rock is useful for providing shelter for organisms.

How to Setup a Reef Sump?

Most of the sumps we have previously listed should have a ‘how to’ in instructing how to set it up. However, we’ve also included a few tips and tricks to be aware of here.

Make sure you have bought a sump for your tank size, the sump should be around two inches shorter than your tank.

If you have older equipment to use with your new catcher, thoughly rinse and clean them before use.

You may want to put foam under your sump to avoid pressure points that could cause malfunction and depending on the connections, you may need to drill holes in the bracket.

Once the sump is in place you will need to install the Kent valve and connect the RO / DI function. Now you can add water to your aquarium.

When the filling container is full, you can close the ball valve on the RO / DI unit. You can open the ball valve the next time you refill the compartment. If you choose the filling container, it should meet the needs of your tank for 48 hours.

Filling only takes 45 minutes. It is recommended not to leave your RO / DI unit on all the time. It only has to work about four hours a week.

The RO / DI unit keeps the filling section full. When the aquarium needs water, the float sensor is activated.

The fill pump adds more RO / DI water to the skimmer section. This step replenishes the evaporated water.

You need to connect the device and sensor in the return section of your tank. It can be secured with cable ties.

Final Thoughts – Best Reef Sumps

Finding the Best Reef Sumps is essential as without the sump, your tank can suffer from dirty water, algae problems and other problems.

Saltwater aquariums can be slightly difficult to maintain simply because it can be confusing. However, as long as you know your tank size and what you need, you can find the right reef sump for your needs.


Top [2023] 10 Best Fountain Pumps: Solar, Submersible Water Pumps

Top [2021] 10 Best Fountain Pumps: Solar, Submersible Water Pumps

The most important part of any fountain is the pump.

Circulates water, prevents algae from forming, creates soothing sounds and adds a stream of water to turn any fountain into a beautiful centerpiece.

Comparison Table

CustomSiteStripe ImageTitleReviewBuy
Top PerformanceAMYER Solar Fountain Pump4.5/5.0Check Price
cheapestJebao Submersible Fountain Pond Water Pump4.4/5.0Check Price

Choosing the Best Fountain Pumps is key to creating sustainable water features. There are several varieties available, so it’s important to know what to look for to find the right one for you.

A small fountain pump is essential if you want to build an original garden fountain. You can build the pump yourself or take the easy route and buy one. There are dozens of models on the market and finding a suitable product is quite easy.

When choosing the right water pump, there are a few things to consider and this guide aims to show you how to choose the best one.

However, if you don’t feel like reading, hit the links in the table below to find the best small fountain pump for your DIY project.

Selecting a dedicated pond pump for your waterfall or fountain offers a variety of benefits, including a better head lift, easier installation and lower operating costs. In this guide, we’ll explain how to choose the best fountain water pumps and recommend our top-rated pump picks.

Whether you have a koi pond with a waterfall, a fountain decorated with ornate statues or an aquarium with your favorite goldfish, a pond pump will keep the aquatic life of the water feature healthy and vibrant. However, not just any pond pump is enough, it must also provide reliable and energy-efficient performance so that you can save money on your water and electricity bill.


How to Choose the Right Fountain Pump?

There are a few things to consider when choosing a fountain pump. When deciding which one is best for you, it’s always important to consider how you’re going to use it. Different applications have different needs.

Solar energy pumps

The most important thing to consider when choosing a fountain pump for an outdoor water feature is how you intend to feed it. Solar energy is a useful option for pumps that are only used outdoors.

Many pumps designed to create fountains in swimming pools, ponds, and bird baths have a nozzle surrounded by a large solar panel located near the surface of the water. Others use a separate solar panel with wires that connect to the mouthpiece. They do not require an additional power source.

Some solar pumps do not store energy and only operate when the solar panel is exposed to bright sunlight. Others have an internal battery that gives the pump a little more power and keeps it going when the sun is blocked by clouds.

Submersible pumps

For something more powerful and reliable, consider a submersible pump. They can be used indoors and outdoors and, as the name suggests, they are fully submersible. This means that they can also be used in aquariums to circulate and supply water with oxygen.

Submersible pumps are electric and can be plugged directly into an electrical outlet. Since they do not depend on sunlight, they are constantly powerful and run 24 hours a day.

Water propellants

How high do you want the water to splash? There are two factors that determine how high the jet can reach: the volume of water in the pool or fountain and how much water pressure it takes to reach that height.

Each of these pumps has a different maximum nozzle, but it is important to remember that this is not the only factor that determines the actual nozzle. Choosing a pump that is tailored to the size of your pool, fountain, or birdbath can help it run more efficiently.

Nozzle options

Most of the products we reviewed come with a variety of nozzles to control the shape and coverage of the water flow. This is a great feature if you want to mix it up every once in a while and change the look of your font.


Top [2022] 10 Best Fountain Pumps on the Market

If you are looking for the best fountain pump for your needs then you have come to the right place. There are many options to choose from, so you’re sure to find one that’s right for you.


Best Fountain Pump Reviews

1. Solatec Solar Fountain Pump

The best solar powered fountain pump we can find is this one from Solatec. It is fully powered by the sun, does not require a backup battery or electrical outlet, although it does not store energy and does require sunlight to function.

It is an ideal pump for fountains, bird baths, swimming pools, small ponds or for circulating water in an aquarium.

This pump has four different types of nozzles. Each creates a slightly different spray pattern that can grow up to about 20 inches long. Switching from one to the other is easy, and the all-black design won’t distract from water and other environments.

Installation is easy too. Make sure to keep the floating plate on the water surface so that the solar panel is exposed to sunlight. The fountain will start working automatically in a few seconds. The brighter the sun, the better the fountain works.

The weatherproof design is waterproof and durable, and the polycrystalline silicon solar panel is designed to withstand even freezing weather. It comes with a 100% satisfaction guarantee and a full one year warranty.

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2. AMYER Solar Fountain Pump

Another great choice is this font from AMYER. It is fully solar powered and has a beam height of up to 38 inches in full sun. That said, it also features an updated solar panel and unique design that still creates beautiful fountains even in dim sunlight.

The pump starts working after being exposed to sunlight for just three seconds, but is stronger after prolonged exposure to the sun.

There are four different types of nozzles and different combinations you can try to get the perfect accent for your small pond, pool, aquarium or bird bath. For best results, place the pump in the water to start running, then mount and attach the nozzle of your choice.

For larger sprays, make sure there is at least two inches of water. Regular cleaning is also recommended, especially if you want large jets of water. Remember, the more sun exposure, the more power.

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3. Jebao Submersible Fountain Pond Water Pump


If you are looking for the best small fountain pump for small bird baths or water features, check out this submersible pump from Jebao. Since it is powered by electricity, it does not require sun exposure, so it can even be used indoors.
This pump needs to be installed near an electrical outlet, but the six-foot electrical cord adds some versatility. It uses a three-prong plug and comes with two different tube connectors, 1/2 â€and 5/16â€.
Although this pump is small, it offers reliable performance and the flow can be adjusted to your needs. It is also energy efficient with low power consumption and runs quite quietly so it is not disturbing when used indoors.
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4. Tiger Submersible Fountain Pump

This Tiger submersible pump has a low consumption and energy-saving design that runs quietly. It is an excellent choice for fountains, ponds, swimming pools and aquariums and can even be used in hydroponic pump systems. It is powerful enough to produce jets of water up to 1.5 meters high.

There is a simple valve to adjust the flow up to 120 GPH and ½ and ¼ inch adapters are included. Installing this pump is very easy. It has four separate suction cups on the bottom and is so compact that it can be easily hidden. It is also very lightweight and can be mounted horizontally if required.

One of the best things about this pump is that it is designed to last. It is 100% submersible and uses acid and salt resistant materials throughout. Plus, it comes with a 12-month limited warranty and a 100% money back guarantee.

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5. KEDSUM Ultra Quiet Submersible Fountain Pump

Finally, we recommend this submersible pump from KEDSUM. This ultra-quiet design is very easy to install. Use the large suction cups on the bottom of the pump to attach it to glass or other smooth, sturdy surface.

It has a 2 meter power cord and large suction cups on the bottom to make it easy to install and stay firmly in place. You can even hang it horizontally if you want, which is great for use in an aquarium.

This pump includes a 0.51 inch, 0.75 inch and 0.87 inch adapter for different effects and has a maximum water jet height of 1.5 meters. It is an excellent choice for ponds, fountains and aquariums and can handle fresh or salt water in temperatures up to 95 degrees F.

The pieces are easy to take apart, making cleaning much easier. It’s also backed by a 1-year manufacturer’s warranty.

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6. Homasy 400GPH Submersible Pump

The Homasy 400GPH Submersible Pump is a great little fountain pump to consider for your DIY project. The pump has a capacity of 400 liters per hour, is suitable for a wide variety of applications and is perfect for indoor or outdoor fountains. One of the main features of the pump is water flow control. Flow is easy to set with a button, so you can set the desired pressure. The maximum flow is 400 GPH, which is more than sufficient for most applications. Another great feature is the presence of four suction cups on the bottom of the pump. These cups hold the pump in place and are easy to stick to glass or other smooth surfaces, both vertically and horizontally. This allows you to hide the pump between plants to improve the design. Because the pump also provides air circulation and oxygenation of the water, it is suitable for <a href=aquariums or fish ponds. Needless to say, this is a great feature.” width=”300″ height=”284″ />


The Homasy 400GPH Submersible Pump is a great little fountain pump to consider for your DIY project. The pump has a capacity of 400 liters per hour, is suitable for a wide variety of applications and is perfect for indoor or outdoor fountains. One of the main features of the pump is water flow control. Flow is easy to set with a button, so you can set the desired pressure. The maximum flow is 400 GPH, which is more than sufficient for most applications.

Another great feature is the presence of four suction cups on the bottom of the pump. These cups hold the pump in place and are easy to stick to glass or other smooth surfaces, both vertically and horizontally. This allows you to hide the pump between plants to improve the design.

Because the pump also provides air circulation and oxygenation of the water, it is suitable for aquariums or fish ponds. Needless to say, this is a great feature.

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7. Homasy 80 GPH Submersible Water Pump

If you need a small pump, the Homasy 80 GPH Submersible Pump might be for you. As the name implies, this pump can handle 80 gallons per hour, while lifting a water column of 2.6 feet. The pump has ultra-quiet operation and a reliable, durable motor. Thanks to these functions you can enjoy the water game without being disturbed by annoying noises. In addition, the pump has an adjustable flow rate and is designed with a comfortable adjustment knob.

The pump has many applications. It is suitable for a bird bath or small outdoor fountain, for an indoor fountain or even for aerating the water in an aquarium or pond. Thanks to its compact size, the pump is easy to hide and thanks to the suction cups easy to install on the bottom or walls of the fountain.

This multifunctional pump comes with two nozzles with which the water jet can be tailor-made. Thanks to the different effects of water, you can change the appearance of your fountain in an instant.

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8. VicTsing 80 GPH Submersible Water Pump


Similar in many ways to the Homasy pump described above, the VicTsing 80 GPH submersible water pump is another small fountain pump to consider for your DIY garden fountain projects. This pump has a capacity of 80 liters per hour, is suitable for a wide range of applications and has a compact design. In detail, the pump is ideal for small to medium sized aquariums or aquariums, for tabletop fountains, water gardens, ponds, outdoor birdbaths and more.

The pump comes with two nozzles that allow users to adjust the effect of the water flow, while the height of the jet can be easily adjusted with the pump knob.

The compact pump is easy to install thanks to the suction cups that allow for both vertical and horizontal installation. In addition, the pump is easy to remove and clean. No tools are required to separate it, while cleaning is a breeze.

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9. Intsun 220 GPH Submersible Water Pump


Last but not least, the Intsun 220 GPH Submersible Pump is another small fountain pump to consider if you want to build an indoor or outdoor garden fountain. This pump has a capacity of 220 liters per hour and is very similar to the pumps described above. In detail, the pump is suitable for a wide variety of indoor and outdoor applications. It is ideal for bird baths and aquariums, for ponds or indoor Zen gardens.

The pump has water flow control and it is easy to get the desired water pressure just by turning a knob. In addition, the pump is easy to install and has a 6-foot power cord that is long enough to plug the pump into an electrical outlet.

But what makes this pump stand out is the LED light. The pump has 12 colored LEDs that color the water in four different colors. The light provides impressive effects at night, turning your DIY fountain into a real eye-catcher.

10. Alpine PAL3100 Cyclone Pond Pump

This powerful cyclone pond pump from Alpine Corporation is not only cost effective and energy efficient, but also an excellent choice for medium-sized ponds. Whether you want to add a beautiful waterfall to your koi pond or upgrade your existing fountain pump, this submersible pump can pump up to 3100 liters of water per hour and create strong waterfalls and provide good aeration.

The Alpine Corporation pump has a solid design as the outer casing is made of strong plastic. The Vortex ceramic impeller is oil-free and is driven by a magnetic drive motor that is completely enclosed in a separate housing, increasing water tightness and preventing leakage.

There is also an easily removable pre-filter and the Vortex motor can be removed without tools for easy cleaning and maintenance.

A very versatile pump, the Alpine Cyclone can be submerged underwater or placed anywhere in the pond. It can also be placed vertically or horizontally. And it’s backed by a three-year warranty. Alpine Corporation also offers five different pumps to choose from that provide a range of GPH per hour: 2,100, 3,100, 4,000, 5,200, and 6,550.

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How Does a Fountain Pump Work?

Fountain pumps are also called recirculation pumps. This means they use the same water over and over, so you can run them without worrying about increasing your water bill or feeling guilty about wasting excess water.

There are three main components to a fountain pump: the pump itself, a reservoir, and a delivery system.

The bomb

The function of the pump is to move the water upwards to create a jet of water. It can be used at lower pressures to create a waterfall effect or to create movement in an aquarium. Best Fountain Pumps are rated by the number of gallons of water they move. The more gallons, the faster the flow.

The reservoir

This is the area where the water collects to be recirculated. It is constantly being filled as the water is sucked in to maintain water pressure at the pump so the fountain never stops.

The water passes through an inlet valve to reach the pump. It is very important to keep this area free of debris that is quite common in an outdoor water feature. Anything that blocks the inlet can cause the pump to dry out.

Delivery system

The delivery system depends on the effect you are trying to create. A hose is common for soft waterfalls or when used in an aquarium. This allows you to place the exhaust exactly where you need it, so that it fits perfectly with your environment.

If you are making a water feature with a jet, the nozzles are usually connected directly to the outlet of the pump. The pump pushes the water through the nozzles to create different patterns of water in the air.


How to Install a Water Fountain Pump?

The installation of these pumps varies from model to model, so be sure to read the instructions that come with the pump of your choice. With that said, here’s an easy method to install a fountain pump:

1. Prepare the pond, pool, or fountain first.

Remove large debris such as dirt and twigs that could clog the pump.

A submersible pump should never be placed on the bottom of the water unless it is very shallow, such as in a birdbath or small water feature. In deeper water, submersible pumps should be lifted on a stone or concrete slab to prevent dirt from reaching the bottom.

The same is true if you are using a submersible pump in an aquarium, but these are often very easy to install on the side of the tank with the built-in suction cups.

2. Configure the pump

If necessary, apply a tube or choose the nozzle combination you want to use.

Solar powered pumps usually start working within seconds of being exposed to the sun, but most manufacturers recommend leaving the panels in direct sunlight for about 30 minutes before placing them in the sun.

3. Place the pump in the water.

Connect the hoses or nozzles and then place the pump in the water. Make sure it is placed correctly. Remember, submersible pumps should never be placed on the bottom of a pond or fountain unless the water is too shallow to lift.

4. Start the pump

Once the pump is turned on, it only takes a few seconds for the water to start circulating. Once the water is moving, it is time to make the necessary flow adjustments.

Most pumps have a dial or knob to regulate the pressure. If the flow is too weak, the nozzles will not be effective because there is not enough pressure for them to work properly. On the other hand, if you want to create a smooth waterfall, you may need to set the pressure to a lower level.

It is very important not to let the pump run dry. Make sure you don’t turn it on until you are in the water and make sure the water level is always adequate.


How to Clean a Water Fountain Pump?

Keeping a fountain pump clean is very important. Too much dirt or build-up will affect the flow and can cause the fountain to stop working after a short time. Here are some tips for keeping your fountain pump clean.

  • Check the water level regularly. The pump itself should always be submerged in water and if it gets too low it can cause serious damage. Distilled water is better because it reduces the amount of fouling and can make maintenance easier.
  • Remove debris several times a week, especially in an outdoor pool or fountain. Leaves, twigs and other debris can quickly clog the pump, preventing water from circulating and drying it out.
  • The pump should be thoroughly cleaned at least once a month or more frequently if necessary. Turn off the pump, remove it from the water and allow it to drain completely. Then immerse the pump in a 50/50 solution of water and white vinegar to loosen mineral deposits.
  • After soaking, remove the cap from the pump and use an old toothbrush to remove any mineral residue or algae.
  • Rinse and replace the cap, then fill the pump with distilled water before putting it back in the water.
  • Once the pump is completely submerged again, turn it on. Make any necessary adjustments to the nozzles or tubes.
  • If you live in a climate with cold winters, it’s best to bring your fountain indoors from fall to early spring. Take it apart completely, clean it well and keep it until the weather warms up.



There are many reasons why we like the Intsun 220 GPH submersible pump, but our number one favorite is the Homasy 400GPH submersible pump. This pump is ideal for a wide variety of applications, it is powerful and adjustable.

The pump is easy to install thanks to the suction cups. Although it does not have great vertical stability, the pump is easy to hide between plants or decorations. That is why horizontal mounting is possible under all circumstances.

This is without a doubt one of the best small fountain pumps on the market, and if lighting is what you are looking for, there are plenty of solutions to consider.

Aqueon vs Python Water Changer – Which one is better?

Aqueon vs Python Water Changer – Which one is better?

Keeping your aquarium clean is always good for your fish and for the overall appearance of the aquarium. Even you, as a person, would not feel comfortable living in a dirty space.

In such cases, there is a need for products such as the Aqueon and Python water changer to easily clean the water.

These products are designed to clean your water in a short amount of time, but they also have their own differences.

Aqueon Water Changer vs Python Water Changer


Both the Aqueon Water Changer and the Python Water Changer Aquarium Maintenance System offer a similar way of changing the water and cleaning the substrate. All you need to do is connect the system to a faucet and the pressure of the flowing water acts like a pump pulling the water out of your tank. You can then refill the tank in the same way.

Both offer a no-spill solution for cleaning the tank and use a gravel tube that cleans the substrate as the water is drawn through the tube. Both the Aqueon Water Changer and Python Water Changer have a good substrate cleaning tube that removes all the dirt and debris.

Cleaning the substrate is very important to maintain good water chemistry. As organic waste such as fish feces, plant matter and excess fish food decomposes at the bottom of the aquarium, ammonia is released, which is highly toxic to fish. Then the ammonia turns into nitrite, which is also very dangerous. This in turn converts to nitrate which can cause algal blooms if in too high a concentration as it is an important nitrogen source in plants. Removing decomposing debris is very important to eliminate the root cause of these problems before they form.


Size and Weight:

Size and weight can be very important as you will be using this equipment quite regularly. You also need to know if it will fit easily in your storage.

The Python maintenance system measures 15 x 15 x 2 inches, which is slightly smaller. It’s not that heavy either, only 2.8 pounds.

The Aqueon water exchanger is slightly larger than the Python at 17.7 x 21 x 2.7 inches and weighs 4.8 pounds.

Both water exchangers are practical in size and should easily fit in your storage. If you really need to save space, the Python maintenance system wins this round.



Both the Aqueon Water Changer and Python Water Changer have long tubes that allow you to connect to the water supply, so you can put those buckets down and let the tube do the work.

The Python offers a 25-foot, 50-foot-long pipe, which should be enough to connect to your faucet. It comes with a 10 inch gravel cleaning tube, but you can upgrade it to 20, 24 or 72 inches depending on the size of your aquarium tank.

The Aqueon also offers the option of a 25 or 50 foot pipe, so if your faucet is a little further out, the 50 foot pipe won’t be a problem. The gravel tube is 11 inches long, which should be enough to reach the bottom of your tank and clean up that pesky substrate.

Both aquarium water exchange systems should be long enough to reach your faucet to make cleaning your aquarium easy and hassle-free as they offer different lengths based on your needs. If you have a very deep tank, the Python will come in handy because you can choose a longer gravel cleaning tube.



The installation process tends to change from model to model, so be sure to check what you buy.

Buyers of the Aqueon water exchanger have complained that it can be a bit clunky, with lots of different bits and pieces. So it may take a little longer to set everything up. The manual is also a bit confusing, so take the time to read it carefully and understand what to do.

Python Water Changer has a reputation for being much simpler and easier to set up and get started. The manual is easy to read and many of the parts are ready to use. So you save time and effort by not having to play with it.



There is an issue with both the Aqueon Water Changer and the Python Water Changer that can cause a problem. The tap method of running aquarium water changers is fine if you are taking water from the tank, but you may have trouble introducing new water.

Tap water contains toxic substances and contaminants such as heavy metals, chlorine and chloramine. These are incredibly poisonous and dangerous to aquarium fish. Normally I would use an aquarium water conditioner to make the water safe before putting new water in the tank. However, if you use one of these tap-friendly water exchangers, it will pump tap water into the tank to refill it. In general, the consensus among aquarists is that water conditioner in the tank after or during filling is totally fine and works just as well, but it’s up to you.

The other problem is that tap water usually has a different temperature than aquarium water. If you don’t have a faucet that allows you to adjust the temperature of the water to the water in the tank, that could be a problem. Sudden changes in temperature can cause great stress on fish, especially tropical aquarium fish.

However, a solution to both problems is to use the aquarium water exchanger to pump fresh water into a large bucket, where you can use the water conditioner and a replacement aquarium heater to make sure it is the same temperature as the aquarium. Many heaters have a thermometer attached, if not, aquarium thermometers are quite inexpensive to pick up. Once it is at the desired temperature, you can use a basic water pump to transfer the new water to the aquarium. You don’t need a powerful pump here, because all you do is pump water over, the flow doesn’t matter!


Conclusion – Aqueon Water Changer vs Python Water Changer

Both are pretty similar as they offer a similar thing and will both do the job nicely. They have the same length of tubing, but the Python Water Changer is smaller and lighter than the bulkier Aqueon Water Changer. The Python also seems to be the more robust and durable of the two.

We will leave the decision to you, but it does seem to be leaning the way of the Python Water Changer!

Check out the videos below for more information on both of these products and how to properly use them:


Aqueon Water Changer:


Python Water Changer:




Top 7 Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs 2023 (Reviews + Guide)

Top 7 Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs 2023 (Reviews + Guide)

Believe it or not, the substrate is the most important part of a hermit crab’s habitat. Substrate is the sand (mixed with other materials) you will use within your hermit crab tank or habitat. Hermit crabs depend on this substrate as they use it to bury themselves. One reason is that it provides protection against predators (for camouflage and feeling safe – especially in a new environment), and the other is for when they are ready to molt (shed their old shell). The best substrate for hermit crabs is super important, especially for the longevity of your pet.

The ideal primary substrate in your tank or habitat for your hermit crab should be a good quality sand with some coco fiber mixed in. This helps with the aeration in the sand as well as adding humidity, which is needed to keep the substrate moist.

Hermit crabs’ homes do not need to be elaborate, however, as most land hermit crabs come from warm, tropical climates, keeping their habitat at the right temperature and humidity are vital for their health and survival.

Comparison Table


As mentioned above, because the substrate is critical to the hermit crabs’ health and well-being, it is important to get the best substrate for hermit crabs. This may well be one of the most important decisions you will make for your pet.

Top 7 Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

Best Hermit Crab Substrate Reviews

1. Fluker’s All Natural Premium Sand Substrate Mixture

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

If you’re looking for the perfect substrate for your hermit crab tank, consider Fluker’s all-natural premium sand substrate. It is designed exclusively for hermit crabs to withstand moisture and encourage natural digging behavior.

Much of the sand sold for hermit crabs is pure calcium carbonate, which is made from small pieces of broken shells. Fluker’s uses something different.

This all-natural premium sand is actually a blend of all-natural silica sand, coconut fiber, sea salt, calcium carbonate, with an added probiotic. Together, these ingredients make the perfect mix for digging, but they also each serve a specific purpose.

Silica sand and coconut fibers retain water. Sea salt is added to mimic the natural coastal habitat and the probiotic helps keep the substrate clean by promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria that break down organic waste.



  • Non-toxix
  • Retains moisture
  • Formulated mix
  • Probiotic


  • Some viewers don’t like that it arrives damp
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2. Hermit Habitat Terrarium Sand

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

If you’re looking for a way to add some color to your hermit crab’s habitat, this beautiful, sparkling blue Hermit Habitat Terrarium Sand might be just the thing.

Don’t worry, the pigments are completely natural and safe for your pet.

This particular substrate is a great source of calcium carbonate that hermit crabs need to grow and form an exoskeleton.

It is 100% digestible and contains no silica or phosphates. It also has a great, regular consistency for digging and a natural odor neutralizer. This would be most beneficial if you have your hermit crab’s tank inside your house.



  • Natural pigments
  • Source of calcium carbonate
  • 100% digestible


  • Sand is sticky
  • Difficult to clean
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3. Reptile Sciences Terrarium Sand for Aquarium

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

This Reptile Sciences Sand substrate is made from 100% natural calcium carbonate sand.

It is obtained from all natural sources and contains no silica or phosphates. The fine texture is really great for two reasons – it’s 100% digestible and perfect for digging.

Another great advantage of this product is the natural, white color. This natural look will help you create an environment similar to where hermit crabs live, when in their natural beachy environment.

This sand is also a natural odor neutralizer that comes in handy between cleanings.



  • 100% natural calcium carbonate sand
  • 100% digestible
  • White color
  • Natural odor neutralizer


  • Poor packaging
  • Dusty as the product is very fine
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4. Zoo Med Laboratories Hermit Crab Soil

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

Hermit crabs need a variety of substrates in their habitat to maintain ideal living conditions. If you’re looking for a convenient and healthy way to increase humidity, check out this hermit crab land from Zoo Med.

This product contains two compressed stones. Just add a little water and each expands to seven to eight liters of substrate. You can use it alone or mix it with hermit crab sand. It’s great for digging in and keeps crabs busy and happy.

Each stone is made of coconut fiber. This eco-friendly, renewable material breaks down waste products and absorbs odor, keeping the living environment smelling healthy and fresh.



  • Increases humidity
  • Eco-friendly
  • Absorbs odors


  • Some reviews say it doesn’t expand to 8 liters
  • May need to mix with sand
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5. Zilla Jungle Mix

Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

This Zilla Jungle Mix is a mix of peat moss and spruce shavings. Mix it with a little sand and it will help create an ideal home for your hermit crabs. Because it takes up more than its own weight in water, it adds the moisture that hermit crabs need to thrive.

Hermit crabs love to dig and this product has an ideal texture. It is smooth and light, which makes it easy for them to manoeuvre  through. This 100% natural product has an earthy scent and is completely biodegradable, so it is also good for the planet.

You can choose from three different sizes: four quarters, eight quarters and 24 quarters. Change it when necessary to ensure that your hermit crabs always have a clean place to dig.



  • Texture for digging
  • Smooth and light
  • 100% natural
  • Biodegradable


  • Some reviews said it had minute splinters/spikes in the mix
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6. Carib Sea ACS05820 Super Natural Moonlight Sand

Carib Sea ACS05820 Super Natural Moonlight Sand for Aquarium, 5-Pound

If you’re looking for a great sand substrate to mix or use alone, Super Natural Moonlight Sand is worth checking out. The natural white color is simple, but beautiful, and makes an appropriate background when accessorising your decor for your pet hermit crab.

This product is made in the USA and contains no paint or dyes. It also has no coating, so it’s completely safe for your pet. The super fine and smooth texture also encourages digging for your pet.

One of the remarkable things about the super natural sands of the Caribbean Sea is that it is meant to mimic natural environments. So if you are going for a natural look for your hermit crab’s habitat, then this is it.



  • Natural white color
  • No paint or dyes
  • Natural look
  • PH neutral


  • None that we can see
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7. Exo Terra Coco Husk Brick Tropical Terrarium Reptile Substrate


Best Substrate For Hermit Crabs

Humidity is important in a hermit crab tank and coconut fibers are the perfect substrate to sustain humidity. The Exo Terra Coco Husk is 100% natural and also helps support your hermit crab’s natural digging behavior. It has a natural appearance, enhancing the aesthetics of your hermit crab tank, and it is very affordable.



  • Helps with humidity
  • Natural look
  • Non-toxic
  • Stimulates digging


  • Non that we could see
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How Much Substrate for Hermit Crabs?

Best Substrate for Hermit Crabs

By now you will definitely know that the substrate is the most important part of keeping a pet hermit crab happy and healthy.

In nature, hermit crabs have access to everything they need to keep them healthy and happy. If you keep them as pets, it is your responsibility to give them the same attention and make their environment as natural as possible too.

In the wild, hermit crabs burrow underground when it’s time to molt. One reason is that they need darkness to activate their bodies to start the process. of molting.

Once the hermit crabs shed their old exoskeleton, they are vulnerable to predators. Not only do they lack protection, but they are also unable to control their muscles until the new exoskeleton hardens. That’s why it’s so important for them to be able to hide.

Some hermit crabs can remain buried for up to 3 months while waiting for this process to be completed. The importance of having a deep, moist substrate that needs little maintenance during this time so as not to disturb them, is essential.

The type of substrate you use is important, but there are two other things to ask yourself.

Are you using sufficient substrate? And is it wet enough?

To some extent, the amount of substrate you need depends on the size of the hermit crab. Tiny hermit crabs about a dime to a quarter in size, need no less than 6 inches of substrate. Large baseball-sized hermit crabs need a substrate that is at least 12 inches (30 cm) deep.

A general rule of thumb is that the substrate should be deep enough so that the largest hermit crab in its habitat can dig 2 to 3 times its size.

However, remember that using the right amount of good substrate is not the only requirement. Humidity is absolutely crucial as well.

Hermit crabs create an underground cavern with plenty of air spaces to move into. If the substrate is too dry, they will not be able to dig the tunnels and caves they need. Everything will collapse on them as they try to dig.

How wet should the surface be?

The surface needs to be about the same consistency as you would need if you were trying to build a sandcastle on the beach.


How to Clean Hermit Crab Substrate?

Like any pet that lives in a small space, the hermit crab’s habitat can become very cluttered, which can lead to strong odors and a large amount of bacterial growth.

This not only causes stress for your pets, but can also make them sick. A clean tank is a healthy tank. A healthy tank is a happy hermit crab.

How often the habitat needs to be cleaned depends on a number of things: how many crabs you have, what size they are and how large the habitat is. A large tank with only a few small crabs may take longer between cleanings than a small tank with a large hermit crab.

Ideally, check the substrate every day and remove any obvious dirt from the substrate surface. Use a simple sand shovel to remove any dirt or lumps.

If you see any signs of mites or flies, or if you notice a strong odor, a thorough cleaning is needed.

So how do you deep clean the surface?

First of all, you should prepare for this by having a temporary second home ready for your pets. Humidity and temperature are very important for hermit crabs, so get this secondary home prepared ahead of time.

Cleaning the substrate at the bottom of the tank is not easy and it is often easier to replace it with new material.

If there are stains on the surface that are difficult to clean, use hot water or a vinegar solution to clean them. Hermit crabs are very sensitive and most cleaning products will be too harsh on them, especially bleach.

When cleaning the substrate thoroughly, also pay attention to the rest of the habitat. Take out empty shells and toys and boil them in running water for a few minutes to disinfect them. Wood or live plants should also be cleaned with hot water.

Hermit crabs are smart. They can get bored, so swap out toys and different obstacles with every cleanup.

Final Comments

Hermit crabs are really cool pets and part of what makes them so interesting is watching them molt. To do this, they must burrow into the substrate and make a safe little cave for themselves while they wait for their new exoskeleton to harden.

So keep in mind that the substrate remain deep enough, wet enough and clean enough for your hermit crab to use it effectively (especially when it comes time for your precious pet to molt).

It is precisely for this reason that choosing the best substrate for hermit crabs is one of the most important decisions you will make as a hermit crab owner.


[Updated] Best Aquarium Media Reactor in 2023 (REVIEWS)

[Updated] Best Aquarium Media Reactor in 2023 (REVIEWS)

If your aquarium filter cannot keep up with your aquarium, you have probably tried several solutions. But believe it or not, flushing or replacing the filter media can hurt more than it can help. It can be difficult to recover from disrupted colonies of beneficial bacteria.

A media reactor (also called a phosphate reactor) is an advanced type of chemical filtration method, which you can use for both freshwater and saltwater tanks. They are generally cylindrical in design and you can fit any filter media you like before submerging it in the water. Your pump then allows the water in the tank to flow through the pipe so that the water is properly filtered.

Comparison Table

CustomSiteStripe ImageTitleReviewBuy
Top PerformanceAquaMaxx Fr-Se GFO Carbon And Biopellet Hang-On Filter Media Reactor4.5/5.0Check Price
cheapestInnovative Marine Minimax Pro Series Media Reactor4.4/5.0Check Price


One way to combat this is to use the best aquarium medium reactor, a tubular configuration that uses upflow for effective and efficient filtration. A media reactor may be just the boost your aquarium needs to get back on track.

They can remove valuable bacterial deposits and you will not be able to restart after such an error. Therefore, one way to deal with this is to use the best aquarium media reactors, a tube-like structure known to perform efficient filtration.

Top 8  Best Media Reactors for Your Aquarium

Best Aquarium Media Reactor Reviews

1. Two Little Fishies Phosban Filter Media Reactor

Best Aquarium Media Reactor

This reactor from Two Little Fishies is an efficient way to use PhosBan or any other chemical filtration media.

Water gets pushed up from the bottom and through the dispersion plate and evenly forces the water through the filtration media for more effective treatment.

There are connections for ½-inch hoses and the inlet out outlet have flexible fittings that can rotate 90-degrees to fit any installation. The recommended flow rate is 20 to 30 GPH which is ideal for a tank up to 150 gallons.

The reactor itself is constructed entirely of plastic and acrylic materials and can be used in either freshwater or saltwater. It’s well made and a good bargain for the price.

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2. AquaMaxx Fr-se GFO Carbon and Biopellet Hang-on Filter Media Reactor

Best Aquarium Media ReactorThis AquaMaxx reactor is a great multi-purpose filter made for smaller tanks. How much you filter depends on the media.

You can use it with 150 gallons when using GFO, 75 gallons when using activated charcoal and up to 50 gallons when using BioPellets. Simply adjust the flow rate for the medium of your choice.

Upflow design keeps media suspended for maximum contact time and more effective filtration. It comes with a bracket that helps hold the intake and exhaust pipes securely in place for easy positioning and placement.

It is made of high quality acrylic that holds up well and can be used with fresh or salt water. Although it is specially designed to be hung on the tank, you can also easily install it indoors.

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3. Innovative Marine Minimax Pro Series Media Reactor

Best Aquarium Media Reactor

This reactor fits all Innovative Marine Fusion all-in-one aquariums. It also has an all-in-one design. You can use it with biofilters, GFOs and carbon filter media and its unique design is user friendly and easy to customize.

An innovative dual chamber design gives you fast and responsive flow control at the turn of a knob without the need for ball valves, inlet or outlet lines. An internal chamber acts as a removable cartridge that simply slides out and quickly drains water without tools or screws.

Although it is designed for all-in-one aquariums, you can also use it directly in wells. It is one of the smallest products out there, but it is combined with sensitive power control, low power consumption and easy maintenance; is something important.

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4. AquaMaxx Fluidized GFO and Carbon Filter Media Reactor

Best Aquarium Media Reactor

A reactor specially designed for use in reef and marine tanks is the one from AquaMaxx. It’s versatile enough to be used with any medium you choose to clean your tank of contaminants, odors and discoloration.

Upflow design keeps filter media floating and evenly distributed to ensure long contact time for best results. That’s not all, this reactor can be placed directly on the tank or hung outside with a separate adapter so that you have the configuration that best suits your tank.

These reactors are thoroughly tested in saltwater environments for quality and reliability. The Grade A polished acrylic material is strong and durable, and the precision-cut, computer-engineered construction is built to last.

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5. AQUATOP MR-20 Reactor

Best Aquarium Media Reactor

AQUATOP MR-2O is the best aquarium reactor on the market. The brand is known for producing reliable and efficient reactors with multiple functions. They also have different types of media filters to use with the reactors.

This device is all in one reactor because it includes a sediment release filter, a submersible pump and all the other components you need for plumbing so you don’t have to buy things separately.

The reactor is acrylic and measures up to 15 inches in length and 2.5 inches in diameter. It is suitable for fifty to seventy-five gallon reef tanks. The kit is also quite easy to set up as it works with tank or sump fittings.

With this reactor you get two pieces of connector. It also includes a suction cup mount on the bottom and a hook on the top to hold the device securely. Despite all these features and components, the product is still quite cheap.

This reactor uses the upflow mechanism, which is good because the filtration process will be efficient. In addition, the device has an easy-to-remove cap.

This is made possible by a recessed O-ring. Another item that makes this product worthwhile is the SWP-230 flexible water flow pump, which maintains a quiet filtration process. It is known to work with different filter media.

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6. Accel Aquatics Filter Media Reactor FR-30

Best Aquarium Media Reactor

If you are looking for a reactor designed explicitly for biopellets, the Accel Aquatics FR-30 Filter Media Reactor is for you. Although you can use this device to fluidize GFO and remove phosphate from your tank.

The reactor is designed to be able to fluidize the bipellet media even without using a high flow rate. This is done by a unique flow stimulator known as an eductor which is placed in the reactor and which increases the turbulence.

The robust movement of the water continuously drives the biopellets. It also has an inverted cone-shaped bottom, which prevents media from sinking or clumping to the bottom.

In addition, the equipment is quite easy to install and manage. You can adapt the flexible inlet to your preferred tank setup. It is also easy to add the media.

All you need to do is open a small screw cap at the top, unlike other reactors it is not necessary to remove the cap completely. As mentioned above, you can use other filter media in this reactor.

This includes carbon and granular ferrous oxide (GFO). You can use the water pump which can manage the flow specifications of your chosen filter media.

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7. AquaFX Reactor Dual Chamber

Best Aquarium Media Reactor

You must purchase the pump separately. But it does have dual media capabilities, which should go without saying, as it has two 10-inch cameras side by side.

You also get a stainless aluminum bracket, a 10-inch filter wrench for changing media, and several lengths of hose, including a half-inch coupling for pumps like the MJ1200.

You can also get carbon filters and GFOs from AquaFX.

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8. Reef Octopus Beginner Media Filter 4 Inch Chamber w/ Pump

Best Aquarium Media Reactor

This is another complete media reactor kit. Including feeding pump, various hoses and all necessary accessories.

It is suitable for GFO and carbon media and can be used externally or internally. This can be used for tanks up to 180 gallons.

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What is a Media Reactor?

Everyone knows that filtration is one of the most important parts of aquarium maintenance. Poor water quality can have a profound effect on your fish and plants, but maintenance can be difficult.

Filters need to be rinsed every few weeks and the filter itself needs to be replaced every month. The problem with this is that it disrupts a significant portion of the beneficial bacteria colonies that are needed to maintain the nitrogen cycle in the tank.

Most beneficial bacteria live in the substrate in your tank, but filter media is your next favorite place to grow. Rinsing and replacing removes these colonies and takes time to reestablish.

A simple way to avoid this problem is to use a media reactor. A media reactor is an advanced filter with a tube-shaped design. The water moves through an inlet to the bottom of the reactor and then rises through the filter media before returning to the tank.

This upward filtration is much more effective than a typical filter mainly because there is more surface area, which means more contact between the water and the filter itself.


Are Media Reactors Necessary or Not?


If your regular filter seems to work fine, you may not need a media reactor. It all depends on the size of the tank and what it contains.

Sometimes it’s helpful to start with a regular filter and add a media reactor if you feel you need one. You can always start with a standard filter, see how it works, and make the necessary changes in the future with a media reactor.

That said, if you have a large reef tank, media reactors are often worth the investment. Any tank with many needs and a variety of plants, corals and fish can benefit from the increased filtration media reactors provide.


How to Install Media Reactor?

Installation varies slightly from model to model, but there are a few basic things they all have in common.

1. Find a suitable location for the reactor. Some can be placed inside and others can be hung on the back of the tank, but you should place it in an easily accessible place.

2. Make sure the hose is properly connected and the cable is secured in place. Some of these reactors come with tubes, some don’t, but it’s a good idea to have extra tubes on hand regardless of the different installation scenarios.

3. In particular, connect the inlet hose to the pump and place the pump in the tank.

4. Then connect the outlet hose to the reactor. If using a sediment filter, place it at the end of the exhaust tube.

5. Remove the cap and fill it with your preferred filter media. It is very important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for aquarium size, flow rates and other precautions for each type of medium.

6. Place sponges and strainers on and under other media.

7. Replace the cap and turn the pump on.

Once your reactor is up and running, regular maintenance is important to keep it running efficiently.

Some maintenance services are:

  • Disconnect the power supply and then remove the pump from the tank for cleaning.
  • Rinse the sponges and strain.
  • Only clean the impeller with water. Never use soap or detergent.
  • Use a small brush to clean the inside of the motor housing.
  • Clean the pump, impeller and inlet every three to four weeks.


Factors to consider before choosing the Best Aquarium Media Reactor

Size / Capacity

There are many sizes to choose from, so you should choose the one that is compatible with your tank size. Since most manufacturers design different sizes for different types of tanks, it is easier for you to select.


This is one of the essential parts of an aquarium reactor. Therefore, you should choose a brand that produces a reliable and stable pump. You can also buy a reactor that does not contain a pump, and you can buy the pump separately.

The pump is like a vital organ because it does all the work to bring the water directly into the reaction chamber. So before you buy the pump separately or together with the reactor, you should read the reviews carefully.

In this way you also know the meaning of the pump and you get an idea of ​​which brand you should choose for a stable pump.

Design and quality

As we mentioned before, reactors are a chamber, a pump and some valves that will help you catch the water flow in the chamber or enter the chamber to charge or change the medium.

Therefore, one of the most important features when choosing a suitable aquarium reactor is to see if it is made of quality materials and built with a solid finish.


When it comes to choosing the best aquarium reactor, in addition to its features, you should also consider its cost. However, an essential factor to verify is to see if the desired model includes a pump.

This is because buying an expensive aquarium reactor that does not have a pump will cost you more in the future because you have to buy it separately. But this also does not mean that you should select an overpriced model with a pump.



Sometimes a normal aquarium filter is just not enough to meet the requirements of your aquarium. If so, a media reactor is a quick and easy way to make sure your water is clean and balanced.

There are plenty of great options out there whether you are looking for the best nano medium reactor for a nano tank or something that will fit in your 150 gallon saltwater tank. We hope the information in this guide helps you choose the best option for you.

10 Best Aquarium co2 Diffuser For Your Aquarium Plants

Best co2 Diffuser

Getting enough CO2 in a planted aquarium is a vital part of having a thriving aquatic environment. We’ve put together a list of the best aquarium CO2 diffuser to help you choose the right one for your tank.

To have a live, densely-planted freshwater aquarium, you need to fertilize your plants with carbon. Carbon is not easily replenished in liquid or solid form like other fertilizers and is generally supplied as gas. To mix carbon dioxide gas into your aquarium water, you need an efficient aquarium CO2 diffuser.

Comparison Table

Prices pulled from the Amazon Product Advertising API on:

They are designed to add the right amount of CO2 quickly and easily and are generally inexpensive and easy to install.

Top 10 Best Aquarium co2 Diffusers for Your Aquariums

Best Aquarium CO2 Diffuser Reviews

1. Pm0606 Micro CO2 Bubble Diffuser

Best Aquarium co2 Diffuser

The Pmo606 Micro Co2 Bubble Diffuser is a good choice if you are looking for something that produces micro-fine bubbles, which help disperse CO2 quickly, making it readily available to your plants.

This diffuser is made of sturdy glass that does not break easily. It’s washable and can be used over and over again without having to replace it.

Part of the reason this diffuser is so effective is because it is so light and airy, the reason it can produce so many fine bubbles. It is cup-shaped and has a large surface ceramic disc for greater effectiveness.


  • Produces micro bubbles
  • Sturdy glass


  • None that we can see
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2. JARDLI Pollen Glass CO2 Diffuser with Bubble Counter

Best Aquarium co2 Diffuser

The JARDLI Pollen Glass CO2 diffuser is a great choice if you are looking for an aesthetic match to your aquarium. It creates little bubbles that look lavish in your display tank, while giving your plants an easy way to absorb what they need to grow. The ceramic membrane has a large surface area and is therefore able to create so many bubbles.

This is a small diffuser, only 0.8 inches, and is designed for use in tanks under 20 gallons. It is compatible with 4/6mm CO2 tubes and is made of high quality materials like glass and ceramics.

To make sure everything is working properly, wet the glass tube before attempting to connect any tubes. This acts as a lubricant and the tube slides without risk of damage.

It’s also important to ensure that the ceramic disc, tube and other surfaces are soaked for at least 30 minutes before use.


  • Large bubble production
  • Aesthetic look


  • Only designed for tanks under 20 gallons
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3. fibst CO2 Diffuser for Aquarium

Best Aquarium co2 Diffuser

The Fibst co2 diffuser is a little different from the others we tested as it is made of stainless steel instead of glass. Stainless steel does not rust or corrode and can last a long time in your aquarium.

It also adds a simple and elegant piece of art to the environment. Produces fine, round bubbles as opposed to partial bubbles created by other diffusers.

Cleaning is easy, just turn the stainless steel mug to remove the ceramic blade cover. Installation is also a breeze, just hook the diffuser over the edge of the tank and use the stainless steel fitting to secure it.

Another great thing about this one is that it comes with a pretty impressive warranty. You get 6 months for the ceramic plate and 24 months for the other parts.


  • Stainless steel make
  • Simple and elegant
  • Easy installation
  • 6-24 month warranty


  • None that we can see
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4. JARDLI Music Glass CO2 Diffuser for Aquarium Plant

Best Aquarium co2 Diffuser

The JARDLI music glass CO2 diffuser is designed for large tanks of 75 gallons or more. The unique, artistic look isn’t obtrusive and doesn’t detract from the aesthetic of the tank, yet still adds a bit of movement and visual appeal.

The large 2-inch diameter and ceramic membrane create a broad mist of tiny CO2 bubbles. This is very important because it is much easier for the smaller bubbles to diffuse into the water, making the CO2 usable for your plants.

It comes with two suction cups for easy installation and the diffuser itself is made of high quality borosilicate glass which is very strong and durable. The construction is excellent and makes a great addition to any large plant aquarium.


  • Unique visual appeal
  • Creates small bubbles
  • Strong, durable glass


  • None that we can see
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5. STARSIDE Aquarium CO2 Diffuser

Best Aquarium co2 Diffuser

Made of high quality material, the STARSIDE aquarium CO2 diffuser features a U-shaped design to match any countertop. Because it is made of resin and not glass, it is more resistant to bending and extremely durable.

It uses a ceramic disc that produces a steady stream of tiny bubbles that easily diffuse into the water to benefit your plants. Installation is also easy, simply using the suction cup to attach it to the side of the exhaust and adjust the U-bend as needed.

One of the best things about this design is that it’s very understated. The U-shaped section fits easily over the side of most rimless tanks and some tanks that also have a rim. If the U-shaped part does not fit, the rest of the diffuser still works with a simple tube.


  • Resin, U-shaped design
  • Durable and adaptable
  • Easy installation


  • None that we can see
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6. Yosoo U-Shape DIY CO2 Diffuser

Yosoo’s U-shaped DIY CO2 diffuser is easy to install and operate. Use the included suction cup to attach it to the side of your tank and connect it to your CO2 source. The small see-through design is easy to hide so it won’t distract from your tank setup.

This diffuser is multifunctional. Not only is it an atomizer, but it also acts as a check valve, bubble counter and U-shaped air inlet. The U-shaped gasket makes it very easy to set up the tube and the bubble counter works well with accuracy.

The check valve is always handy and the aerator produces bubbles of the correct size for diffusion. This is a simple design that is highly effective and ideal for small to medium sized aquariums.


  • Small and inconspicuous
  • Multifunctional


  • None that we can see
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7. Hagen Fluval Ceramic CO2 Diffuser

The Hagen Fluval Ceramic Co2 Diffuser has a round plastic housing around a ceramic disc. It looks like a little black donut or tire. A small nipple protrudes from the top of the donut to which the CO2 pipe connects.

Everything can be attached to the side of the tank with a suction cup, leaving installation and use super simple.

It’s nice that this diffuser is easy to install and doesn’t break easily, but if we’re honest it doesn’t have an appeal visually. Most diffusers look great, but this one looks like an odd piece of plastic in the tank.


  • Simple installation and use
  • Durable


  • No aesthetic appeal
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8. Aquario Neo CO2 Diffuser L

The Aquario Neo CO2 diffuser is a unique addition to this list because it is the only diffuser that works with a do-it-yourself system. The membrane is so porous that it will bubble even at low pressure.

The diffuser housing is made of clear acrylic which is much more resistant to breakage than glass. The folks at Buce Plant even threw the diffuser on the floor and it still didn’t break.

Since there have been reviews of people complaining that their glass diffuser broke after a 6-inch drop, this is a huge advantage.


  • Sturdy acrylic material that won’t break easily
  • DIY system


  • None that we can see
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9. Fluval Ceramic CO2 Diffuser

If you are using the Fluval brand pressurized CO2 system in a small aquarium with a capacity of less than 30 gallons, the ideal replacement is this small Fluval Ceramic CO2 Diffuser. With its large ceramic disc, this diffuser produces a constant stream of fine bubbles.

It’s easy to install, and while it’s not the prettiest device, it gets the job done. It is also a very cheap replacement part, which is handy. It is perfect for Fluval systems and will work with most pressurized CO2 generators as long as they produce at least 30 psi (pounds per square inch).

This is a very basic diffuser and comes with some protection for the ceramic disc and a suction cup to hold it in place.

However, the diffuser is not very easy to clean and the ceramic disc cannot be removed from the housing. While you can soak everything in bleach or hydrogen peroxide to remove any stains or algae, the fittings seem to wear out quickly and this diffuser needs to be replaced regularly.

The Fluval is harder to break than glass diffusers, so for some users it may be a more durable and cost-effective option. Even if you have to replace it more often because of its marginal quality, it probably won’t break if you remove it for maintenance.


  • Cheaper option
  • Durable
  • Easy to install


  • No aesthetic appeal
  • Not easy to clean
  • Needs to be replaced regularly
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10. Sera Flore CO2 Active Reactor 500

If you want the best CO2 reactor, the Sera Flore CO2 active reactor 500 is considered the top model for smaller aquariums. It is the ideal size for a planted tank under 160 gallons and works with pressurized and low pressure CO2 injectors. With two impeller blades, the Sera can spread up to 500 CO2 bubbles per minute in your aquarium.

The Sera can be installed in-line as part of your container filtration system, or you can use it with a pump in your aquarium. This flexibility allows you to position it in the optimal location based on your tank flow patterns and the location of your inlet and outlet lines.

CO2 reactors are significantly more efficient than other designs, so if you want to ensure that most of the CO2 in your system is available to your aquatic plants, this is the way to go.

Like all CO2 reactors, the Sera makes a lot of noise immediately after installation or maintenance, because air bubbles need time to escape. This isn’t the easiest diffuser to install either, but Sera has top-notch customer service and they are very helpful if you have any problems.


  • Location adaptability
  • Efficient bubble production


  • Difficult installation
  • Noise during installation and maintanence
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What is a CO2 Diffuser and What is its Purpose?

Aquarium plants absorb carbon dioxide and give oxygen to the water. That said, they need more carbon dioxide to thrive then what is available in most freshwater aquariums. That’s where a CO2 diffuser comes in.

Since CO2 is a gas, it takes some effort to dissolve it in water. Just bubbling won’t provide the levels that plant life need to thrive. Diffusers work in part by increasing the surface area of water exposed to the gas.

This is generally achieved by passing CO2 through a ceramic disc. This agitates the water and keeps it in contact with the CO2 for longer, allowing it to be absorbed more efficiently.

How to Choose the Best CO2 Diffuser ?

Start with your tank size

Size matters when it comes to CO2 diffusers. A diffuser designed for 10 gallons is not big enough for 55.

The surface of the ceramic disc needs to be large enough to suck up the amount of gas you need for that much water and a smaller diffuser is not designed to handle the higher pressure required for a larger tank.

On the other hand, when using a diffuser designed for a larger tank, lower CO2 pressures may not be able to push the gas through the ceramic disc.

That is why it is important to buy a diffuser that is appropriate for the size of your tank.

Think about the overall quality

With a lot of aquarium equipment, you get what you pay for. CO2 diffusers are no different. Yes, it seems that some diffusers cost a lot more than others when you’re shopping.

A cheaper diffuser could be less efficient and may need to be replaced more regularly. CO2 is not free, so having a diffuser that doesn’t distribute it well through the water is a waste of money.

Sometimes you need to consider usage costs over time rather than just price.

What does the kit include?

Some diffusers come with additional equipment such as U-turns, bubble counters and/or check valves.

If you base much of your choice on price, it’s important to consider whether you need to purchase additional equipment.


Best Place to Put a CO2 Diffuser in Aquarium

Best Aquarium CO2 Diffuser

There are a few things to keep in mind when it comes to fitting a CO2 diffuser for optimal results.

First, it should settle near the bottom of the tank. The longer the bubbles stay in contact with the water, the more it will be absorbed. However, avoid placing it under the ground where the bubbles can be disrupted or blocked.

Avoid placing it between plants. While it may seem like this would be a good place to do it, as it benefits plants in the first place, it can cause unnecessary problems. You could run into the same problem as with the substrate, where bubbles to collect on the plants and mix into larger bubbles that are absorbed less effectively.

Remember that the goal is to circulate the CO2 bubbles as much as possible so they have more time to be absorbed. A good place to place it is under the filter return. That way, the water returning to the tank will push the bubbles down and they can circulate longer.

If you can’t place your diffuser that close to your filter, try placing it in a location where air bubbles are trapped in the flow created by the filter return.

Another thing to remember is that you may need to move the diffuser as plant life begins to grow. Don’t be afraid to adjust to your tank environment as you need to.


How to Install a CO2 Diffuser?

There are many different CO2 diffusers on the market and the installation of the varied models may be unique to each one. But here are some general guidelines:

Follow along the line from the CO2 tank to the aquarium.

The first device after your CO2 tank should be your check valve. This prevents water from flowing back into your CO2 tank when the pressure drops, for example when the power is turned off at night.

The next device should be your bubble counter (if you are using a separate device). This lets you know how fast gas is being fed into the system and allows you to increase/decrease the pressure and amount of CO2 pushed into the aquarium.

Next comes your U-bend. This is important because CO2 hoses can harden over time and bend where it bends over the edge of the tank.

The diffuser is the end of the line. You want to place it as low towards the bottom of the tank as possible. It’s totally fine if it’s just above the gravel. You want the bubbles to spend as much time underwater as possible.


Final Comments

In order for freshwater plants to thrive, most aquariums need extra CO2. By choosing the Best Aquarium CO2 Diffuser, carbon dioxide can be added effectively and your plants will have everything they need to thrive.


Best Goldfish Filters for Your Tank (Review & Guide) 2023

Best Goldfish Filters for Your Tank (Review & Guide) 2023

If you are a new pet fish owner, you may feel a little confused about which filters are best for your fish and which ones to avoid.

Famous for being absolutely lightweight, it is essential to have the best filter for your wave so that your water is not contaminated and does not harm your fish.

Comparison Table

CustomSiteStripe ImageTitleReviewBuy
Top Performance Marina Power Filter4.5/5.0Check Price
cheapestTetra Whisper EX Silent Multi-Stage Power Filter4.3/5.0Check Price

You may even be wondering if you need a filter for your tank. It sure is.

Making sure your goldfish tank is sparkling is one of the best ways to ensure they live a healthy life. Keeping the water they live in clean is an easy alternative to paying later with vet visits and expensive medications to help them feel better.

In this article, I’ll show you how to choose your Best goldfish filter and take a look at the best options on the market today so you can choose the Best gold fish filter for your needs.

The 10 Best Filters For Your Goldfish Tanks

Best Gold fish Filter Reviews

1. AquaClear Fish Tank Filter

Best Goldfish Filter

First up is the impressive Aqua Clear filter. This filter is a small but efficient product, ready to use almost straight out of the box. It is ideal for use in tanks that hold 5 to 70 gallons of water.

Despite its small size, this filter has approximately seven times the capacity and volume of comparable filters. This filter also comes fully loaded with many different layers of filter media inside to fully filter your tank every time.

The only problem with this filter is that the level of maintenance required is higher than with other filters. Due to the different layers of filter media, you will have to replace all these filters once every two to three months. That can be time consuming if you’re looking for a filter type to set and forget.

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2. Marina Power Filter

Best Goldfish Filter

Third on the list is the Marina Power filter. This filter is the most profitable in this list. It has a slightly below average of only 20 gallons, comes with a multi-step filtration process and has four filter cartridges.

A great feature of the Marina Power filter is an adjustable water flow option, making it perfect for increasing or decreasing the flow depending on the needs of your fish.

This is a good starter filter as it is easy to install and has customization options until you know what works best for your fish.

One thing that goes against the Marina Power Filter is that it has a pretty low maximum gallon capacity.

While it’s good for the price and size, it’s still a little on the low side when it comes to this list. If you have a tank that is larger than 20 gallons, you will definitely want to choose something else.

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3. Tetra Whisper EX Silent Multi-Stage Power Filter

Best Goldfish Filter

Tetra is a well-known brand when it comes to aquarium supplies and this multi-stage power filter is a prime example. The simple design is easy to use and maximizes oxygenation and agitation in the water while filtering impurities from the water.

This product uses a continuous flushing action to prevent the build-up of debris, so water continues to flow through the system unimpeded. The filter system uses different densities of yarn, carbon and a bioscrubber to provide mechanical, chemical and biological filtration.

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4. Whisper IQ Power Filter

Best Goldfish Filter

Tetra’s Whisper IQ filter uses StayClear technology, making maintenance a breeze. It uses a noise barrier between the motor and the filter and has anti-vibration technology for quiet operation.

This filter uses a bio scrubber to remove ammonia and nitrates from the water and has a special overflow to oxygenate the water coming out of the return nozzle and get the water moving. Maintenance is simple and the filter cartridges are easy to change.

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5. Whisper In-Tank Filter with BioScrubber

Best Goldfish Filter

For those of you who prefer an in-tank filter to one that hangs from the back of your tank, this Tetra product is a great option. Installation is easy and the aquarium clip is included. With this pump, your tank can be placed against the wall, which is very useful if you have limited space.

This filter uses a double-sided dense mesh filter to trap large chunks of debris and debris, also providing the perfect place for beneficial bacteria to grow. Because the filter is located in the tank, it is much quieter than other types of filters.

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6. Fluval C Power Filter

Best Goldfish Filter

The Fluval C Power Filter Clip-on Energy Filter holds up to 70 gallons, but the recommended size is for 40 gallon aquariums. Power filters are generally designed for smaller filters, so the fact that it has a throughput of 264 gallons per hour is pretty impressive.

Its relatively small size, measuring 9 long, 6.5 wide and 8.5 high, makes it easy to fit in your tank without any problem with the space available.

Now, for the technical aspects, the filter has an innovative five-stage filtration: two mechanical, two biological and one chemical for crystal clear water.

The first two mechanical stages comprise a double layer of foam and polyester with a large surface area, which can be easily removed for quick cleaning. That layer works to trap large particles and fine debris.

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7. MarineLand Emperor Bio-Wheel Power Filter

Best Goldfish Filter

Last but not least is the MarineLand Emperor filter. Another great option from MarineLand, this filter packs in at an incredible flow rate of 400 GPH, and is also one of the largest on the list, with twice the filter cartridge capacity of most other filters.

It also has an oversized BIO wheel filtration system, meaning you can rest assured that the water in your tank is thoroughly cleaned and treated with every use.

A common problem that users encounter with this filter is that it is also a bit noisy. Usually this isn’t a problem with these types of filters, so it’s quite unusual to see this in this one.

However, if you don’t mind having some extra background noise, this is still a great option.

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8. Seachem Tidal 75 Aquarium Filter (Top Pick)

Best Goldfish Filter

I personally use this filter and can assure you that it is highly customizable and makes maintenance a breeze. Features a corrosion-resistant self-cleaning impeller suitable for freshwater and saltwater aquariums. The self-priming pump has adjustable flow using the rotary knob on the front, which also allows you to easily control the inlet flow.
Another point is that an adjustable spirit level on the bottom of the filter allows you to provide a suitable environment for your fish by controlling water movement and oxygenation.

When the water flow is stopped, most filters usually deal with some kind of problem where debris falls back into the filter. This filter solved this problem by designing the basket with raised slots that trap debris.

Still, the filter media tends to clog over time, eventually preventing water from passing through. When this happens in the Tidal 75, the water is routed around the filter and back into the aquarium. This water then pushes a maintenance monitor on top of the filter, letting the aquarium owner know it’s time to clean the filter media.

The bottom-up flow, through which water is pumped through the bottom of the basket and pushed out, ensures that the water meets all the filter media. This type of flow sets this high-performance filter apart from other hanging filters with a back-to-front flow. When using it, make sure that the water cannot circulate or bypass the filter media.

With a capacity of up to 75 gallons, it features an innovative design, with vent slots in the filter cover and vent slots in the exhaust stream that maximize gas exchange during filtration, ensuring fully oxygenated water is returned to the tank.

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9. Penn-Plax Aquarium Canister Filter

Best Goldfish Filter

The Penn-Plax Aquarium Canister Filter is recommended for aquariums up to 150 gallons. Not only that, but container maintenance is easy thanks to two 360-degree swivel valve taps that can be easily removed while the hoses, inlet and outlet remain in the aquarium. Push button autoprimer provides quick and easy filter priming.

The filter is equipped with four large media baskets that allow for a wide range of aquarium filtration needs, suitable for all aquarists, while also allowing longer periods between replacements.

Installation is quick and easy with flow control shut-off valves, pool style hose clamps and self-priming push button for quick and easy filter filling.

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Best Goldfish Filter

Goldfish naturally live in ponds, lakes and other standing waters. So in your aquarium you want a low flow filter.

With that in mind, we have chosen the Hikari Bacto-Surge High Density Foam Filter as the best goldfish filter.

The filter meets all our requirements and is very easy to use, install and maintain, while providing excellent biological and mechanical filtration for a healthy goldfish aquarium.

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Does a Goldfish Tank Need a Filter?

Is it important to purchase a filter for your tank?

Yes, because changing the water every now and then can only do so much, but a filter that constantly turns the water on does so much more. Filters are an affordable and easy way to keep water moving and prevent bacteria from building up in your aquarium.

In addition to preventing water from stagnating, an aquarium filter also removes dirt and food debris from the aquarium. If these things were simply left in the water, they would quickly become a buffet table for harmful bacteria.

Not only that, but this type of waste also increases the ammonia content in the water. These rising levels of harmful ammonia can cause a host of problems for fish, including skin burns, swim bladder problems and general malaise.

Finding a good filter can be difficult, but it is an effort you must make to help your fish live happy and healthy lives.


How to Choose a Filter for Your Goldfish Tank?

Now that you understand a little about the different types of Best Goldfish Filter tank, you can turn your attention to finding a filter that meets your specific needs.

There are a few different things to consider when buying the right filter.

Goldfish Tank Size

The size of your aquarium is one of the first things to consider before purchasing a filter. A goldfish tank is measured by how many gallons of water it can hold at one time.

This amount is important when buying a filter because if the filter does not have a good maximum flow rate, your aquarium will not be cleaned properly and you risk making your fish sick. Figuring out how many gallons of water are in your tank is the first step in buying the right filter.

Water flow rate

The next thing to pay attention to is the flow rate of the water in your tank.

This is related to the size of your tank, so if you have a tank with 30 gallons of water, you should get a filter that can dump about five times that amount, or 150 gallons, in an hour.

Good water flow will keep your tank from cleaning too fast or too slow.

Types of Aquarium Filters for Goldfish

There are many different types of aquarium filters that you can try, such as sponge filters, power filters, and canister filters.

A sponge filter is usually used in breeding tanks and is powered by an air pump that pushes water through a spongy material. This also allows beneficial bacteria to take root and promote the health of the water.

An energy filter uses electricity to draw water through the different types of filter cartridges. These types of filters are also called HOB or trailing filters because they usually hang over the edge of your aquarium.

Finally, there is the bus filter. Canister filters use electricity and use a “water rod” to spread the stream of clean water along the length of the rod. This type of filtration is good for planted and saltwater aquariums.

Filtration technology system

There are three main types of filtration that occur in a healthy aquarium. Mechanical filtration is when water is forced into a filter designed to trap debris during transfer.

Chemical filtration refers to when toxic chemicals pass through a filter. This filter is specially designed to attract and remove these molecules from the water.

Finally, biological filtration takes place when different bacteria dissolve with the help of good bacteria. A biological filter promotes the growth of good bacteria and stops the appearance of harmful species.

All three filtration methods are necessary for a healthy aquarium, so a filter with equipment for all three is the best option.


Which Filter Is Best For Your Goldfish?

That is a difficult question to answer. In the end it all comes down to two options depending on the size of your aquarium.

If your aquarium is 100 gallons or more, the Fluval FX6 High Performance Aquarium Canister Filter is your best option. With an astonishing flow rate of 925 GPH it is more than sure to do the trick. Customizable features make it easy and hassle-free to use.

For smaller aquariums, exactly 55 gallons or less, the Seachem Tidal 75 Aquarium Filter is best. It has an internal motor that eliminates both noise and the need to fill the filter. Overall, it is a powerful filter with good water flow that provides excellent filtration.


Can Goldfish Live and Survive Without a Filter?

Goldfish are surprisingly hardy and will survive in an aquarium without a filter. However, fish can only live in poor water conditions for a short time.

The quality of the environment has a major influence on the lifespan of a goldfish. Healthy goldfish have a lifespan of 15 to 20 years, while stressed goldfish only live two to three years.

Goldfish are characterized by being dirty and messy, requiring a filter. Novice aquarists often think that water changes are enough to keep the container clean, but it’s impossible to keep up with goldfish waste production.

If you see your pet gasping for air on the surface, the water conditions in their aquarium are harmful to them and the oxygen level is insufficient.



After all this information, you may feel overwhelmed at the idea of purchasing a best goldfish filter for your tank. The good news is that you can enlist the help of the experts at your local aquarium supply store to find out the details you may be confused about.

Once you’ve found your perfect filter, you can continue to use the same make and model and keep your fish happy.

[Updated] Top 10 Best Turtle Food (Review) in 2023

[Updated] Top 10 Best Turtle Food (Review) in 2023

If you have a turtle, you want to make sure you are feeding it the best diet possible. We all know that turtles can live a long time. However, you have to make sure that you give them a healthy life.

Turtles are one of the most adorable pets to care for and keep in your tank. Not only do they add to the beauty of a room, but they are also quite entertaining to watch while swimming in their tanks. Every animal must eat to survive.

Comparison Table

CustomSiteStripe ImageTitleReviewBuy
Top PerformanceRoyal Pet Supplies Inc Zoo Med Sun Dried Large Red Shrimp4.5/5.0Check Price
cheapestFluker’S Medley Treat For Aquatic Turtles4.7/5.0Check Price

The best way to do this is to feed them the best turtle food available. You have many options and by reading these reviews you can easily find the best turtle food for both you and your pet.

The best food for aquatic turtles should contain some protein but be low in carbohydrates and phosphorus, contain good ingredients and of course not soak in water.

The 10 Best Food for Your Turtle Growth

Best Turtle Food Reviews

1. Tetra Reptomin Floating Food Sticks for Aquatic Turtles


best turtle food

If you’re looking for new food for your aquatic turtle, Tetra’s Reptomin Floating Sticks are a great choice. In addition, this food is also ideal for frogs and salamanders.

Each time you feed your tortoise Reptomin food, you provide a precise amount of nutrients, including vitamin C and calcium, that help promote good health and vitality.

In addition to the balanced nutrition these floating sticks provide, they also help promote growth. This is due to the essential amino acids in the diet and the high-quality protein mix.

Your turtles will find this food easy to digest and you can use it for turtles of all ages.

Give this food to your pets only once or twice a day and do not give the turtles as much as they can eat in a few minutes. Otherwise, the food can spoil and make the tank dirty.

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2. Royal Pet Supplies Inc Zoo Med Sun Dried Large Red Shrimp

best turtle food

Royal Pet Supplies has a shrimp feed that is perfect for aquatic turtles. This meal consists of sun dried red shrimp, and that’s it. There are no other ingredients, but you can mix it with other foods.

Ideal for large turtles or fish, this food is a great source of protein. This is especially true if your tortoise needs to gain weight. It is not intended for daily food. Use it instead as a gift or occasionally as a complement to other foods.

Also, you can use it as a supplement to your turtle’s daily feeding regimen. The shrimp in this formula are a bit large, so small turtles or fingerlings may have a hard time eating them.

If you are looking for a high quality, high protein food option for your turtle, you should definitely give this food a try.

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3. Fluker’s Medley Treat for Aquatic Turtles

best turtle food

This Fluker’s treat mix is a mix of mealworms, crickets and freeze dried river shrimp. The food is not intended to be part of the complete turtle diet, but it is an excellent addition or treat for your pet.

This mix is a great way to mix up your turtle diet and is a perfect way to add variety and extra vitamins and minerals. It also gives them the fat they need.

You can give this formula to turtles of all sizes and ages. Be aware that some pieces of this food, such as crickets, may be too large for young animals.

Since these are real freeze dried insects, this treat will not cloud the water or leave a lot of gunk in the tank like pellets. Turtles definitely love this formula, and they will gobble it up when fed.

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4. Fluker’s Freeze-Dried River Shrimp

best turtle food

Fluker’s Freeze Dried River Shrimp is an excellent treatment option for your aquatic turtle. These shrimp help provide additional nutrition to your turtle’s diet and provide additional protein and amino acids.

For smaller turtles, you may need to take them apart as they can be a bit large for small mouths. You can also feed these shrimp to fish or other small reptiles. This is not the only food of your turtles.

Since these are shrimp, be aware that the smell can be quite strong and they can make your tank stink if you leave them in the tank. Observe your turtle and if they don’t eat all the shrimp, remove them.

This is also a very affordable treatment option and you get a large quantity of shrimp for a cheap price. This makes them excellent value for money.

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5. Zoo Med Block Aquatic Turtle

best turtle food

This is not a traditional Best turtle food, but it is ideal for those times when you want to supplement your turtles’ diet or provide them with extra calcium.

The block can be thrown directly into your turtle’s tank. Then they can eat it however they want. Contains natural ingredients and helps keep the turtle’s beak well trimmed.

It is best to use this as a supplement to your tortoise’s normal diet. But since there is food in this block, you can use it as a food source in no time, for example when you go on vacation or perhaps you run out of food.

Most turtle owners say their turtles enjoy this food and because it contains not only food but also important minerals like calcium, it is a great option to keep on hand.

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6. Tetra ReptoTreat Suprema Sticks

best turtle food

Tetra’s ReptoTreat Supreme Sticks are ideal for aquatic turtles and other amphibians. The sticks are made from krill and shrimp, which are good food for turtles.

These sticks are tasty and contain natural ingredients. Color is also naturally enhanced with beta-carotene, the same ingredient that makes a carrot orange. As with other Tetra foods, you can count on the quality.

While this will not provide your tortoise with complete nutrition, it is a good way to supplement any other foods you give your tortoise. You don’t need to feed these to your tortoise every day, but a couple of times a week is a good time along with their regular food.

As with any food, if your turtle doesn’t eat it in a few minutes, remove it from the tank. Otherwise, they can make your tank too dirty.

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7. Fluker Labs Turtle Medley Treats

best turtle food

As one of the most beloved brands when it comes to the needs of reptiles, amphibians, and others, many pet owners trust the Fluker brand and product because they are made from high-quality food. This jar of Turtle Medley Treats contains a combination of freeze-dried river shrimp, mealworms, and crickets, which are rich in protein.

Fluker’s Lab Turtle Medley treats are a fantastic food option for young and baby turtles. Adult tortoises don’t need a lot of protein, so I don’t recommend it for adult tortoises. The only downside to this product is that it consists solely of protein foods, which means that you can easily feed your pet too much protein. Avoid overfeeding by feeding your pet at least two to three times a week.

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8. Rep-Cal Maintenance Box Turtle Food

best turtle food

Another Best turtle food that ensures your pet eats the best and most nutritious food is Rep-Cal Maintenance Turtle Food for Box Turtles. It is affordable and comes with the right nutrients to ensure your pet tortoise is strong and healthy. Unlike other brands of turtle food, Rep-Cal Turtle food can be used as a treat and as a daily food.

If you are lazy to keep changing your pet’s diet, consider this product. Provide your pet with all its nutritional needs as long as you strictly follow the manufacturer’s feeding instructions. The only drawback of this product is that it pollutes the water.

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9. Hartz Wardley Reptile Sticks

best turtle food

Wardley Reptile Sticks is another floating food, an ideal food for your aquatic turtle. Each floating bar contains nutritionally balanced natural ingredients as well as vitamins for healthy peel growth.

However, this product is not ideal as a main meal, but only as a treat. So if you are looking for a tasty treat for your water turtle, consider purchasing this product. The good thing about this product is that it does not promote addiction, which means that your pet will still prefer to eat its main food.

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10. Zoo Med Sun Dried Large Red Shrimp – Best Baby Turtle Food


best turtle food

This is another fantastic turtle food from Zoo Med. It is usually a cheese for everyone in the aquarium. This company has a high priority for your aquatic turtles because they have created such a reliable product to make the most of it when feeding your pet.
This product has great versatility as it adapts to saltwater fish, aquarium fish, turtles and many other aquatic animals that can be kept in the aquarium. This Sun Dried Large Red Shrimp from Zoo med contains a lot of protein and that is the best feature of this food. If you have a pet, you certainly know the importance of protein.
Protein helps the turtle grow faster and stronger. The protein percentage of this food is around 70%, which is a wonderful feature. Of all the Best turtle food on the market, Zoo Med’s Sun Dried Large Red Shrimp has the most protein.
Having a specific nutritional profile will help your tortoise enrich its body in better condition. So if you choose this food, you can easily raise your turtles and maintain their condition in a comfortable way.
The reviews and ratings for this product are simply amazing. People who consume this food have highly praised it. Some of them reported seeing a unique quality change in their turtles after feeding them for several weeks.

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What other foods can turtles eat besides turtle foods?

The type of supplements you can feed your turtle depends on the species. Painted turtles, for example, eat earthworms, snails, tadpoles and guppies in the wild and benefit greatly from mixing their commercial food with such substances. As they grow, they enjoy some vegetables and other foods, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, and green beans.

Similarly, box turtles have a taste for food similar to painted turtles. They like to eat more strawberries, apples and melon, which you can add to your diet. As such, you can feed a turtle much more than your turtle food.


The Best Turtle Food Brand

At the moment, there are a couple of top brands that exist. All the products mentioned in this guide are from top brands. We could say that the top food brand of them all will be Zoo Med.

For those who have used Best turtle food before, you will always get that you get being referred to using Zoo Med. This is because the brand is good in every aspect of making sure that you get the right food for the turtle.

This is not to say that you cannot get other quality food types from other brands. Just make sure you understand what each food has to offer. The ingredients in the food always matter a lot.


How Often Should You Feed Pet Turtles?

When it comes to feeding pet turtles, pay close attention to young turtles. These turtles need food rich in vitamins and calcium at least three times a week. You should also feed them daily. They will be active in the morning and afternoon.

Adults, on the other hand, eat less. You can feed them daily or evenly every other day. You must ensure that you remove the food from the habitat to prevent it from rotting and contaminating the water.

Those who have box turtles may have it easier. These tortoises tend to hibernate a lot, so you won’t see them eating much. You can come up with a feeding schedule that suits your hibernation.


How Much Turtle Food to Feed?

Deciding how much turtle food to feed will always vary from species to species. They will always eat differently or even prefer certain foods over others. However, we’ll give you an overview to help you learn more.

If you are feeding the turtle sticks or pellets, the general rule of thumb is to feed enough in 15 to 20 minutes. This is the amount of time turtles can spend eating.

Once the turtles have finished eating, you need to remove all excess food. This helps keep the water clean and also prevents the turtle from overfeeding.



From the best turtle food list above, you can now buy the food knowing you are fit to use it for turtles every time. All the different species we reviewed have something to offer the turtle.

Rest assured that the turtles will now grow better and remain in good health at all times. The best part is that you don’t even have to spend a lot of money as most of them are affordable. Go ahead and get the right turtle food from the above list today.