Introducing Best Shrimp For Betta Tank [Top 3]

best shrimp for betta tank

Selecting the best shrimp for betta tank environments requires careful consideration of shrimp size and temperament. In this article we have done the research on the best shrimp for betta tank ecosystems, helping you prevent potential conflicts and ensure a harmonious environment.

Betta fish are popular as they are both colorful and really beautiful to watch. They love living in a large tank with plenty of space for them to swim and several hiding places behind live plants too.

The ideal water temperature for Betta fish is 24°- 28°C (76°-82°F). Bettas love living in clean water conditions and also prefer soft water with pH7.

The Betta is also known as the Siamese Fighter Fish as it does have a reputation of being an aggressive fish – especially the males – and new owners often wonder it is wise to put their betta with other fish or whether there is a best shrimp for betta tank.

If you are planning to introduce some mates for your betta into his tank, it is best to do some good research first.

Best Shrimp for Betta Tank Cohabitation

Freshwater Aquarium Shrimp

Compatibility and Benefits

Bettas are territorial and can be aggressive. So there is no point trying to introduce any species of small shrimps into the tank as they will simply be eaten or injured.

The best type of shrimps to introduce into your betta’s tank are the large freshwater species. The shrimp should be about the same length of your beta if there is going to be a chance of them living in harmony.

The minimum length for your shrimps is 5cm (2 inches).

Shrimps can be really good tank mates for betta fish. Shrimps literally eat anything – including algae- so they will help keep the tank water in pristine condition – just as your betta likes it!

Although your betta fish will dominate the fish tank because of their good looks, having some shrimp in the tank definitely adds interest and fun.

Should you decide that you would like to encourage your shrimps to spawn, their young offspring make a really nutritious meal for your betta too.

Best Shrimp for Betta Tanks [Our Top Picks]

Cherry Shrimp

How Many Cherry Shrimp Per Gallon

There are a number of different cherry shrimps but it is the red cherry shrimp that is the hardiest of them all which is why this shrimp is compatible with Bettas.

Characteristics and appearance:

As its name implies, the red cherry shrimp is a lovely dark red color which will certainly add extra color to your tank. Having said that, because of its color, this shrimp is easier for your betta to spot – if he is feeling aggressive.

Your Betta will eat your shrimps, so it is important that you buy large ones and also ensure that your tank offers them plenty of hiding places. Female red cherry shrimps are usually larger in size than males and a stronger color.

Compatibility with bettas:

Red cherry shrimps can live well alongside bettas because they are no trouble at all but will quietly spend their time scavenging which will keep the tank clean.

Care requirements:

Red cherry shrimps are easy to care for as they enjoy the same range of water temperature as your Betta. Their normal lifespan is 2-3 years and in a ten-gallon tank with one betta you can keep up to six red cherry shrimps.

Amano Shrimp


Characteristics and appearance:

The amano shrimp originates in Japan. They are peaceful and easy to care for making them a good tank mate for bettas.

They are usually a light brown color but can be translucent. The great thing about having these shrimps in your tank is that they love cleaning!

Amano will keep the tank completely clear of algae at all times.

Compatibility with bettas:

An aggressive betta will eat an amano shrimp. So, it is really important to ensure that there is plenty of space in the tank and to provide lots of hiding places for the shrimps as this shrimp loves to hide in dense vegetation.

Amanos moult every month and when this happens, they feel very vulnerable and will disappear from view, hiding in the weed for several days.

A maximum of six shrimps in a ten-gallon tank with one betta is recommended.

Care requirements:

Amano really are lovely shrimps that take minimal care, but their diet of algae can need nutritional supplements such as shrimp pellets, zucchini, or algae wafers several times a week. The only big problem with Amano is that they are not always easy to buy.

Ghost Shrimp


Characteristics and appearance:

Ghost shrimps are a great choice for your betta tank because they are just so easy to care for. They are really clever at hiding which is a real advantage if your betta is in a stroppy mood. Having said that, your ghost shrimps won’t trouble your betta.

Ghost shrimps tend to be loners and only interact with their own species. There are two different types of ghost shrimp Palaemonetes Paludosus and Macrobrachium Lanchesteri.

The first type is gentle and the best one to put in a tank with betta.

Compatibility with bettas:

Ghost shrimps are the best type of freshwater shrimps to choose to live with your betta. They are transparent shrimps that are sometimes referred to as ‘glass shrimps’.

This is a good advantage as it makes it difficult for bettas to spot them! Ghost shrimps are very common, are cheap to buy and breed really easily which will bring the benefit of highly nutritious food for your betta.

Care requirements:

These shrimps happily live for 12-18 months. They are a more delicate type of shrimp and are easily affected by poor water conditions– the chemicals in the tank water can kill them.

They like the water temperature to be the same as Bettas and also like a pH of 7.

Ghost shrimps are excellent scavengers, and you may well see them swimming on the bottom of the tank checking the stones for anything edible!

The recommended number for a 10 gallon tank is 2-4 ghost shrimps.

Tips for Introducing Shrimp to a Betta Tank

best shrimp for betta tank guideBefore you add shrimps to your beta tank, it is worth thinking about your plans. If you feel that your betta is an aggressive fish, you must appreciate the fact that your shrimps may not last too long as bettas will try and eat shrimps.

If you have a beautiful long-finned betta, your shrimps will stand a good chance of survival as this type of betta tends to swim more slowly so the shrimps will be able to swim faster to get away!

To successfully introduce shrimps into your fish tank with your betta, it is best to move your betta temporarily to another tank.

Clean the main tank and move some of the plants and ornaments to different positions ensuring there are plenty of hiding spots for your shrimps and spots of interest for your betta too. Allow plenty of room for them to swim around.

Introduce the shrimps to their new home and after about 48 hours, your betta. Your betta will think that he is in a new tank and may not consider the shrimps as intruders. Careful observation will be required as this trick doesn’t always work!

It is important to continue monitoring your fish tank well. Ensure that the water temperature and chemical balance are both good and that both your betta and shrimps have plenty to eat.

Additional considerations for best shrimp for betta tank

keeping a betta fish with shrimpThe set up of your aquarium is key to success and the key requirement is that it is large enough – ten gallons is the minimum size required.

As mentioned, your betta needs the water to be in the temperature range of 24°- 28°C (76°-82°F) with a pH of 7. These requirements will suit the shrimps too.

The shrimps need numerous good hiding places, and your beta will enjoy having places with numerous plants to explore as he will easily get bored.

Smooth ornaments that cannot hurt your betta or shrimps will add interest too.

It is important to keep your beta well-fed because if he is hungry, he will consider eating on of your shrimps. Check that the fish food you give him contains exoskeleton fiber content.

This is the nutrient betta get from eating shrimp – if you keep your betta supplied with this, he will not be tempted to try and eat one of your shrimps as an extra course.

Ensure that you understand the dietary requirements of both your betta and shrimps so that they are both really healthy and content as this will minimize any aggression from your betta.

Final thoughts – best shrimp for betta tank

Adding some Amano, Cherry Shrimp or Ghost Shrimps to your tank will definitely provide you with added interest with the added advantage that your tank will be kept well-cleaned – just as your betta likes it! These three species are our top picks for the best shrimp for betta tank.

Following our guidelines, you will be able to create an attractive tank filled with live plants, your beautiful betta and some shrimps to keep him company.


How Often Should You Feed a Betta Fish Bloodworms? [Top Tip]

Understanding the Nutritional Value of Bloodworms

The bright color of your Betta fish is always a good indication that he is in good healthy which is the result of a nutritional and diverse diet. A betta that enjoys a healthy diet is able to ward off infection more easily and less likely to be ill. A common question is ‘how often should you feed a betta fish bloodworms?’

Betta fish are carnivores and in the wild, a large part of their daily diet comprises of aquatic worms and a variety of insects that have fallen into the water.

Betta fish being kept in a tank should always have a diet that is high in protein. Popular protein foods include live or frozen worms including black, white and bloodworms, Daphnia (fruit flies) and mosquito larvae.

How often should you feed a betta fish bloodworms?

feeding betta fish bloodworms

Understanding the Nutritional Value of Bloodworms

There are usually two different fish foods that are sold as bloodworms in pet shops. The first is called Chironomidae. These are not actually worms, but the bright red larvae of midge flies.

The other type of bloodworm comes from the genus Glycera and are about one centimeter in length and much thicker in girth than a black worm Both types are safe to feed your betta.

Chironomidae are much easier to breed and buy. Both types of bloodworm are available frozen, freeze dried or live and each type has its benefits.

Bloodworms contain 6 – 8% protein and are rich in iron but they don’t contain a wide range of amino acids. Whether you buy them fresh or frozen can impact their nutritional value.

● Live bloodworms

Live bloodworms for betta fish

Live bloodworms are bloodworms in their most natural form.

Live bloodworms are more expensive, but there are benefits including the fact they are more nutritional because they are totally natural.

Bettas love fresh bloodworms because they have to hunt them, and this is a great way to keep your betta entertained.

Fresh bloodworms can only be bought in small quantities though as they need to be stored in the fridge for a maximum 2-3 days before they turn into midge flies.

Because the bloodworms are live there is a risk that they contain bacteria or parasites which could affect your betta.

● Freeze-dried bloodworms

Freeze-dried bloodworms are more convenient to use but do not have much nutritional value. They are usually sold in two different grades – Grade A and Grade B – with Grade A being the superior type to buy although much of their nutritional value is lost in the freeze-drying process.

A benefit is that any bacteria or parasites they contain will also be killed by freeze-drying. Freeze-dried bloodworms can be easily stored and before they are used, just need to be rehydrated by popping them into water.

● Frozen bloodworms

Frozen bloodworms can be successfully stored for up to six months and also contain a good percentage of the nutrients. The freezing process kills any bacteria or parasites the bloodworm contain… which is good!

There are a couple of watch-points when feeding your betta frozen bloodworms. The whole cube will be too much to feed your betta so once the cube has been defrosted, it should be cut into smaller pieces – do not let any of the defrosted water get into your fish tank to avoid contamination.

When you feed your betta with a piece of defrosted bloodworm, if he has not eaten it within two minutes remove the food from the tank.

Factors Influencing Feeding Frequency

Bloodworms should not be the only food you give your betta because they do not contain a high level of protein and nor do they contain a range of amino acids. Bloodworms are ideal to feed your betta two or three times a week.

It is important to only feed your betta a small amount of bloodworm. Bettas only have a small stomach and over feeding them will cause stress.

One bloodworm for a single meal, every 2-3 days is adequate for an adult Betta – and proportionately less for younger fish. Don not feed your betta a defrosted frozen bloodworm as this is too much food.

The bloodworm that is not eaten will drop to the bottom of the tank where it will soon disintegrate and generate ammonia.

There is a line of thought amongst some breeders that it is good to feed live bloodworms more frequently to Bettas you would like to breed. It is said that because this will feel like an abundance of food to them, it will suggest to them that it is the breeding season.

Signs of Overfeeding or Underfeeding

Signs of Overfeeding or Underfeeding betta fishIt is important not to feed your Betta too many bloodworms as this can cause serious health problems.

Swim bladder disease and constipation are both common and serious disorders in bettas that can be caused by overfeeding.

It is also important not to overfeed your betta bloodworms as this will cause an increase in ammonia in the fish tank.

Your betta will not be able to consume all the bloodworm which will quickly deteriorate on the floor of the tank causing a rise in the level of ammonia in the water. Beta can die from ammonia poisoning very quickly.

A betta with good body condition should be cone- shaped with the broadest part being the head and then a gradual tapering from the head to tail.

If your betta’s stomach is wider than his head, he is being overfed and if your betta is significantly thinner behind his head and not cone-shaped, he is underfed.

Best Practices and Tips for Bloodworm Feeding

How often should you feed a betta fish bloodwormsIt is a good idea to incorporate bloodworms into a balanced diet for your betta, but it must be done carefully, and the bloodworms should be alternated with other foods that are better nutritionally for your Betta.

It is important to remember that when giving live bloodworms to your betta there is a chance of infection because they may contain bacteria.

You should buy your bloodworms from a reputable pet shop. Always rinse the bloodworms thoroughly before feeding them to your Betta and never let any of the water from the bloodworm/pet shop get into your fish tank.

It is a good idea to alternate the foods you give your Betta so that you give him a wide range of nutrients. Bettas need to be fed a small amount twice a day.

Some food like brine shrimps and mysis shrimps have a higher nutritional value- more so than bloodworms.

Daphnia are another good fresh food to feed Betta – pop them in a freezer for a short while to slow them down before you give them to your betta. Mosquito larvae and vinegar eels are also good. It is important to only feed your fish bloodworms a couple of times each week as they are very rich.

Final thoughts – How often should you feed a betta fish bloodworms?

Frozen bloodworms for bettasBloodworms can be a great food to give your Betta, but best to stick to the couple of times a week rule and certainly do not make bloodworms the staple food in your Betta’s diet.

It is of paramount importance to give your betta a healthy and varied diet to ensure that he stays in good health and his magnificent color could be no richer.

Feeding your betta with too many bloodworms can result in constipation, swim bladder disease and other diseases.

If you are feeding your betta too much bloodworm for a meal, much will not be eaten, and you will have to remove it from the tank and ditch it – which will dent your wallet too!



How to Breed Betta Fish (The Easy Way)

How to Breed Betta Fish Step by Step Guide

Betta fish are one of the most popular aquarium fish in the world, and they are a favorite among novice and experienced aquarists alike. Breeding betta fish can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience, as they are easy to breed, and the results can be quite stunning. Use our guide to learn how to breed betta fish successfully.

Betta breeding involves selecting the right pair of betta fish, providing the right environment, and providing the fish with proper nutrition.

To ensure a successful breeding experience, it is important to understand the basics of betta breeding and to have the right knowledge and tools at hand.

How to Breed Betta Fish Guide

Choosing the Right Betta Fish

When it comes to breeding betta fish, choosing the right fish is an essential part of the process. Here are some tips to selecting a breeding pair:

Guide to betta fish breeding

  • Select fish of the same species; this will ensure that the offspring will be purebred.
  • Select fish that have the desired characteristics. This can include color, fin type, and body type.
  • Look for healthy fish that have good finnage and solid coloration. The fish must have good body form and no deformities. The fish must be free from any diseases.
  • Select fish that are of the same size and age.
  • Select fish that have compatible personalities and temperaments. Having a fish that is too aggressive may result in an unsuccessful breeding result.
  • Choose fish that have compatible spawning habits. This means that the fish should be willing to spawn when placed in the same tank.
  • Having good genetics ensures that the best desirable traits will be passed on to the fry. Poor genetics could result in sickly or undesirable fry.
  • Select younger fish who are at the optimal age for breeding- ideally 4-12 months. Older fish will result in disappointment. They may not survive the aggressiveness of breeding. Also, older fish tend to have long fins that may inhibit breeding.

Preparing Your Betta Fish Tank

Once the right pair of bettas has been selected, the next step is to provide the fish with a proper environment. A breeding tank should be set up with a controlled temperature, adequate filtration, and plenty of hiding places for the fish.

The tank should be regularly cleaned and checked for any illnesses or parasites. Ensure the water quality is ideal. Bettas prefer still water with a pH between 6.8 and 7.5. keep the temperature between 76° and 85° F.

Setting Up a Betta Fish Breeding Tank

Here is a list of procedures to follow in setting up the breeding tank:

  • A ten-gallon tank is ideal size for breeding Betta Fish. Keep the water depth at about 5 inches.
  • Do not include a gravel substrate as fry will become lost in the gravel.
  • Some breeders place plenty of plants in the tank to provide a refuge for the female betta fish (when she is introduced), and plants help with water quality. Other breeders prefer to keep the tank empty.
  • The water needs to be a still as possible. Use a sponge filter with slow waterflow. This type of filter will not suck fry into it.Betta Breeding Tank set-up
  • Place the male betta into the breeding tank and keep the female separated by using either a divider or contain her within a clear cylindrical tube inside the breeding tank.
  • Place an Indian Almond leaf in the tank. The male betta will likely build a bubble nest using the leaf if it is floating (alternatively, floating plants can be used, although not necessary). Almond leaves help condition the water and helps with healing damaged fins.
  • Do not have any sharp edges in the breeding tank such as sharp stiff leaved plants, jagged rocks, hard plastic artificial plants. These may damage betta finnage.

Conditioning Betta Fish for Breeding

Knowing how to breed betta fish requires some understanding of conditioning fish for spawning. You should condition the betta fish pair for about 2 weeks before placing them in the breeding tank. To condition the bettas, provide rich, meaty foods, such as tubifex worms, bloodworms, or daphnia.

Introducing Betta Fish to the Breeding Tank

Place both fish into the breeding tank separated by a divider. Allow the male the main area with plants.

The Male

The male will build a bubble nest, then sit patiently just below it, waiting for the female to come along. Nest building takes about 3 days.

The Female

During this time the female will be developing her eggs within her body. It will be apparent that she has developed eggs as her abdomen will swell and her ovipositor spot (egg tube) protrudes slightly down. Also, if the fish has apparent white vertical stripes, this generally means that she is fertile and can produce eggs.

Offer the fish some privacy during this time.

Introducing the Fish to One Another

Introducing a pair of betta fish for breeding can be a rewarding experience. When the nest is built and the female is ripe with eggs, you can remove the divider.

Once both fish are in the tank together, it is important to observe their behavior to ensure that they are comfortable and not overly aggressive towards one another. The female will be taking a great interest in the male, making approaches. He may chase her off or try to nip her.

This is normal behavior. Having plenty of hiding places in the tank will allow her to retreat safely when she needs to.

Recognizing Betta Fish Spawning Behavior

Courting Behavior

Recognizing betta fish spawning behavior is essential for successful breeding. Betta fish are territorial, and the male will protect his nest.

The male will begin to court the female by flaring his fins, swimming close to her, and nudging her body with his head.


How to Breed Betta Fish

When the opportunity presents itself, the male will wrap his fins around the female, appearing to squeeze her. She will go stiff, release eggs and for a short time float motionless.

Simultaneously, the male will release sperm, fertilizing the falling eggs.

The eggs will slowly drift to the bottom of the tank. The male will then release the female and quickly catch the eggs in his mouth, placing them safely into the floating bubble nest.

Once the female snaps out of her ‘trance’ she will take a breather and then the process will be repeated until she has released all her eggs.

After Spawning

The male will chase her off. This is when you can remove the female and place her in a recovery tank. Sometimes the female gets badly beaten by the male. She will need care and privacy while she recovers. Place her in a recovery tank on her own. Medicate with methylene blue to prevent infection of damaged fins. Her fins will grow back.

Collecting and Storing Betta Fish Eggs

Collecting and storing Betta fish eggs is a relatively straightforward process. It is important to watch the male tending to the eggs.

Responsible male bettas will be vigilant, always inspecting their nest and watching for eggs that fall from the nest. He will catch these and return them to the nest. He will also remove unfertilized eggs.

If the male is not going about his fatherly duties, or if he is eating the eggs, then you may need to consider collecting the eggs and placing them in a separate container with clean, filtered water.

Betta Fry Are Emerging

The eggs should be checked regularly, and any dead/unfertilized eggs should be removed immediately. If left they may foul the water.

The eggs should also be kept away from any direct sunlight.

Once the eggs have hatched (2-3 days), the male can be left with them for a few more days until they are all free swimming, then he should be removed.

Caring for the Fry

The Tank

The most important thing with knowing how to breed betta fish is understanding what’s required when caring for Betta fry is to provide them with a clean and stable environment to minimize stress and maximize health.

Prepare a suitable tank for the fry. The tank should be at least 10 gallons, with a heater and sponge filter to keep the water clean and balanced. It is also important to provide plenty of hiding places for the fry, such as live plants and decorations. Keep the water temperature between 75-82° F using a suitable heater.

Once the tank is set up and the fry are in their new home, it’s time to start feeding.

Feeding Betta Fry

Betta fry are very small and need a special type of food to meet their nutritional needs. They have very small mouths, therefore require very small live foods.

Infusoria, microworms, baby brine shrimp, daphnia, fairy shrimp are all great fry food.

Commercial fry food made specifically for Betta fry is another option. These foods are designed to be highly nutritious and easily digestible. Feed the fry small amounts several times a day.

Hatching your own brine shrimp will ensure you have plenty of live food for fry.

Water Quality

In addition to proper nutrition, it’s important to maintain the water quality in the tank. Be sure to perform regular water changes to keep the water fresh and clean.

Also, be sure to check the pH and ammonia levels in the tank and adjust them as needed. Use a test kit.

Monitor for Illness

It’s important to monitor the fry for signs of illness. If they appear to be stressed or unwell, remove them from the tank to prevent spread of illness to healthy fry.

As Fry Grow

As the fry grow, they can be weaned onto other foods such as flakes, pellets, and live foods.

It is important to note that Betta fry are very delicate, and they can be easily stressed or killed if the water conditions are not monitored closely.

The growth rate of Betta fry is dependent on their environment and diet. However, in general, they grow quickly if properly cared for, reaching maturity in around 6 months.

When the fry are old enough, they should be separated from each other. This is especially important for males, which can become aggressive and fight. It is also an idea to keep the fry in different tanks to reduce the spread of disease.

With the right environment, diet, and care, the fry can grow into healthy and happy adult Bettas.

Selling or Rehoming Betta Fish Fry

Culling and rehoming betta fish fry is an important part of responsible fish keeping.

By selecting the strongest and healthiest betta fish fry from a population helps to ensure that only the healthiest and most genetically desirable fish are bred and passed down to future generations.

Culling is done by selecting the betta fish fry with desirable physical traits, such as color, fin shape, and size. This helps to ensure that the healthiest and most genetically desirable fish are passed down to future generations.

Culling should be done carefully and with consideration for the fish’s health and well-being.

Betta breeders are thorough with culling, so only the best offspring are kept to adulthood.

From one breeding you may end up with a hundred young bettas. Because of betta fish’s aggressive nature, it is difficult to accommodate all those fish. The males will need separating.

Rehoming betta fish fry can be a challenging task as these fish can be difficult to care for. Many pet stores or breeders will be able to help with rehoming betta fish fry if needed.

If you are seeking to breed bettas for profit, then having a quality pair of bettas to start with, and being thorough with culling undesirable fry, will result in offspring that are of value.

Final Thoughts

Knowing how to breed betta fish properly by providing the right environment, selecting the right pair of fish, and providing them with proper nutrition, betta breeders can create a successful breeding setup.

Breeding betta fish is a rewarding experience that can provide stunning results, and it is a great opportunity for aquarists to explore the fascinating world of fish breeding.


[2023] Ammonia Poisoning Betta: Preventions And Disease Healing

Ammonia Poisoning Betta

Ammonia poison is dangerous for all fish. Many fish have fallen victim to ammonia poisoning when they enter their new home. This guide gives you the basics of preventing ammonia burn, making it safer for the animals you are feeding. Let’s start guide about Ammonia Poisoning Betta..

How do you treat Ammonia poisoning in fish?

It is possible that the goldfish is intoxicated by ammonia. Some symptoms may develop, it all depends on the fish’s immunity and how quickly ammonia accumulates in the water. How does it work for treating poisons? Simple changes of large amounts of water in the tank can quickly solve the problem.

Can chemicals cause goldfish to turn black?

Attractive and easy-care goldfish tolerate different tank situations and thus have become popular as pets. Finding black spots on your colored goldfish likely indicates ammonia burn, which is often found on the fins, which could also indicate an infection. Excess ammonia in goldfish tanks is unfortunately common, so the keeper must carry out tests to constantly check the ammonia level.

Other causes

A parasite also can causes black spots on fish. Some parasites use fish as hosts to complete a stage of their life before releasing their eggs into the environment. They attach themselves to the skin, creating small cysts in the form of dark spots. Infection can be rare inside aquariums and, if it occurs, produces black flakes on the fish’s skin.


The burning from ammonia may occur in “new tanks”. During the initial cycling period of the tank, we still do not have enough beneficial bacteria to control the toxic concentration of ammonia found in the water. Therefore, when we set up an aquarium, the first step is to wait for the nitrogen cycling period. A thorough cleaning will be necessary when ammonia levels are high in the aquarium. If the keeper cannot take preventative measures, harmful levels of ammonia are found inside the tanks. It also applies to water in a transport bag for packing and transporting fish.

What is ammonia poisoning in betta fish?

In open wild environments, it is pretty rarely seen significant amounts of fish wastes, leftovers, and other debris. The accumulation of water and debris in the tank can cause excessive ammonia concentrations and contaminate the aquatic life, poisoning the fish. Ammonia in the waters causes the gills to burn, driving breathing difficulty and eventually killing the fish. Ammonia is usually found in newly built aquarium installations that do not cycle properly before adding fish.


Goldfish with brown or dark spots and stains are likely victims of ammonia burn. Goldfish produce a lot of fish waste for a pet fish, leading to an ammonia problem in a new tank. Fish that eat a lot produce ammonia. Fish waste, plant waste, and leftover food are broken down and produced ammonia, decreasing pH and burning goldfish gills and skin. When ammonia levels drop, fish recover and heal; discolored patches signify skin healing. However, in a tank with consistently higher ammonia concentrations, stains can never appear. The fish’s skin has little chance of recovery and will turn brown.

Is Ammonia poisoning fatal?

Ammonia poison can kill your fish. This depends mainly upon how much ammonium has accumulated in the water. This will be regulated to keep the tank clean and the water always in good condition. A few drops of ammonia can cause some discomfort to your fish. Ammonia poisoning is dangerous and can cause the death of all animals in the tank. If we test our water regularly, we can treat the problem fast. The treatment affects the fish very much in most cases, so quarantine them while treating the tank and changing the water.

Ammonia Poisoning Betta


Ammonia is the first nitrogenous waste produced by fish which causes severe toxicities in the water. Using the right dimensioned biological filter breaks down the ammonium produced from fish and keeps the tank safe. Regular water changes can also help maintain a healthy enviroment. The tank should be cleaned at least every week.


Other reasons for the ammonia burning symptoms are water containing chloramine; that enters the tank when changing the water without using a water condition. Use dechlorinators or water conditioners for every water change or water reposition.

Ammonia poisoning

In fish, excessive ammonia causes many problems, including skin blackening. Fish suffering from ammonia poisoning sometimes behave strangely. Hemorrhage results in pink or red gills with red stripes in the fin. Goldfish may also stop eating and look like they have trouble swimming in the water. If your Goldfish suffers from poisoning, contact your veterinarian immediately. Ammonia has no colors; therefore, water clarity does not determine Ammonia level.


Ammonia poisons have serious consequences. You must be sure all tanks are correctly cycled. The bacteria converts ammonia through the nitrification process. Checking tank water regularly can help prevent ammonia levels in your tanks go up without warning. The ammonia buildup will likely indicate a problem in the nitrogen cycle or filtering system.

What causes ammonia poisoning?

Ammonia gets in the tank in many ways. Ammonia can be formed in chloramines which are disinfectants in tap water. Chloramide helps make drinking tap water safe but is lethal to fish and invertebrates. Fish wastes, dead plants, or other uneaten food and debris can cause ammonia levels in tanks. When you do not clean and adequately maintain your tank regularly, you can cause contaminating ammonia and organic matter to buildup, which causes toxicity.


Ammonia is released directly from fish excreta. During the presence of toxic ammonia in aquariums, it reaches the skin and gills of the fish, which are chemically burned. Low concentrations of ammonium can cause an increase in mucus on the skin, causing the skin to develop spots or a coating over the gills. These factors can affect fish breathing, as ammonia directly harms the gills. Ammonium burning can cause secondary problems of bacterial origin, internal or external. High levels of ammonia can be fatal.

What is ammonia poisoning?

Ammonia is fish waste’s main component. Your fish releases ammonia through waste in their waters. A dissolved organic material released into a water tank can release ammonia. For instance, ammonia can be released through rotten food. The toxic effects of ammonium poisoning can cause serious harm to the fish. These toxins burn the skin and gills of fish, resulting in an unable to breathe. Ammonia poisoning should never take place in a well-maintained tank.

Signs of ammonia poisoning in Bettas

It is essential to learn how to treat Betta fish poisoning correctly. Ammonia poisoning is often a chronic condition. You can start changing the Betta tank water; if the fish doesn’t eat its too much food and lays on a surface with fins attached to the body. Your fish’s gills can change color and appear as it is bleeding. As the poisoning continues to occur, your betta may get red spots in his side or blood spots when the tissue starts to deteriorate.

How to treat a betta with ammonia burns?

Ammonia has devastating effects on your betta fish. When water is saturated with ammonia, the kind of acid will be harmful to the fish that live in this water. It is toxic to fish’s eyes, gills, and skin. Even lower ammonium levels will result in fish producing skin mucus, which causes a pale appearance. The mucus can also cover the fish gill – preventing his breathing. Ammonia burns skin-on fish, and internal organs are a source of internal and external infections. Now we can understand what ammonia poison is and its symptoms. Along with such symptoms, you might notice the water becoming cloudy, which could indicate the ammonia causing dirt accumulation on the tank.

Reducing Ammonia

Reduced ammonia is a process of finding the cause and addressing the consequences. Fish can eat and excrete more food than they need; therefore, it is easier to overfeed them. Install the right tank filter and set your system for proper operation to filter water. A regular water change is needed and tank cleaning as substrate vacuum. Replace 30-40% water each week and use a water conditioner.

Ammonia poisoning in goldfish

Ammonia kills silently. It’s an amalgam of hydrogen and nitrogen without colors. This means you can’t view it and you can probably only see it once the issue has been installed. How do I know my Ammonia concentration has been elevated? You can test ammonia levels with a test kit.

Clamped Fins and Lethargy

In affected fish, it is common for their fins to close to the heart; it is one of the first signs that something in the aquarium is incorrect. This can signal an unhealthy fish, and stress can lower the immune system and promote disease. Lethargy can also be seen with many fish ailments and shows weakness. A lethargic fish is quiet or lying on the substrate or somewhere in the aquarium. All these symptoms are seen in ammonia burn.


At the first stage, it’s possible to lower ammoniate in aquarium water using water changes. Use the ammonia test to determine if ammonia has been controlled. The signs of improvement are seen in fish within 5 – 7 day intervals. Treatment can continue until the ammonia levels are stable again in the water tank.

Thickened slime coat

Every fish is coated with slimy mucus, protecting it from bacterial and viral infection. That’s how fish become slippery when trying to hold them. Interestingly, it becomes thicker with the presence of low amounts of ammonia. The disease causes the fish’s color to fade, and the scales appear dull.

How to cure ammonia poisoning in goldfish?

As with most goldfish diseases, it is best to avoid ammonia poisoning and avoid it altogether. It’s much easier to properly cycle your tank and avoid overfeeding than to reduce ammonia levels and treat goldfish when ammonia becomes a severe issue. But ammonia poisons can also be easily treated with regular maintenance and water changes, avoiding the accumulation of fish waste and uneaten food. Also, a goldfish tank with a well-established nitrogen cycle is essential to prevent problems in fish keeping, as properly cycled tanks are ready to withstand organic loads and fish waste.

Female vs Male Betta Fish: Everything You Need to Know!

Female vs. Male Betta Fish

Betta fish are some of the most beautiful tropical fish found at your local pet store. Their characteristics and physical features are an appealing catch for aquarium keepers, however can differ quite a bit between the male and female fish. We’ve compiled everything you need to know about Female vs Male Betta Fish right here.

Female vs. Male Betta Fish

Knowing the general characteristics of male and female bettas is helpful when deciding which ones would best suit your aquarium. For example, male bettas don’t bond with females. They can be paired for breeding for a limited time.  Whereas female bettas can be kept in community aquariums with other species.

Understanding their differences can also help you tell them apart, along with which gender is more likely to end up with health problems or other issues.

Female vs. Male Betta Fish


Do You Own a Betta Yet? Here Are 9 Stunning Bettas That Can Be Delivered Right to Your Door!

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Female Betta Fish

Female bettas tend to be a little smaller with the same dramatic pigmentation pattern as males. They don’t have as vibrant colors or large fins and usually have a more docile nature. Egg spots are on the bottom of the fish, just behind the ventral fins. This visual difference is called sexual dimorphism.

Male Betta Fish

Male bettas are small, hardy, and colorful tropical fish native to Southeast Asia. Their fins are bright and large to attract mates and to show at other males to warn them off. Male betta fish are larger and  than females of the same type. Males will show aggression towards other bettas.

Appearance – Male vs. Female Bettas

Bettas represent a large part of what the ornamental fish trade can offer.

Wild bettas are usually a brown hue with small fins and tails. Captive fish are bred and enhanced for their impressive fins and variety of colors. Enthusiasts have used the basic betta gene of wild fish to create beautiful anomalies, resulting in the current strong sexual dimorphism of captive-bred ornamental lineage betta.

The biggest physical difference is that males will generally have larger fins and more extravagant colors, whilst females tend to fall onto more dull, less vibrant colors. This makes it fairly straightforward to distinguish between the sexes.

Behavior – Male vs. Female Bettas

Male bettas tend to be notoriously intolerant, showing a high degree of aggression towards each other, even their own reflection if it’s visible. It’s common for them to widen their gills and show their fins to portray dominance against other fish.

Female bettas have a more docile and friendly persona, they can be kept in community aquariums with other fish without problems.

When groups of male and female bettas are put together, they usually end up with torn fins and dead fish unless you create a vast space with lots of hiding places and barriers in sight range.

Female vs. Male Betta Fish

Which Betta Gender is Best For You?

Both male and female bettas have their pros and cons, and you can keep one or both of them in your fish room, depending on your aesthetic preferences and purposes. If adding color and personality to your collection is your goal, a betta fish would be the perfect choice.

The best way to decide which fish might be better suited for you, is understanding which types of aquariums can house them.

If you’re wanting a modern setup in a smaller aquarium, the male betta is an excellent choice. You could place it in an aquarium equipped to keep aquatic plants along with your fish, making it comfortable in a similar environment to its natural habitat.

Female bettas are a good choice for community fish tanks, adding color to the aquarium and friendly behaviour towards tank mates.

Keeping Bettas Together

When it’s time to breed your betta and you have to put both genders in the same tank, there’s a few things you can do to prevent the male from killing the female during courtship. Using an aquarium divider is a good first step to accustom the bettas.

If it’s possible for you, keeping three or more females for each male. This helps the females stand more of a chance, rather than just one single female being stalked.

If you intend to breed bettas, you will need to be well set up for spawning and for raising betta fry.

Males take the full responsibility for caring for the eggs and raising fry. They build a bubble nest and place the fertilized eggs into it, taking great care to keep the nest clean, aerating the nest, defending it from other fish and replacing any eggs or fry that break free from the nest.

Health and Care

The main concern for a male betta’s health and well-being is tank layout.

Ideal conditions are a large aquarium with a heating and filtration system, with plenty of greenery to provide shelter and privacy. Plan for an inch of fish per gallon of water and keep in mind that fish need a stable parameter setting that doesn’t fluctuate during the day, so ensure pollutant levels stay low. Dramatic changes increase the risk of illness and stress.

Pet Store Stocking

In our experience, the male betta fish are more commonly available for sale in small pet and fish markets, due to their visually appealing stunning colors and flowing fins.

Female bettas can be sold too, just more difficult to find.

Live betta fish can be purchased online with the fish delivered right to your door.

Female vs. Male Betta Fish For Small Tanks

Male and female Betta fish are excellent choices for tanks ranging from three to 10 gallons. Betta fish contain a labyrinth organ that can help bettas breathe atmospheric air, just like us. These fish are hardy and adaptable, and both make excellent beginner fish.


Female vs. Male Betta Fish

Tail and Fins

There are more than hundreds of betta with long fins, unique behaviour and exuberant colors. Males often have large fins, but in some species have short fins. Females have a slightly narrower body and generally short tails.

Body Size & Shape

The most critical sign of knowing a fish’s gender is its body shape. Male bettas are flatter, thicker, and longer, whereas the females are often short and tight. Males can grow up to 2.5 to 3 inches, and females can only grow 2 inches.

Whenever your betta fish sees a threat, it expands its gill plate outward. This forward expansion to show more colors and its physique is called ‘flaring’. Both female and male fins are more prominent when enlarged.


Female vs. Male Betta Fish

Egg Spot

Only the female bettas have egg spots between the anal and ventral ends of the tail (where eggs are laid).

Male and Female Flaring


Body Stripes

Horizontal stripes enhance the glamor and beauty of female bettas. The lines on their body represent their sexual maturity and demonstrate that they are ready to mate. Of course, these stripes are only seen on females.

Final Comments

Betta fish are a beautiful and interesting addition to your aquarium. However, making sure you have a tank that’s suited to the needs of the Female vs Male Betta Fish is an important aspect to keep them happy and thriving.


How To Keep Betta Water Warm Without A Heater [Full Guide]

How To Keep Betta Water Warm Without A Heater

Fish, like reptiles are cold-blooded, so unlike mammals with the ability to generate their own heat, they can only absorb warmth from the surrounding water. When the water is too cold, swimming and moving becomes difficult for them, so they’ll avoid doing it as much as they can. You may observe your Betta laying listlessly at the bottom of the tank.

Betta fish are a tropical species from the warm fresh water ponds of Thailand. They may go into shock at temperatures below 74 degrees Fahrenheit, though it is usual for them to react poorly when temperatures are 72.

Truthfully, Bettas with no heaters, can survive within reasonable limits, but they certainly won’t thrive. They prefer this. It helps them strengthen their immune system at risk of disease. Changing seasons sometimes can damage your dog’s immune system but it’s not possible. There are numerous factors to take into consideration and we intend on going through a full line of answers and ultimately finding a solution you feel comfortable with. We’ll pass through several lines to give you an objective answer to all the facts. A truly objective question can only be obtained once one examines the facts.

How To Keep Betta Water Warm Without A Heater!?

Let’s examine the disadvantage of keeping a water tank warm without a heater. No method of a way round any disadvantages. We’ve all been fascinated by fishkeeping since antiquity before submersible electrical heating was invented. Victorian tank had flat bottom and was heated by boiling the bottom (very much as a souppot!). Victorian –errahthenia was heated from below so much as a soup to cook from below the water of fish during the Victorian age. Here is the easiest and fastest way of bypassing the heater for good in your aquarium.

Betta Tank Heaters: Comparison Table

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How to make your fish tank cold without a roost heater will ensure your day is going smoothly when your electrical cable runs out, you break your aquarium heater or if you never prepare the fuel. At freezing days, your tropicalfish, your bettas etc need a warmer environment to maintain their lives stable. This is where the importance in an aquarium heating tank grows exponentially. Now let it be useful to keep our fish warm at home.

Do Betta fish need a heater?

The Average Betta thrives better in warm water and anything above 68 degrees Celsius is not conducive. Lower temperatures doesn’t actually poison Bettas directly; they just make them vulnerable to the majority of diseases. There are certainly many good alternatives to caring for fish without the need for a heating system. The water temperature in Southeast Asia is about 70 to 80 degrees F on average day. If you live closer to the ocean, filters may not be necessary but the water is recommended but it can be hard on fish to survive on warm water. The fish are not indirectly affected by lower temperatures, they don’t directly effect their lifespans and are not exposed to any temperature variations that may result from the mild-warm water.

How To Keep Betta Water Warm Without A Heater

Tropical fish are big no-no for laying out a tank without an heater. The plants do not well in temperature variations and when stressed by inconsistent water conditions develop dangerous ailments and infections. Corals need UV light and specific water parameters to survive and grow. It is practically impossible to do a minimalist heater-less system when you plan to install coral reef tanks. The constant temperature range needed to control in this class of aquariums is between 75°-80°F in the tank’s water temperature. The range of temperature required to stay within the constant range of 75 – 80 °F is 95 – 80°F.

What happens if Betta water is too cold?

Fishes can’t regulate temperature like humans because they depend in part on the environment for its supply of heat. Betties were fatally unresilient against the cold. In theory, they will be in a coma for a period until water has been very cold which could range in temperature from 50° to 100° Celsius. It basically stops swimming. It sinks to the bottom of the tank. It also hibernates in place until it dies. Betta would do a lot very well if you have a light source nearby and try to get accustomed to being somewhat hot in the cold months. They are fickle and they’re beautiful as they’re delicate.

How long will Betta survive without a heater?

Why don’t animals need more of it even if they have no heat? Room temperature, age of his betta and the health of the animal will be considered. The room temperature should be above 82 °F when the temperature is above this. But if this temperature is so cold or that an older baby gets sick already it can be days before you get too cold and it can potentially be very unhealthy if the water temperature is not below zero.


How To Keep Betta Water Warm Without A Heater

11 Ways On How To Keep Betta Water Warm Without A Heater?

There are another way to keep your pet warm without having to purchase any heat-up supplies. These steps are honestly fairly straightforward or unspecialized. These are just tips in life and with 2 or 3 of these together you have a real effect! Let’s get down to a few basic, yet surprisingly effective methods to keep your Betja fish warmer.

1.A little sunshine

This step involves using the best source of heat in nature: the sun. Anywhere between 6-8 hours of sunlight will warm the tank up in the perfect way. It also benefits plants and there are a number of issues there. Algae are also plants. It thrives on nitrates and relying heavily on sun for expansion. Their growth in this area can be very explosive and I strongly suggest not staying in the bowl near a window if you are not sure that algae will not appear in your yard if you leave it outside too. It is warmer it helps at photosynthesis. There are also opportunities to use sunlight directly.

2.Use a smaller bowl

Betta fish are fishes not really needing real estate and would be happy and comfortably in their own tiny dishes. This fix is useful because small containers will heat up very quickly. Smaller tanks also lose heat much faster than bigger tanks. How do you keep warm fish? This simplest principle is to introduce continuous, constant heated fuel supply to your tanks for an extended period of time. As long as you can prevent the tank from losing heat too fast you should be ready. It could serve as a solution as a problem as it is a problem and it does not have significant drawbacks.

3.Exploit your aquarium lights

All the half decent aquarium aquariums have good lighting that explains well the plants in your aquarium that call it home. Conventionally these lamps were intended for fish and plants. They might not be hugely strong like any other heater of course, so when used properly they give some great wallops. Leaving the light on for about 8-10 hours can be more hot than you think, they just may heat the tanks well enough to get inside the 80°f range. The only issue with that idea is that the tank starts to lose heat immediately after lights are turned on.

4.Use a poorly optimized filter

Older or poorly optimized filtration can act as heaters. Their poor energy efficiency is a result of them releasing heat. Great for keeping your Betta warm. The only disadvantage is they can not be easily moderated. Overheating can happen and there is no guaranteed way to reduce its heat output. Using older filters older water filters will become extremely hot after about ten hour usage and can sometimes cause water to heat up while entering the tank. If the process lasts long enough it could dramatically improve the filters’ power efficiency. It is not often easy to control and reduce the heat absorbed from the filter.

5.Warm up your tank’s water gradually (temporary solution).

You add a hot hose to your pot to warm the contents gradually and gently. This is not the most efficient option but it remains on the table if heater-free usage is a necessity in itself. It leaves room for somewhat significant fluctuations in the water temperature so you shouldn’t attempt that when bringing up sensitive fish. Water cooling slowly is lower risk than large temperature fluctuations. If you aimed for a temperature of 80 degrees in your aquarium, its water should reach 120 degree. For keeping your tanks warm, fill a sealed bottle with hot water.

6.Insulate the glass walls of your tank.

Insulating insulated glass walls might be an alternative next step. The Styropofoam coating in the back and sides of the tank is not the most pleasing option. The use of insulation film can provide an as-good alternative. This method would help the existing temperature escape but you would need to continue changing the warm water frequently. It is a real drawback of eliminating a heat source in an aquarium. Forgoing a heater leads to no hand control of the water in your tank.

7.Use warm water for water changes.

Warm water can help you raise the temperature of the tank to the level you want to keep without requiring a heater. Of course, this temp is pushed slowly. Raising its temperature at 1 degree per hour is potentially harmful to other fish. You may mix room temperature water with a portion of boiling water but never add boiling water direct to the tank. Keep this in view that if you need extra water for the water change in your tank you need to make an extra water change.

8.Move aquarium to a warmer area of your home/closer to a pond

Setting it to a warmer place gives you several degrees with no hassle. It’s important if you’re choosing the hot summer route to protect your system from algae. It can affect the algae when the light comes in. How can I choose the perfect aquarium setting?

9.Turn up the heater in your house

A good first step for keeping a tank of fish warm without a heater is to increase a temperature in the room in which the aquarium is located to 78 °F (25.5 °C.) It is recommended therefore that nano tanks should not have temperature drop in some nanotubes.

10. Use a hood or canopy

One of the simplest ways to ensure that your Betta water stays warm is to use a hood or canopy on the tank. If you use a lid with your tank, the water will retain warmth better as the heat will not dissipate out through the water’s surface as much as it would without a hood.

11. Use a heating mat

If your Betta fish lives in a fishbowl or small tank you could use a heating mat to warm the water. This would not work with larger tanks.


4 Types of Betta Fish Tank Heaters?

Your aquarium should not have hot water in it if you already own a large, established fish tank with tropical inhabitants. These helpful tips show you how to build a heater-free tank that doesn’t need constant effort to stabilize water temperatures. We will discuss emergencies later! How do emergencies work?

Betta fish need more warmth when being able to prosper. Show some key facts in setting up a betta tank. Check this handy advice for set up betta fish tanks that your betta may need for survival!! Learn the basics of getting the correct heater and setting up your small fishes aquarium in the world of betta tanks.

1.Submersible heater

More submerged heating units will be using molded plastic panels rather than standard glass. These types of heater are normally placed beside the filter and warm up the water before it reaches the tank. They also feature an exceptional system of LED lights which indicate heater status and temperature. The light comes on when the heater is working and goes off when it is left idle or turned off. As it is tipped completely in water that gives the same hotsink more constant energy output while creating a much less expensive and efficient heating solution. This heater is very much stronger because the tank is underwater and preferably tied back to the bottom of the tank.

2.Aquarium heaters and the possible problems that come with them

The temperatures on the two sides of the spectrum are unsuitable for the betta fish. When the tanks are too warm, they are becoming erratic. They swim faster – and if not logically. they continually swim toward the ocean to feel the coldest. Prolonged hot stays in your system can result in death or rapid aging. Another potential danger is that electricity will fail or malfunction the thermometer. All these threats may sound unavoidable but there are a thousand chances of these happening. It is rare when a heater performs its work too well. Sometimes they have an overheating effect which can make them fatal for many reasons. It’s possible.

3.In-line heaters design

This heater takes in one of the uses of the submersible filter and builds its heat-switching system around it. The heater is often connected with it to the filter. It heats the water when it goes back into a tank. It’s more expensive than the typical aquarium heater and is built for aquariums with curious or somewhat aggressive fishes. Having it mounted on the exterior of the tank there will always be the risk of a leak. These heaters are filters manufactured from the factory – supplied with a heater. We want to explore the fish in question and explain just how important the Betta fish appears.

4.Hanging/Immersive heater

Through the glass tubing this heating element infuses heated energy into the boiler system. It’s the most popular type of heater presently and is not particularly powerful. It’s partly submerged inside of tank. Generally in aquariums you need to make a hole to accommodate this heater type. They’re ideal for the basic freshwater arrangement but perform awfully well during the standard saltwater aquarium. However they operate badly. And they’re fantastic at the salt-water setup. The heater style is most perfect for the freshwater aquarium types b.

Bettas need light too

Betta come from rice paddies in Asia. They live in the more tropical climates. It would be beneficial to invest in quality lighting in addition to your heating system. Bettas won’t die by sitting only at night but are substantially less active and more fun. Bettas will not die if they were sitting in darkness. Instead they will be less active in the bright light. You may see Bettas’ other work at Bettas’s website in detail.

Final Thoughts

Betta Fish need more care than the other because it is living in an entirely different environment – water. The water temperature can change easily from high or low which can cause certain negative effects of your fish. This is why managing aquarium temperature is a crucial fact that every aqua-culture owner should consider. No matter how you decide to use your current solution your heater must be the one designed to keep work going at its best performance. Please keep us informed of the best solution and of any help that you need for your fish. We will help you soon as soon as we get the job in case it comes out.


Do Betta Fish Need Filters?

Do Betta Fish Need Filters

Betta fish have the unique ability of surviving in waters with little oxygen because they can breathe oxygen directly from the air. Because of this, some believe that they don’t need a filter. So, Do Betta Fish Need Filters? 

A filter does more than just aerate an aquarium, it also works to clear out toxins and debris from the tank that, if accumulated enough, can be extremely harmful to your fish. So ultimately yes, betta fish would benefit a lot from having a filter.

Best Betta Fish Filters Comparison Table

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What Do Filters Do?

A filter’s job is to clean the water in the system by removing debris, residues and toxic substances like nitrates and ammonia. It also works to favor gas exchange, such as helping oxygenate the water, and prolongs the need to carry out water changes.

Do Betta Fish Need Filters

The Three Types of Filtering Methods

Most filter systems have three main properties – mechanical, biological, and chemical. All machines work with a pump that distributes the aquarium water to the filter medium.

1. Mechanical Filtration

Mechanical filtration removes the solid debris and dirt from your tank. It occurs when water is drawn through physical ‘filters’ and particles are caught and trapped. The filters can be finer or coarser depending on how effective you want it to be at catching debris, however it cannot remove ammonia from the water.

2. Biological Filtration

Biological filtration is the process of using the nitrogen cycle to break down harmful ammonia in the water to less damaging nitrogen compounds. This form of filtration happens when we provides a means for bacteria and other microorganisms to grow and transform the fish waste, such as biotowers and live rock.

3. Chemical Filtration

Chemical filtration is the method used to remove unwanted compounds on a smaller molecular level that mechanical filtration can’t reach. One way to do this is by adding carbon or chemical resins to the filter to react with the toxins in the tank.

This however, is a process that can become harmful to your fish after awhile and needs to be changed and removed from the water. Another way for chemical filtration to work is through protein skimming, where molecules can be eliminated on the surface of the water.

The Nitrogen Cycle in Brief

The nitrogen cycle, utilised by biological filtration, works if there is enough surface area for bacteria to colonize and develop. This can occur on all surfaces of the aquarium, but especially in the biological media of the filter. Therefore a larger surface area of the media with a good supply of oxygen is more beneficial for housing good bacteria and a healthy tank environment.

Do Betta Fish Need a Filter?

A filter is necessary to provide ideal living conditions for any aquatic animal. Fish are constantly excreting substances that can contaminate the environment they live in, along with closed outside systems having to deal with leaves and other residues falling into the water.

Without a filter, aquarium water can become cloudy and toxic as waste and debris accumulates in the tank. These toxins alone can be harmful to your fish, along with being sensitive to parameter fluctuations that may weaken their immune systems and leave them more susceptible to disease.

Frayed or rotten tails, or dulled colors are some indicators that your betta may not be thriving in its aquarium environment.

Utilising filters can clear anything that could harm your betta in the long run, and creates healthy gas exchange and higher levels of oxygen in the water. All of this working to make a space your betta can thrive in and enjoy.


Do Betta Fish Need Filters

Betta Fish Requirements

Betta fish need a stable environment to properly flourish in their tank. Specifically having a consistent warm temperature through use of a heater and having clean, filtered water are the two most beneficial requirements for your betta.

Can Plants Help With Filtering a Tank?

Plants can be a good supplementary addition to the filter as they help create a natural ecosystem in the pond and reduce algae growth. They also create a higher water quality level in the aquarium and ensure a safe habitat for the fish to play and hide in.

Do Betta Fish Need Filters

Can Betta Fish Live Without a Filter?

Betta fish cultivate their nests in smaller, still waters such as rice farms, puddles, swamps and pools. These environments have slow flowing water. Fast flow would stress the fish out.

A betta can survive in an unfiltered, stagnant tank with frequent water changes for a brief period, but over time the fish will diminish in health if a proper filter isn’t installed. A reliable filter ensures your tank water is always in good condition and protects your fish from parasites, harmful organisms and toxic, unhealthy water. It takes away water stagnation and can help your fish happily thrive.

What to look for in a filter for your Betta


How Are Bettas Different From Other Fish?

Betta fish have physiological, evolutionary adaptations that allow them to live in habitats with low oxygen content in nature, which gives them a specific resistance. They are Anabantids or Labyrinth fish and can come to the surface to breathe when they need to. This means some betta species can survive in shallow stagnant water environments longer than other fish species.

Are Strong Filter Currents Harmful?

If the filter current is too strong, betta fish are likely to become tired and stressed with frayed fins. This can later lead to them having difficultly swimming and causing them to hide or stay at the bottom of the tank.

Most filters are not ideal for tanks under two gallons, which means you may need to increase the size of your habitat. It’s recommended to use a filter with flow regulation or a weak filter current to help care for your betta. You could also place a plant or ornament on the water outlet of the filter to decrease the impact of the water flow.

Sponge Filters for Betta Tanks?SunGrow Betta Sponge Filter, Works for Tropical Fish and Breeder Aquarium, Perfect for Fry and Small Fish, A Must-Have for Aquarium Hobbyist, Airline Tube Not Included, 1 Pack

Sponge filters offer shallow flow filters that are ideal for bettas, shrimp, and other small, calm water species. They’re not particularly attractive and need to be cleaned quite regularly, but do provide great filters for smaller betta tanks as they don’t push strong currents that may disrupt the environment.

Tip for Choosing a Filter For Your Betta

When choosing a filter for your aquarium, keep in mind that it’s important to select a flow that is suitable for your betta and the size of the tank. Sponge filters may be a good option is you don’t have a larger habitat. Whereas other filters may be more effective in larger tanks to ensure the environment is effectively getting cleaned and looked after.


Things to Note When Buying a Filter

Making sure the current output flow is low or there’s room to disperse the flow from the filter is an essential thing to look for when buying a new filter.

Look for a filter with a cartridge system that makes it easy to remove and replace any mechanical, biological, and chemical filter stages. This means it can keep operating for longer with only the replacement of small parts, instead of the whole machine.

Some natural ornaments such as deadwood might leach impurities into the water, which might require chemical filtering. So, ensuring you have a filter that provides the services your aquarium environment needs.

Make sure your filters match the aesthetics of your tank. While a filtered system has to be functional, it should be as harmonious as possible with the overall theme of your tank.

Take Care of Your Betta Fish.

Do Betta Fish Need Filters

It’s a common misconception that betta fish will flourish in small, undecorated tanks. Whereas in reality, they thrive in larger tanks filled with plenty of greenery for them to hide and play in. Males are usually ornamental and are better off solo. Female bettas can live peacefully in community aquariums with other fish.

Ensuring your fish have heaters and filters is essential in taking good care of them.

Final Comments

The shelf life of a betta fish tends to be short and susceptible to disease and poor medical conditions in unfiltered, small tanks. Betta fish do need filters to keep the water clean and debris and waste free, to ensure they have a healthy environment to live in.


Betta Fish Diseases (Ultimate Guide With Pictures)

Betta Fish Diseases

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This Guide to Betta Fish Diseases can help you identify different illnesses your fish might go through and treat them as soon and effectively as possible. Different diseases can stem from a variety of causes, such as fungal, viral, bacterial or parasitic. However, many of them have simple and easy treatment if you can correctly identify what it is.

Betta Fish Diseases, Symptoms and Treatment Comparison Table


Betta Fish Medication Comparison Table

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Complete Guide to Betta Fish Diseases and Treatment (with pictures)

Betta fish, also called Siamese Fighting Fish, tend to thrive in simple but well-equipped tanks, usually filled with various plants and decor to hide in. Most betta, when not well, have symptoms that clearly indicate it may be sick, such as droopy fins, lethargic swimming and dulled colors.

It’s important to understand these symptoms so you may be able to care for them as soon as there’s a hint that they may have fallen ill.


Betta Fish Diseases

Fungal Diseases in Betta Fish

True fungal infections in betta fish are less common than parasitic or bacterial infections.

In general, they usually appear as white cottony growths on fish; like white sheets of fuzz, white lumps or white dusty slime. They can also be internal, and in a lot of cases, fatal if not treated properly.

Fungal outbreaks can follow other bacterial or parasite illnesses where the fishes body has open wounds and a weakened immune system.

Fungal diseases are most commonly brought on by poor water quality, infected food or open wounds. Therefore, such diseases can be prevented by keeping a clean aquarium environment and avoiding infected injuries.

Antibiotics like Methylene Blue and Clear Fungus are effective at removing fungal diseases on fish.



Betta Fish Fungal Disease


Fin and Tail Rot

Fin rot can be the result of a bacterial infection or of a fungal infection, where a betta’s fins and tail begin to decay and rot away. The fins may also develop a white layer on the surface if it’s a fungal infection.

This common condition isn’t fatal if treated early and fins will eventually grow back, though they may not be as vibrant or long as they were before.

Fin rot may be caused by poor water quality, a poor diet or damage caused by other fish nipping your betta’s fins.

Treatment can include a quality diet high in Vitamin C, along with drastically improving water quality in terms of it’s pH, temperature and various pollutants like ammonia.

Your betta can also be treated with an antifungal medication to prevent secondary infections. For example, Hikari revive is an effective prescription of 5 days, with clear instructions for its use.

It’s also recommended to remove fish that like to nip at the long fins of betta fish, or any sharp artificial plants or ornaments that could also tear fins.


Betta Fish Diseases - Tail or Fin Rot

Water Mold

Another common fungal illness is Saprolegnia. This is a water mold domycede infection, also known as oomycete infection, or winter kill.

Water mold shows up as whitish fur-like growths and/or pink or white external body bumps.

Foods rich in Vitamin C, salt treatments and medicinal baths with Methylene Blue are all recommended treatments. Ensure your betta is in a high water quality environment and the tank is kept at the optimal temperature.

Bacterial Infections in Bettas

Bacterial infections manifest in many ways and are often associated with poor water quality, fish stress, or contaminated food. Common signs include cloudy eyes, a white film on the Betta’s body or fins,  tattered fins, and hemorrhaging (bloody patches) or open sores (ulcers) on the mouth and body. The fish may be listless sitting on the bottom of the tank.

Columnaris (Mouth ‘Fungus’)

Columnaris, are bacterial diseases that can cause a fin to rip or flake. It appears as a pale patchy sheen on the fishes body.

It also causes skin ulcers or unexplained lesions, yellow spots or marks on the face, sometimes resembling a cotton growth near mouth.

The fish is prone to breathing difficulties because of this condition and its damage to the gills. If you don’t treat the infected fish it dies within 72 hours.

The disease could easily be prevented by treating open wounds and fungal infections in aquariums.

Columnaris can be treated with tetracycline and anti-biotics containing sulfa 4 TMP SulfA and triple sulfa. It’s also possible to prevent this issue by ensuring the water is optimal in the tank (free from ammonia, PH in correct balance and correct temperature for Betta fish.

This is a bacterial illness which causes white circles around the mouth and lips of fish. It is often prevented by keeping water clean and clogged. It will cure mouth fever when antibiotics are used.

Others medicines used to treat fish fungus can also help treat the infection. The infected fish can’t survive if sickness doesn’t get dealt with early enough so the diagnosis may have to be delayed.

Columnaria is very contagious so you need to remove and incubate infected Bettafish.

The diseases may be internal but the most often externally occur on Betta. There is a slow and a fast form of this infection so depending on the one your Betta had this will determine how likely it was to overcome the illness. To prevent this disease, maintain good water quality and disinfect all equipment before entering the tank.

As an precaution ensure a high water level and disinfect the equipment at the entrance to the tank while keeping the water safe from the bacteria and other viruses in the. The disease is sometimes found in fish caught before.

It is easy to confuse Columnaris with a Fungal disease called Saprolegnia. They look similar, but require quite different treatments. Saprolegnia presents itself with patchy white (or cotton wool look) on the dying tissues of the fish, whilst Columnaris appears more as a patchy sheen on living tissue.

Columnaris is treated by using an antibiotic or a copper sulfate. To treat Columnaris you must remove the bacterial infection from its whole tank, changing the tank water, vacuuming gravel and adding aquarium salt. After cleaning the tanks you can.


Bacterial Septicemia

Bacteria septicomy is the less common fish illness caused by Pseudomonas or Streptococcus bacteria. It is a serious condition, that if not treated early will result in death.

Symptoms show up as hemorrhages in the mouth and ulceration of the body.

Treat the condition with a medicated food.


Velvet disease is caused by a protozoan parasite. Other names for the condition are: Coral Disease, Gold Dust Disease or Rust Disease.

Symptoms show up as many tiny golden dots covering the fishes body, giving the appearance of ‘rust’. The fish will be agitated, rubbing itself against rocks and plants.

Treat the illness by raising the temperature of the water, dim the lights and apply aquarium salt to the tank. In addition, treat with copper sulphate for ten days.

Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Bettafix medication is useful treatment for many other diseases and ailments. It can cure many of.

The fish infected with velvet appear have a rusty face and tanned head including skin glands and belly and it may have black spots all over the skin caused.

If the velvet has been decontaminated before too long it can be fatal.

The parasitic disease could be prevented by improving the quality of water and making the conditions comfortable. I’ve lived with betta for the past 10 or 13 and saw this remedy help to heal our aquatic pets’ injuries.


Dropsy is a condition rather than a Betta fish disease. Build-up of fluid in the body causing bloating and protruding scales can indicate a number of sicknesses including bacterial infections, liver disfunction and parasites.

Swollen belly lining and the swollen belly are caused by accumulation of internal fat.

Infections can occur if you get one of them for medical reasons. Symptoms usually present are white scales and sunken eyes.

There is no known cure for dropsy but medication such as Betta Revive can help with the illness.

Most fish that can be at risk for dropsy don’t survive and most are die of infections. The bacterial infection can be avoided by keeping the aquarium free and by feeding fish with vitamins rich foods such as vitamin rich fish. Dropsy is a bacterial infection with effects on the kidney systems and its cause.

Dropsy Disease in Betta Fish

Swim Bladder Disorder

Pool bladder disorder is due to constrictions, poor water conditions parasites or bacteria and increased organ space (oesophagia).

Fish that have an irregular bladder can also lay at the bottom of the tank and flop out sideways or upside-down in the water.

It can be controlled by maintaining high quality water, avoiding overstocking and providing the fish with the correct amount of fresh and fiber-rich foods.

The treatment can end by raising water temperature, letting the fish fast for a few days and then feeding with cooked peas.  Medicinal baths also help to treat the disease.

Betta Fish Diseases



Hemorrhagic symptoms include bleeding to the face and mouth of the fish, as well as pop-eye and a swollen abdomen. The infection is treatable thus the death is very low.

A diluted solution could prevent salmonella infection by killing Yersinia ruckeri bacteria which causes the diseases.

The treatment of hemorrhagic may include the use of antibiotics such as ampicillin. The disease’s fatality is small.

Hemorrhaging is also a symptom of Septicemia, treatable with an antibiotic medication.


Pop Eye

Pop eye is often a sign of a health-related bacterial infection such as Vibrosis (Red Boil) or Piscine Tuberculosis.

Bacterial infections that lead to Pop-eye can be avoided by prevent infection in the aquarium.

Quarantining new fish before placing them in the main aquarium.

Alternatively Pop-eye is one of the possible symptoms of Septicemia, a viral illness. Antibiotic drugs such as Tetracyclines may treat this illness.

Betta Fish Popeye


Cloudy Eye

Poor water quality (particularly when PH drops) often leads to cloudy eye in Bettas, either directly or indirectly, generally due to a weakened immune system. In addition, internal parasites, such as protozoa or flukes can lead to the condition

The bacteria is found to cause a white film covering the eyes. It can be treated with antibiotics including Metafix and Fungus Clear.

Providing clean water and a healthy diet are the best treatments for Cloudy Eye. Salt treatment or medication with an antibiotic are other helpful treatments.

This type of bacteria illness is not fatal, but may impede vision.

Cloudy Eye Betta Fish Diseases


Parasitic Illness with Betta Fish

Symptoms indicating that your fish has a parasite infestation include: clamped or droopy fins, loss of weight, there may be white spots on the skin or gills or you’ll notice your Betta trying to rub against aquatic plants or ornaments in the tank. Some Betta fish appear bloated.

Most parasitic diseases in Bettas occur as a result of poor water quality.

Parasites Betta

Hole in the head

Hole-in-the-head disease shows up as pale ulcerated areas around the head. It isn’t a disease common in Bettas.

The fish which have been infected usually dies after several days in cases where it was not treated adequately earlier.

Treatment with Vitamin C enriched food and a parasite medication such as Parasitic Clear.

Anchor Worms

Anchor worms are parasitic worms that attach to the fish’s body leading to ulcerations. They are a devilish parasite from the Lernaea species (actually a type of crustacean, not worm) that embed their anchor-shaped heads into the scales and flesh of their host fish.

The parasites are visible to the naked eye as they protrude from between the Betta’s scales. Fish will show signs of irritation and its gills may be damaged (showing breathing difficulties).

Treat infected fish by physically removing the parasites with forceps. Then give the fish a medicated bath to prevent secondary infection. Using an insecticide medication or a potassium permanganate ‘dip’ will also rid the fish of these paracites.

Anchor Worm is prevented by treating all newly infected fish and keeping the water clean. A condition that is diagnosed untreated can become fatal.

Anchor Worm on Betta Fish


Ich, a parasitic disease also known as White Spot, causes small white spots to cover the fish’s body. The fish will be irritated and may rub itself on rocks and plants.

The sickness can be treated by raising the water temperature slightly and using a parasite medication such as Ich-X which gives excellent improvement within a week.

It is preventable by changing and conditioning of water regularly.


Viral Infections

Viral infections are common in Betta fish, but they can affect all aquarium fish. There are no known treatments or cures for viral infections. Fish that are suspected of having a viral infection should be removed from the fish aquarium straight away to prevent spreading to other fish.

Betta Tumors

Bette tumors are usually cancer – lumps growth or minor bumps/cysts that show up underneath a fish skin.

They mainly affected reproductive organs, gills, tail and waist.

The tumors can be controlled by feeding the fish a clean tank, maintaining a healthy diet, treating any other infections or by keeping carcinogenic elements away from the tank. T

he benign tumours and cysts can be treated in several ways depending on the cause of the lump or bump. These malignant tumors are hard to cure but simple surgical procedures can aid.


Betta Fish Chemical Poisoning

Ammonia Poisoning

A build up of ammonia in the aquarium can lead Bettas becoming sick. Decomposition of organic matter (fish wastes, excess food and nutrients) in the water increases the likelihood of a toxic level of ammonia.

In a well cycled aquarium, where a healthy population of beneficial nitrogen consuming bacteria live, ammonia levels will always be in check. However, if this balance is upset nitrates in the water build up leading to the water being polluted.

Symptoms of ammonia poisoning in Betta fish include: an increase in body mucous production. Gills will be inflamed red and may bleed and the fishes overall body color will darken. Sometimes the fish will appear agitated or distressed.

Chlorine Poisoning

Tap water in many countries contains chlorine which is put into the water to kill pathogens. Chlorine is toxic to Betta fish and will cause death if the fish is left in the chlorinated water for too long.

Water added to an aquarium from the household tap must be treated first to remove the chlorine. There are commercial chlorine treatment products that can be bought that will do the job.

Alternatively, fill your tank and run the filters, allowing it to cycle for a few days. The chlorine will dissipate. To speed the process up, you can boil the water to remove the chlorine.

Symptoms of chlorine poisoning include restlessness and erratic behaviour– such as shooting around the tank and jumping. The fish may have trouble swimming and show incorrect body positioning. Its gills will be inflamed.

It is important to remove the fish from the tank and place it in healthy water. If the damage to the fishes gills is minimal, it will likely recover.


Isolate sick fish immediately

If your betta shares its tank with other fish or aquatic creatures, immediately move him towards the quarantine or hospital tank. That last thing should be to expose other tank participants to risking an aquatic illness.

It is also not a necessity or a waste to medicate healthy fish. So drop it into your hospital tank to a separate tank where you will only medicate the sick or injured fish then give yourself another chance to recover. Whenever someone sickens him you need to treat her properly.

Sick Betta Fish Behavior

Some patterns of behavior are correlated with a stressed or sick betta fish and yet not necessarily fully contracted disease. However. This behavior can give you the most accurate and quick diagnosis of when your fish is sick. This behavior and correcting its errors early are important. Attempting to control the problem could increase risks from an outbreak and eventually cause more serious problems.

Betta Fish Diseases

After diagnosis you can now follow the treatment options. Never stop treatment early as it can increase parasitic immunity. If your betta fish lives in solitude you may choose to keep them in the tanks they already contain. If they survive in a community tank you may quarantine them in separate hospitals as a disease-treated tank to treat them. List some famous Betta infections listed below… Infection b. tinnitis is commonly inherited.

Sick Betta Fish signs

If any of these things is unusual or even when parts of their body or fins look unusual to you, trust your instincts. Remember that treating in the early stages of any condition will most likely lead to good outcomes. You have sick fish at hand. If you notice any sign of either any betta fish diseases or any more you may have a disease to contend against that can lead us to a disease.



Keep a First Aid Kit – Hope for the best prepare for the worst

Keeping a first aid kit ready can be a very useful thing for any fish owner. That should be treated as an essential kit for routine care of the fish. Do you or something in your family need medical attention for a sick or injured person? Why would you wait till they are sick on your fish before finding a drug when they might really need them? Let us ask.

A note on preventative medicines

Your aquarium waters are always full of good bacteria with most of it being beneficial. Even harmful bacteria won’t hurt your fish unless their immune system is well developed. By using antibacterial medicine when there are no visible indications of infection, you may end up hurting the good or poor bacteria and giving them the chance to adapt to change. Your best bet is practicing good aquaculture maintenance because diseases have no effect on fish unless they get good care. Good aquaculture keeps should be practicing good care. Keeping fish healthy is the only solution that can prevent disease.

What to put in your Betta First Aid Kit

Ampicillin used for pop-eye and Gram negative infections. Kanamycin – Antibacterial for bacterial disorders. Maracin 1 and 2 – Antibacterial and antiviral medication effective for milder types including frank rot and rhinitis. Jungle infestation Eliminator – fizz forms. Ideal for mouth rot swollen fins that cause fungus and stinging and for eye fog diseases. Works slowly, but remember: dosage appropriately; a full packet is for a 40-gallon tank!

Check water chemistry before treating

Why do you think your mother is unwell? Common toxic substances that form in aquariums creating poorwater conditions are ammonia nitrite and nitrate. Check your water by use of liquid testing tubes. Do a water-change in case you find no unsafe water. The symptoms of poisoning by each potential culprit include vomiting and diarrhea swelling an.

Timing is everything

Some betta illnesses can quickly get worse, leaving few hours of time free for the hunt in the pet food store. Preventing the first stages of illness is probably the easiest path to success. I think therapy should be given if it is difficult.

Questions and Answers

My betta is pale and still alive but is beneath its tank. Very likely that you’re overfeeding him or he’s developed a swim bladder condition. The transparent ring is highly likely fungal, so take one such drug as the Bettafix remedies in that article. You should try cleaning and conditioned the water and maintain the right parameters in water such as pH ammonium nitrite and cadmium. Get me some ways to treat the condition. If she looks sick be careful to monitor it for the next few days to see if she’s going to show any signs of sickness. Does the guy look sick?


Fin-tail Rot Bacterial/Fungal Clean living conditions Tetracycline/Water-Myxazin Columnaris Bacterial Treat open woulds. Clearfish Fungus Avoid prima e infections. Methylene blue parasite clearance hole in the head Parasitic Keep carbon out in water. Betta Tumors Malignant/Benign give healthy foods surgery/viral medication Betta Revive Pop Eye Bacterial Control other disorders. Faking/Raising water temperature to avoid Overing Fasting/Raising water temperature Betta Remedy/Fishzole Ich Parasitic Change water regularly.

Final Thoughts

Some fish could develop behavior defects like excessive stress, lethargy and poor appetite. Betta fish can suffer from fading colors or abnormal color changes and can develop things like bubbles and solid particles like blobs on their bodies. These conditions could be controlled by regularly changing and conditioning water and by optimizing parameters for ammonia, pH, Nitrite, Nitras, air hardness, water temperature and pressure. Animals showing signs or symptoms of distress should see veterinarian immediately. If you don’t understand why your fish doesn’t work do look through some of the answers listed here.

Ultimate Betta Fish Tank Setup Guide – Quick and Easy Steps

Betta Fish Tank Setup

Betta is beautiful fish. They are full of bright colors and fantastic fins and are an excellent choice for beginners and advanced aquarists. Despite their popularity in the fishkeeping hobby, many aquarists are not familiar with their care. Providing your Betta with a suitable tank will allow him to flourish and lead a healthy lifestyle. This detailed article explains how you can set up and create the perfect Betta Fish Tank Setup.

Get the Perfect Betta Fish Tank Setup

Setting up your first Betta Fish Tank Setup can be intimidating, but it should not be frightening. This article covers the essential steps to take when projecting a betta fish tank.

Betta Fish Tank Setup

Get to know a little about Betta fish

The “Siamese fighting fish” is undeniably unique. For over 150 years in Thailand, children have collected them in rice paddies in the rain and put them to watch them fight.

As the popularity of these competitions grew, the emperor began to control and tax the fish. Fish began to be exported to Europe in the 1890s, being an immediate success.

Betta Fish Tank Setup: Comparison Table

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What makes your pet unhappy?

Betta fish tanks require filtration, warm water, enrichment like plants and caves to explore. They won’t be healthy or happy living confined in a vase with no plants and unstable water quality.

While it is common to find and obtain Betta fish in pots and micro spaces without filtering or heating, this practice is abhorred by experienced aquarists.

Researchers have identified the three most common welfare problems for Betta fish kept as pets; Tiny tanks, poor water quality, and fungal and bacterial infections are the leading causes of severe problems for Betta fish.

Those causes can all be solved with a well-designed and well-maintained aquarium. Fish are smart enough to experience boredom and depression, so working to improve your pet fish’s well-being is critical.

In 2016, a study on fish cognition found that fish perceive and have more cognitive abilities than other animal populations; because of this, animal enrichment and a stable environment are prerequisites for maintaining any animal.

The most common myth

the ideal betta fish tank setup

It is also believed that Betta can thrive in tiny tanks. They will not survive for long. If you are thinking about purchasing a small tank, you’d better reconsider.

A Betta can survive this small but won’t last long enough. To avoid animal suffering, you should obtain a nice tank set up with everything your Betta fish needs.

Betta fish temperament

Male bettas tend to attack each other. Betta fish are highly territorial among them, but they coexist well with other fish species. Male betta fish are known to attack even their mirror image.

Known as the “Siamese fighting fish,” male bettas instinctively show off and fight other brightly colored fish they encounter. Betta fish must not be kept with any other Betta (even females).

Should Betta fish have tank mates?

It is possible to keep Betta fish with other fish; some Betta fish even show a lot of interest in being among tank mates, but you must take precautions.

Males are desirable targets for aggressive fish, thanks to their long fins and bright colors. Even small schooling fish can be a constant annoyance on a Betta fish. The compatible option is small, gentle fish such as corydoras, endlers, rasboras, and khuli loach.

Feeding Betta Fish

Betta fish are carnivores that feed on insects and larvae. In some places, you can provide them with pellet or fish flakes, explicitly formulated for them.

These foods may contain protein and everything else that satisfies their needs. Betta fish also love live or fresh snacks such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, micro worms, and suchlike.

Aqueon Pro Foods Betta Fish Food Formula suitable for betta fish tank setupBlood Worms needed for betta fish tank setupFluval Bug Bites Color Enhancing Fish Food for Betta Fish tank setupBetta Pro Shrimp Patties required for betta fish tank setupAqueon Color Enhancing Betta Food for betta fish tank setup

How much to feed a betta?

It would be best if you fed your fish several times a day in small amounts. Provide an amount to be consumed quickly, with no leftovers; leftover feed degrades water quality.

Betta fish tank setup: Size Matters!

It’s a myth in aquarium hobby that betta fish are happy in tanks as small as a gallon or in glass bowls, with no equipment to ensure stability and good water quality.

Ideally, your betta fish tank setup should have a storage container of at least 5 gallons. Wild Betta fish can have a territorial space of up to three square meters, so larger tanks will closely mirror their natural environments.

In a large tank, pH and temperature fluctuations are less frequent, and you won’t need to change the water as often. A large tank makes it easy to add many plants similar to those found in natural fish habitats.

The bigger the tank, the happier the fish will be, as it will have a much better quality of life, environments to explore and hide.

 With your betta fish tank setup, choose length over height

As long as your tank has a minimum volume of 5 gallons, they will be satisfied with a filter and heater. Betta fish are not keen on having a very high water column, preferring more lateral space to swim and explore.

A wider tank than a taller one is a great choice, as it will provide your fish with much greater well-being.

Clean the tank and check for leaks

The first thing you should do when setting up your Betta Fish Tank Setup is to check for leaks. Fill the tank with water and carefully rub the inner side to remove dust and packaging material.

Do not use any products or cleaning solutions; these types of products can poison your fish. When cleaning is finished, attach the necessary equipment and fill the aquarium with water.

Please make sure the aquarium is stabilized on a properly leveled support; otherwise, it can lead to leakage or break the bottom.

Pick the right place

The most crucial factor you should place in a tank is where to put it. If you place your aquarium in direct sunlight, a little extra bright light can create overgrowth algae and lead to hot spots in the overall temperature of the aquarium.

Keep the tank away from windows and heat lamps somewhere out of direct sunlight and away from drafts; you can position the tank in indirect natural light without significant problems.

Decor: Plants, Hides, and More

A habitat that looks as natural as possible is perfect for displaying your Betta’s natural behavior. Tank decoration is vital to them!

Choose large plants, caves, or natural logs to simulate your fish’s wild home. They like to lie on a sheet and need comfortable spaces to hide, swim and sleep. Also, choose soft-leaf artificial plants over hard or sharp plastic ones that can hurt your fish.

Stay away from any sharp or rough decoration or anything that could damage your pet or ruin your fish’s tail. Use decorative objects to provide hiding places and shaded areas for your Betta.

Live plants, in addition to giving more natural air to the assembly, help in the nutrient cycle and gas exchange in the aquarium.

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Bettas do need a heater

The water temperature in the Betta’s water tank should never drop below 69 F. Ideally; the water temperature should remain between 77 to 84 F, which is the average for most other tropical fish.

The heater always needs to be used because Betta fish are highly susceptible to thermal shocks, and in case of parameter fluctuation, they will be exposed to various diseases.

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Do Bettas need lighting?

Your Betta has the exact lighting requirements as you. He needs to know how to distinguish between day hours and night hours.

Without distinguishing between day and night, the fish will end up losing track of space and time; you will not know the times to eat, rest, etc.

The ideal is for the tank to have lighting that can have its intensity controlled and programmed, but any lighting will do the job.

Betta fish do not like too much light, keep the light at medium to low power and set up shaded areas in the aquarium; open spaces can be shaded using decoration or plants, especially floating ones.

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Do Betta fish need a filter?

Filtration works by pulling water and debris through different sponges and other materials. The filter flows water through the tank to prevent it from stagnating.

If you choose a filter that has a powerful flow, the current generated will throw your Betta around the tank, and it will be stressed. The ideal filter will have an adjustable flow so you can provide the right environment for your fish.

Betta likes very low flow. Even if you use a filter, you will still need to do weekly water changes to maintain safe water quality for Betta fish. Bettas live in the still waters of flooded forests in their natural environment. Without a filter, water will have a high load of pollutants much faster.

A filter is necessary for the maintenance of any aquatic animal, being a vital and central piece in any aquarium, mainly in a Betta tank.

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Install your filter

Not all filters are the same – therefore, different types require different installation methods. Ask your trusted fish store for advice on the best type of filter for your aquarium and how to proceed with the installation; carefully read the product packaging.

For smaller Betta’s tank, a Hang on type filter is generally used, which hangs on the tank’s back wall and is considered an external filter.

We also see internal sponge-type filters, which use a piece of sponge attached to an air outlet. In larger aquariums, we have external filters such as sump and canister, as the most common.

Biological filtration

Biological sponges encourage beneficial bacteria to grow in your tank. These bacteria make up the nitrogen cycle that breaks down decayable material and protects the water from getting too polluted. The biological filter is the most crucial part of an aquarium.

The nitrogen cycle

For the nitrogen cycle to work correctly and efficiently, you will need a filter system with a biological medium (sponge, ceramic, etc.) that will harbor many beneficial bacteria.

Biological media allow a high water flow and a large contact surface, allowing beneficial bacteria organisms to grow and flourish inside.

The nitrogen cycle is crucial to the health of Betta aquariums. You must have a biological filter system that provides a wide area for organisms to live and grow for best results.

Chemical filtration

Activated charcoal is the most popular medium for chemical filtration in the Betta tank and does the job very well. Activity charcoal has the capability of eliminating some chemicals responsible for unpleasant colors and odors in water.

Mechanical filtration

Mechanical filtration in Betta’s tank is used to remove particles from your water columns, like debris and uneaten food from your fish.

You must change or wash the mechanical filter cartridges every month or so, depending on the size of the tank and the filter.

Every week after a water change, you can pass a vacuum filtered bucket through the cartridge to remove debris from the tank that blocks the filters and interferes with water flow.

Picking A Substrate

When choosing a substrate for a betta tank, you have to be sure it is not too sharp or rough. It’s all your problems before your Betta is stuck in the ground or injured on the substrate.

Large gravel can trap some debris that will end up polluting the Betta’s tank water, producing more ammonia. If you add plants, it will be more productive to avoid the sand.

Although it’s not essential, it’s always nice to also pick a natural-looking substrate. So it feels nice and natural. And as a positive benefit for you, he will make the colors pop!

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Other supplies for an ideal betta fish tank setup

Some of the best staple foods include betta pellets or freeze-dried worms. Water tests are necessary to ensure a healthy and stable aquarium; have good tests for accurate results, low-quality tests are not enough to assess accurately.

Keep a maintenance routine up to date. Purchase a water conditioner to remove chlorine and other toxins from tap water and a cleaning siphon to facilitate water change and substrate siphoning.

QZQ Aquarium Gravel Cleaner necessary for betta fish tank setupFreshwater Aquarium Test Strips required for betta fish tank setupAPI STRESS COAT needed for betta fish tank setup

Should your Betta’s tank have a lid?

Your Betta’s tank should be tightly capped; Bettas are excellent jumpers; in nature, they jump from puddle to puddle. In the aquarium, they won’t hesitate to take giant leaps towards the ground.

Wild bettas are incredibly even jumpers! They use this ability to move from puddle to puddle during droughts, which means your goldfish isn’t afraid to jump out of their tanks.

Fill it up!

Your Betta can breathe the same air like you and me, using an organ known as a labyrinth. The labyrinth is an adjunct breathing organ, sometimes used by fish; this is one of the reasons for the myth that bettas do not need filters and live in any quality of water.

Don’t fill an aquarium to the top, as your fish could drown, as strange as it sounds. Remember that bettas are excellent jumpers, leave the lid closed with a breathing space.

Finally, introduce your Betta to its new tank

The final step to set up your aquarium is, of course, adding your new fish. If he’s the only fish in the tank, there’s no need to use a quarantine.

Your Betta will arrive in a bag with water from the store. Float the bag with the fish in the future aquarium until the temperature equals; This takes about thirty minutes, be patient.

After the temperature stabilizes, open the bag and, little by little, put the water from the aquarium inside the fish bag; when the water volume has doubled, discard the water from the bag and place the fish in its deficient aquarium.

Never put water from the pack in your aquarium; this water may be carrying pathogens and other things you don’t want in your aquarium.

Final Thoughts – Betta fish tank setup

Betta fish are fantastic animals that deserve proper treatment. Follow this guide, and you will have a satisfied Betta Fish Tank Setup who will be a loving companion for many years to come.

Have a water change at least once a week to keep the environment healthy. Be sure to monitor pH, ammonia, nitrate levels and properly clean your tanks.

I hope this simple tutorial helps you create a great, stress-free, fun environment for your new flaky friend.


60+ Betta Fish Names (Unique, Funny, Clever) Find One Today!

Betta Fish Names

Betta fish, also known as Siamese Fighting Fish, are great pets for beginner fish-keepers. They are clearly distinguished by their beautiful, long fins ranging from bright reds to deep blues. If you’re looking for some ideas to name your elegant fish, we’ve compiled a list of the Best Betta Fish Names that we could find to give you some inspiration.

Betta Fish

The Betta is called Siamese Fighting Fish due to its aggressive nature and territorial features. Usually known as the Siamese fighter fish (Betta), it is scientifically named Betta splendens.

There are over 70 species of betta fish in the world, and many believe that the genus names of betta come from a Malay expression for a local military tribe.

Betta’s are quite intelligent and showcase their vibrant colors, beautiful fins and evocative personalities. We recommend choosing names that are unique and memorable for your personal Siamese Fighting Fish.


Do You Own a Betta Fish Yet? These Live Betta Fish Can Be Delivered to Your Door.

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How to Choose a Name for My Betta Fish?

Your best bet for choosing the perfect name is drawing inspiration from your betta fish’s gender, color, personalityCanvas Prints Abstract Animal Betta Fish Poster Wall Art Painting Pictures Living Room Bedroom Apartment hotel Home Decor-50x70cmx3 Frameless and traits. Also deciding if you’d like a cute, tough, elegant or generic name to match your pet can help you filter out all the names you know you don’t want.

Keeping reading to see if any of the names we’ve suggested might be a catch for you.

Betta Fish Names

We have names for Betta fish with all the different colors and personalities.

Unisex Names for Betta Fish

  • Alex: a Greek name meaning “protection”
  • Avery: an “intelligent person”
  • Harley: meaning a “meadow” or “woods”
  • Jamie: of Scottish Origin meaning “supplant”
  • Jordan: of Hebrew Origin
  • Riley: of English origin meaning “descended”
  • Suki: a Japanese name meaning “the one who is loved”
  • Willow: meaning “graceful”
  • Yuri: another Japanese name referring to a “lily”

Betta Fish Names

Names for Male Betta Fish

Here are some of our favourite strong names for male betta fish.

  • Ares: the name of the God of War, meaning “bane”
  • Astor: of English origin meaning “the hawk”
  • Caspian: a romantic male name taken from the Caspian Sea
  • Darius: of Persian origin, “maintains possessions well”
  • Denzel: is a powerful name, which means “from a high stronghold”
  • Xander: a Greek name meaning “defender for men”
  • Bear: another strong name for betta males with hunching backs
  • Chester: of Old English and Latin origin
  • Finn: a classic and ironic name for a fish

Names for Female Betta Fish

Our favourite female betta names are listed here.

  • Ariel: meaning “lion of God or heaven”
  • Aurora: of Latin origin meaning “dawm”
  • Coral: a form of sea life
  • Daisy: a type of flower
  • Wendy: a sweet name meaning “a friend”
  • Elsa: has an old German meaning of “noble”
  • Zelda: means “blessed” in Yiddish


Betta Fish Names

Names for Betta Fish Colors

Suggesting your fish’s color through their name is another idea to keep them unique and have people thinking about their beauty.

Blue bettas may appear in an assortment of hues from royal to indigo. The color blue symbolizes all things peace, purity and freedom. Their perfect names could include;

  • Azul: Spanish origin
  • Beryl: “sea green”
  • Indigo: “deep blue color”
  • Topaz: also meaning “jewel”

Bettas of the color white could have names like;

  • Opal: a type of jewel
  • Pearl: meaning “precious”
  • Snowy: the state of have lots of frozen rain
  • Dove: a “bird of peace”
  • Jasmine: a type of flower also holding the meaning of “a gift from God”

Red or warm colored bettas may have more firey or stand out names;

  • Sol: a Spanish name meaning “sun”
  • Gleam: for a betta with particularly eye-catching or shiny scales
  • Big Red: great for an aggressive male betta
  • Vulcan: refers to the Roman God of Fire
  • Aka: a Japanese name meaning “red”

Betta fish with a dark or black color may have stronger names;

  • Coal: of English origin
  • Ash: can mean “happy” or “ash tree”
  • Gandalf: of German origin meaning “wand or cane”
  • Haze: meaning “cloudy or obscure”
  • Sully: meaning “south meadow”
  • Amaya: of Japanese origin meaning “night rain”
  • Black Beauty: originally the name of a horse from a classic novel
  • Jet: a “beautiful gemstone of the color black”

Betta Fish Names


Funny Betta Fish Names

  • Gillbert: humour in its spelling!
  • Spongebob Bettapants
  • Sushi: some dark humour there

Personality-Based Betta Fish Names

Most of these names are self and personality explanatory. These are especially great for your betta fish that tend to be a little more feisty in nature.

  • Rowdy
  • Sassy
  • Betty
  • Slick
  • Strength

Greek Betta Fish Names

  • Bartholomew: meaning “having many furrows”
  • Corfu: refers to the prettiest beach in the Mediterranean Sea
  • Pandora: a “mythical box of secrets”
  • Zeus: the Greek God of Gods

Royal names for Betta Fish

Siamese fighting fish tend to hold a royal energy about them. So here a few names that might tie into their formal persona well:

  • Akbar
  • Alexanger
  • Augustus
  • Caligula
  • Julius Tut

Final Thoughts

Betta is a distinguished fish that deserves a name that can highlight all of its unique qualities. Our collection of the Best Names for Betta Fish can hopefully make the process of you choosing a name a little easier, or at least provide a bit of inspiration.