Unlocking the Best Spectrum for Aquarium Plants [Top Tips]

best spectrum for aquarium plants with discus fish

This article is all about lighting for plant growth. We’ll focus on understanding the best spectrum for aquarium plants.

Live plants add beauty in an aquarium, but they not only look good they help maintain a balanced ecosystem in the tank and have many benefits for your fish including providing oxygen, food and cover which lowers their stress levels.

To keep your plants healthy, they will need clean water, nutrients and plenty of full spectrum light to promote photosynthesis and plant growth.

Understanding Light Spectrum for Aquarium Plants


Different plants need more intense light to thrive, and a stronger light source is needed for taller fish tanks.

Aquatic plants thrive best under full spectrum light with a color temperature (known as a Kelvin rating) of 6,500- 8,000k.

It is essential that you choose a light source that has been designed to be beneficial to tank plants -such as high output T5 fluorescent and LED lighting.

The ‘light spectrum’ refers to the visible range of light and this is measured in nanometers according to the wavelength of the light energy – as seen by the naked eye.

This usually ranges between 400- 800 nanometers, with ultraviolet light towards the low end of the spectrum and infrared at the top end.

Visible Light SpectrumThe visible spectrum of light is often accompanied a color scale, measured in color temperature using degrees.

Kelvin Black is at the lowest temperature of zero degrees and this progresses to red, then yellow, green, blue and then violet at the warmest temperature. Sunlight is full spectrum.

It is important to understand these basics of the light spectrum when choose the lighting for your tank as there are many different types of lighting to choose from.

Light bulbs are labelled such as ‘actinic’ and ‘daylight’ and they each produce a different light for different tanks with different fish and plants.

For example, actinic bulbs produce lighting from the blue end of the spectrum, and this is ideal for saltwater reef tanks as it can penetrate deep water.

Full spectrum lights are often referred to as ‘daylight’ bulbs as they are produced from all wavelengths and are very similar to the light produced naturally in daylight.

This type of lighting is good for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums.

‘Colour enhancing’ bulbs produce light from the warmer end of the spectrum and are also ideal for both freshwater and saltwater tanks.

The different light wavelengths affect plants differently. For example, the power of red light is lost rapidly in water while blue light has penetrated the water more strongly and is more effective for photosynthesis and stimulating pigmentation in some plants.

Red light is effective for stimulating plant growth but needs to be stronger. Green is also good for aquatic plants.

Choosing the Best Spectrum for Aquarium Plants

Monitoring Plant ResponseRed and blue parts of the color spectrum have advantages although they are often lacking in light bulbs.

The first is that they will accentuate the color of the plants in your tank. However, it is important that the light bulb you choose also has green/orange/yellow spectrum too to give a balanced effect – although these colors will have less impact on your tank plants.

Stronger red/ blue lighting will also stimulate pigmentation in certain plants. Especially those with red leaves and out of the two, the blue spectrum of light is more important.

The plants will grow healthier too and be fuller in shape with more leaves.

Although the coloration of your plants is affected by the nutrients you give your tank plants, lighting plays a key role too.

It is said that having more blue in your light spectrum will mean there will be more algae in the tank, but this has not been proved.

When buying your aquatic plants, it is a good idea to ask for guidance about their light requirements.

T5 lighting, the strongest and ideal if you want a densely planted tank and you can plant the most light-needy plants in the center of the tank where the light is strongest.

The ‘rule of thumb’ is that you will need 1-2 watts per liter of water, but this calculation will need to be adjusted according to the type of fish you have and the depth of your tank.

For example, light from a fluorescent tube usually only penetrates the water to a depth of 60cm which may not be enough if you have a deep tank.

  • It is important to remember that most species of aquarium fish come from the tropics where there is an equal amount of day and night so they will need to have 12 hours of light. It is best to maintain the day/night cycle. Leaving your aquarium lights on will encourage the growth of algae.

Best Spectrum for Aquarium Plants for Different Stages of Plant Growth

Best spectrum for aquarium plants and optimal healthCertain light spectrums trigger the growth of different characteristics in aquarium plants – at different stages.

For plants to optimally absorb the chlorophyll in the process of photosynthesis both blue and red light are the most efficient, but at certain stages the strength of each can make a difference.

Early growth and seedling stage

The blue light spectrum (400-500 nm) is essential for both seedlings and young plants as the light encourages them to establish a healthy root and stem structure during vegetative stages as they establish a healthy root and stem structure.

Vegetative growth stage

Blue light spectrums are credited with encouraging the vegetative growth stage and the structural growth of plants.

Flowering and fruiting stage

The best spectrum for aquarium plants light spectrum for this stage is the red (600-700nm) as is the one best absorbed by chlorophyll pigments.

Red will promote flowering and fruiting as well as helping stems to develop and leaves to grow.

It is red light that plays a key role in the plant’s maturity and its size.

  • There is, however, no single light spectrum that will guarantee a larger crop.

Types of Aquaria Light and Their Spectrum

A. Full Spectrum Lights

discus-tankThese tank lights are often nicknamed ‘daylight bulbs’ because the light they emit mimics natural daylight.

This type of bulb emits light at all visible wavelengths, so they are considered good all-purpose lights to choose for an aquarium.

LED lighting is relatively new in the aquatic world and proving very successful.

An LED light can last five years, making it economical – especially as running costs are low too.

LED lights can be used really creatively too, and a bonus is that they do not generate much heat.

C. T5 and T8 Fluorescent Lights

These are the most common types of aquarium lighting.

Both can be used to help your tank plants develop, but the T5 is more powerful so is recommended for best spectrum for aquarium plants. Especially if you are cultivating your tank plants densely.

If you have plants that demand a high level of lighting, two T5 fluorescent tubes could be good.

D. Metal Halide Lights

Metal halide lights have long been popular for their energy efficiency although the Performance of LED lights is far better.

Having said that, a new 400-watt metal halide light will last up to 20,000 hours.

Metal halide lighting is intense, so they are a good choice for deep aquariums or if you need wide coverage.

This type of lighting does generate more heating and require more maintenance. Radium metal halide bulbs are purpose-built for growing corals in your tank.

LED lighting is fast becoming the popular way to achieve the best light spectrum for your tank, but there are some good tips to help you achieve the optimum lighting.

Proper Placement of Lights

Research this a little, based on the type of fish and plants you have as their requirements will differ, but cool running and energy-efficient LED lighting suits many tanks and can provide the best spectrum for aquarium plants.

Using Timers for Consistency

It is important to be consistent with the timings for your aquarium lighting and a timer definitely makes life easier.

You want to have a good day/night balance for your tank with a maximum of 8 hours of light on full power and up to four hours at a lower strength- this will resemble natural sunshine as the midday sun is very different to early morning and evening sun.

If you set your timer for longer than this, you could damage your plants or encourage algae.

Adjusting Light Intensity and Duration

Understanding the best spectrum for aquarium plants

The best way to measure light intensity is using PAR (Photosynthetically Active Radiation) numbers which are provided by tank light manufacturers to inform customers so that they can buy the light most suitable for their aquarium.

A PAR value of 75-100 μmols offers light for plants needing low light intensity, 125 ~150 μmols, for plants requiring medium light intensity and 200 μmols plus is for use with high light demanding plants.

The main consideration will be the depth of your fish tank as this will affect the amount of light penetrating to the bottom of your fish tank.

Generally, it is recommended to start off with low light in your aquarium as this is suitable for most aquatic plants.

Monitoring Plant Response

Your fish tank will have an ever-changing eco-system that will need to be monitored to ensure that you have got the lighting right.

When you have a new aquarium with young plants, less light will be needed than when the tank and its plants have matured.

If you have to make adjustments, always note down the light settings so that you can see what adjustments are working.

If you have the lighting very bright and the algae seems to be flourishing, it is best to turn the light intensity down.

When you start lighting your aquarium choose a light intensity of 20-40% brightness and slowly increase the intensity if there is no algae bloom. If algae does develop, you will need to lower the lighting again.

  • If you have any persistent problems, ask at your local aquatic center for advice.

Real-life Examples and Case Studies of the Best Spectrum for Aquarium Plants

The amount of light in your aquarium is crucial if you are growing aquatic plants because without the right amount of light in the correct color spectrum they will fail to thrive and simply die.

You must tailor-make the lighting in your tank fit the environment you are creating, and this depends on the type of fish and plants you choose, and these choices are usually made depending on how much time you can dedicate to caring for your aquarium.

It is well worth seeking advice on your choices to avoid disappointment. All plants have different light needs but generally, the more light a plant requires, the harder that plant will be to grow successfully.

A much-quoted case study focuses on the beautiful Glossostigma Elantinoides.

When it is healthy and thriving, this gorgeous aquatic plant covers the floor of the fish tank like green velvet grass.

To achieve this is far from easy as this plant is really tricky to grow. It requires intense lighting and because of this, there is usually a battle with increased algae levels.

If the algae is kept in check, to keep the plant looking good takes time to keep well-fertilized and pruned and
another requirement is more frequent water changes.

Not surprisingly, many enthusiasts ditch their ideas of being successful and plump for easy-care plants instead.

Final Thoughts – Best Spectrum for Aquarium Plants

The success of your aquarium plants will depend on the lighting you choose and getting the best spectrum for aquarium plants.

It is essential to research the best spectrum for aquarium plants well as ideas will differ depending on your tank size and the types of fish and plants you have.

Your goal is to get the perfect balance in your aquarium between light, CO² levels and fertilizer.

When you achieve this, your fish will have a healthy environment and your tank plants will be flourishing and making keeping your tank well-maintained surprisingly easy.


9 Hardy Plants for a Brackish Water Aquarium [Our Top Picks]

9 Hardy Plants for a Brackish Water Aquarium [Our Top Picks]

Plants for a brackish water aquarium: Switching from a freshwater aquarium to a brackish water aquarium will require some adjustments to the types of aquatic life you select to live in the ecosystem you create.

It is important to select plants suitable for brackish water. To assist you in this process, we have compiled a list of some of the finest plants for brackish fish tank environments.

Each plant has a different set of requirements. It is important to learn about the needs of specific species to ensure compatibility with your fish, tank pH and desired salinity.

Brackish water aquariums are popular and offer advantages over freshwater aquariums. The ability to accommodate a wider range of fish species that do well in brackish environments and often brackish fish species are hardier than species that require fresh water.

If you are feeling uncertain about which plants will flourish in your brackish tank setup, this article is tailored to help you select the best species.

Comparison Table of Plants for a Brackish Water Aquarium

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Plants for a Brackish Water Aquarium

Java Fern (Microsorum)

Plants for a Brackish Water Aquarium

This hardy plant from the fern family is a versatile plant that does very well in brackish water aquariums. It naturally grows in flooded forests, along riverbanks, streams, and forest edges. The plant attaches itself to hard surfaces like rocks or wood and derives nutrients directly from the water.

The Java fern can take rough handling by fish in the tank and by the hobbyist. The plant can be split and attached to logs and moved around the tank without causing it too much damage.

It prefers temperatures ranging from temperate (55-65°F) to tropical (75-82°F). High temperatures exceeding 82°F are unsuitable.

The Java Fern tolerates low-light conditions. However, they do prefer plenty of light, enabling them to thrive. This makes it an excellent choice for deeper tanks and where there is competition for light from other plants. The Java fern is a low-maintenance plant option.

The Java fern does well in a range of water conditions, including soft to hard water with a slightly acidic or alkaline pH (5.5-8).

Some species of fern benefit from direct sunlight, whilst others such as the narrow leave varieties, may be sensitive to it.

This variety of plant is perfect for hobbyists looking for man easy to maintain resilient plant. It does well in a brackish water aquarium, and just as well in a freshwater aquarium.

There are many different varieties available to buy online or from the aquarium shops, ranging from affordable to rare and expensive.

Marimo Ball (Aegagropila linna)

Java Moss for a Brackish Water Aquarium

Marimo moss balls have a unique spherical shape and do very well in brackish water conditions. They are a type of algae species known as Cladophora, with hundreds of different types found throughout the world wide ranging conditions.

Marimos found in aquariums are sort after for their decorative aspect and because they will grow with slightly elevated salt levels, tolerating salinity up to 1.015, but beyond that, they may start to deteriorate.

These algae balls are naturally found in cool waters and prefer temperatures around 77°F. Higher temperatures can cause them to deteriorate. They do best between a pH range of 7.0 and 8.0.

Maintaining Marimo moss balls is easy. They adapt well to changes in water depth, provided the transitions are gradual. They do best in indirect light and should be kept away from direct sunlight and intense lights.

These are visually striking plants that require minimal  lighting and are easy to maintain, making them a perfect addition to aquarium landscapes

Anubias Barteri


Anubias barteri for a salty aquarium

Like the Java fern, the Anubias barteri is a tall plant that attaches to hard surfaces. It is found in flooded forests, along edges, streams, and forest edges. The plant is slow-growing  and safe for fish consumption.

This water plant can also grow out of the water, making it an excellent choice for brackish tanks housing mudskippers. Its broad leaves provide hiding spots and protection.

Anubias barteri can adapt to various light conditions and has a wide tolerance for water temperature. It will take slightly cooler temperatures and thrives in tropical environments.

The Anubias barteri is useful for filling empty spaces in the aquarium. It is an ideal option if seeking a very hardy plants for a brackish water aquarium.


Brackish Water Aquarium Anubias

Another highly resilient plant is the Anubias. It flourishes in a wide range of water and lighting conditions. These will take a small amount of salt if acclimatization is done gradually.

Online stores and aquarium suppliers will stock various types of Anubias. Some species exhibit a greater tolerance to salt levels than others. Anubias barteri (see image above) is probably the hardiest and most common type, while Anubias nana stays compact and may be a good choice for smaller aquariums.

Anubias are slow-growing plants that are best attached to rocks or driftwood rather than being planted in the substrate.

The hardiness of Anubias make them suitable for beginners in aquarium keeping.

Java Moss (Taxiphyllum barbieri)

Java Moss Plants for a Brackish Water Aquarium

Java moss is a bright green leafy plant that forms compact, carpet-like clumps. It is considered one of the easiest plants to grow and often found thriving in brackish water aquariums.

Being very decorative, java moss can be used in aquascapes to create free-flowing structures to protect fry, shrimp, and other small fish species. Not only does it offer a micro-ecosystem, but it also provides abundant food for fish larvae.

Java moss does not tolerate high temperatures. It does best at temperatures around 77°F. The plant is not demanding in terms of specific water conditions, and it will grow in a large range of lighting conditions.

When acclimating this plant to brackish water, do so gradually by increasing the salinity over time. By regularly trimming the plant you’ll prevent oxygen depletion and browning of the middle part of the leaves.

Java moss is a good choice for beginner aquarists. It has a slow growth rate and does not require a lot of space. In addition, they are relatively low maintenance, making it an ideal plant for a brackish aquarium.

Moneywort (Bacopa monnieri)

Moneywort for a Brackish Water Aquarium

This stem plant, like others, require plenty of light and benefits from the addition of fertilizers. The Moneywort is well-suited to brackish tanks with low salinity.

Aquarists like the Moneywort because it has a vibrant green color, together with its resilience, and ease of care. Keeping this plant in an aquarium is very easy. It thrives in reasonably clean, nutrient-rich water with moderate lighting. With these conditions it grows quickly and vigorously.

A healthy moneywort plant makes for an excellent accent species for the mid-section of the aquarium. It contributes to an aesthetically pleasing display by framing rocks or decorations,

The moneywort is a recommended beginner plant for brackish water aquariums.

Seaside Brookweed (Samolus valerandi)

Seaside Brookweed

Seaside brookweed will take very saline conditions. In its natural habitat it can be found growing along seashores. It is a versatile plant with a compact growth pattern making it an attractive choice for decorative foregrounds in aquariums.

The Seaside Brookweed is a stunning plant. The bright green leaves make a captivating contrast against stones or aquarium driftwood. This contrast adds visual interest to the aquarium.

The plant is slow growing. Growth can be stimulated through careful trimming. However, don’t get carried away with pruning as it can hinder its development.

By providing ample lighting and by keeping the tank temperature below 77°F, the plant will grow well.

Seaside brookweed will enhance the aesthetic appeal of your brackish aquarium with its bright contrasting colors.

Anacharis (Egeria densa)

aquarium plants for brackish water

If you are looking for a fast-growing plant that can reduce nitrates in an aquarium, then the Anacharis would be an excellent addition.

Anacharis earned the name “waterweed” for a reason… under ideal conditions, it grows vigorously. The benefit of this, is that it will outcompete algae and help in water quality improvement.

It requires lots of light for the plant to thrive. They are suitable for shallow low-grade brackish aquariums.

When purchasing Anacharis, it may come bundled with rubber bands or a sponge to hold the stems together. It is important to remove these bonds and plant the stems separately.

Depending on the aquarium substrate used, the cuttings may uproot and float freely. Good lighting will promote root growth and prevent uprooting.

Due to its rapid growth, Anacharis benefits from regular pruning. It looks stunning in the aquarium, especially when contrasted with rocks, other plants, and driftwood. It also does well in fish ponds.

Cryptocoryne Wendtii

Best plants for brackish water fish tank

Our last choice for a versatile plant that can thrive in brackish water conditions is the Cryptocoryne wendtii. This plant is well-suited for well-maintained brackish aquariums where salinity levels replicate it’s natural environment (ideally levels up to 7 ppt or 1.005 sg).

This species has a wide tolerance for lighting and water conditions. Cryptocoryne wendtii prefer warmer temperatures, but not exceeding 80°F. The leaves may display differences in shape and color depending on light intensity.

Cryptocoryne wendtii grow from tubers. When it produces new growth from their tubers, it will look to be modest to begin with. However, this plant has the potential to form a lush underbrush on the tank bottom, providing cover for bottom dwelling species such as eels or dragon gobies.

When adjusting to a new environment, the plant may shed its leaves. These will regrow but it may take a while.

Cryptocoryne wendtii is an excellent choice for brackish aquariums. Give them amble light and watch them flourish!

Some of the Best Plants for a Brackish Water Aquarium

We have introduced you to what we consider to be the best plants for a brackish water aquarium. Our selection are easy care varieties with aesthetic appeal, guaranteed to enhance your tank and provide a healthy ecosystem for your fish and invertebrates.

By carefully selecting the most suitable plants, you can create a visually appealing display highlighting the substrate and ensuring the well-being of your aquatic inhabitants.

A brackish habitat can be successfully replicated in an aquarium. The key is to choose plants that thrive in low concentrations of dissolved salts.

We wish you success with incorporating these plants into your brackish water tank.

You may be interested on reading our article: Most Popular Saltwater Plants for an Aquarium



Hygrophila Corymbosa: Planting, Care, Propagation & Height

Hygrophila Corymbosa

Hygrophila corymbosa, also know as Temple Plant, is a aquatic plant easy and agile to maintain in a freshwater aquarium. The Hygrophila corymbosa is a ideal plant to keep inside a giant aquarium looks fantastic in large aquariums. It usually develops underwater, but it can grow and emerge above water, sprouting purple flowers. It can be kept in great shape, but sometimes the leaves can fall out. This plant propagates quickly inside your freshwater tank, creating spectacular, green, and massive growth right before your eyes. All varieties of the species share the same main characteristics, such as requiring a good amount of lighting and generally flourishing in larger structures.


The aquatic plant Hygrophila corymbosa are suitable options for beginner hobbyists into planted tanks. It is flexible and adaptable and flourishes in virtually all water conditions. If you need to keep your aquariums looking flawless with lots of water, it can be an excellent solution to this problem.

What is Hygrophila?

Hygrophila is also known as Temple Plant, Giant Hygro or Marsh Plant. The genus Hygrophila contains about 100 species, some of which are aquatic. Some species and hybrids are invasive animals, while many varieties and species are widespread in aquariums.


The Giant Hygro (Hygrophila corymbosa), as it is sometimes called, it is suitable to start your hobby of maintaining aquariums with plants. It is not a demanding aquatic plant and is adaptable to different water parameters in aquariums or other selected locations.

Tank Mates and compatibility

It is ideal as tank mates to many species of aquariums, although your plant needs careful handling to be kept in a tank with herbivorous fish. Most of the time, herbivorous freshwater fish can nibble on plant leaves.

Placement in a Tank

Most Hygrophila corymbosa cultivars generally do well in aquariums, and the plant with its tall, temple-like top is perfect for placing in the tank’s background region.

Hygrophila corymbosa: Planting, Care, Propagation & Height

Another feature that a well-designed aquarium offers its inhabitants is the presence of plants. Hygrophila corymbosa will also serve as a source of shelter for protection and a secondary source of food for the tank’s fish, allowing them to live in a suitable location that resembles their natural environment. Of course, it’s always good to start with beginner-friendly plants like Hygrophila corymbosa, or popularly known as Giant Hygro.

Hygrophila corymbosa

Hygrophila corymbosa (Temple Plant) is an easy-to-care aquatic plant that hails from the Asian regions. Its flowers are purple and can grow above water level, so domestic aquariums are not standard. In your aquarium, it spreads quickly, forming forms with its light green leaves, deep and thick, and growing towards the surface. Some species and cultivars also have pink or magenta leaves and flowers, particularly interesting in aquariums. The new stems that sprout from the plants spread through the bushes, creating a thick, compact appearance; the plant will be an excellent application for forming aquatic landscapes.

Growing conditions

Hygrophila corymbosa lives well at a pH around 6.0 to 7.5 and hardness around 2 to 15 dGh. It is crucial to use intense light to encourage optimal growth, as its habitat does not develop softer lighting. The water will have temperatures between 64 and 86 degrees F. There should also be enough nutrients in the aquarium for these aquarium plantings so they can grow to their fullest and maintain their beautiful, eye-catching appearance. Hygrophila corymbosa also benefit from the use of CO2 for plants. It is ideal for the best light conditions, but it can be kept in moderate light conditions.

Hygrophila corymbosa Care

Most other subspecies and cultivars of Hygrophila corymbosa share common characteristics. Hygrophila corymbosa can grow to over 15 inches tall in the natural habitat, although in most aquariums, the plant should grow to about ten inches tall. The naturally occurring Hygrophila corymbosa is found in all South Asian countries, including Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and India. When submerged in water with optimal conditions, it produces pink or purple flowers. Plants can turn grayish-green, pink, and purple depending on their underwater position and the incidence of light and nutrients.

Propagation and reproduction

Another essential aspect of caring for the Giant Hygro plant involves propagation – most notably the increase in large side shoots that will need to be pruned for the plant to maintain its erect architecture, but this depends on the tank’s design. These pruned shoots can be buried in the substrate; this is the main form of artificial propagation of this plant. Due to its rapid expansion and growth, it may be necessary to carry out pruning even weekly. When cutting new seedlings, remove a few leaves from each branch—roots from around the nodes, which helps the plants remain stable. You can start finding new roots in a few days. The plants spread new shoots and start to look like little shrubs.

Why Hygrophila corymbosa plant?

This simple stem plant offers fantastic underwater views when combined with other aquatic plants and animals. Giant Hygro is a stem plants that produce different color patterns, ranging from dark green to pink and magenta. However, these displayed colors are subject to other factors such as lighting, supplementation, and strict care measures. This stem plant often produces beautiful purple flowers while remaining in full force. These plants emit a bright green color for an abundance of pure simplicity that dominates aquascaping.

Ideal Tank Requirements and Conditions

The researchers explain that aquatic plants differ somewhat from terrestrial plants. It takes longer to keep a certain number of plants stable in a pond that needs regular cleaning and specialized treatments. Some plants require more care; others are less.

Propagation instructions

A large formation in a forest is possible underwater in your aquariums. Most aquarium hobbyists prefer broadleaf plant. Trim off excess plants and shoots for harmonious support. You can pair your Giant Hygro with Cryptocoryne and some types of school fish like cyprinids, including Rasboras. This harmony in our tanks is pleasant and comforting! If the pruning cut is done correctly, the side shoots will no longer grow, so the edges of the bushes will be visible.

Care and maintenance

The Hygrophila exhibit new growth very quickly and requires almost no extra maintenance. Water changes and the addition of liquid fertilizer will stimulate healthy new growth in the plants. Then you can prune your plant as soon as possible. Pruning helps the plant grow stronger, generating new healthy parts and shooting new shoots. During the day, Hygrophila plant grows happily even in poor lighting. To increase plant density, growth, or change color, you should use specific lighting and a CO² injection system.


Hygrophila plant grows in a pond with lots of snails, shrimp, and fish, as long as they are not predatory animals. You should avoid keeping these plants with heavily herbivorous animals (such as goldfish). Goldfish will also eat virtually all of its various aquatic plants, branches, and leaves. Some fish also easily remove the plant from the substrate. These plants, when constantly attacked, will eventually perish.

Tank size

These plants are highly recommended for those with limited knowledge who maintain these plant. The species has almost all the characteristics suitable for a beginning or intermediate grower. Hygrophila tends to spread very quickly as it adapts to the tank.

Hygrophila corymbosa 101

Hygrophila corymbosa is a plant with a long, slender stem with long, lanceolate leaves and a slightly rounded base. For growing in ponds, plants usually measure between 4-10 inches in height. Its leaves have bright green leaves, which darken during intense exposure to the sun. Temple plants multiply quickly if the environment is provided to meet the ideal needs to become dense and showy for long periods. When viewed from nature, when partially submerged, this plant produces pink flowers.

Appearance of some cultivar

Plants of the Compact variety (or Kompakt) are darker brown in tone in the early stages. The temple’s narrow-leaved varieties can quickly grow in size, giving it bright green colors and bronze hues. Offer the plant a tank that looks like its own miniature aquatic natural environment inside the aquarium. This is not a aquarium plant with different cultivars that is very difficult to observe in nature. Other varieties have been dubbed the fast-growing “giant” plant.

Hygrophila Corymbosa

Benefits it can bring to your aquarium

There are several benefits to adding plant species to aquariums. Tropical aquariums plant can help absorb and reduce nitrogen, ammonia, and other nutrients, helping to keep this amount at optimal levels, so they are not toxic to the fish in your tank. In other words, by consuming the nutrients dispersed in water, they can also reduce unwanted algae growth. Hygrophila can be part of a vast underwater garden for your aquarium with minimal costs, allowing easy tank maintenance.

How to care for Hygrophila in your aquarium?

Having this simple plant in your aquarium means receiving a beautiful aesthetic in exchange for easy care! Aquarium plants provide a stunning aesthetic beauty to any aquarium, as well as hiding places, food sources, and breeding sites for fish. This guide focuses on some tropical aquarium plants belonging to Hygrophila corymbosa. Plants can quickly be grown and cared for individually and can be readily purchased at an excellent local specialty store, giving them an efficient selection as a beginning aquarist. They can take up most of a tank, especially if it’s small in volume.

Growth rate

Both ‘Kompakt’ and ‘Temple Narrow Leaf’ cultivars have light green foliage that provides outstanding aesthetic beauty and is well suited to maintain an environment efficiently designed for them. Kompakt plants grow much slower than classic Temple plants, and the stems are shorter. You will observe both cultivars growing several centimeters per month, and it is stated that the temple variation can reach several meters in height.


Temple Plants kept in aquariums in perfect condition become colorful and showy. Until the requirements of the aquarium, the substrate, and the environment can be balanced, there is a small probability that the plant will stop its growth and never develop. Maintaining planted tanks and plants in aquariums is a beautiful hobby but challenging one. Every effort is worth seeing what comes out of your work in a very well-planned but extremely conceptual aquarium. There are few plants with a beauty comparable to the green of Hygrophila corymbosa, allowing for peaceful and relaxing views.

Best Cold Water Aquarium Plants (Species Guide With Pictures)

Cold Water Aquarium plants

Discover the vibrant world of cold water aquarium plants and learn how to create a thriving aquatic ecosystem in lower-temperature tanks.

Some species of fish love to live in cold water, such as kingfish and carp. Plants, in general, prefer mild temperatures, but some species love to live in the cold water aquarium. In this article, we’ll list some beautiful plant species for you to put in a cold water aquarium. Before you start venturing into the characteristics of each of these species, it is essential to emphasize that many of them need liquid fertilizers to stay healthy.

Which are the best cold water aquarium plants?

The planted aquarium is the perfect method to invite nature into your home or business. Plants create positive energy and provide a serene environment for your fish.

They are easy to care for. Plants will reduce the stress of fish in the aquarium because they can hide in its branches and leaves. With proper planning and periodic maintenance, the benefit can be innumerable. Let’s talk about the cold water aquarium first.

Comparison Table – Best Cold Water Aquarium Plants

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The cold water aquarium

The term “cold-water fish and plant” in aquarists indicates species of fish and plants that prefer cooler water. Temperatures close to or below 20º C are typically tolerated by these species, something practically unfeasible among most tropical fish.

The term attributed by aquarists is somehow wrong since the species considered cold water are called that because they tolerate a vast temperature range, and not just because they prefer more frigid waters, as they emphasize, as we will see throughout the article. Because they tolerate an extensive temperature range and are resistant, they are highly appreciated by beginner aquarists.

A big highlight in creating these plants and fish in cold aquariums is resistance to low temperatures, allowing the aquarist to save electricity by discarding heaters, especially in colder times.

Cold Water Aquarium plants

Coldwater Temperature: Wide range of water for plants and fish

The temperature directly influences the variety and quantity of fish, plants, and mosses that you can keep in the aquarium and is a decisive factor in the physiology of the aquarium’s general.

Aquarium with water does not require heating devices, but it may be necessary to use water coolers (chiller) during the hottest months or in regions of extreme temperatures.

This factor can limit us in the choice of species to keep in an aquarium when living in areas with very high temperatures.

Physiological reactions, metabolic processes, growth rate, food consumption, respiration, and homeostatic capacity, every biochemical reaction is directly influenced by temperature, and any thermal change will have immediate effects.

The closer to the ideal temperature values in the tank’s water, the greater the efficiency and speed of the organism, and its subsistence procedures will enjoy better living conditions.

Awesome Cold Water Aquarium Plants

Several cold water aquarium plants do best at room temperature or in cooler tanks. You might think aquariums are useless without a heater. In reality, cold water stations can live without a heater.

The cold water aquarium plants described in this article are incredibly undemanding, so if you’re a novice, you can easily keep them in your aquarium.

The ideal temperature for a cold water aquarium is between 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit. I have on this list the plants that can tolerate freezing temperatures and the types that are generally good for cold water aquarium plants.

The plants on this list can be kept at the same temperature as the ideal temperature of the water in your aquarium or the perfect temperature of the fish in your fish (different species of fish need a specific temperature to thrive).

Java Moss in cold water aquarium plants

Initially found in Southeast Asia, Taxiphyllum barbieri, also known as “Java Moss,” is an aquarium plant that can be found growing on fallen tree trunks and rocks in wet areas.

This species is also often located on the banks of seasonally flooded rivers. Although amateurs have long named it Vesicularia, “Java Moss” or “Java fern” is of the genus Taxiphyllum.

The species is relatively easy to grow, tolerating and growing in a wide range of water conditions after a period of acclimatization.

This plant is undemanding as far as the lighting is needed. However, at high light levels, the plant will grow dense and lush.

In low light, the plant will be darker and slimmer. While CO2 and fertilization will increase growth rates, this moss will thrive without them too.

To promote a healthy, deep green color, iron fertilization is recommended. To attach it to logs, spread it over the desired location and wind it with a fishing line or cotton thread until the moss is well protected.

Then it will grow and adhere to the object, forming a dark green cushion. Its branch is irregular, with approximately 2mm long leaves along the stems.

If not pruned regularly, it will quickly develop a soft tangle. It is easily pruned and propagated simply by cutting off excess growth with a suitable pair of scissors. This extra growth can then be reattached to a new surface.

Cold Water Aquarium plants

Brazilian Pennywort – Hydrocotyle leucocephala

It is usually one of those plants whose growing temperature is significantly influenced when they receive light. This is a perfect plant that doesn’t get the attention it deserves.

It is a common feature in tanks with small or timid fish, as it provides a great safety blanket and reduces the stress of all the fish involved. This plant species is elementary to care for.

No matter how good you are, it should be easy to support this species. The bottom of these leaves is a pinkish-red color that offers a great contrast to the rest of a typical aquarium.

Duckweed – Lemnaceae Plants

Duckweed is a floating underwater plant that thrives in virtually all environments. It looks fantastic from above, but more excellent from below.

Their growth rate and strength must be checked before placing them in an aquarium, as they spread in abundance and can cause damage to filters or other plants in the aquarium due to the shade they form.

If you want fish that require ample access to light or that can penetrate the surface of the water, duckweed may not be the solution.

Once placed in the aquarium, it is difficult to eradicate it. You will constantly adjust it to make it habitable. If that doesn’t pose any problem for you, we recommend this plant.

Amazon Frogbit

Amazon frogbit is one of the plants we recommend to hobbyists and hobbyists who don’t want much work. The plant has very long roots that provide a mesmerizing effect inside a pond.

This is another floating plant for your tank that won’t require a lot of effort. It’s essential to ensure your aquarium fish don’t need too much light before getting this plant. If this isn’t working with your fish’s needs, switch to a different floating plant on our list. It keeps water clean if handled well.


Cabomba produces a unique look that other varieties cannot duplicate. This is a beautiful plant that offers a refined look and a smooth appearance to your water.

They are a good plant for ponds with small fish that need hiding. It has a high growth rate—a sign of interest to the hobbyist. In a tank of fewer than 30 gallons, there may not be enough space to allow it to grow naturally.


Anacharis is a common plant that can oxygenate the water. If you allow them to grow, make sure you keep your pruning up to date.

Certain fish like to nibble on this plant, so study the fish you will add to this tank carefully. It’s also a suitable addition to any fish you have in your aquarium, as well as a range of water temperatures that it can withstand – take this into account when deciding how much water you want. It doesn’t need a lot of light, which can be a helpful quality in an aquarium.


Elodea is another beautiful plant that can be grown in cold water aquariums. They grow very fast and can fit into any environment. However, Elodea has fine roots and can sometimes be challenging to keep in gravel.

Therefore, they do much better on sandy or even loose substrates, as they thrive similarly. To give you an idea, even if this plant is floating on the surface, it will succeed if the aquarium has adequate lighting.

The only problem, in this case, is that it can end up shadowing the other plants at the bottom of the aquarium.

Marimo Moss Ball

In nature, the Marimo Moss Ball forms on the bottom of icy water and is poor in nutrients. Therefore, they don’t require much to thrive, as excess nutrients can cause fading and even plant death.

However, if you have an aquarium with no substrate, the Marimo moss ball is an excellent choice for creating a natural and beautiful environment for your fish.

Ludwigia repens

Ludwigia repens is a plant found in the tropical waters of North America and is very popular in cold water aquariums.

At first, as it is a fast-growing plant, this species should be used to compose the middle or bottom region of the aquarium.

Like most stem plants, they prefer moderate light so they can grow. Furthermore, an excellent fertile substrate, together with CO2 injection and liquid fertilizers, will give this plant its characteristic reddish color. However, aquariums that have low lighting tend to have a greenish tint.

Cold Water Aquarium plants

Advantages & Benefits of Cold Water Aquarium Plants 

The benefits of introducing floating plants into aquariums, of course, are oxygenation and water quality. It might be worth adding this family of plants to your aquarium—these plants like high lighting.

Low maintenance in aquatic plant

Coldwater aquarium plants tend to have a less intense need for care. Lighting and fertilization are done at a lower intensity and generate excellent results for the plants. They are plants that are very resistant to temperature fluctuations.

They end up being used in both aquariums and paludariums. There is no strong need for co2 in this type of tank, as plants manage to pull out the amount needed to thrive more efficiently than plants from larger installations. And these plants, fast-growing in good water conditions.

Water filtration: The magic of freshwater plants

Floating aquarium plants are beneficial in water and provide several benefits to water. Plants act as living filters. You shouldn’t rely solely on aquatic plants to filter and clean your water. Treat them like a supplement that makes them efficient. This filters your information. You will need to use a filter to ensure the water is adequately filtered.

Shade in a cold water aquarium

The floating plant influences the amount of light that enters the water. Some species prefer dark waters; others prefer clear shady waters. This is important for you to decide how much surface the floating plant will occupy. It pays to be aware of how much light an algae tank needs to develop. Some prefer to see the shade, while others like well-lit waters.

A tasty fish snack

Most omnivorous fish get a certain amount of nutrients from the vegetation they use in their typical habitat. While fish can eat all the vegetable fiber you’ve just grown, some of these snacks are very good for their food. The right fish is the key ingredient to selecting and having a beautiful, healthy aquarium.

Coldwater fish for your planted aquarium

Below are some species tolerant to a wide temperature range, although several species are considered tropical and are regularly kept at low temperatures.

I won’t go into too much detail about their biology and ecology to not overextend the article. Many of the indicated species are regularly kept in the hobby, and it is possible to obtain information quickly on the internet or with other aquarists.

Goldfish (Carassius auratus):

One of the most popular ornamental fish, having numerous artificial varieties. Elongated body variants tend to exceed 15 in size, while ovoid body variants rarely exceed 7.8. Temperature: 50 – 77 F

Golden / Green Barb (Puntius semifasciolatus):

One of the most popular barbs, reaching 2 in. Temperature: 64 – 79º F

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio):

A prevalent species among fish pond keepers. It is one of the most tolerant species to low temperatures and can easily exceed 19 in. Temperature: 50 – 77º F

Danio Zebra (Danio rerio):

Along with the Goldfish and Carps, it is the most sought-after fish by beginners in the aquarium. There are a few varieties available, and they are quite easy to maintain. They rarely exceed2 in. Temperature: 60 – 77 F

Final Thoughts – Cold Water Aquarium Plants  

Cold water aquarium plants are the best of the best. We highly recommend it due to its natural plant and beauty appeal. Before long, your tank will be so clean you won’t regret it.

So with this article, we were able to conclude that it is possible to create plants in a wide range of water. You are having together an ecosystem formed with fish, mosses, substrates, and so on.

Always keep in mind the minimum needs of each living organism that you will add to the aquarium, and always try to maintain the ideal water conditions.

Best Red Aquarium Plants That Can Add Color To Your Tank

Red Aquarium Plants

Red aquarium plants are an attractive addition to any tank. Proper management of red plants is never a simple task. Take a look at the varieties that are easy to care for and learn more about how to get the results you want. Red plants are suitable for experienced aquarists. However, there are many alternatives available to get started. Learn more about keeping your aquarium plant red with all sorts of varieties. Read more about goldfish aquarium plants in our new article.

The best red aquarium plants for your aquarium

In many cases, people forget that some red aquarium plants can be placed in different places in the tank. These plants are beautiful because they fill your tank with color and interest. We’ll discuss what makes them red and how to change their color. We will also discuss the most commonly kept species. This article will help you when you consider buying red plants. He will teach you how to use some of his colors and keep them in a home aquarium. Let this information guide you in deciding if you want to store red plants in your aquarium.


Green, as a primary color for many species, is dominant. Specialized pigments create the red plants to capture sunlight while they undergo photosynthesis. These pigments are adapted to absorb green wavelengths so that both blue and red wavelengths reflect, so plants turn red or brown. Brighter light produces stronger colors on leaves. Be aware that every species has different preferences. Of course, you should always study the things in your tank carefully before purchasing them. Plants are great for improving the health of their environment overall because they release oxygen and remove pollutants from the water.

Caring for Red Aquarium Plants

Red aquarium plants can be more challenging to keep in color than green aquarium plants. With limited exceptions, all red plants are low-light plants. The red plant loses its photosynthesis efficiency by creating red pigments within the leaves. They are also suitable for protection from ultraviolet light and impart a bitter taste that wards off predators.

How do I care for a red aquarium plant?

Research to find out the lighting requirements your plants need and ensure you have the necessary setup in your tank. Trim was dying or broken leaves to maintain a healthy and visually harmonious environment. Rearrange the pruning accordingly to get the look you’re trying to get.

How do I keep my aquarium plants red?

One of the hardest things about red aquarium vegetation is keeping them red. The leaves of the red foliage may change color, but you may have a green plant that has not yet managed to turn red. Perhaps you’ve been able to grow a plant that has gone from green to orange or brown but craves the deep red or bright purple you’re looking for. The color you prefer is not always easy to get.

Why do plants turn red?

Some plants produce red leaves; the red color grows to provide a natural type of sunscreen. Some plants grow so tall that they can rise above the surface and flourish. Some plants need enough nutrients, and denying them often causes problems. The effects of limited light exposure also decrease the red hue, and an increase in red concentration can change that color or cause yellowing. Insufficient nutrients can cause red leaves to develop and turn green and brown depending on how much nutrients it contains.

How do I get my plants to turn red?

How can I improve my Red Plants? These are only general guidelines, and the effectiveness of such interventions depends on the species. When adding plants, they need to increase the amount of carbon dioxide to turn red. If you don’t have adequate nutrients, your aquarium should be checked regularly. If it’s not enough, it may require extra nutrients to stay alive; for many plants, excess CO2 and nutrients can damage them.

Ten best red aquarium plants to add color to your tank

Adding plants to an aquarium is a great way to help clean the water and add oxygen to the ornamental character. Green plants can light up any environment and provide a touch of color, but those with different colors, such as red, bring a remarkable and distinguished air to any aquarium. Let’s look at some of the best red-colored plants you can get to your aquarium.

The ten best red plants for your aquarium

Learn the basics of raising and maintaining red aquarium plants. Bright light, optimal varieties, excellent fertilization, and (probably) low nitrates are needed for genuinely red plants. Remember that suitable plant types and healthy fertilizers are essential for growing and maintaining red plants.

Rotala indica 

This beautiful red aquarium plant is ideal for freshwater. This Rotala is a creeping plant that spreads when given sufficient conditions. It is a fragile species that should not be placed with very active or large fish. The plant has to grow in a substrate rich in iron and contain CO2, bright lighting, and residual minerals to survive and extend to the red color you desire. It is suitable for most typical water parameters.

Red Aquarium Plants

Red Cryptocoryne wendtii

Cryptocoryne wendtii is a slow and steady-growing species that quickly adapts to many water parameters. The plant thrives in low-light and low-tech environments. Requires an iron-rich substrate to demonstrate its brilliant color. Aquariums, where fish need low light conditions, are suitable. This low-growing plant takes a long time to establish itself in the new context or adapt to the new environment, as long as the changes are gradual. Once established, the plant will reproduce using the new stoles.

Red Aquarium Plants

Rotala rotundifolia

The pink Rotala is a fast-growing plant that does very well with frequent pruning. It will be good to regulate a newly cycled aquarium. The plant is best planted in large groups and should be installed on the side of the tank. The more intense the light, the leaves turn red. These shrubs provide fish with the shelter and adult fish they need to breed. Plants need to be pruned regularly, keeping leaves removed from light sources. Sometimes you can skip pruning if there is a puddle of fry that needs to provide protection.

Red Aquarium Plants

Ammania senegalensis

Ammania senegalensis is an exceptionally colorful stem plant. With the proper nutrients and ideal lighting conditions, this beautiful plant displays vivid red or brown colors. This stands out as a valid focal point in the aquarium, so it has become an admired aquarium plant. This plant is best seen at the top of your aquariums and in high lights. It won’t be as colorful in subdued lighting, and you need the CO2 supplement for the plant.

Red Aquarium Plants

Ludwigia palustris

Water Purslane is a striking red plant that is hardy and reaches 12 inches or more. Of course, a bright-red light will improve the quality of these changes for plants. The beautiful aquatic plant needs an iron-rich substrate for the beautiful red color and can be enhanced with CO2. It can easily be cut to replant more plants that making it an easy-to-grow plant in another way.

Ludwigia repens

Ludwigia repens can grow to the maximum size of about 20 inches, with each rod being about 2 inches wide. Check for a reddish color, and your leaves are somehow unharmed. Feed the plant the proper nutrients (food for aquarium plants).

Red Aquarium Plants

Alternanthera reineckii

Alternanthera reneckii comes in several different varieties. They’re usually a slow-growth plant which means they’re great for beginners getting into planted tanks. If you require to move the plant, do so with great care. Of course, they’re sensitive to algae, which can be challenging at a bright light level. Although several people will suggest high CO2, the plant can still do well without it. And you can replant offcut pieces around them and grow plants elsewhere.

Lobelia cardinalis

This beautiful and versatile plant from North America makes for a unique foreground or middle ground red aquarium plant. Submerged, the leaves are bright green with a red-purple underside; it is much appreciated for its colorful red flowers. Cardinal plants need moderate to bright light and benefit from supplemental CO2.

Echinodorus cordifolius 

The striking plant can grow up to 4 feet high and is suitable for large and tall aquariums. This plant produces big leaves, has extensive root structures, and must be planted with care to avoid shading or over-crowding your other plants. Marble Queens are remarkably intolerant to copper, so keep it in pristine water.

Pogostemon stellatus

It is a stem plant native to Australia & Southeast Asia. This species grows to a vast eight-width. It requires higher lighting, CO2 injection, and a proper nutrient-rich substance for ultimate brightness. Despite high technology requirements, it’s pretty easy to maintain and grow. It is also moderately prolific as long as it is well taken care of and easily pruned.

More easy red aquarium plants

Red aquarium plants are not always red and stay red. Fortunately, you have a variety from which many beginners will appreciate. There have been many types of Red aquarium plants recently discovered and bred.

Ludwigia repens ‘Rubin’

Ludwigia repens ‘Rubin’ is a versatile plant that needs only bright lights and adequate nutrients to achieve its most brilliant color; This can be achieved quickly because they do not require injected carbon dioxide. This plant has dark red leaves than other species such that they can be made into an excellent centerpiece for most arrangements. Proper plant spreading is easy. Just take a little cutting off and replace it.

Echinodorus ‘Red Chameleon’

The Echinodorus ‘Red Chameleon’ is a new species of plant in the hobby. The central leaf develops an intense red color. This plant is relatively easy to care for since it needs a nutrient-rich substrate, regular fertilization to maintain strong growth, and sufficient carbon dioxide. They can grow to about a foot and remain compact in solid lighting. The Echinodorus ‘Red Chameleon’ is a relatively new variety similar to the ‘Green Chamelon.’

Echinodorus ‘Fancy Twist’

The Echinodorus ‘Fancy Twist’ is a perfect centerpiece because of the large round leaves and variations in color from green to dark red. The best thing about these plants is that they are quickly growing and easy to care for. Make sure you have the proper supplementation. The plant can be kept immersed or out of the water without problems.

Echinodorus ‘Ozelot’

The red variety has short stems and long oval-shaped leaves with prominent veins and sharp spots. Only proper soil must be rich in nutrients. These plants are not very particular and can be grown in almost every water condition. They only need moderate light for rapid growth, and you should eliminate side shoots to restrict growth.

Echinodorus ‘Red Diamond’

The Echinodorus ‘Red Diamond’ is a small plant that requires relatively minimal care. The leaves can grow up to 12 inches and remain tightly shaped. It’s an excellent single plant and can be kept in smaller aquariums. For optimum coloring and regular fertilizer, you get deeper, ruby brown leaves.


When plants have become fluorescent colors in aquariums, it’s not always easy, but it’s possible. With the proper care and intervention, the suitable-looking tanks get results with minimal disruption. It may take some time and a little bit of trial and error, but you should see results if you follow some basic steps.

Aquascaping plants : Beginners to Advanced [Ultimate Guide]

Aquascaping plants

Aquatic landscaping, akin to gardening for potted plants, is underwater garden art tailored for aquariums. In this guide, we look at the important basics of aquascaping plants, offering valuable insights to help enthusiasts nurture and cultivate a thriving aquatic environment.

Underwater landscaping demands a greater amount of time and expertise compared to traditional gardening, especially to attain the desired aesthetic.

In order to maintain a flourishing balanced aquarium you will need to know the fundamental aspects of water chemistry, plant nutrition, and the delicate interplay between plants and fish.

An Introduction to Aquascaping Plants

Aquascaping is almost just an afterthought for some aquarists, who are evolving from a simple aquarium with fish to an aquarium with greater landscape appeal, full of plants and rules.

When you learn aquascaping, your eyes move from the animals to the plants and other visuals in the aquarium. Aquascaping is a way to keep your fish in a beautiful, plant-filled community.

Comparison Table of Best Aquascaping Plants

Prices pulled from the Amazon Product Advertising API on:

What is Aquascaping

Aquascaping is a technique that uses different materials — such as artificial or natural substrates, plants, rocks, driftwood, etc. — to develop underwater landscapes that recreate a harmonious, natural and healthy environment inside aquariums.

In addition to aquascaping, aquarists must also respect some techniques such as golden ration — a photographic “rule” that determines the points of most significant interest in a scene —, the depth effect and the aquarium’s naturalism.

Another exciting aspect about this art, is that aquariums do not necessarily need to have fish, as there are versions without fauna or containing only small ornamental animals.

Aquascaping plants

Aquarium Plants That Will Make You a Better Aquascaper

This article will help you explain what vegetation will grow in low- and medium-tech ponds. While almost all plants benefit significantly from adding C02 to their tanks, however, we will focus on plants that can grow adequately without extra CO2 because setting up CO2 systems can be more complicated.

This blog is a guide to the correct techniques for designing a water garden with aquatic plants, rocks, and logs to blend in with nature.

Cool And Simple Aquascape Ideas For Aquascaping Tanks

Aquatic landscaping doesn’t just add plants to the aquarium. Aquatic landscape ponds usually hold few fish as the main focus of the aquarium is the design and the plants themselves.

Read on to discover the basics and find some ideas for making beautiful aquascapes. Discover how to grow your water garden in your aquarium using live plants. Read about basic aquascape design and find interesting new ideas at the next stage of the gardening revolution.

The Best Aquascaping Plants

In aquascaping, the plants are placed to grow and become even more beautiful with the contrasts between them. Everything is organized well-structured, and in some styles, only plants of different sizes and colors can be used to beautify the aquarium.

Anubias barteri

The thick leaves of Anubia maintain a deep green color, especially in low light. They are hardly ever attacked or damaged by snails or curious and greedy fish. As Anubia plants are grown from a rhizome, it does not use any underlying material.

Instead, these plants consume nutrients through their leaves; these nutrients can be stored in their rhizomes. Like other aquarium plants, these plants benefit from fertilizers, but they are one of the few plants that seem to survive only through water changes and fish waste.

They are usually embedded in rocks and logs or placed in caves that prevent other plants from spreading. Its rhizomes must not be buried in the substrate.

Aquascaping plants

Cryptocoryne wendtii

Cryptocoryne plants tend to be a posthumous addition to many aquarists because these aquatic plants are less showy with natural shovel-shaped leaves. Unlike fastidious roots like Amazon swords, Cryptocoryne thrives in ponds without any added fertilizer.

They are available in various light green to reddish-brown leaf colors that add contrast to areas where dark green plants dominate.

Since they will quickly grow new buds to provide vitality to this tank area, when you shop online or at a Cryptocoryne pet store, you should keep in mind that these plants are susceptible to sudden changes in the environment.

Aquascaping plants


Micranthemum ‘Monte Carlo’

Micranthemum is an aquarium plant with tiny leaves, which makes it an ideal foreground carpet plant. In water, Monte Carlo can grow slowly unless they have access to C02.

Many aquarists and aquascapers choose to start with a “dry start,” which requires placing the seedling in water before filling the tank with it.

The dry start tank is usually covered with a lid or plastic wrap that keeps moisture inside. The beginning of drying is left to grow as long as necessary to produce a mat and strong root structure, which takes more than a month, then the pond is filled with water.

It is possible to grow ‘Monte Carlo’ in optimal conditions only with bright light and adequate fertilization.

Aquascaping plants

Java Moss (Vesicularia dubyana)

This classic aquatic plant tolerates less light than any other aquatic plant. It is happy in Lowtech Tanks with only an aquarium kit light and is at the same time content in High Tec Aquascapes with C02 and fertilizers.

Java moss can not be buried but put on top of rocks and driftwood where a strong anchor will become available to attach on the surface and spread further along the soft terrain.

Creative aquascapers also use Java moss as a background rug to secure the moss to mesh screens or slabs of stone and nest the rock or slab. Java moss provides small aquarium shrimp to hide and graze on algae in some shrimp tanks.

Aquascaping plants

New & Trending

Spider wood showpieces are handcrafted and one-of-a-kind collections of driftwood. Ghost wood is sandblasted driftwood used primarily on aquariums, terrariums, and aquariums.

Bucephalandra Green Broad Leaf features narrower, rounded leaves with small rounded leaves offering a fantastic choice for dense coverage where vertical growth is required.

Java Fern Trident Mini is a more small variant of Java Fern. Grape wood is exciting driftwood with twists and knots which add lots of character and texture to the planted environment.

Aquascaping plants tips

Crypto melt occurs when the leaves from the aquatic plant Criptocoryne begin dying and decaying under the water.

Heterandria formosa is a most diminutive living creature and one of the smallest vertebrate species ever seen in an underwater environment.

Is there any way to set up a natural planting tank that requires no running filter and no routine water change at all? According to some aquarististes, planting without replenishment or, e.g., water change, is just another gimmick.

Hydrocotyle tripartita

In an aquarium, the Hydrocotyle tripartita is tremendous fun and will creep towards the light spreading with runners like grass stretches.

C02 is not required for this plant, but as with most species of aquarium plants, C02 can affect how quickly and how many leaves you can produce.

The key to its emergence is to provide a vital light source and fertilizer to a healthy plant. The plant can be challenging to keep, particularly in low light conditions where it refuses to produce new leaves.

Aquascaping plants

Java Fern (Microsorum pteropus)

Java fern is a versatile plant that needs no substrate to grow when growing submersed. Microsorum windelov produces leaves displaying finger-like leaf tips and providing excellent contrast even close to regular Java plants.

Java Fern is a perfect background plant in smaller tanks (3-5 gallons) and a mid-ground plant in larger tanks (10 plus gallons), and it is better attached to rocks and driftwood. For low-tech nano-aquascapes, it’s almost impossible to beat Java’s versatility and beauty.

Hygrophila pinnatifida

Hygrophila pinnatifida comes from India and is relatively easy to care for. The most striking feature of this plant for aquascaping purposes is its featherlike leaves.

This is a fantastic midground plant, especially attached to driftwood or poked-through rock pockets. If you purchase this plant online may receive plants grown emersed (grown outside water to be placed into water).

The plants may shed their leaves while sprouting new water-covered leaves. This process will help you determine what to plant.

Staurogyne repens

Staurogyne repens is a leafy-stemmed plant with a great name. It tolerates relatively low lighting and grows in an aquarium.

Plants grow slowly; plants are stretched out and long-legged as they try to reach the light source. Therefore in bright light, especially with fertilizers and C02, it will turn into a lush rug.

It can reproduce quickly by eliminating new growths and transplanting them alongside its original plant.

Weeping Moss (Vesicularia ferriei)

Weeping moss is less wild-looking and droops dramatically similar to weeping willows. Having weeping leaves creates a gorgeous net of tendrils when attached to the softscape, .

Java will win for affordability and availability, but weeping moss is not as challenging to fix as attaching onto aquarium rocks and wood with fishing line or super-flexible. Weeping willow droops dramatically more than java moss; it sinks like a willow.

Aquascaping materials to consider

Aquascape Design involves knowing the exact materials that will come together to create the complete end product. Aquariums, accessories, substrates, and organisms come into play to form the perfect aquascape.

Aquascaping styles: Choosing your preferred layout & style

All over the world, aquatic gardeners use several common styles. The first step in starting a landscaping project is selecting the design style. Like planting a yard or building a house, you need a clear set of instructions and rules to follow.

Final Thoughts – Aquascaping plants

Anyone can become a skilled aquascaper if they practice regularly. Like art, “good” waterscapes depend on the viewer’s perception. Choosing a plant to use in landscaping is critical. The best fertile substrates should be used in a planted tank. Some techniques are widely described and operated, making it easy for the hobbyist to access and understand good quality information.

Alternanthera Reineckii Mini Beginner’s Guide [UPDATED 2023]

Alternanthera reineckii 'mini'

Alternanthera reineckii ‘mini’ is a small plant with solid red color, long narrow leaves. The plant is widely used in layout environments. Intermediate aquarists love it because despite having many requirements to stay healthy, after adaptation, it solidifies and flora continuously in the aquarium’s aquascaping. Let’s talk a little more about this plant.

Basic information about Alternanthera mini for planted aquarium

Alternanthera reineckii ‘mini’ has a plant-emersed, delicate appearance, mainly due to its narrower leaves. From the Amaranthaceae reineckii family, the mini is one of the most beautiful and resistant plants. For better development, use fertile substrate, CO2, and fertilizers. Its propagation is done by cutting and replanting the branch.

The need for CO2 injection for reineckii mini plants

A known fact is that fish and plants need to coexist in balance. Plants grow as the fish feeds produce carbon dioxide on plant matter or other food sources. However, a large or small amount of CO2 in the aquarium will affect both plants and fish. The lack of CO2 injection in plants can make the leaves and stems pale or limit their growth, making them stunted. Furthermore, it also means that the plants will not adequately oxygenate the environment or provide the proper nutrients for the fish. In aquariums with alternantheras, attention to the optimal amount of injected co2 is extensive, as their colors can be directly affected by the erroneous amount of injected co2 for both more intense and more opaque colors. A thorough study of chemical relationships in planted tanks is necessary for your alternanthera to thrive and replicate in the tank.

Alternanthera and algae sensitivity in the aquarium plant

Algae are part of every aquarist’s nightmares, but they are also one of the biggest threats to fish. Algae buildup affects their lives, creating an unhealthy environment that can cause disease and affect plants. According to studies, carbon dioxide contributes to algae growth and leads to excess ammonia, which is dangerous for animals. The installation of an excellent CO2 system will help monitor and control the dissolution of this gas in the water, causing the opposite effect and helping to maintain it. In an aquarium planted with alternanthera mini, it is essential to have reasonable algae control; because this plant needs a lot of nutrients and light. Many algae end up consuming the nutrients and causing shading effects in some spots on the leaves, making them more fragile. At the beginning of the project of your planted tank, it is expected that there is a lack of biological control, which will involve the growth of plants, cyanobacteria, and algae. This is entirely normal, as the fertile substrate is releasing a large load of nutrients. In a short time, this nutrient discharge tends to be smaller and more balanced. That’s where the liquid fertilization made by aquarists comes in.

Alternanthera reineckii 'mini'

The importance of an excellent fertile substrate for the growth rate of your Alternanthera reineckii mini

When setting up your planted tank, it is necessary to have a place for the plants to fix their roots and absorb the nutrients they need to grow and propagate. This is precisely the function of the fertile substrate. Whether it is a natural substrate or an industrialized one, it will be full of the nutrients needed by plants, such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and sulfur. You have two options for this layer, buy one of the industrialized substrates or use an alternative approach such as earthworm humus.

Inert substrate – What is the function and what needs to be considered

The inert substrate has some functions; one of them gives a nice finish to your aquarium. This substrate will be visible in your tank, so it should look the way you want it to look for your tank. But the inert layer also has another function; it prevents the fertile layer from leaking into the water column. A leak like this (depending on the substrate) can destroy your assembly, as it will flood your aquarium with many nutrients (which, in high amounts, become pollutants). It is necessary to take precautions so that this does not happen. The main one is to use a good portion of the inert substrate over the fertile one. Usually, a layer of about 6 centimeters is used. Another concern regarding this layer in a planted aquarium is those thin layer substrates should be avoided, as they tend to compact more. A compacted substrate prevents water circulation and hinders the propagation of roots, which makes plants’ development very difficult. Inert substrates also influence plant fixation, so avoid lighter ones, as they make the planting process difficult, especially with plants with small roots.

Additives for the fertile soil for plants arrived.

Some aquarists, especially those focused on aquariums with high plant density, often add substrate additives to their setup. They use substances that will further increase the power of the fertile substrate. This is not a necessity, but it can improve your plants’ development. It is widespread, for example, in Dutch-style aquariums the use of laterite, spread under the fertile substrate, which provides an extra charge of iron (an essential substance for the development of your aquatic plants). There are also industrialized additives that add specific nutrients to the substrate. These should be applied to the fertile substrate during assembly, never afterward.

Alternanthera reineckii 'mini'

How to correctly fertilize a planted aquarium with alternanthera reineckii mini

The moment to start liquid fertilization depends a lot on the quality of the fertile substrate. Due to their great fertility, there are substrates, which cause a nutrient boom at the beginning of the assembly, where it is sometimes necessary to have several weekly water changes to remove some of these nutrients from the water column to prevent excess and possible algae. We must pay attention to the nutrients present in the substrate to know if any essential nutrient is missing and fertilized in liquid form. However, with less “potent” fertile substrates, or even if you choose not to put any, you have to start liquid fertilization from the beginning. However, the nutrient values must always be within the ideal values so that the aquarium does not suffer from excesses or shortages, leading to unwanted algae or plant growth deficiencies, in addition to leaving plants with more vibrant coloration. The fact is that plants need all the nutrients that Nature created. One way or another, these nutrients must be made available. The success of a plantation depends a lot on this factor and on knowing how fast our plants are consuming nutrients so that we can only give them what they consume so as not to be left over for the algae. The best method of fertilization is daily. Plants always have nutrients available, in a small amount, but not enough to meet their needs. Fertilization with Potassium and Micros is usually daily, while the iron is dosed every other day. Nitrogen and phosphorus are used every other day. But it’s essential to monitor your aquarium to identify nutrient needs.

Which accent light should I use for the best growth rate for my reineckii mini?

Specialized (quality) high light for the planted tank has exactly the useful spectra for photosynthesis, while at the same time presenting a small portion of green light that helps to favor the human perception of colors; that is, they offer a good IRC (index of color reproduction). If our sun emits a lot of green light, it would be natural for us to evolve more optical cells to perceive green than other colors. Therefore, the human eye perceives the colors of the environment much better when the lighting offers its spectra in the green band. However, too much IRC tends to harm the rest of the spectral distribution of lamps. Hence, manufacturers often provide “white” lights that are nothing more than lamps that, while beneficial for photosynthesis, sacrifice part of their efficiency for aesthetics. That’s why they should always be used with “pink” lamps, the most efficient but less aesthetic. The aquarist needs to keep in mind that the IRC fraction of their light bulbs is not being metabolized by plants. Aquariums less than 50 centimeters deep generally require 175 watts. This means that aquariums about 51 to 75 centimeters deep should have a 250 watt LED bulb. Deeper ones may need up to 400 watts. Please don’t skimp on lighting; it’s the basis of the system’s equation, not least because other opportunistic organisms, such as red or black algae, have evolved specialized pigments to absorb the band that chlorophylls despise precisely as a competitive asset. Higher plants are complex organisms that grow under specific conditions, and these conditions must be met in a confined ecosystem. These organisms cannot be expected to adapt to a very adverse situation. They have molded themselves for millions and millions of years, therefore providing quality light for photosynthesis to operate fully and print a balanced metabolic rate for the system.

Alternanthera reineckii 'mini'

The importance of partial water changes for plants

The Partial Water Changes (TPA) are essential; they make a weekly “reboot” of the aquarium’s nutrients, avoiding excesses and replacing Calcium and Magnesium that come with the tap water. Do not forget to add a product to water to neutralize Chlorine and Chloramine. If we have an aquarium with the triangle (light, CO2, nutrients) unbalanced, it won’t work; we have to balance these three strands for the ecosystem to flow.

Conclusion on the cultivation of alternanthera reineckii mini in planted tanks

In this review about the creation of the reineckii mini, we could understand that it requires, in general, the same knowledge as almost any other submerged plant. It has the same need for fertilization, soil, water, light, and pruning parameters. It is important not to skimp on good products so that your aquarium has a reasonable growth rate. It’s a problematic hobby and full of challenges, but it’s worth it for its beauty. When its naturalness is reached, the red color of the reineckii mini becomes a great wish of aquascapers, especially for fans of Dutch aquariums; they tend to become a great point of attention, the big star of the tank. It is a medium and intense care plant. Usually, beginners will have difficulty, but the result is inevitable with many studies and hard service.

Most Popular Saltwater Plants for Aquarium [Species Guide]

Saltwater Plants for Aquarium

Saltwater Plants for Aquarium are still relatively new to the hobby. It is not always easy to create a balanced ecosystem to keep plants alive. There are many requirements: Substrate, filtration, nutrients, lighting, nitrates and oxygen. How do you maintain an environment for your marine reef aquarium plant?

Saltwater plants for aquarium will breathe life into your marine set-ups

Saltwater aquarium plants will light up your aquatic exposition with vibrant colors and trippy shapes. Aquarium plants keeps your fish happy in a healthy environment, even helping you to keep your aquariums clean.

Of course, you will want to ensure that you can choose the best ones for your tank, so we have rounded up the best-recommended suggestions for your fish tank. With an extensive list of saltwater aquarium plants, you can buy ectopic fish and plants from our collection of aquatic and horticultural resources and articles.

Saltwater Plants for Aquarium

Choosing the right saltwater plants for aquarium

When choosing fish, it is relatively easy to determine if will be friendly with others. If plants are healthy, but there is fish or another occupant who eat them, dig up roots, or have no carbon dioxide, plants will not survive. Similarly, it would help if you considered the chemical balance inside the saltwater aquarium.

Moreover, temperatures are constant, and clarity is needed for photosynthesis. When the temperature is too high or too cold, everything suffers. If the ecology works appropriately, the plants and fish must work together to maintain the right balance in the aquarium.

Saltwater plants for your refugium

If you’re raising saltwater fish, this stocked reserve is natural to remove harmful nitrates from your aquarium. Marine plant systems may be a reasonable means of filtering your system. seaweeds help weeded out unwanted algae by keeping them away from the surface.

In addition, Saltwater plants can create ornamental crops, reduce Nitrites (NO3) and phosphates (PO4), and provides an inexpensive and attractive source of nutrient for fish.

Chaeto Macroalgae

Chaetomorpha is among the populous seaweeds croalgae with good reason. The colonies produce thick mats, which are highly helpful in the control of nutrients. Chaeto offers dense hiding places for copepods, fish, and other minor creatures.

Please be sure to screen new algae purchases carefully, as unauthorized hitchhikers may come into your ecosystem as snails or bristle worms. There are several types of species in the genus, but the most common, the Chaetomorephrea chaeto, is edible.

Chaeto Macroalgae

Red Gracilaria Algae

Red Gracilaria Algaeis a beautiful alga, and it brings a very dark red tint to your aquarium. It is suitable for cleaning water and for providing nutritional benefits for plants-eaten fish. Perfect for managers and angelfish, this growing tree is easy to care for with the appropriate lighting and moderate flow conditions.

Many hobbyists choose to grow that algae in a refugium and feed on the fish in little pinches occasionally. However, it can easily be placed in the main tank since its appearance is lovely!

Red Gracilaria Algae

Spaghetti Algae aka Chaeto

It absorbs Nitrates and releases loads of oxygen, so your marine life will love this addition to your tank. A lot of fish don’t attempt to eat this plant, but smaller fish often find more food in its pods. It’s hardy plants and won’t bother us when we have it in our saltwater aquarium.

Spaghetti Algae aka Chaeto

Mermaid’s fan

Mermaid’s fan is a tremendous decorative alga for saltwater aquariums. It has a vast, beautiful green leaf with an almost mermaid tail. The mermaid’s fan is easy to take care of once he settles down into the tank. This living plant requires illumination and supplement to survive. Make sure your aquarium has adequate amounts.

Mermaid's fan

Green Finger Plant

This algae is both beautiful and hardy and is a favorite with saltwater aquarium hobbyists. Most fish don’t eat this plant, so you should be worried about being destroyed by hungry fish. A green finger alga makes an excellent filter, so your tank stays clean.

Green Finger Plant


Species are discovered at high depth; therefore, their adaptability is high. Halimeda algae retain higher concentrations of ccalciferous alcium.

Their grow is a reliable indicator of a sufficient level of calciferous for corals to grow. They may be attached to the surface of a coral or alive rock. They are also a calcified type of macroalgae and use limestone (calcium carbonate) as a structure.

Saltwater Plants for Aquarium - Halimeda

Sea Lettuce

There is a widely available macroalga type, and it is one of the hardiest species. Lettuce grows in an intertidal zone on ocean-wide shores. Growing on wave-swept rocks and gravel, the plant will be exposed ever to the harsh bright and warm air.

It also grows quickly enough to overcome snails, limpees, and other herbivorous plants. It is a beloved selection of algae for most people.

Saltwater Plants for Aquarium - Sea Lettuce

Blue Hypnea

Blue Hypnea is an important crown jewel of the macroalgae world. Hailing from Micronesia, the deep iridescent algae are intensely blue. It is a relatively slow-growing species that forms small mats that rarely grow more than 3 inches in height. It is usually saved as a decorative plant and thrives under the intense coral bright. The specie grows quickly.

Saltwater Plants for Aquarium - Blue Hypnea

Shaving Brush Plant

It is diverse macroalgae in terms of appearance. Others have spherical tops, while others are taller or resemble barbers’ brushes.

Each has a small stalk anchored in sand or other substrates. The height can vary and is between 4 and 12 inches. The size can reach 12 inches. For growth, the dissolved calcium content of 200 to 200ppm is ideal.

Shaving Brush Plant

Red Mangrove Propagule (Rhizophora Mangle)

Mangrove is a beautiful addition if used. Grown in pairs, these tall plants can appear like bamboo forests. The leaves must remain above water so the roots can be easily anchored to dry rock or solid sand. The seeds are the best selection for propagation in your aquarium tanks.

Turtle Grass Shoots (Thalassia testudinum)

Turtle grass is seaweed and macroalgae that you can easily use as a mat for a tank. This can be used in groups to produce a natural fresh looking sandy bottom in your ocean tank life.

Many things need extra attention. Turtle grass requires minimal illumination and water circulation to look attractive and quality. It’s native site is Florida’s Gulf Coast, where it is seen in its natural habitat.

Turtle Grass Shoots (Thalassia testudinum)

Water primrose

Water primrose grows in or underneath the water. It can display a distinct reddish-brown tint that will brighten your otherwise green aquarium.

This versatile plant is an excellent addition to your Aquarium but requires iron fertilizers best for development. You’ll want to maintain an ideal environment for your primroses to make sure you get the bright color of the leaves.

Water primrose

Dragon’s Tongue

Dragon’s Tongue tolerates medium luminosity environments. It is particularly variable in form, with anemones like increase form given much higher luminosity.

The plant also prefers mild current, so placing it near a drain leads to more significant growth. It will grow higher when it low light conditions than in a high light environment.

Dragon's Tongue

Tufted Joint Algae

Tufted Joint Algae is a small segmented green plant with small feathered branches at the of which the plant appears to be from prehistoric eras.

The plant oxygenates the water and balances nitrogen. It should be anchored to a reef and requires medium lighting for best results. It doesn’t do well within environments with heavy concentrations of nitrates and phosphates.

Tufted Joint Algae

Highly Nutritious

All macroalgae are rich in iodine, ribose, and magnesium to provide the aquarium with calcium. Herbivorous fish such as tangs can often suffer nutritional deficiencies when forced to eat just food feed.

If yours is slow-growing, you could always supplement its diet with dried macroalgae preparations.

Plants Eliminate Unwanted Algae

Marine tanks have advantages in fighting off algae. Because larvae first feed on nitrate that the microalgae use for survival is eliminated. It can be said that microalgae starve and die because of nitrate deficiency and the moral of the story is simple.

You can use macroalgae for managing dangerous algae in a sea tank. Over time microalgae become starved and die from a nutrient deficit.

Conclusion: A great alternative to Coral (Saltwater Plants for Aquarium)

Almost all macroalgae species get by on very little light and require relatively low levels of water. The plants need a moderate amount of free-moving nutrients for growth to be healthy. Other species such as calciferous Halimeda have similar care requirements as coral. Corals require impeccable water condition, stability, and an intense light setup. Many macroalgae grow alongside them.

The right plants can help keep the water chemistry balanced and provides feed for plants-eating animals. The wrong plant may cause havoc in large tanks or be quickly eaten and destroyed. A little study can go a very long way, and it is usually easy to fix any situation.

[Updated 2022] Rotala indica Care Guide: Planting, Growing, and Propagation

Rotala indica Care Guide

Rotala indica Care Guide: Rotala indica is a rapidly growing stem plant that has been a staple in aquarium plants for a long time now. It is capable of surviving in an extensive range of water parameters and is easy to grow. Its hardness is remarkably high even in aquariums where carbon dioxide is not added. Having sufficient light and CO2 allows growth with better density and coloration. The plants grow continually and will reach the top of the tank. When it gets to the surface, it must eventually break through and form emerged leaves and flowers.


Rotala indica is a dense plant that has large fleshy leaves and grows toward the light. Some varieties have a grasslike leaf that is long and pointed. The plants may alter color depending on their environment. The plant may remain completely green or become pinkish brown at the top of the stem. If you are lucky, there may be pink flowers growing on the top of the stem, but it’s a rare feature in a simple home aquarium.

Rotala indica Care Guide

Prominent Characteristics

Rotala indica is one of the mainstays in aquascape as it is a plant that exudes beauty. It stands upright from behind and creeps upward with shiny green leaves and pink flowers. Its soft stem may grow to a maximum length of 60 centimeters, and in certain conditions, you will notice the branch turning reddish at the topmost; the leaf colors may vary in light intensity, CO2, and nutrients. The highest part of an axil is where flowers appear.

Rotala Indica

Rotala Indica is a popular aquatic stem plant that grows tall and thick, making it a suitable background plant in planted aquariums. The stem tip can become reddish-green when developed by CO2 and fertilization. Round leaves grow horizontally from thick stems and can dazzle when they grow in dense shrubs. Cutting branches from new lateral shoots is like any stem plant as they just cut the stem and replant plant. The plant’s perfect pH is 6-7.5, and Co2 is recommended for the reddish coloring on the tips.

Size & Growth Rate

Rotala indica is usually sold at pet stores. They can get relatively big and are commonly found in larger tanks and ponds. When properly managed and without trimmings, these plants can take over an entire aquarium. They need regular trimming to remain manageable. The plant is a moderately fast grower and can shoot up new plantlets quickly.

How do I plant Rotala indica?

Rotala indica can be a complicated plant to keep in small spaces due to its verticality. Typically, the aquarist purchases a young plant that grows about 6 inches tall that will quickly rise and fall out of the water surface in little time. Place your plant in the background and provide a good quality substrate; the use of pots with a fertile substrate is welcome. We recommend giving your plant plenty of time to grow before introducing fish that accidentally mess with the plants.

Quarantine the Rotala plant

Don’t forget to quarantine your newly acquired Rotala plant before introducing it to the Aquarium. Quarantine is the best way to remove contaminant species (like shrimp and snails) and some diseases.

Placing tips

New flowers will appear on the leaf’s left lateral area. Place the plants spacing them half an inch and leaving space for side shoots. There should be enough space between the bottom layers, even if you prefer a thick canopy at the higher levels. If your goal is for dense plants, the plants should be between two-inch intervals to permit more new shoots to sprout from the base of the plant and into the center of the stem.

Benefits of having it in your tank

Rotala indica can improve water conditions in your freshwater tank. The plant absorbs carbon dioxide and converts it into usable oxygen; it also can help remove some nitrogen contaminants from fish waste. Turning toxic wastes in the water into plant food enhances the underwater environment and plays a crucial role in keeping water quality good. The long and flowing stems provide thick vegetation in which timid creatures can hide. The plant offers a splendid shelter that makes the fish feel safe and relaxed.

Buying Rotala species

Rotala is a cheap plant species that is widely available in pet shops. The leaf should be bright green or reddish, avoid discolored plants. Plants with healthy stems and roots have a better chance of survival in the tank.

Trimming Rotala indica

Rotala indica requires regular trimming to gain density (form dense bushes). It would be best to trim at the initial level around 10 cm (4 inches) below the final height you want the plant to reach. As the top is removed, the new plant shoots begin to branch. Disposing of trimmed parts or replant them is your choice.


This section provides a thorough evaluation of the Rotala indicas’ needs. The time for trimming depends on the size of the plant. Lighting and fertilizers help control plant growth. Some aquarists like to wait before they reach the surface. Others will cut them before they can get to the surface. Be gentle with pruning and remove anything that can be left out.


It can be trimmed numerous times over many cycles. Trimming makes it useful for aquascaping, where ridge lines must be maintained at a certain height. This work starts about 4 inches under the final size where you want the top located. As the tops grow out, keep cutting back the shoots, which grow slower than the others – this makes the sprouts below the branch and a canopy gain density as it grows higher. Suppose a canopy rises for a while after long periods of no trim and that it will need to be reset.

Rotala indica Care and Propagation

Rotala indica is a beautiful aquarium plant species that adjust naturally and is accessible to many environments is suitable and effective in many aquariums. It is fun and easy to keep up with and is very good for your tank. It is one of the more widely used aquatic plants for aquariums. As such, there are some general guidelines about ensuring optimum health. Luckily, there can be no problem satisfying these basic needs. The plant is easy to care for and easy to adapt to whatever environments you wish. This guide teaches you everything you should know about plants and their care. These are plants that you certainly should consider purchasing!

Propagation of Rotala species

Rotala has a propagation process via cuttings when you have to remove the lower portion of the stem with a pair of sharp scissors. The cuts should be 4 inches long (10 cm); this size improves the success. Make a small hole into plant soil, put the cut plants, and cover with the substrate. That’s it.

Propagation Process

Please remove all of the leaves from the freshly cut stem by cutting them and planting them on the substrate. Over time you might notice that the new plants have roots on their nodes. Keep the baby plant upright while in the soil will assist it to stay fixed to a firm surface. You may prune the flower regularly to achieve a clean and proper arrangement. Constant trimmings let the plant use its energies for new sprouts in its lateral buds.

How can I propagate it?

The easiest way of spreading the plants’ growth is via propagating. Rotala indica propagation is very simple. You just must cut away half an inch of stem. The cut stem will start forming roots and growing into new plants. It’s possible to do it even when it’s just trimmed! All you need to do is insert the original plant into the soil with the help of cutting off any leaves to make it grow into an actual plant.

Problems associated with Rotala Rotundifolia

Chlorosis and necrosis at leaf margins is a condition where plant leaves cannot produce a sufficient amount of chlorophyll. The primary cause of this condition is a low synthesis of iron, nitrogen deficit, and high acidic pH. To remedy this condition, dose the plant with chelated iron and ensure that the tank’s ideal pH level remains constant. The plant exhibits signs of stunting once nitrate levels are too short or when you don’t mix enough trace elements. Loss of lower leaf is a good sign that Rotala not having adequate sunshine in its home soil. If planted too thick, it may also lack light and lose the foliage.

Water parameters

Rotala indica thrives well in almost any freshwater situation. Make sure that you are constantly testing water parameters; get a precise test kit. Keep the conditions within the covered ranges in this article and ensure that the plant does not suffer significant fluctuations that negatively affect your tank. The plant is adaptable and amazingly stout and has a quick adaptation to any tropical water parameters.


Rotala indica plants are versatile in light requirements. They require light on a standard day/night cycle. However, you can choose the amount of light you provide depending on your desired results. Less light would encourage a small plant to grow in a compact shape, preventing invasive behavior. At high light, the tips of the plant can become yellow and leaves reddish. Higher light conditions improve growth. The plants will grow non-stop and continue to grow leaves. The leaves can get bigger in low light environments; to capture the lightest possible. You might experience color change as well.


Rotala sp could best thrive in nutrient replete substrates such as ADA Amazonia soil, Caribsea Eco-Complete Aquasoil, etc. This fertile substrate will allow plants to remain firmly rooted and maintain their natural architecture. When you use sand or gravel, you must use roots tabs to provide the necessary nutrients to the plant occasionally.

Layouts containing this plant

This Rotala species is relatively undemanding and doesn’t need light for the formation of red flowers. It develops side shoots, eagerly becoming dense and thick and expanding if required; it can get tricky for the sight to reach the lower part of the plant; one of the reasons why to prune frequently.

Tank Size

The plant is more effective when kept within medium-sized tropical aquariums. The plant can thrive in the background and expand to create significant density. If possible, go for tanks that are bigger than 10 gallons. The water conditions should be stable. This particular species can easily overcrowd the space and would need constant trimming when in confined spaces.


After water, light, and proper substrate adjustment, Rotala indica does not require CO2 injection at all as a low-tech plant. A fertilizer application is also not primordial to maintain this species. Reducing the ratio of nitrate to phosphate is expected to improve the thick red appearance. Additional CO2 is also improving density and coloration. Although dispensable, fertilization and application of CO² will do some beautiful things in the tank, like change the structure and colors of the plant; we recommend its use for planted aquariums.

How do I make it redder?

Rotala is one of those plants that shows red colors and tones when ideally in conditions. Some keepers debate that lowering nitrate levels to below 5ppm and offer the bright plan light will increase the reddish tone in Rotalas. The plants are far more tolerant to low nitrogen levels than other nutrients. When running low levels of nitrate in a tank, make sure to choose a collection of plants that are adaptable to lean dosage configurations.

Key success factors

The optimal light is required from this point (from medium to high) to make a very cool and bright color. CO² injection, additional fertilization, and P : N ratio maintenance will do wonders for your Rotala. Maintain accuracy tests and check parameters regularly. I kept an eye on the other plants in the same tank; they may require other parameters for their perfect maintenance.

Rotala indica and Tankmates

Rotala indica is a hardy, durable plant and the growth rate is relatively quick. It would be best if you did not let some hungry tankmates eat your plant. Be cautious about the fish and inverts that may damage or try their hardest to eat the plant. Avoid fish that dig into the substrate, causing damage or uproot plants; some aggressive fish can destroy the plants when fighting. You need to pick plants that won’t compete with Rotala to live well under the same conditions. For compatible plants, you can use Anubias, Anacharis, Java fern, and Water Wisteria.

Tank Mates

Rotala indica enjoys when kept with docile fish. Leaves are a little more delicate for energetic species. The last thing you want is pairing it with fish which consistently pulls roots off the substrate. Keep an aquarium with slow-motion fish will also be safer.

Summary of species

Rotala indica is a beautiful background plant used by aquarists to enhance their decoration. It is native to India and Southeast Asia. It is amphibious and grows along rice paddies and river banks. The flowers rise above the water surface. The vertical-shaped growth arrangement makes it an ideal selection for décor backgrounds. Rotala leaves add tons of versatility to plants’ smooth foliage, and thick bush look.

Decorating with Rotala indica

Rotala Indica is a favorite aquarium plant that can grow tall and firm in the background. It has round leaves that can grow horizontally on strong stems creating a thick clump that you should periodically trim. The rounded leaflets in the stalk are dense and provided a perfect ornamental appearance. Rotala can also be cultivated in vitro. Some are grown in bonsai form. It even fits tiny aquariums called “nano.”

In conclusion

Rotala indica plant aquascapers suggest this species due to its resistance, quick adaptation to different water parameters, versatility, fast growth, and low maintenance needs. The emphasis of aquarists is ensuring that all living organisms in the Aquarium are healthy and free of threats. The aquascaping should be well balanced, where the characters of fish and the plants are the centerpieces. Rotala grows upright and can occupy large amounts of space. Possibilities to use plants as ideal decorations for Aquarium are endless.

[Complete Guide] Amazon Sword Plant: Care, Planting, Propagation & More

Amazon Sword Plant

Amazon Sword Plants are rosette-type plants that are extremely popular with novices and experienced aquarium hobbyists. They tend to be pale to dark green with many large blunt leafy tufts with pointed tips. Some of the more common aquarium plants can reach 20 inches in height when adequately managed. The sword plant is an amphibious plant that can grow either partially or fully submerged. Sword plants are amphibious plants that can be either partially submerged or in total growth during the aquarium. Their color ranges from pale to dark green and can grow 29″ tall and 20″ thick. The plant is an aquarium hobbyist.

About Amazon Sword Plant

The Amazon Sword Plant, Echinodorus sp., is originated from the Amazon river basin. It is often found in aquariums worldwide, mainly because of its strength and ability to support a broad range of temperatures. This plant isn’t costly. Most of them will be between $5 and $7 per plant. Price always depends on the size of the plant. Some Retailers provide an additional-large plant for $10. Some other species are also found in the USA, Cuba, and Colombia.

Amazon Sword Plant

Buying Amazon Sword Plant

Amazon Sword Plant is a common aquarium plant species, thus its widespread availability in aquarium shops. You can get a small pot of this fantastic plant species for $5-$10. Of course, larger specimens can cost more (up to $20). When getting this plant, look for those with healthy green leaves. Be aware of any drop of leaves at the tank. There is no room for adjustment. Sometimes it takes some weeks to mature up new plants. Buy plants characterized by robust root structures will help ensure their survival over the long term.

Amazon Sword Care

Amazon Sword Plants are very versatile to provide you with dramatic effects in a freshwater aquarium environment without a lot of effort. If you meet the following necessities, it shouldn’t have the problem of thriving! These Amazon swords, as a low-tech plant, do not require much care and can be grown immersed or immersed. Amazon Swords are used to enriching and beautifying the environment in a freshwater aquarium.

Amazon Sword Plant Care Guide – Planting, Growing, and Propagation

Amazon Sword Plants (Echinodorus genus) is a versatile and hardy freshwater aquarium. It is viral among hobbyists due to its very extended longevity, hardiness, and ability to withstand a wide assortment of water conditions/parameters. It requires minimal care and can survive in various tanks (low-tech tanks down to high-tech tanks); it’s suited for beginners. Continue reading for more information on a general maintenance guide and how you can plant it in your tank.

Amazon Sword Plant Guide Care Lighting Planting Propagation

Amazon Sword Plants are a unique aquarium plant with low maintenance and will proliferate in most water conditions. These are ideal for beginners. Read this article to understand how you can set up a fantastic Amazon Sword aquarium. This guide will show you exactly how to care for your new Amazon Sword Plant and answer questions about these species. I hope you enjoy it.

Origin of Amazon Sword Plant

Some species of the genus Echinodorus are popularly called Amazon Swords. At this stage, over 30 species exist from the Echinodorus genus. This plant can be scientifically classified as Kingdom Plantae; Alismatales Order: Alismaticales.

Trimming and Pruning

The principal priority of Amazon swords is space. If the plant can live in plenty of space, then the pruning process will not be required. It’s also good to remove any leaf diseased as amazon swords can succumb to illness. You can trim up old roots as you grow the plants. Cutting back the old foliage may make it harder to produce more new leaves. Just allow the plants to develop by themselves. Avoid overcrowding to reduce excessive overproduction on plants, so plants stay clean.

How do I propagate an Amazon sword plant?

Sword plants develop long mother stems on which plantlets are visible. These little seedlets will develop their root system with a few leaves. As long as both the root and branch are intact, the plantlets can be removed and planted elsewhere. Place the shoots in other tanks is also possible, though make sure the substrate is similar – smaller nodes can struggle to adapt to an entirely new environment. Do not panic if plantlets are a little more yellowish. It’s pretty standard in young plants. It helps to have the CO2 injection to help them grow and develop for a longer time.

How do I plant Amazon swords?

The Amazon Sword Plant should be put in the center of the tank. Put it in the center of the tank will give more room for them to grow and achieve their maximum height. As the plant has become very bushy, it will provide great hiding spots for many aquarium residents. Although you are free to choose any substrate, we suggest using fine-granular sand. For growth, the plant needs a steady foundation.

Are Amazon swords suitable for aquariums?

Amazon Sword Plants are sturdy and aren’t prone to much damage. Experienced tank keepers will also love seeing these beautiful plants prosper in their aquariums. Dirty and polluted water means that your plants will eventually deteriorate and die. Its acidity is equally of great importance. Overall the plant is a great choice that will suit almost any tank set up with plenty of different species of fish – they’ll look fantastic when used in the background. A vital starting point will also provide everyone who wants an excellent introduction to a green landscaped aquarium.


Amazon Sword Plants are rosette-type plants with a bushy appearance and thin stems from a central root crown. The name derives from the leaves, which have the shape of a sword. The leaf extends around its base before gradually turning at a point. Some cultivars can exhibit deep or thin leaves. A bunch of strains has crinkled edges and clearly defined waves! A healthy plant will have dark green leafy stems. Any red patches or brown marks show the plants lack nutrients. The plants are healthy and will need excellent condition.

Benefits of having it in your tank

These plants will offer loads of nourishment to tank dwellers. Most aquarists plant it in the background. Amazon’s swords have a positive effect on waters. It absorbs carbon dioxide in water and creates oxygen for your fish. These plants may help to control nitrogenate levels and to reduce ammonia levels. They are used by fauna as a place to explore, hide and even reproduce. The plants can also be used as a focal point or background plants to create a dense jungle of vegetation.

Problems associated with Amazon Sword Plant

Leaves of the Amazon Sword Plant are highly susceptible to algae growth, especially if there is excessive light and adverse water conditions. Leaves forming yellow are symptomatic of an iron deficiency in plants. Algae-eating species like Amano shrimp, nerite snail, and Otocinclus catfish are great additions to the tank. When these parts of vegetation rise above the surface, the plants can become reddish-gray. There needs plenty of moisture. Cover tanks and plant a well to prevent drying.

Tank Mates

Amazon Sword Plants are unheard of any fish cutting plants or consuming leaves. Those fish more prone to attack it are chinchins, plecos, and goldfish. Choose a peaceful tank mate that will not cause plant harm. Larger fish are usually easier to use because they prefer to use the plant as shelter instead of food. Small creatures like shrimps and snails are suitable for these types, along with smaller fish. Some good amazon tank mates are snails, shrimp, and snails. An Amazon Sword can withstand many environments, but hungry fishes will be another case.

Water and Tank Parameters

Amazon Sword Plants are amphibious species that are growing underwater in one or both conditions. For best results, a loose substrate and iron-rich fertilizers should be used. The plants need at least 2 Watts per gallon of full-spectrum lighting (5000-67000K2). The temperatures in the aquarium should be about 72° – 82°F, with Alkali levels of a maximum of 7.5. Sword plants can make great points of interest when used together. If used in group settings, the flowers interest the background when growing them with other aquarium plants. Estimated shipping sizes: Regular: 6″ x 9″.

Size & Growth Rate

Amazon Sword Plants are found in a well-established aquarium. New growth occurs continuously and makes the plant more straightforward to maintain than others aquarium plants species. Leaves typically range in length over twelve inches in diameter. Amazon swords are designed to grow beyond 20 inches within a large freshwater tank. If you don’t trim the blade, an Amazonsail can overgrow over smaller tanks easily. It is very vulnerable if it becomes too big for larger tanks. The Amazon’s sword can reach about 19 inches in a larger freshwater tank.

Tank Size

Amazon Sword Plants can grow into small 12-gallon buckets. An aquarium of this site is not enough to give the plant its full power. In addition, we recommend using Amazon swords in tanks that hold about 20 gallons or more. Larger freshwater tanks provide more excellent vertical room for leaf growth. If the space is smaller, your plant will require periodic trimming. A large aquarium can hold more space for growing without overcrowded all the inhabitants in the tank. It can grow partially submerged so that you can limit it to extend outside the size of your standard tanks.


The Amazon Sword Plants require zero CO2 for healthy growth. Supplementation should keep an attractive green color and maintain a healthy leaf structure. Fertilizer applications also depend on the tank layout. Even if the substrate is rich in nutrients, this can provide sufficient nutrition. In some cases, the plant won’t perform well in a tank without fertilization. So, you’ll have to add some from time to time to maintain a regular growth rate and overall good health. A high CO2 and copper concentration (most fertilizers contain copper concentrations) are extremely dangerous for shrimp. If you keep shrimp in the Amazon Sword water tank, I highly recommend reading our other articles.


Amazon Sword Plant grows best on a loosely packed substrate or a suitable alternative like aquarium gravel. The selected submerged substrates should have depths of 6-8 cm at the base of the tank. Amazon Sword Plant is a heavy feeder. Sometimes plants can out-compete them and choke them out. Sometimes they put the pot into decorations to prevent the plant from actually taking all the tank. If you have gravel or sand, there’s still a way to keep Amazon swords. However, using root screws will not ensure proper nutrition for plants.

Tank requirements

This species comes in a highly diverse bioregion in the Amazon River basin. The tropical habitat provided an excellent nutrient-rich substrate for growth. The ideal range of temperature is 80-78 °F. Acidity is neutral, and pH should not exceed 7.5. The substrate is probably some of the most significant considerations for Amazon Sword Plants (as mentioned in the substrate section above) – ensure that it’s at least 2.5 inches thick. Water hardness 8 to 12 dGH is perfect.


Choose full-spectrum light that provides roughly one watt or more watts for a gallon of water. It’s one way of trying to give just the appropriate light for Amazon swords. Too much will cause the algae to grow on the leaves, but too little could cause health problems. Insufficient light could cause discolorations due to the lack of photosynthesis. Follow a standard day/night cycle and refined the lighting schedule for finding the specific parameters. Pay attention to the health and color of the plant and make adjustments to make the best of the light.

Water parameters

Amazon swords originating from Amazon rivers come from diverse environments. The search for suitable water parameters for your plant is not difficult. Amazon swords are adaptable in all circumstances and let you concentrate on the inhabitants without disturbing the plants. Although this is a hardy plant, it can be helpful to keep an eye out for water parameters. Make it a habit to use a good quality testing product to see if the tank is healthy and stable.

Amazon Sword Plants

The Amazon Sword Plants are beautiful and easy to care. There’ll also be a forest effect on your tank. It is an excellent choice for beginners and professionals aquarists. This plant can reproduce in a tank that you can share with friends and diversify other tanks with your other aquatic plants.