How Many Glofish in a 10 Gallon Tank? (Essential Advice)

Glofish genetically engineered fluorescent fish

Unlike anything else in the world of fish in aquariums is the Glofish! They are magnificently colored, spectacular fish which have had a natural fluorescence gene added to their genome, resulting in fish that are permanently fluorescent. In this article we delve into the question: How Many Glofish in a 10 Gallon Tank?

We also look at how glofish were developed and the care requirements for the different glofish species.

 

Introducing the Glofish

How Many Glofish in a 10 Gallon Tank

Due to bright neon colors, these fish have become extremely popular amongst beginner fish-keepers.

Genetically modified glofish are born with brilliant color, maintain it throughout their lives, then pass the color to their offspring.

Glofish have the same general care requirement, including temperature and food preferences as their non-fluorescent counterparts.

They are great in a community aquarium! The best way to experience glofish is by using blue lighting. This is included in all branded Glofish aquarium kits to help everyone ‘take home the glow!’

Glofish have been developed from several species of aquarium fish. Later in the article we consider each of these species and their individual care needs.

Glofish History- How Did They Come About?

Back in 1999 a group of scientists in Singapore were working with a gene extracted from a jellyfish that produced a bright green, fluorescent coloration. They then inserted this gene into a Zebra Danio embryo, allowing it to integrate into the fish’s genome.

These fish would then be fluorescent green under white light or ultraviolet lights. They then filed a patient on their work.

Next, they created a red florescent Zebra Damio using genes from a sea coral. The scientists then met with businessmen from Yorktown Technologies and created a deal to have world wide rites to market the new Zebra Danios branded as Glofish.

Are Glofish as Hardy as the Fish They Were Developed From?

So essentially Glofish are genetically modified, or GMO fish. Since then, there have been several new forms of glofish using other tropical fish species.

The glofish available on the market now include the Zebra Danio, Tiger Barb, Rainbow Shark, White Skirt Tetra, and Betta Fish.

The fish that glofish were developed from were all considered to be hardier- more ‘forgiving’ fish when mistakes are made with water parameters. Unfortunately, these new varieties don’t seem to be quite as hardy as their new counterparts.

So, is it that they are less hardy, or is it because they have been kept in inappropriate environments?

 

How Many Glofish in a 10 Gallon Tank? Things to Consider.

Types of Glofish and their colors

There is a lot of good to be said about glofish because of the bright colors. These fish are very attractive to a younger audience. They can add a great bit of color to a community aquarium.

The worst thing about glofish, is not the fish themselves, but more the tanks that are marketed for the fish.

For example; the largest aquarium kit marketed for glowfish is 10 gallons, whilst most of the species that glofish have been developed from require a minimum of a 20 to 30 gallon tank for optimal fish health.

So, you can see how this might be confusing to a lot of fishkeepers!

Another issue with these fish is that they were genetically modified to have bright lighting bring out their florescent colors. The species used to develop the glofish become stressed if kept in brightly lit tanks. As with White Tipped Tetras and Betta fish being examples of this.

The glofish are really not the problem, the problem is how they are marketed and how the products for them are marketed.

Co-inhabitants and Fish Behaviors that Determine Tank Size

Glofish cannot just be added to any community aquarium expecting that all aquatic life in the tank will be happy. Some glofish species like Tiger Barbs and Bettas tend not to get along well with others without careful planning and sufficient space in the tank.

Tiger Barb glowfish cannot be mixed with Betta fish glofish. Tiger Barbs are well known fin nippers. They will also outcompete the bettas for food.

Tiger Barb glofish are better kept in larger groups of ten fish. This reduces their nipping tendencies.

The rule of thumb of 1 gallon of water per Tiger Barb, definitely doesn’t work when considering a 10-gallon tank!

A 10-gallon tank is way too small for 10 Tiger Barbs. At the very least you would need a 20-gallon tank. Really, 30 gallons or more is better.

 

Wrong Advice from the Glofish Website

The glofish website does not have really good information on how to care for their florescent fish properly.

For example: the official glofish website recommends a tank of 10 gallons for a group of 6 Betta female fish. A 10-gallon tank will not be adequate for six female bettas. You would want at least a 20-gallon tank. Bigger always means better!

The truth is, while some people may object to glofish being sold on the market, as long as they keep selling, they will keep coming out with new species of glofish.

The best thing we can do is to research the specific species they were developed from and try to educate ourselves on how to best take care of them.

Focus a little less on what will best show off the bright colors of the fish, but more on the fish’s needs for it to thrive in your tank.

 

How Many Glofish in a 10 gallon tank? Shape Does Matter

If you do decide to house your glofish in a 10-gallon tank, then considering the shape of the tank will help your fish with finding the space to move as it would do naturally.

Tall thin tanks are less suitable. Tetras, tiger barbs and danios are schooling fish and need space to move left to right. Housing them in a longer tank is better.

The same goes for betta fish. These fish originated from shallow waters where they swim from side to side.

 

Glofish Species and Their Specific Needs

Zebra Danio Glow Fish

Long Finned Zebra Danio Glofish

Being the original glofish, they have developed several color strains. Today they are available in five colors: Electric Blue, Star Fire Red, Sun Burst Orange, Cosmic Blue, and Galactic Purple.

Danios require at least a 10 gallon tank. They are fast ‘busy’ fish suited for busy aquariums. They like to swim in the upper portions of the tank.

Danios are schooling fish, so they need to be kept in groups of at least five. If the numbers are too low they become stressed, which can lead to illness and social problems in the aquarium.

These colorful fish need plenty of space to swim around. They cohabitate with Tiger Barb glofish and White Skirt Tetra glofish, so long as they have room in the tank.

Your aquarium would need a lid, as danios like to jump. A filter or aquarium water pump that creates a current will excite danios. They like to dance around in the current.

Water Parameters:
  • Temperature: 65° – 75°F
  • pH: 6.5 – 7.2
  • Water hardness: 3 – 8 dkH (soft to medium)

 

Tiger Barb Glofish

Electric Green Glofish Tiger Barb

The glofish version of the tiger barb comes as a florescent green called the Electric Green Tiger Barb.

Tiger Barbs require a minimum tank size of 20 gallons (30+ gallons is better). Being avid swimmers, they need space to race around the tank pursuing each other.

Tiger Barbs grow to three inches if provided with the right conditions. So, having 6 to 10 barbs in a ten gallon tank would make it way to crowded. A larger tank will lessen any aggressive behaviors.

Water Parameters:
  • Temperature- 68° – 82°F (74° F best)
  • pH range- 6.0 – 8.0 (slightly acidic is best)
  • Water hardness- 4 – 10 dkH

 

White Skirt Tetra Glofish

Electric Blue White Skirt Tetra Glofish

There have been three glofish color versions developed from the White Skirt Tetra. These are: Electric Green, Sunburst Orange, and Moon Rise Pink.

This species is a schooling fish, with fish growing to two inches long. Schooling fish, because they need to be in numbers, require a large tank of at least 20 gallons (114L).

It is best to keep them in groups of five or more in a community tank, otherwise they are susceptible to getting their fins nipped.

Water Parameters:
  • Temperature: 75° – 80°F
  • pH range: 6.0 – 7.5
  • Water hardness: 5 – 20dkH

 

Rainbow Shark Glofish

Sometimes known as the Red Finned or Ruby Shark, are a semi-aggressive fish towards other species with long fins such as guppies, bettas and goldfish.

An adult rainbow shark thrives in a tank with a minimum of 55 gallons of water and an aquarium length of 48 inches. This species grows to six inches (15 cm) long and require room to move. A 10 gallon tank would not suffice.

Rainbow Sharks are bottom to mid-level tank occupants who will get along with Tiger Barb glofish.

The Glofish brand has developed a purple/pink florescent Rainbow Shark which is names Galactic Purple.

Water Parameters:
  • Temperature: 75 – 81 °F (24 – 27 °C)
  • pH range: 6 – 8
  • Water hardness: 5 – 11dkH

 

Betta Fish Glofish

Male Betta Fish Glofish

The betta glofish cause quite the controversy in the fish-keeping community. The glofish brand developed the Electric Green Betta with a florescent green color. The basis of the controversy is that the betta fish is already a stunningly colorful fish which is super popular with fish enthusiasts. The glofish betta doesn’t match up to the range of patterns and colors of bettas that have been selectively bred for many years.

The other problem with the glofish betta is that it doesn’t have the desired fins.

As pointed out earlier, the glofish website recommends six female glofish bettas for their 10-gallon tank. Our view is that one betta fish requires a minimum of 5 gallons or larger for it to have space to move and for water parameters to keep stable.

Betta fish are not social fish and need room between individuals. Females will tolerate one another, but will become stressed if crowded together. When this happens social problems occur and fins may be nipped.

Water Parameters:
  • Temperature: 75 – 81°F (23.8 – 27.2°C)
  • pH range: 6.5 – 7.5
  • Water hardness: 3 – 5 dkH
  • GH: 3 – 4 dGH

 

Final Thoughts

Whether you have an aversion to GMO developed organisms or not, the glofish are now well established with the aquarium hobby and we all agree that the colors that have been developed are unique and eye catching, especially in an aquarium with ultraviolet lighting!

Our responsibility with keeping pets is to ensure they are kept in appropriate tanks where their needs can be met that replicate their natural habitats. ‘How Many Glofish in a 10 Gallon Tank’ is not the question that should be asked, but rather; What size tank would be suited best for the species of fish intended to be kept? This goes for aquarium equipment as well- lighting systems, filters and heaters.

Whatever you decide, we wish you every success with keeping glofish.

You may be interested in our article “How Many Glofish in a 5-gallon Tank?” It is quite a different article to this one.

 

 

 

 

 

 

[2022] How Fast do Koi Grow? Growth Rate, Tank Conditions, And More

How Fast do Koi Grow

Although more water can always make a better and easier-to-keep aquarium, hobbyists often choose the smaller aquarium for the minimalist nature that comes with it and the challenge involved. Although maintaining such aquariums can be difficult, they are possible.

How fast do Koi fish grow?

The word Ornamental Fish refers to Koi fish. It’s a top pet fish worldwide. Koi is a decorative and commercial item. Depending on several factors, including genetics, environment, nutritional status, and ages, Kois can reach 36 inches in length with weights ranging from 12 to 20 pounds.

Koi fish growth rates

Koi fish are commonly ornamental freshwater fish and are generally kept in ornamental lakes. The fish are taken up in early 19th-century Japan from rice farmers and are mostly colors based on typical carps though they don’t usually happen. Koi means “Love” or “Affection” in Japanese. Is Koi fish one of the most expensive fish in the world. This guide covers what sizes to expect and additional information that can affect how a Koi fish grows.

How fast do Koi fish grow in a Pond?

Ponds have a big size god for help how fast do Koi grow. If you breed Koi fish or compete at a competition, you should not ignore the time that it takes to the Koi fish grows. Let’s examine how fast koi growth happens, what factors impact the Koi fishgrowth rate, and how you can increase it quicker.

How big do Koi get & How to Make Koi fish Grow Bigger?

Koi fish have attractive fish with vibrant colors. Koi fish is one of the biggest fish in the fishkeeping hobby. Adults Koi fish are typically 20 to 24 inches tall and weigh 9 to 11 kg. However, some Koi are larger and heavier. This article will help you learn how to get more koi size by focusing on certain factors.

Why is my Koi fish not growing?

Usually, your adult Koi fish doesn’t develop as fast as you would like. It’ll be because of stress or sickness. Poor water conditions, disease infections, overcrowding, and competition for food may be the leading causes of stunted growth. It’s best to inspect the water for ammonia and nitrites and any substances, including decayed plant matter. Then do an every-week water change – removing 10% to 15% of small ponds below 5,000 gallons; taking away 5% of larger ponds above 5,000 gallons.

How can I make my Koi fish grow faster?

Average Koi fish need an excellent habitat to grow larger faster. Koi can grow in size that their natural disposition permits even in the best of conditions. Generally, genetics limit their growth and size regardless of habitat conditions. The best way to increase the growth rate is to keep Koi fish in big aquariums or heated lakes. Although a 30-gallon tank is helpful in the case of one young Koi, they will need larger tanks as they get older. A minimum of fifty gallons of water must be required to keep these fish. Feeding young Koi fish an appropriate diet can increase their growth rate.

How Fast do Koi Grow

How big is Butterfly Koi?

Butterfly Koi, Long Fin Koi, or Dragon Carp grow up to 30 inches tall. However, it is more common 24 inches. The adult butterflies weigh 12 to 16 lbs. Some can reach 20 pounds. This fin grows until the blood vessels do not allow blood to enter the fin. The wings grow slowly. The bigger the fish, the longer they will last. The longer your koi grows, the more food it needs. Good quality water should also ensure it has sufficient water temperature for growth.

How long does it take for Koi fish to grow to full size?

Domestic Koi fish are huge and can grow very rapidly compared to other freshwater animals. Koi generally take three to five years to reach full adult size. Typically most Koi fish have predisposing genetic factors to grow in large numbers in the right conditions. The larger the Koi pond environment, the larger Koi grow. When kept in outdoor lakes with a minimum of 50 gallons of water per fish, domestic Koi fish can grow from 5 inches up to 14 inches, according to the overall health of the fish.

Does the size of the pond hinder a Koi’s growth?

Yes, pond sizes have considerable impacts in terms of koi growth. The young domestic Koi live happily at 50 gallons of water. But it won’t grow into a 10-gallon tank. The Koi fish needs water for its freedom. For average Koi fish, the pond should have at least three ft depth. To grow the larger Koi fish, you must have larger ponds. When you’ve ever seen Koi fish farms in Japan, there are huge pools where Koi fish are grown in large numbers. After some growth, the farmers reduce the Koi fish population; this gives Koi fish the highest growth potential.

How can I make my Koi fish grow faster?

If you comply with this list of conditions, your Koi fish should be able to grow much more significantly, much faster! It must have a warm climate with proper pH, nitrites, and nitrates and be well managed. As the Koi growth, especially as it is stored in the Koi pond, the Koi fish has to be moved to a larger room, whether it’s an even bigger pond or not. Educate them about the best diets available. Remember that Koi growth gets to maximum size when it has good genetics.

Do Koi grow to the size of their tank?

Contrary to widespread opinion, Koi fish do not do grows concerning available space in their environment. In other words, Koi fish with an innate tendency to reach 15 inches in length will increase much more significantly on an outdoor Koi pond compared to an indoor tank. Kois can grow faster under the best physical conditions – without sacrificing nutritional content or living in degraded water quality, which often happens in tanks too small for Koi fish.

How fast do Koi fish grow?

Koi fish grow at unpredictable frequency. The average Koi may grow to approximately between 24 and 36 inches in length, although some ‘jumbo’ varieties of Koi are capable of reaching up to 52 inches. The majority of a koi’s growth occurs during the first three to four years.

Temperature of water

Pond temperature can also affect growth rate. Your Koi is growing faster in warmer temperatures. In warm water, metabolism increases, resulting in more activity and appetite and a higher growth rate. Having boiling water can be very harmful to fish growth and stress! When it’s cold, the fish will be quieter to save energy. This may be associated with reduced appetite. Raising the pond water’s temperature through heating will increase its growth in cold climates and keep the fish in good health.

Nutrition

Although Koi fish can be fed almost any type of food, the proper diet can cause rapid growth. Insufficient nutrition can lead to stunted growth, illness, and even death for your Koi fish. You must be careful in choosing the product to feed your fish. High-quality specific foods have many benefits, including a good quality dietary supplement that provides essential nutrients.

How Fast do Koi Grow

Pond size

While the size of the pond doesn’t directly affect how big your Koi will grow, it can cause stunting and other ailments. It’s just a stressful experience for the fish. Having a small pond for your fish can cause stress and can cause a reduction in calorie intake increased weight gain. There will always be a volume recommendation for carp to clean water and avoid overcrowding. The rule is one mature female koi per 50 gallons of water.

Water quality

The pond waters where Koi live need regular monitoring of pH, KH, temperature, and dissolution oxygen levels to ensure the proper function. Koi can get stressed if the above factors aren’t healthy. These stress conditions may result in hormone imbalances and lowered growth. Make sure to periodically test pond water to keep your fish at optimum health.

Genetics

Genetics is crucial to determining how quickly your Koi grows. Even the most optimal water environment is not conducive to growing your Koi.

How big should a Koi Tank be?

The Koi aquarium requires at least 50 gallons to produce optimal growth in one Koi individual, but more significant is better. Since the Koi overgrows and becomes relatively larger, an indoor tank will suit just a youngster in his first year. Once their height has reached an eight-inch, they must be moved outside into large ponds for their enjoyment.

What are the best water conditions for Koi Fish Growth?

Habitats are crucial factors for the health and growth of Koi fish. Water that includes many mineral components is strongly advised (not distilled or reverse osmosis). Tap waters should also be treated first by dechlorinating agents.

How to avoid Stunting Your Koi Fish?

The Koi can have many problems with their development. In addition, healthy fish tend to live longer, and the fish keeper can decide whether to inhibit or keep Koi growth for a long time permanently. Stunting is generally caused partly by stress and illness and can occur under the conditions below.

Diet

Kois can be successful in the presence of dietary fiber and healthy eating habits. You have to store the food correctly, and you have the option to finish all the packages within three months from the opening date. Pellets with a high percentage of protein and high amounts of vitamins and minerals can be used. How many meals you feed your Koi will undoubtedly help it grow more rapidly.

Tanks

Generally, all adult Koi need 250 gallons of water to live within the limit. But bigger means better. Keeping the Koi away from tanks smaller than 250 gallons would be advisable. A 3-foot depth pond with more than 1000 gallons is ideal.

Overcrowding

An overcrowded tank could very well hinder Koi’s growth. The average garden pond is good to keep 3 to 4 large Koi in total. The fewer gallons in the pond, the worse the water quality.

Temperature

Temperatures should be around 65-75 degrees. Koi’s healthy quality may decline beyond its desired temperature.

How long does it take for a Koi fish to grow to full size?

Koi usually takes three years for them to mature. However, some Koi fish have a growth cycle of up to 10 years. The size of Koi can vary between 6 inches in length in the first year. Eventually, it slows. In ten years, their growth stops. Often these fish are grown even before they reach adulthood.

How big are outdoor Koi fish?

You can have Koi growing very rapidly in ponds and on tanks. Generally speaking, small pounds can still cause stunted growth, mainly in lousy water quality. The water must be heated (especially during the bad weather), but you also have to provide a healthy diet.

How fast do Koi grow in a year?

If kept correctly in an extensive aquatic habitat with appropriate water conditions, healthy Koi fish can grow 1 inch each month. According to genetics, at three years old, the adult reaches full maturity ranging from 12 inches to 36 inches.

Do koi fish stay small?

Yes, the Koi fish is not tiny. Good young Koi has growth rates that reach some inches per year. The Koi may not grow large despite the stress at its initial growth stage. One group of Koi species remains smaller than jumbo Koi, like domestic Koi.

Conclusion

It’s nice to figure out the size of our Koi fish, as this helps us determine how we can build their habitat. Besides their water conditions and diets, Koi fish species significantly influence how big your Koi fish are. Our articles will hopefully help with your questions about your Koi fish growth. Please take advantage of this beautiful fish!

[2022] Can goldfish live in tap water? (Tap, Distilled, Or Well Water?)

Can goldfish live in tap water

The Water! Like the air that fills your lungs, water helps Goldfish obtain oxygen in their fish tank. If you don’t get good water quality, it can cause goldfish problems. If water has toxic chemicals, it is tough for fish to survive. Can we live if our breaths burn our lungs? It can be a problem if you put goldfish in tap water but don’t treat it before goldfish is deposited in the Goldfish tank water. let’s started for Can goldfish live in tap water..

Untreated vs treated tap water

Can a person get a goldfish, fill the aquarium with untreated tap water, then take the pet to the Goldfish tank. That’s not a good decision; unless you have conditioned the water with a regular aquarium water conditioner before introducing the fish. Even where tap water is thought safe for drinking, it is unsuitable for aquatic species, such as goldfish and other fish. Can goldfish thrive in tap water? Goldfish cannot survive in untreated tap water. Untreated tap water is usually high in chlorine, killing a fish or destroying the bacteria in your filtering system.

The best water for your aquarium

A house aquarium provides hours of pleasure and relaxation — and health advantages. Studies show that spending 10 minutes with fish on the fish tank leads to reduced heart rate and blood pressure. To create a healthy environment in the fish habitat, you must keep the water in the best quality. This guide will help you determine what water a Goldfish tank needs.

What is best water for goldfish tanks/bowls (Tap, Distilled or Well Water)?

It is important to ensure that your goldfish is in the optimum water possible – preferably a shady place! The fish of the tank or pond need just the same fresh clean water that those living in rivers. How damaging is distilled water for goldfish? Please follow this guide for finding the most perfect water conditions for Goldfish.

What kind of water do goldfish need?

Maintaining goldfish is very easy. Should I add salt to the water? Is the available water distilled, from the tap or well water? Goldfish need clean water and standard parameters.

Have you forgotten the water conditioner? Make untreated tap water safe for goldfish

Even if your goldfish has acted strangely in the water, you can permanently save it in time. Get ready, immediately treat the aquarium using water conditioners based on the directions on the back of the package. If chlorine is present within your water supply, your aquarium may have already destroyed; many beneficial bacterial that have been filtrating your water. Bring a goldfish to a cycled aquarium and make sure the existing tank completes the nitrogen cycle again. Initially, this may cause gill damage. Add air stone to improve airflow.

Questions

How do fish survive in tap water? Goldfish shouldn’t get untreated tap water. When the fish has been exposed to chlorinated water, they begin to develop skin irritations. Even the most minuscule amounts can cause severe damage to the fish. It shows visible signs of distress when coming into contact with bad water. These fish should probably not be allowed to live beyond the next day on tap water. It won’t breathe right and may perish within time.

Can I use bottled water for my goldfish?

If you are using water from natural sources, there’s nothing wrong if you are using bottled water. Generally, bottled water is cared for maximum removal of pollutants and contaminants. Water mustn’t contain chlorine or any chemicals. Springwater is rich in the minerals needed for goldfish survival. Similarly, if you use huge tanks, buying this kind of water can become quite expensive. Measure pH levels in the bottles before use to ensure that they’re in an acceptable range.

How can you make tap water safe for fish?

Depending of the method, there are various ways of preventing contamination from entering through the tapwater of your property. Adding a water conditioner can be done quickly and easily and is most used by aquarium keepers. There are conditioners of different types and brands for all tastes and pockets.

Can goldfish live in distilled water?

Sometimes people ask about using distilled water in tanks to keep goldfish. Distilled water alone can be detrimental because it removes all minerals from it. The addition of minerals to your tank water should help your goldfish become able to survive. If you plan to use distilled water, it can work if you add the right minerals for your fish.

Can goldfish live in tap water

What’s the best water for goldfish?

As long as you condition your tap water before adding it to the tank, everything is going to work. I would strongly recommend looking for an excellent water conditioner; It’s easier and cheaper to obtain and is very efficient. The aquarium must be big enough when you keep goldfish in your tanks. They should have a capacity of 50 gallons or more. Please read more articles on this site!

Reverse Osmosis

Some people choose to utilize the reverse osmosis filter for removing water minerals. These work by pumping water through a permeable membrane, removing small particles and debris such as chlorine and heavier metals from the tap water. It is fascinating, but it removes everything from the water, like all the essential minerals that feed the animals and plants. However, it is possible that you can overcome it with remineralizing buffers.

Can goldfish live in well water?

In some regions, well water can make the best use of your tank. Sometimes, it is not recommended to use this kind of water because it is unknown how many bacteria or metals are contained. The risks exist. Even when you’ve heard of successful water use, knowing that a well is completely different from another is essential. Test your well water before using it.

Leave water out

Another option that some people select is to keep water in an open container. It takes an average of 24 hours for some compounds (such as chlorine) to volatilize from the water. However, chloramine and chlorate cannot be removed in this way. So basically, you’ll have to add some conditioner to your tap water.

Can goldfish live in tap water without filter?

Goldfish could easily be found in any water tank with no filter. In this case, you will need to do water changes very regularly to remove any dirt or debris and maintain the proper water quality. If you don’t install filters, it will likely cause a lot of health damage; always have a filter sponge in your tank. Never keep a tank without aquarium filter.

Can you use Bottled Water for your Goldfish?

Bottle water is available for the Goldfish tanks, but you should treat that water the same way tap water is treated. You can treat this water with a water conditioner before using it because it can contain some toxic chemicals to Goldfish.

What’s the best water conditioner for goldfish?

Most commercial water conditioning products will work perfectly for your tank.

Keep tap water safe for goldfish: The Healthy Water Treatment Program

Goldfish can feel the presence of unwanted compounds in your tap water immediately when you add it to the tank. Sometimes they may even try jumping straight out of water. If you use water with harmful chemicals and heavy metal content (and leave it untreated), your Goldfish may never survive. Never risk it. If you don’t know if the tap water is safe to fish, you must eliminate chlorine disinfectants or heavy metals in the water.

Can I use well water for goldfish?

Occasionally a person with good water in their home area might use mineral water to fill a fish tank with Goldfish. Well water also could contain heavy metals and other toxins that kill fish in minimal quantities. Well water also may have several fertilizers. When we use healthy water, it must be clean and fresh, without chemicals or chlorine.

How do you make tap water safe for Goldfish?

A serious problem when using tap water for fish tanks is that the water in most places will contain chloramine. Chlorine is the least difficult of the two compounds because it will soon evaporate into the air. Often, however, chloramines are used for drinking water purification. Chloramine is not volatile. It may be a good idea to purchase chlorine removal products.

How to condition water for your aquarium?

What water you use in an aquarium will require conditions so your fish can flourish there. When you maintain good aquarium water quality, it must contain the proper balance for the fish and the good bacteria to live happy and healthy. To prepare the water for the tank, you must test the water you use. If you want an improved pH level for water conditioning, you can use Baking Soda to increase the bicarbonate content.

Aquarium water sources

When you provide water to an aquarium, you have many options. In freshwater tanks, water can be accessed from different water sources. The saltwater tank needs a salt mixture. However, it’s essential that whatever you use your drinking water with requires a bit of treatment for your fish. Always test your water before putting fish in your tanks.

Municipal tap water

How can I quickly get the fish into the water by turning on a faucet? When drinking water from the municipal network, the water underwent physical and chemical treatments to clean and remove most bacteria. The water quality is still variable based on the area. Occasionally water is filled with minerals like iron, fluor, and magnesium. Some tap water contains ammonium and organic matter, irritating delicate aquatic animals. One of the problems with using public water for fish tanks is the high content of chlorine which is frequently used in public drinking water systems.

Rainwater

Using rainwater in aquariums is an easy way to conserve money. Rainwater has a relatively low minerals content, which makes its pH fluctuate. Also, you must test and treat rain waters to ensure that they do not cause damage to your fish. Rains are also susceptible to contaminators in the air. Raindrops can absorb pollutants as they drop. Water that falls on a rooftop before collection may also collect toxic things from the shingles.

[2022] Baby Snapping Turtle: Complete Care Guide and Breed Info

Baby Snapping Turtle

Putting a dinosaur in the tank is a tempting decision, but it is not practical. Would anyone like the opportunity to be the owner of a prehistoric turtle? Baby Snapping Turtle is Here! Snapping turtle is certainly exotic pets, which is just proof that they are beautiful pets. They may seem strange animals to keep, but they are fascinating animals to notice, especially in tanks. This snapping turtle is maintained in aquariums. Continue reading for information on baby turtles.

Chelydra serpentina

It can also be known as the Common Snapping Turtle and the most common snapping turtle species. They have become common throughout the US. They are among the heaviest native freshwater turtles on their northern territory.

How to Care for Baby Snapping Turtles

Those baby turtles can appear like a cute small snaping turtle, don’t make this impression! Snapping turtle come in colossal size, and sometimes they can be a threatening pet. These snapping turtle live in the water but do not fit into a regular long-term aquarium. Baby Snapping Turtle it’s an undertaking species and makes a lovely pet for experienced keepers. Continue reading for details on the baby snapping turtle care.

What does a baby turtle look like?

Baby snapping turtls resembles miniature versions of adult versions. It may initially prove difficult to distinguish alligator snapping turtles from common snapping turtles. It has a long, pointed tail and fleshy feet with sharp claws. The shell of Alligators Snapping Turtle consists of three distinct bones, which are raised and form three raised rows spiky on the shell. Baby Alligator Snapping Turtle is bright and fleshy and wriggle the tail to attract prey. The baby snapping turtle has fewer prehistoric characteristics.

Tank Mates

These turtles has a significant habitat and lives with different fish species within your environment. However, fish is an essential source of food for turtles. It is challenging to locate an animal that can prosper alongside powerful enemies like these turtles. Slow fish or with swimming difficulties will indeed be eaten. But this also applies to other fish that often pass through the turtles and end up predating. Choose small and fast fish to add. However, it would be nice to leave the tortoises only with themselves. Almost all fish in a communitarian tank with Snapping Turtles will be eaten.

Keep baby turtles together

Snapping turtles can cause serious health risks and damage to the environment and even to humans and other mammals. They are often aggressive, and we suggest keeping one tank per tank.

Appearance

Snapping turtles can grow to an immense height, weighing as much as 65 pounds. A typical Snapping Turtle is approximately 13 inches tall and weighs around 35 pounds. For the untrained eye, distinguishing between different clades of Chelydridae is difficult, but these turtles have a unique character. These turtles can easily be confused by a turtle that snaps (Macrochelys temminckii). The Alligator Snapping Turtle can reach 125 kg and reach 33 inches in diameter though it may resemble. Its shell resembles those found on snapping turtles but has three rows of crests easily distinguished.

Baby Snapping Turtle

How to take care of a baby snapping turtle?

A 10-gallon container can fit a baby snapping turtle but requires additional storage space in a short time due to its growth rate at the beginning of life. Due to the volume of waste created, these turtles pollute the tank quickly, degrading the water from the aquarium. Keep an eye on the snatching! Even when accustomed to handling at a young age, he would not have much physical contact with his Chelydra serpentine. When you want to keep more than two individuals, keep them separate because they will bite each other when they grow up.

Habitat and tank conditions

Snappers are widespread in throughout eastern North America including all of South Carolina and Georgia. They inhabit almost any body of freshwater throughout their range. Some have even been found in brackish water. They are typically found in the mud in the swampy area and in rivers where silted water has been found. It’s a crucial substrate, because during winter, the turtles can burrow into it for hibernation. The turtle thrives in fresh water or in brackish waters that provide plenty of habitat.

Baby Snapping Turtle Tank Setup

In tanks the reproduction of the natural environments is easy. Filtration on the other hand is crucial to the wellbeing of Baby Snapping Turtles. It is essential to maintain strong filtration and aeration systems. When a turtle matures and is fully grown, it is not an important concern. Moreover the system will need biochemical filtration and mechanical filtration capability.

Tell me the size of the Aquaterrarium?

When babies are purchased, they usually have a small size and can be kept in a tank of around 10 gallons. Eventually, however, tanks will no longer take care of your tortoise baby. The adult Turtle Snapping needs at least 150 gals of tanks or an outdoor lake.

Baby Snapping Turtle Care

Caregiving a baby snapping turtle is quite simple since they are robust and healthy and don’t have particular ailments. Nevertheless, there remain several critical factors. Do not underestimate the power of sound filtration systems. If dealing with a small quantity of water or large animal such as this can cause your tank to get dirty fast. This may lead to illness and deteriorating growth for your pets. Even with an adequate filter, you have to clean your tank frequently. It’s similar to cleaning other aquariums. You have to keep the surface area of the tank clean too.

Where can I buy baby turtles?

The best sources for baby Snapping Turtles are reputable and knowledgeable breeders. Fortunately, reptile breeders have been easy to find online, thanks mainly to Internet access. Find out if your breeder reviews are favorable or adverse. Learn about the differences between alligator snapping turtles and common snapping turtles to keep you away from scams. Wild-caught snappers are usually sick with parasites and are stressed out.

What are Snapping Turtles?

Snapping turtles live in any aquatic environment like pools and rivers. The natural habitat is densely vegetated with muddy soils. Snappings are omnivores, but their food intake contains a lot of meat and animal proteins. Snapping turtles have been known for hunting with an ambush by sitting and waiting until a living animal passes near the mouth. The neck is long to get to a distant target. Besides small fish, a wild snapper also eats smaller turtles and other reptiles and even birds and mammals. Snapping turtles often eat dead animals. Snapping turtles are not good hunters.

Baby Snapping Turtle Overview

This term refers to giant freshwater turtles that use your method to bite. The Turtle snapping is large and aggressive, especially when juveniles are more tolerant of handling and less aggressive.

Temperature of water

The ideal water temperature for babies is 77-84F. While the common snapping turtle withstands colder temperatures in the winter, a warmer temperature is ideally suited to babies. The temperature of the basking platform should not exceed 90 °F. The temperature obtained is achieved by heating the aquarium using an aquarium heater. The temperature can easily be measured through thermometers and digital thermostats to ensure that the temperature is not out of range.

Substrate

Even though Snapping Turtles may survive without substrate, their body tends to be less stressed and relaxes when tank conditions mimic their natural environment. So, plants and driftwood combine to provide a suitable substrate. The Baby Snapping Turtle can eat these live plants. Therefore, an alternative substrate is rock or ceramic containers for this purpose. It gives Snapping Turtle babies ample safe places to sleep. Stones must have enough weight not to crash accidentally.

Best and Worst Plants for Baby Snapping Turtle Tanks

The Snapping Turtle needs lots of room when they’re swimming. They will most likely eat the plants in the tanks. Typically for these reasons, plants are skipped if one plans on caring for a baby turtle. However, some plants provide hiding locations for turtles when they are held captive. It is, therefore, best if desired to reduce plant numbers as much as possible. A variety of plant species, such as the Anacharis, hornwort, or the Java Fern, may be employed.

Optimum Tank Size for Baby Snapping Turtles

The recommended size for a baby turtle’s tank is between 10 and 20 gallons. However, Baby Snapping Turtles will soon outgrow it, and a young Snapping Turtle requires at least a 50-gallon tank. The water should be a little deeper to allow swimmers to swim while shallow sufficient for the neck to be stretched to breathe. An approximate method is to get it more profound than the size of the turtle.

Decorations for Baby Snapping Turtle Tanks

As aquatic life offers several risks for babies snapping turtles, it is best to use decorative plants for them. The decor should be selected according to your ability to provide enough shelter for babies snapping turtles and avoid the movement prevented from animals. In this regard, materials are possible, including clay vessels, storage boxes, and other things that form caves and hiding places when submerged.

Tank type for baby snapping turtles

Ponds, plastic containers, or tubs can be adapted as housing for baby Snapping Turtles. The glass terrarium can also provide a pool for baby turtles. A pre-made pond is also possible, considering its growth potential. A durable wire-top cover will keep babies from escaping. The tank may also have a deep, which allows the turtles to relax, partially buried by water.

Baby Snapping Turtle Tank Landscape

The baby Snapping Turtle grows big enough to need a large-sized tank quickly. Their habitats are best suited to a pond. This should give baby Snapping Turtles sufficient space for hiding. Since babies are happy basking in the sun, an onsite sand area is required. Snapping turtles aren’t afraid of leaving the water, so a sloping dock is ideal for their partially amphibian existence.

Baby Snapping Turtle Size

A typical baby Snapping Turtle can grow up to 20 inches in length—A baby Snapping Turtle measures around 6 inches long at age five. The tiny baby Snapping Turtle is sized up to 4 inches long at a baby’s age. Nonetheless, their growth continues to slow down throughout their lives. Adult snapper turtles usually reach a length ranging from 10 inches to 14 inches.

Filter types

Filtration has a crucial effect on infants’ survival in their tanks. Because the Snapping Turtle eats very much food, tank water quickly gets very degraded and stale with leftover foods and detritus. Thus, if snappings become more significant and older, they will need an excellent filtration system. Water change every couple of days is necessary.

Life span of baby Snapping Turtles

In captivity, babies Snapping Turtles generally have an average lifespan of around 30 years. The lifespan of Snapping Turtles varies depending on their quality of care.

PH

A suitable water pH is between 6 – 7 for a baby snapping turtle. So water never becomes too acidic. Adding a small amount of aquarium salt may help make water more brackish.

Tell me the best way to feed baby turtles?

Baby Snapping Turtles eat everything they find in nature. The baby turtles also enjoy diversifying their diets with plant foods. Your Snapping Turtles will be able to eat any food from a tank. Their diet varies with their height or weight. Baby Turtles are likely to consume much more food than adult turtles. They are likely to eat blood worms and other meats. Fruit is a snack but is best consumed with little care. They can eat various commercial foods, including a variety of granules and flakes.

Frequency

The turtles must eat one or two times daily. These are a daily amount – they can be divided into two meals or offered in a single meal. During meals, place leaf green vegetables on top of the water. Almost all young snapper turtles don’t like vegetables but eat whatever is available. Give Koi pellets containing wheat germ once weekly. Wheat germs are beneficial for turtles’ shell health and their sharp shedding. Keep the cuttlefish bones in the aquarium. Your Snapping Turtle will eat them to gain calcium. Remove any inedible mounts and sharp edges.

Techniques

Tongue feedings are an effective means of feeding your baby turtle. It will be a while before you are comfortable with your pet. Then put the tongs in a shallow bowl near your snapping mouth. Tong-feeding allows for an easy and thorough inspection of the turtle. It offers excellent opportunities to bond and has positive interactions. Commercially produced food particles and vegetables can float while protein can sink. Live foods can float and swim and encourage natural hunter behavior.

Supplements

Feeder insects, bones with Calcium, supplements for reptiles. If your baby turtle is exposed to UVB lighting, use calcium powder without vitamin C. You can also sprinkle the foods of the snapping with supplements a few times a week.

How to handle a Snapping Turtle?

Some people believe snappers are very snappy and grow aggressive, but the turtle may just be a bit tame despite being tended regularly at a young age. Those who handle snapping turtle in their younger generation will be recognized as their best friend. But snapping turtles will snap. And the head is extending far more forward. If you have great friends like your turtle, you must keep it safe.

Typical behavior

It may seem that Snapping Turtle can fool your senses into believing they are simply innocent. Unfortunately, that’s not true. A Common baby Snapping Turtle tends to become a predator. In nature, they usually live in isolation. If two turtles fight, only one comes back alive. In tanks, the behaviors are quite similar. You’ll be able to see these guys swimming around and relaxing in their tanks.

Conclusion

The baby Snapping Turtle is an ancient species that can be kept at home. This baby turtle is pretty simple to maintain. They’re not picky eaters, and they need little attention unless they have the proper filters. Adults are therefore much more dependent upon the size. If there is not enough room to put turtle tanks, this becomes very dangerous.

[2022] Ammonia Poisoning Betta: Preventions And Disease Healing

Ammonia Poisoning Betta

Ammonia poison is dangerous for all fish. Many fish have fallen victim to ammonia poisoning when they enter their new home. This guide gives you the basics of preventing ammonia burn, making it safer for the animals you are feeding. Let’s start guide about Ammonia Poisoning Betta..

How do you treat Ammonia poisoning in fish?

It is possible that the goldfish is intoxicated by ammonia. Some symptoms may develop, it all depends on the fish’s immunity and how quickly ammonia accumulates in the water. How does it work for treating poisons? Simple changes of large amounts of water in the tank can quickly solve the problem.

Can chemicals cause goldfish to turn black?

Attractive and easy-care goldfish tolerate different tank situations and thus have become popular as pets. Finding black spots on your colored goldfish likely indicates ammonia burn, which is often found on the fins, which could also indicate an infection. Excess ammonia in goldfish tanks is unfortunately common, so the keeper must carry out tests to constantly check the ammonia level.

Other causes

A parasite also can causes black spots on fish. Some parasites use fish as hosts to complete a stage of their life before releasing their eggs into the environment. They attach themselves to the skin, creating small cysts in the form of dark spots. Infection can be rare inside aquariums and, if it occurs, produces black flakes on the fish’s skin.

Causes

The burning from ammonia may occur in “new tanks”. During the initial cycling period of the tank, we still do not have enough beneficial bacteria to control the toxic concentration of ammonia found in the water. Therefore, when we set up an aquarium, the first step is to wait for the nitrogen cycling period. A thorough cleaning will be necessary when ammonia levels are high in the aquarium. If the keeper cannot take preventative measures, harmful levels of ammonia are found inside the tanks. It also applies to water in a transport bag for packing and transporting fish.

What is ammonia poisoning in betta fish?

In open wild environments, it is pretty rarely seen significant amounts of fish wastes, leftovers, and other debris. The accumulation of water and debris in the tank can cause excessive ammonia concentrations and contaminate the aquatic life, poisoning the fish. Ammonia in the waters causes the gills to burn, driving breathing difficulty and eventually killing the fish. Ammonia is usually found in newly built aquarium installations that do not cycle properly before adding fish.

Ammonia

Goldfish with brown or dark spots and stains are likely victims of ammonia burn. Goldfish produce a lot of fish waste for a pet fish, leading to an ammonia problem in a new tank. Fish that eat a lot produce ammonia. Fish waste, plant waste, and leftover food are broken down and produced ammonia, decreasing pH and burning goldfish gills and skin. When ammonia levels drop, fish recover and heal; discolored patches signify skin healing. However, in a tank with consistently higher ammonia concentrations, stains can never appear. The fish’s skin has little chance of recovery and will turn brown.

Is Ammonia poisoning fatal?

Ammonia poison can kill your fish. This depends mainly upon how much ammonium has accumulated in the water. This will be regulated to keep the tank clean and the water always in good condition. A few drops of ammonia can cause some discomfort to your fish. Ammonia poisoning is dangerous and can cause the death of all animals in the tank. If we test our water regularly, we can treat the problem fast. The treatment affects the fish very much in most cases, so quarantine them while treating the tank and changing the water.

Ammonia Poisoning Betta

Prevention

Ammonia is the first nitrogenous waste produced by fish which causes severe toxicities in the water. Using the right dimensioned biological filter breaks down the ammonium produced from fish and keeps the tank safe. Regular water changes can also help maintain a healthy enviroment. The tank should be cleaned at least every week.

Warning

Other reasons for the ammonia burning symptoms are water containing chloramine; that enters the tank when changing the water without using a water condition. Use dechlorinators or water conditioners for every water change or water reposition.

Ammonia poisoning

In fish, excessive ammonia causes many problems, including skin blackening. Fish suffering from ammonia poisoning sometimes behave strangely. Hemorrhage results in pink or red gills with red stripes in the fin. Goldfish may also stop eating and look like they have trouble swimming in the water. If your Goldfish suffers from poisoning, contact your veterinarian immediately. Ammonia has no colors; therefore, water clarity does not determine Ammonia level.

Summary

Ammonia poisons have serious consequences. You must be sure all tanks are correctly cycled. The bacteria converts ammonia through the nitrification process. Checking tank water regularly can help prevent ammonia levels in your tanks go up without warning. The ammonia buildup will likely indicate a problem in the nitrogen cycle or filtering system.

What causes ammonia poisoning?

Ammonia gets in the tank in many ways. Ammonia can be formed in chloramines which are disinfectants in tap water. Chloramide helps make drinking tap water safe but is lethal to fish and invertebrates. Fish wastes, dead plants, or other uneaten food and debris can cause ammonia levels in tanks. When you do not clean and adequately maintain your tank regularly, you can cause contaminating ammonia and organic matter to buildup, which causes toxicity.

Definition

Ammonia is released directly from fish excreta. During the presence of toxic ammonia in aquariums, it reaches the skin and gills of the fish, which are chemically burned. Low concentrations of ammonium can cause an increase in mucus on the skin, causing the skin to develop spots or a coating over the gills. These factors can affect fish breathing, as ammonia directly harms the gills. Ammonium burning can cause secondary problems of bacterial origin, internal or external. High levels of ammonia can be fatal.

What is ammonia poisoning?

Ammonia is fish waste’s main component. Your fish releases ammonia through waste in their waters. A dissolved organic material released into a water tank can release ammonia. For instance, ammonia can be released through rotten food. The toxic effects of ammonium poisoning can cause serious harm to the fish. These toxins burn the skin and gills of fish, resulting in an unable to breathe. Ammonia poisoning should never take place in a well-maintained tank.

Signs of ammonia poisoning in Bettas

It is essential to learn how to treat Betta fish poisoning correctly. Ammonia poisoning is often a chronic condition. You can start changing the Betta tank water; if the fish doesn’t eat its too much food and lays on a surface with fins attached to the body. Your fish’s gills can change color and appear as it is bleeding. As the poisoning continues to occur, your betta may get red spots in his side or blood spots when the tissue starts to deteriorate.

How to treat a betta with ammonia burns?

Ammonia has devastating effects on your betta fish. When water is saturated with ammonia, the kind of acid will be harmful to the fish that live in this water. It is toxic to fish’s eyes, gills, and skin. Even lower ammonium levels will result in fish producing skin mucus, which causes a pale appearance. The mucus can also cover the fish gill – preventing his breathing. Ammonia burns skin-on fish, and internal organs are a source of internal and external infections. Now we can understand what ammonia poison is and its symptoms. Along with such symptoms, you might notice the water becoming cloudy, which could indicate the ammonia causing dirt accumulation on the tank.

Reducing Ammonia

Reduced ammonia is a process of finding the cause and addressing the consequences. Fish can eat and excrete more food than they need; therefore, it is easier to overfeed them. Install the right tank filter and set your system for proper operation to filter water. A regular water change is needed and tank cleaning as substrate vacuum. Replace 30-40% water each week and use a water conditioner.

Ammonia poisoning in goldfish

Ammonia kills silently. It’s an amalgam of hydrogen and nitrogen without colors. This means you can’t view it and you can probably only see it once the issue has been installed. How do I know my Ammonia concentration has been elevated? You can test ammonia levels with a test kit.

Clamped Fins and Lethargy

In affected fish, it is common for their fins to close to the heart; it is one of the first signs that something in the aquarium is incorrect. This can signal an unhealthy fish, and stress can lower the immune system and promote disease. Lethargy can also be seen with many fish ailments and shows weakness. A lethargic fish is quiet or lying on the substrate or somewhere in the aquarium. All these symptoms are seen in ammonia burn.

Treatment

At the first stage, it’s possible to lower ammoniate in aquarium water using water changes. Use the ammonia test to determine if ammonia has been controlled. The signs of improvement are seen in fish within 5 – 7 day intervals. Treatment can continue until the ammonia levels are stable again in the water tank.

Thickened slime coat

Every fish is coated with slimy mucus, protecting it from bacterial and viral infection. That’s how fish become slippery when trying to hold them. Interestingly, it becomes thicker with the presence of low amounts of ammonia. The disease causes the fish’s color to fade, and the scales appear dull.

How to cure ammonia poisoning in goldfish?

As with most goldfish diseases, it is best to avoid ammonia poisoning and avoid it altogether. It’s much easier to properly cycle your tank and avoid overfeeding than to reduce ammonia levels and treat goldfish when ammonia becomes a severe issue. But ammonia poisons can also be easily treated with regular maintenance and water changes, avoiding the accumulation of fish waste and uneaten food. Also, a goldfish tank with a well-established nitrogen cycle is essential to prevent problems in fish keeping, as properly cycled tanks are ready to withstand organic loads and fish waste.

[2022] What Do Snapping Turtles Eat (The Complete Guide)

What Do Snapping Turtles Eat

Snapping turtles often eat large amounts of food and therefore have a large appetite. You have the opportunity to feed a snapping turtle anywhere and anytime. If you are looking for plant foods, you should provide your snapping turtle with romaine lettuce, spinach, and other leafy greens. This giant turtle inhabits many lakes and rivers in some parts of Florida and is very common in that region. So a correct way to feed the snapping turtle is with a meat-based diet, thus helping to prevent any illness or injury. let’s started for guide about What Do Snapping Turtles Eat…

Snapping Turtles

The snapping turtle is a very popular freshwater tropical turtle that is very interesting to keep as a pet by its keepers. They have a large body and a distinctive head, so broad that they are easily recognizable. Turtle snapping populations prefer shallow water sources and slow-flowing rivers. The snapping turtle is found in swamps, rivers, and lakes.

What does a baby snapping turtle eat?

To keep adult snapping turtles solid and healthy, you should provide the animals with a high-quality, varied diet. Baby snapping turtles feed on both animal and plant protein. Animals such as small birds, earthworms, and small rodents are part of their diet. In addition, turtles can consume commercially produced food suitable for ubiquitous freshwater turtles. Please read our article and make sure you have plenty of healthy turtles.

What animals eat Snapping Turtles?

The combination of sized, durable shells and powerful jaws make snapping turtle an unattractive meal to many predators. The snapping turtle often becomes food for predators such as alligators. Spotted gulls and otters can sometimes eat snapping turtle juveniles. In many cases, humans are a great danger to babies. Typically, alligator snapping turtles are taken from the ecosystem where their natural habitat is located for sale to the pet trade. Many of these snapping turtle may disappear, primarily due to indiscriminate collection for later sale in the pet market; this causes a decline in the population of these turtles.

How long do snapping turtles live?

Once an emerging snapping turtle survives the hatching stage and becomes an adult, it lives indefinitely. The snapping turtle in captivity will typically live until its 50th birthday. Snapping turtles healthy populations have long-lived and are now in danger of extinction.

Tell me the best way to feed baby turtles?

Eventually, baby snapping turtles can turn into monsters – but they’re not always so much fun! Properly feeding baby turtles is one way to make them grow healthy and beautiful. Baby snapping turtles are always willing to eat a wide variety of foods. Keeping them adequately fed is always a helpful tactic and will undoubtedly help solve future baby snapping turtle growth and health problems.

What Do Snapping Turtles Eat

What did a baby snapping turtle eat?

Snapping turtle pets was initially thought to be very unusual. It may help if you try to mimic their eating behavior at home. These baby snapping turtles eat a variety of different foods. A healthy diet also helps your pet’s immune system be strong and resistant to disease and injury. Buy live food from reputable pet stores and do not offer pathogenic food, and are not approved for the baby snapping turtles to eat, which is usually the cause of many discomforts in pet turtles. You can provide fruits and vegetables, but usually in small amounts and low frequency, maintain a diet based on a protein of animal origin and commercial feeds suitable for baby snapping turtle. Give one or two meals every day to baby snapping turtles. The baby snapping turtles eat more than the adult snapping turtle due to their increased growth. Juvenile turtles feed quickly, gluttonous, and repetitively, making them highly competitive eaters. The scheme should be to feed adult turtles only 2-3 times a week since adults only need to maintain themselves, in addition to being slow-metabolizing animals.

A baby snapping turtle is a lifelong commitment.

You have to care for a baby snapping turtle for a very long time, but that time is limited, so a pet turtle needs to be adequately nurtured so that it can survive well on its own. When supervised appropriately, it would seem that most people may be afraid of their lifespan.

How to build a suitable turtle habitat?

Turtles have been kept as a pet for years by humans, so we have a lot of knowledge and tips on adapting a habitat to keep your turtles appropriately. There are many ways to build places for turtles to hide if the environment seems unsafe.

Typical snapping turtle tank size

Snapping turtles are medium to giant turtles. For this reason, they are large animals; you should have a maximum capacity of approximately 120 gallons. Younger snapping turtles that were not reaching that point may be placed within 60 – 90 gallons tank. If you don’t have enough indoor space available, you need to throw snapping turtles into outdoor ponds nearby. Always recommend getting a vast tank, thus giving snapping turtles the ability to swim in different directions.

Best filter for snapping turtles

Although snapping turtles can live within a deficient water quality environment, it’s strongly recommended, purchasing a Snapping Turtle filter is an essential tool. Snapping turtles produce many wastes, and a filter helps keep the water clean. The best filter for turtles would be high-power to filter water from large tanks. Sumps and canisters work great and are relatively easy to clean and maintain.

How to handle a Snapping Turtle?

Some feel that turtles are growing too fast and will soon become aggressive. With help from an early age, turtles can be remarkably tame. When you catch the turtle when young, your instincts will show them as docile animals like you.

What do snapping turtles eat in the wild?

They are ambush predators, waiting for food to pass in front of them to get food. Most depend mainly on hunting instinct and the abundance of its resources in its natural environment. The feeding of juvenile snapping turtles is different from that of adults. The turtle can also actively seek food. This species has no teeth but has strong jaws to consume. Snapping turtles eat many different mammals and vegetation. It can eat birds, fish, and insects as its food sources.

How do snapping turtles eat?

Turtles like to feed on time for early morning and late at night. A sudden attack grabs the food. The juvenile snapper turtle prefers to forage for its food actively, and the older turtles prefer to wait at the lake’s bottom before suddenly attacking an unsuspecting prey. Turtles can attack each other, biting each other, especially their heads, to maintain their territory.

How do Snapping Turtles hunt for food?

A traditional approach to destroying larger prey includes decapitation. Despite their low body mass, these turtles can be very aggressive, as they are strong. Snapping turtles usually bury themselves in sandy ponds before grabbing prey from the surface. A turtle’s tongue resembles a worm, but its only presence below the surface can be effective by direct-feeding the animal. As much as 200+ tons of strength is applied during decapitation.

How often do baby snapping turtles eat?

If a newborn turtle is offered food, it will feed its meal. But it would be best if you kept your distance; feeding a young wild turtle can bring you potentially serious illnesses. Plus, overfeeding turtles can make them obese. Please provide your turtles by feeding them one to three times a week for easy feeding. When young, these animals need frequent feeding.

How much should you feed a snapping turtle?

The amount of food for snapping turtles depends upon their age. For the first five months, the juvenile will have a daily diet or, at least, every other day. Once snapper turtles reach peak maturation, you may feed them two or three times each week.

Final thoughts

When you’re tiny babies, snapping turtles can look irresistibly cute. However, older adults age, as do their appearance and attitude changes. As adults, animals are very aggressive in their behavior and food; consequently, this is a cause of the disaster. You’ll need time to think before proceeding with your choice of a cuddly turtle baby.

[Updated 2022] Molly Fish Fry Care Guide – (Main Things to Do)

Molly Fish Fry

Molly fish are tropical fish that grow extremely fast and reproduce frequently. Adult Molly fish do not have parental care, often abandon the fry and even try to eat their fry. I will show you the molly fish fry tank maintenance techniques that help protect the molly fish fry.

How do I care for Molly Fry?

Molly adult fish abandon their baby fish shortly after birth and may even eat them. In addition to taking care of the Molly fish, you also have the responsibility to maintain the aquarium, thus ensuring that your fish are protected from diseases and illnesses of any kind. Other factors that should provide good maintenance and clean tank interiors and filters include stable parameters such as temperature accuracy, lighting, and other essential functions.

Molly Fish Fry Care Guide

Basic guidelines for molly fish fry care are provided: The care and treatment of baby fish are quick and easy. Adult fish can eat fish fry from the pond, even if the mother doesn’t. Two steps make hatching a success; separate the parents from the litter (or provide enough hiding places for everyone) and take care to keep your baby animal healthy until it becomes a full-grown fish. Taking care of molly fry tanks can be as easy as cleaning them.

How to Care & Grow Molly Fish Fry

Molly fish does not demonstrate parental care; parents can even eat the fry. Female molly gives birth to babies, called “Molly fry.” They are similar to adults but a tiny, tiny version of adults. When a baby is born, he needs nutritious food.

Is a separate nursery tank for Molly Fry necessary?

The Molly fries will be separated from the female Molly fish shortly after the female give birth in a nursery tank, far from adult fish; they cannot be separated together with the female pregnant Molly fish. A separate tank for breeding (nursery tank) prevents the small fry from being eaten by other fish, increasing the brood’s survival. This information is necessary for the safe storage of Molly fry fish in aquariums.

Filtration

A filtration system is essential in all tanks, including Molly’s. Check that the filter you choose is suitable for the size of the Molly fries; obviously, the devices must be secure for small fry. The best way to check the efficiency of the filtration system is through water testing. When proper aquarium filters filter the water inside the tanks, quality and sanitary standards are balanced.

Adding plants

You can choose between artificial plants or live plants to fill your tank. Also, plants must be added before placing Molly Fry in the tank. A good tip about choosing an aquarium plant is selecting plants with broad leaves, like Java fern or some mosses, which are widely common in specialty stores. This place with plants will be used as a hiding place by the fry. In addition, you can create floating plants, helping babies when there is more natural vegetation close to the surface so they can hide immediately after birth. Plants will also help with feeding small fry and other fish species if is a community tank.

Large tanks

Molly fry should have a good volume in the tank to keep the tank’s balance constant. Female mollies can produce hundreds of fry instantly – their births can reach over 100 fries. The baby Mollies needs tanks to grow, ranging from 10 to 20 gallons.

Temperature of water

Like tropical fish, Mollies should have the warmest temperature in their water tank. Keep the water temperature around 77°F. The water temperature dictates the level of Molly’s metabolism and allows for healthy feeding and growth. Use the ideal aquarium heater to maintain stable water temperatures. A thermometer can also help analyze the proper temperatures in our aquarium.

Lighting

Lighting is a significant component in keeping fry ponds healthy. Appropriate bulbs protect its growth. Tanks require at least 12 hours of rest and 12 hours of light per day.

Prevention from diseases

Keep your fish constantly well fed with quality food, and the aquarium’s water quality is always ideal. Sometimes parasites and pathogenic fungi can be present in water. Babies have no immunity to diseases that can harm them. Various chemicals can help the habitat stay healthy, and there are medications of their own to treat illnesses.

Introduce Molly Fry In The Nursery Tank

Relocating your Mollies fry into a nursery tank is a great strategy to increase the number of fries that reach adulthood. Let your Molly fry in a container floating in the water of the new aquarium for about 15 minutes until the temperatures stabilize. Little by little, mix the water from the aquarium with the water containing the fry; observe to determine if they all have adapted and are swimming well. Use a net, remove the fry, and place them in the nursery tank.

Molly Fish Fry

Fry Mollies Food

Molly fry does not require specific dietary supplements, only quality foods. They can eat the food that adult fish eat. Animal-derived foods, such as brine shrimp, worms, blackworm, and bloodworm, can help fry fish to grow faster if they become healthier.

Saving Molly Fry is essential. Tell me the reason?

Keeping Molly’s fish fingerlings in a community tank can be harmful. Molly’s chicks are tiny and quickly become food for larger fish; as they mature, most animals in the tank will chase and attack them. In short, Molly Fry makes an exciting snack for other fish, including her parents. It is necessary to keep the molly fish habitat in ideal conditions at all times; this includes protecting them from all other species in your aquarium.

Does Molly eat her babies?

Yes, Molly, eat your babies. As adult parents, they may end up eating their children. This behavior does not seem unusual for ornamental fish. Mollies usually eat whatever fits in their mouths.

Hidden spots

In this way, Molly’s chicks can be protected by having enough hiding places inside the aquarium. Keeping your baby mollies safe with an artificial hiding place and other aquarium decor items is possible. However, these tactics don’t always work effectively. Be aware that hiding areas are a good idea, but it might not work very well, so take them to a separate tank.

How do I protect Molly Fry in the main tank?

As stated earlier, the only effective method of protecting fry is to keep them in a separate aquarium from their parents and other adult fish.

How long can you keep Molly Fry in a breeding tank?

A breeding tank is a simple method of keeping your fry healthy and safe. Larger female Molly generally release up to 100 fry at one time. Keep your fingerlings separated for 2 to 3 months, or until they are big enough not to be eaten by other fish in the main aquarium.

How are Mollies born?

It takes some time after birth until Molly fry reach the feeding stage. These fish reach sexual maturity from three to six months of age. As long as the adult mollies are kept in good condition, reproduction will occur without problems.

Tell me the best way to put Molly Fry in the main tank?

If Molly is kept in a mature and clean aquarium with excellent water quality, they will become quickly and easily healthier. When the Molly fry is large enough not to be devoured by your tank mates, you can transfer them to the main tank. When fish reach a medium size, other fish no longer confuse them with food. During this time, the molly fry should grow big enough to remain on the main tank without causing harm.

Regular water change

Partial water changes exist to improve water quality for Molly fry. Perform weekly water changes in Molly’s fry pond. Water changes keep contaminants dispersed in the medium at low levels, as it renews the water and prevents contamination; this increases the ability of the fry to grow better and healthier. Please do not keep fish with deficient oxygen levels and keep the water temperature stable, use a aquarium thermometer.

Fry Molly Grown Up to Adult Mollies

About four months after birth, Molly fry grows into adults. Molly fry do not have a specific color, appearing in different colors and formats about their strain. After a more extended period, they acquire their fixed primary colors and forms. These fish will get beautiful colors with a nutritious diet and a suitable habitat.

Molly fry care guide

Generally speaking, you should know these three key components when making molly fry care recommendations.

Add plants to your tank

You have the option of using artificial materials and even living vegetation. Put your plants in the aquarium before introducing the fry. These plants provide hiding places for the fry in their early ages and behave similarly to those in their breeding boxes. You can always use broad-leafed plants similar to Java ferns or moss. This effect can also be created by using floating plants, especially with long roots; spawning mops also help. Always help newborns to hide around them immediately after their first birth, this will help you to save molly fry.

Isolate the female Molly Fish

By separating the pregnant molly from the main tank, you keep her out of worry that other fish will eat her fry and prevent pregnancy from stressful for female Mollies. Keeping a female about to calve in a community aquarium is not the best method of maintaining baby Molly babies healthy, especially when you have a lot of adult fish in your aquarium. In theory, the more plants and places forming hiding places, the more fry will survive. This may seem like a simple question, but it is not always for beginners. This option of removing the female makes the molly fries easier to keep when separated.

How should we feed them?

It is recommended that fry feeds with small amounts several times a day. Remember that Molly fish fry is small animals and can only swallow food that fits their tiny boa. Feed the fry regularly, without leaving food leftovers in the aquarium. Quality food will bring quality animals. Keep a strict diet so you don’t leave your fish obese or leftover food that will degrade the water quality in the fry tank. It’s safe and convenient to store your fry in an adult-like tank. You can also offer the same food that adult fish eat; crushing before submitting crush makes the pieces small enough to fit in the fry’s mouth.

Tank and filter system setup

Breeding tanks will require between 10-20 gallons of water to raise the fry. The tank needs an efficient filtration system. Ensure your filters are free of dirt and not sucking up the fry. The filter can also be covered with foam that protects it from sucking fish and traps food residue.

Conclusion

Is breeding mollies a good hobby for any fish keeper. Molly fry is not very difficult to raise. Still, it is necessary to take measures for their preservation and well-being and maintain the excellent condition of the aquarium and excellent water quality. Unlike adult Molly fish, which are more robust, fry is less tolerant of an unstable and toxic environment. Before attempting to grow Mollys, you should be familiar with keeping these fish. Always try to feed them nutritious and correct food, keeping the aquarium in perfect condition for your fish.

Hygrophila Corymbosa: Planting, Care, Propagation & Height

Hygrophila Corymbosa

Hygrophila corymbosa, also know as Temple Plant, is a aquatic plant easy and agile to maintain in a freshwater aquarium. The Hygrophila corymbosa is a ideal plant to keep inside a giant aquarium looks fantastic in large aquariums. It usually develops underwater, but it can grow and emerge above water, sprouting purple flowers. It can be kept in great shape, but sometimes the leaves can fall out. This plant propagates quickly inside your freshwater tank, creating spectacular, green, and massive growth right before your eyes. All varieties of the species share the same main characteristics, such as requiring a good amount of lighting and generally flourishing in larger structures.

Summary

The aquatic plant Hygrophila corymbosa are suitable options for beginner hobbyists into planted tanks. It is flexible and adaptable and flourishes in virtually all water conditions. If you need to keep your aquariums looking flawless with lots of water, it can be an excellent solution to this problem.

What is Hygrophila?

Hygrophila is also known as Temple Plant, Giant Hygro or Marsh Plant. The genus Hygrophila contains about 100 species, some of which are aquatic. Some species and hybrids are invasive animals, while many varieties and species are widespread in aquariums.

Habitat

The Giant Hygro (Hygrophila corymbosa), as it is sometimes called, it is suitable to start your hobby of maintaining aquariums with plants. It is not a demanding aquatic plant and is adaptable to different water parameters in aquariums or other selected locations.

Tank Mates and compatibility

It is ideal as tank mates to many species of aquariums, although your plant needs careful handling to be kept in a tank with herbivorous fish. Most of the time, herbivorous freshwater fish can nibble on plant leaves.

Placement in a Tank

Most Hygrophila corymbosa cultivars generally do well in aquariums, and the plant with its tall, temple-like top is perfect for placing in the tank’s background region.

Hygrophila corymbosa: Planting, Care, Propagation & Height

Another feature that a well-designed aquarium offers its inhabitants is the presence of plants. Hygrophila corymbosa will also serve as a source of shelter for protection and a secondary source of food for the tank’s fish, allowing them to live in a suitable location that resembles their natural environment. Of course, it’s always good to start with beginner-friendly plants like Hygrophila corymbosa, or popularly known as Giant Hygro.

Hygrophila corymbosa

Hygrophila corymbosa (Temple Plant) is an easy-to-care aquatic plant that hails from the Asian regions. Its flowers are purple and can grow above water level, so domestic aquariums are not standard. In your aquarium, it spreads quickly, forming forms with its light green leaves, deep and thick, and growing towards the surface. Some species and cultivars also have pink or magenta leaves and flowers, particularly interesting in aquariums. The new stems that sprout from the plants spread through the bushes, creating a thick, compact appearance; the plant will be an excellent application for forming aquatic landscapes.

Growing conditions

Hygrophila corymbosa lives well at a pH around 6.0 to 7.5 and hardness around 2 to 15 dGh. It is crucial to use intense light to encourage optimal growth, as its habitat does not develop softer lighting. The water will have temperatures between 64 and 86 degrees F. There should also be enough nutrients in the aquarium for these aquarium plantings so they can grow to their fullest and maintain their beautiful, eye-catching appearance. Hygrophila corymbosa also benefit from the use of CO2 for plants. It is ideal for the best light conditions, but it can be kept in moderate light conditions.

Hygrophila corymbosa Care

Most other subspecies and cultivars of Hygrophila corymbosa share common characteristics. Hygrophila corymbosa can grow to over 15 inches tall in the natural habitat, although in most aquariums, the plant should grow to about ten inches tall. The naturally occurring Hygrophila corymbosa is found in all South Asian countries, including Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and India. When submerged in water with optimal conditions, it produces pink or purple flowers. Plants can turn grayish-green, pink, and purple depending on their underwater position and the incidence of light and nutrients.

Propagation and reproduction

Another essential aspect of caring for the Giant Hygro plant involves propagation – most notably the increase in large side shoots that will need to be pruned for the plant to maintain its erect architecture, but this depends on the tank’s design. These pruned shoots can be buried in the substrate; this is the main form of artificial propagation of this plant. Due to its rapid expansion and growth, it may be necessary to carry out pruning even weekly. When cutting new seedlings, remove a few leaves from each branch—roots from around the nodes, which helps the plants remain stable. You can start finding new roots in a few days. The plants spread new shoots and start to look like little shrubs.

Why Hygrophila corymbosa plant?

This simple stem plant offers fantastic underwater views when combined with other aquatic plants and animals. Giant Hygro is a stem plants that produce different color patterns, ranging from dark green to pink and magenta. However, these displayed colors are subject to other factors such as lighting, supplementation, and strict care measures. This stem plant often produces beautiful purple flowers while remaining in full force. These plants emit a bright green color for an abundance of pure simplicity that dominates aquascaping.

Ideal Tank Requirements and Conditions

The researchers explain that aquatic plants differ somewhat from terrestrial plants. It takes longer to keep a certain number of plants stable in a pond that needs regular cleaning and specialized treatments. Some plants require more care; others are less.

Propagation instructions

A large formation in a forest is possible underwater in your aquariums. Most aquarium hobbyists prefer broadleaf plant. Trim off excess plants and shoots for harmonious support. You can pair your Giant Hygro with Cryptocoryne and some types of school fish like cyprinids, including Rasboras. This harmony in our tanks is pleasant and comforting! If the pruning cut is done correctly, the side shoots will no longer grow, so the edges of the bushes will be visible.

Care and maintenance

The Hygrophila exhibit new growth very quickly and requires almost no extra maintenance. Water changes and the addition of liquid fertilizer will stimulate healthy new growth in the plants. Then you can prune your plant as soon as possible. Pruning helps the plant grow stronger, generating new healthy parts and shooting new shoots. During the day, Hygrophila plant grows happily even in poor lighting. To increase plant density, growth, or change color, you should use specific lighting and a CO² injection system.

Compatibility

Hygrophila plant grows in a pond with lots of snails, shrimp, and fish, as long as they are not predatory animals. You should avoid keeping these plants with heavily herbivorous animals (such as goldfish). Goldfish will also eat virtually all of its various aquatic plants, branches, and leaves. Some fish also easily remove the plant from the substrate. These plants, when constantly attacked, will eventually perish.

Tank size

These plants are highly recommended for those with limited knowledge who maintain these plant. The species has almost all the characteristics suitable for a beginning or intermediate grower. Hygrophila tends to spread very quickly as it adapts to the tank.

Hygrophila corymbosa 101

Hygrophila corymbosa is a plant with a long, slender stem with long, lanceolate leaves and a slightly rounded base. For growing in ponds, plants usually measure between 4-10 inches in height. Its leaves have bright green leaves, which darken during intense exposure to the sun. Temple plants multiply quickly if the environment is provided to meet the ideal needs to become dense and showy for long periods. When viewed from nature, when partially submerged, this plant produces pink flowers.

Appearance of some cultivar

Plants of the Compact variety (or Kompakt) are darker brown in tone in the early stages. The temple’s narrow-leaved varieties can quickly grow in size, giving it bright green colors and bronze hues. Offer the plant a tank that looks like its own miniature aquatic natural environment inside the aquarium. This is not a aquarium plant with different cultivars that is very difficult to observe in nature. Other varieties have been dubbed the fast-growing “giant” plant.

Hygrophila Corymbosa

Benefits it can bring to your aquarium

There are several benefits to adding plant species to aquariums. Tropical aquariums plant can help absorb and reduce nitrogen, ammonia, and other nutrients, helping to keep this amount at optimal levels, so they are not toxic to the fish in your tank. In other words, by consuming the nutrients dispersed in water, they can also reduce unwanted algae growth. Hygrophila can be part of a vast underwater garden for your aquarium with minimal costs, allowing easy tank maintenance.

How to care for Hygrophila in your aquarium?

Having this simple plant in your aquarium means receiving a beautiful aesthetic in exchange for easy care! Aquarium plants provide a stunning aesthetic beauty to any aquarium, as well as hiding places, food sources, and breeding sites for fish. This guide focuses on some tropical aquarium plants belonging to Hygrophila corymbosa. Plants can quickly be grown and cared for individually and can be readily purchased at an excellent local specialty store, giving them an efficient selection as a beginning aquarist. They can take up most of a tank, especially if it’s small in volume.

Growth rate

Both ‘Kompakt’ and ‘Temple Narrow Leaf’ cultivars have light green foliage that provides outstanding aesthetic beauty and is well suited to maintain an environment efficiently designed for them. Kompakt plants grow much slower than classic Temple plants, and the stems are shorter. You will observe both cultivars growing several centimeters per month, and it is stated that the temple variation can reach several meters in height.

Conclusion

Temple Plants kept in aquariums in perfect condition become colorful and showy. Until the requirements of the aquarium, the substrate, and the environment can be balanced, there is a small probability that the plant will stop its growth and never develop. Maintaining planted tanks and plants in aquariums is a beautiful hobby but challenging one. Every effort is worth seeing what comes out of your work in a very well-planned but extremely conceptual aquarium. There are few plants with a beauty comparable to the green of Hygrophila corymbosa, allowing for peaceful and relaxing views.

How to Soften Water Aquarium? (Safe & Effective Methods)

How to Soften Water Aquarium

An aquarium can contain fish and invertebrates that need soft water to survive. Unfortunately, some areas receive hard water from the supply network; this water contains minerals potentially threatening soft water animals and plants. If an aquarium needs softer water to make it habitable, follow these steps to get better water performance – and see our best recommendations for soften aquarium water. so let’s get started on How to Soften Water Aquarium..

What is water hardness?

The higher the percentage of free minerals in the aquarium water, the harder it is. Amazonian waters can reach as little as 10 mg of salts per kilogram compared to African lakes with 300 or 600 mg. To keep our animals living well, we need to provide the ideal and specific water conditions for our fauna. Soft water fish can usually survive in harder waters. However, the possibility of breeding or spawning these fish is virtually impossible in hard water.

How to soften aquarium water

For some aquarists, the hardness of tap water can harm the aquarium’s inhabitants. The easiest ways to reduce aquarium resistance include using simple methods like Reverse Osmosis, Rainwater, Peat moss, Driftwood, and Water Softener Pillows are commonly used to soften water tanks. Each technique has disadvantages and features, meaning that not all of them can serve a specific use. Various methods for softening the water below need further practical study by the aquarist.

How to Soften Water Aquarium

What you need to know to soften aquarium water

Hardness refers to the levels of calcium or magnesium found in water. Carbonate Hardness (KH) is the property that indicates the concentration of metal ions dissolved in water. Several fish species thrive in soft water. However, certain fish species do better in hard water. Remember that most fish species are bred in captivity and do not enter the wild, so they are more adapted to our tap water.

Softener Pillows

Water softeners pillows help remove salts such as calcium, magnesium, and contaminants such as heavy metals and lower pH. Hardness reduction occurs relatively quickly, with effects seen within 24 to 48 hours. It works by exchanging magnesium and calcium ions for other ions, usually potassium and sodium.

Distilled Water and Demineralized Water

Distilled water has a relatively low mineral content – close to 0. Distilled water can be mixed with tap water to reach the desired hardness level. Distilled water can be purchased for relatively low prices.

Reverse Osmosis Water

Reverse osmosis is when minerals are removed from water through semi-permeable membranes. A reverse osmosis system pays off for large or saltwater aquariums despite its high cost.

Catappa leaves

The leaves of the Terminalia catappa plant – also known as Indian almonds – are also used to release humic acids and tannins that will soften aquarium water.

How can I tell if my aquarium water is hard or soft?

It is challenging to differentiate soft water from normal and hard water; the method used in aquarium hobby involves using proper tests for aquariums. If you contact your city’s water supply authority, they can provide you with information about the hardness of available water. Online maps also offer clues as to whether the water you encounter is hard or soft.

Carbonate Hardness (KH) & (PH)

Carbonates Hardness (KH) measure of carbonates and bicarbonates. The presence of carbonated compounds may affect water buffers. The higher the KHs, the lesser the probability of pH fluctuation. For comparison, a low KH level increases the chance of harmful fluctuation parameters waves at the fish tank. The two are closely tied — modifications on KH could negatively affect PH.

General Hardness (GH)

Calcium- magnesium is incorporated; the dissolved mineral content increases. Some fish species, especially some tropical fish, will experience hardiness problems in waters in an exceedingly low percentage. This exact figure may differ for some species.

Tell me the best GH (general hardness) for an aquarium?

This requirement differs for some specific species and types of tanks. Research beforehand which animals you want to keep, then find the perfect GH to suit your aquatic animals.

How is water hardness measured?

The good news for many chemists is that the technology also helps improve water hardness. Hardness can be measured based on the electrical characteristics of the water and measured from a probe in the aquarium water or colorimetric tests. These devices provide a direct hardness value expressed in degrees of hardness for any unit (DEH). At the standard DGH level, CaCO levels are 10 mL to 1 Mpl, equivalent to 17.85 ppm.

How To Test Water Hardness In Aquarium Water

The easiest way to test water hardness is to use an aquarium test kit. According to your test results, your water can be one of two types.

How to test Alakalinity or Carbonate Hardness (KH) in the aquarium water?

Alkalinity or carbonate hardness is measured using carbonate tests. Specifically, acidity in aquaculture can be attributed to fluctuating water pH. Higher KH readings indicate more water resilience to pH changes, thus lessening sudden changes. On the other hand, lower KH means it is susceptible to more constant pH fluctuations. Use proper tests for aquariums to correctly gauge your KH and pH to keep the water parameters stable.

How to test General Hardness (GH) in the aquarium water?

Use water hardness tests in your aquarium water. The resulting aqueous solution is tested based on calcium and magnesium concentrations. Lower levels of GH (0 to 6 d) indicate soft water, and higher levels (greater than 9 to 12) indicate hard water.

How does water become hard?

Waters stream become harder (GH) and alkaline when they pass through rocky surfaces such as limestones. Even limestone deposits on surfaces could cause mineral concentrations to rise in water. For some aquariums, it’s challenging to get “aside with the situation.” Hence they have many problems getting this information. They will be a significant threat to fish, in particular softwater fish. Water General Hardness alkalinized by water is essential for detecting the level of hardness in that water. Use these guidelines to know the water hardness content inside your water.

What causes aquarium water hardness problems?

Every aquarist uses water in their aquarium, but there is no universal mineral composition for natural water. Oyster shell material can intentionally increase the water’s hardness in the system. Another reason for increased water hardness could be a chemical mixture or various limestone substrate-based compounds. The water hardness depends on the geology available at the water source, not the local water source in general. There are geographic differences between countries and regions, and there are no specific values for this.

How can I soften aquarium water naturally and chemically?

When you decide to soften your aquarium water, use the suggestions contained here. Depending on the state of the source water, it may be necessary to change its parameters. But we do our best thinking step by step. I recommend treating the aquarium water in a separate container for best results and less risk of making mistakes.

Tell me the best way to soften aquarium water?

Fish are unlikely to allow any flexibility about parameters such as water, salinity, or nitrate content. Fish may be suffering from distress or about to die when levels are below the comfort level for the species. The hardness of the water in ponds is an attribute for which many fish have become well-trained adaptors; captive-bred aquatic creatures can withstand closer hardness with water from our supply networks.

How to Soften Aquarium Water | Water hardness Softening Methods

To soften aquarium water, the process usually occurs slowly at a gradual rate. It is guaranteed that the fish will not have severe consequences from a clash of parameters, as it changes the chemistry of the water very quickly. Softening the water is more complex than ultimately raising the water’s hardness. Weekly tests will show the difference between KH, GH, or pH levels. Soften the tank water slowly.

Soften aquarium water hardness inside your tank

There are small mesh bags with different dimensions that meet the needs of your container size. Use the mesh bag to insert the peat moss tightly. Kh, GH, or pH should be tested regularly every 12 hours. Remove the moss bags when you reach the desired water parameters.

How to Soften Water Aquarium

Peat Moss (Sphagnum)

Peat mosses are decaying, dried mosses that can be classified into several species with an inherent ability to soften and reduce water pH. Peat mosses for aquariums are available at pet markets. Peat mosses include tannins that make the water brown; if you don’t want the water in your aquarium to turn that color, boil the peat for approximately an hour until the peat loses its brown color. Another solution is to dip the peat in a bucket to remove some dye. Once the process is completed, it is possible, with three techniques, to use the method efficiently.

Peat Moss As A Substrate Layer

Using peat as a substrate to soften water hardness is not a bad idea. This peat moss is fluffy and light, allowing it to move with the movement of water, avoiding anaerobic layers. The addition of other compounds such as gravel and sand to the substrate provides a different granulometry, benefiting the passage of water and promoting bacterial growth. Peat moss may color the water column; for this not to happen, the peat must be cleaned and preferably boiled before going to the tank. However, there may be differences in their method of use, as in the case of raising annual killifish; this is its most popular use. The peat pile releases substances that neutralize the minerals and soften the water.

Peat moss filters

Peat moss inhibits water hardness by binding calcium and magnesium. It is also called chelation, which softens aquarium water through demineralization. Peat produces tannin and humic acids. Oxidative ions have a decrease in KH: the acid neutralizes the carbonates in the water. A mixture of tap water from our home with peat can help with this problem of high water hardness. You can place a layer of peat directly inside a filter system to soften aquarium water hardness.

Peat Moss Inside Aquarium Filter

Place a bag full of peat in the tray or separate portion for media in your filters. The operation of the process in this way of the bags follows the same precept mentioned above. In filters, you can also use small grainy peat moss grains that are pelletized, which helps the peat moss enter and stay in the mesh bags; this will help prevent the moss from blocking the passage of water.

Using Rainwater In The Aquarium

Rainwater offers you something that unfortunately cannot be found everywhere. If you live in any weatherproof location – rainwater is acceptable for this aquarium. The storage tanks will hold plenty of moisture throughout the wet seasons. It should contain fresh, sterile foods and other materials to absorb rainfall to avoid contamination. In this case, your water supply should consist of water and rain in the same proportion that ensures appropriate pH and DH concentrations. The water must be kept under the air in clean containers with lids.

Rainwater

Usually, the simple way to soften aquarium water with a simple process of using water collected from rain can be a success for any hobbyist. In all likelihood, you could use accumulated rain as an opportunity to monitor GH and KH levels. To adjust its hardness to optimal levels, you can mix rainwater with tap water. Rainwater must be collected following some safety procedures such as not collecting in areas close to industries and other factories; it is also not ideal for collecting rain in high pollution conditions, such as acid and toxic rain.

Using Distilled Water

If you have distilled water available, be aware that you can use it as aquarium water. Water distillation consists of pure water extracted as a result. Hot water to create liquid-vapor causes pure water vapor to condense to produce distilled water. The development of the distillation is pure water, which means that all dissolved minerals in the water have been removed during the distillation. The best way to use distilled water is to use it alongside tap water before adding it to tanks.

Driftwood

Driftwood reduces hardness in aquarium waters based on natural techniques. With a high tannin content, Malaysian floating wood provides good softness to the water. The tannins are released, in response, the water’s hardness decreases. Many people prefer tannin-producing leaves (such as Indian almond leaves) to reduce water hardness.

Water Softener Pillow

Softeners have a hardness reduction mechanism containing oxygen to replace calcium and magnesium and insoluble heavy metal ions. They must not adversely affect your fish or plants. Water softening equipment is the perfect solution for small tanks and often needs to be removed because of its sudden effectiveness. Please follow the product usage information, as the usage method differs from product to product. Softeners reduce salt deposits and carbonate hardness in the aquarium water in a short time.

Reverse Osmosis (RO/DI)

If the hardness problem persists, you might want to use an RO or DI unit. A RO/DI system passes the water through a membrane filter to remove dissolved minerals, metals, and such. RO water has neutral to zero parameters. Also, using some raw water and adding minerals can make your RO water very useful in different systems. Using RO, adjusting the carbonate hardness and pH in your aquarium will become much more manageable.

Will softening the aquarium water harm my fish?

Hard water can damage your fish pets, but lack of minerals can cause serious illnesses. Fish have different water requirements concerning the species and their habitat, so we must continually adjust the hardness to the perfect standard for their fauna to survive. If you have very hard water, reducing its hardness suddenly can cause severe damage to your fish. Lower the parameter slowly, with the help of tests and water changes; this way, your fish will be free from possible physiological shocks.

In conclusion

These aquarium water hardness adjustment options are helpful for tropical fish that need little or no amount of dissolved salts in the water. There are specific kits for measuring GH, Kh, and pH in aquariums that can also allow you to determine the status of parameters and assist in correcting the characteristics of the water in your tank. Use a buffer when using acidifying products to make water soft in tanks; in this way, the pH remains constant due to the buffering effect, preventing it from rapidly changing. Rapid acidification of ph or drop in hardness can harm animals and plants.

Conclusion

There are several ways to soften your aquarium water to get the optimal results you want. Reverse osmosis systems are ideal for large tanks, saltwater aquaria, or unique soft water animal tanks and are widely used by fish breeders. Remember that monitoring GH and KH levels should become a routine to check and correct the hardness of the water in your aquarium. Incorporate progressive changes in aquarium water hardness; always carry out corrections piecemeal, avoiding sudden parameter shocks.

How to Raise KH in Aquarium? Complete Guide

How to Raise KH in Aquarium

In this article we explain KH and its importance to the aquarium and we show how to Raise KH in Aquarium water. We also address GH and pH as all these water measurements are interrelated.

KH is also known as Carbonate Hardness. Its the parameter which can change the most on a daily basis in an aquarium or pond. Carbonate hardness blocks natural acidity and stabilizes pH levels in fish ponds. KH increases and stabilizes the pH.

The greater the KH, the more resistant the aquarium water will be to pH changes. Having a higher KH should prevent large pH swings in your tank over time.

If your tank’s KH level is below 4.5 dKH, you should pay special attention to your tank’s pH. It is advisable to test weekly, until you understand how stable the pH is.

Understanding pH, KH and GH

Aquarium enthusiasts all understand the importance of having stable water parameter to ensure a healthy ecosystem for their fish. Correct water chemistry will ensure the health of your fish and by keeping the water within parameters mortality rates of fish will be reduced. pH, GH, and KH are water parameter measurements you will become familiar with.

pH

pH stands for Power of Hydrogen. pH gauges the Hydrogen Ions in your aquarium. It shows acidity and alkalinity. pH is measured on a scale of 0-14. High pH means alkaline, low pH means acidic and a reading of 7 is neutral.

Different fish have different tolerances of pH. Most aquarium fish thrive in a neutral pH water of somewhere between 6.5 and 8.

Small fluctuations in pH will cause no harm to your fish, however, a big spike in pH levels is harmful.

KH

The KH (carbonate hardness) measures the carbonate and bicarbonate ions in your aquarium. KH is  the ability of water to keep the pH stable (buffering capacity). KH neutralizes the acids present in the aquarium water. This prevents the pH from crashing. pH crashes can harm and potentially kill your fish.

An inadequate buffering capacity is indicated by A low KH level and results in fast pH swings. Whilst, if the KH is high, your aquarium water has a higher buffering capacity, making it harder to change the pH level.

The ideal KH level for a freshwater aquarium is somewhere between 4 – 8 dKH or 70-140 ppm.

GH

GH refers to the general hardness of the water.  It is a reading telling you the amount of calcium and magnesium ions present in the water. It measures the ‘hardness’ or ‘softness’ of your water. It is recommended to have a GH level between 4 – 8 dGH. A low GH can affect the health of plants and fish.

How are pH, KH and GH related?

Although pH, KH, and GH are measurements of specific ions, they are interrelated and all play a part in balancing water chemistry. When minerals are added to the aquarium, they release many ions that affect water parameters.

Limestone, for example, contains a higher level of calcium carbonate. By having both calcium and carbonate ions, you raise both GH and KH when added. Salt mixes specifically created to raise either GH or KH can be purchased.

KH is directly effects pH. It buffers the pH, preventing it from changing rapidly. pH levels tend to decrease in fish aquariums over time. By raising the KH more acids are neutralized, and pH stays higher.

For example, by adding a buffering agent such as crushed coral to a tank with a higher pH level will only raise the KH, not the pH value. Yet, by adding crushed coral to lower pH water will increase both pH and KH values.

If the KH in your aquarium falls, you need to increase the carbonates and bicarbonates in the tank. Commercially prepared alkalinity buffers can be purchased and can be used to raise the KH in your freshwater aquariums. These products make it easy.

Crushed coral combined with aragonite is a perfect alkalinity buffer. The advantage is that it changes KH slowly and steadily.

How to Raise KH in Aquarium

Why is KH important to your aquarium?

pH Fluctuations

The main benefit of having higher KH levels is its effect on pH. KH inhibits pH levels from becoming to low (extremely acidic). It also stabilizes pH, preventing pH crashes and excessive fluctuations. A rapid change in pH affects many aquarium species. Chemical parameters such as pH are crucial to aquatic life in aquariums and ponds.

KH and marine aquariums

KH is important when it comes to corals in saltwater aquariums.

Corals can survive a broad range of Phosphate levels, however, if the KH is too low for an extended period, all aquarium corals will die.

KH naturally reduces with time due to natural processes and coral growth. When its level is low this can contribute to the pH being low. The ideal KH value for a reef aquarium is between 8 & 12 (3 – 5 meq/l).

A low KH can be corrected by adding Reef Builder or Seachem Reef Carbonate.

KH Influence On Plant Growth In A Freshwater Aquarium

With aquarium plants, the preference for alkalinity is not always discussed.

KH has no real benefit to plants (neither does it harm plants). However, KH affects pH, and a high or low pH may not be suitable for certain species of aquarium plants.

Carbonate hardness stabilizes water quality, so its influence is natural. The number of aquarium plants that survive in very soft water is relatively low.

High pH levels can impede the uptake of nutrients by plants.

Soft water plants prefer higher temperatures and lower KH. Hard water plants with moderate pH preferences can still survive at low KH levels.

How to raise KH in aquarium water

1. Potassium Bi-Carbonate

Raising KH levels in the aquarium is quite simple. In a planted aquarium this is best done by adding KH2CO3 or K2CO3 (Potassium bi-carbonate/carbonate). A double benefit is that the potassium acts as fertilizer for plants as well.

  • 3.5 gms of KHCO3 in 100 litres (26 gals) of water raises KH by 1 dKH.
  • 2.5 gms of K2CO3 in 100 litres (26 gals) of water raises KH by 1 dKH.

2. Limestone or coral chips

Another simple method to raise the KH levels is by putting pieces of limestone into the filter, the sump or into the tank. Coral chips in a bag work well, although we recommend limestone over coral chips as larger stone is easier to handle and remove.

Tanks with limestone naturally have higher KH levels. The quality of the limestone/coral chips will determine how quickly the KH will rise. Usually from 0 to 10 within a week.

3. Dolomite Rock

Dolomite rock (CaMgCo3) can also slowly raise and maintain a steady KH in your tank. It gradually releases magnesium, calcium, and carbonate in your aquarium. These elements cause the KH to rise. An advantage of dolomite rock is its appearance that looks great as a substrate. This option is ideal for aquariums that require a constant high KH.

4. Aragonite

Aragonite is another natural carbonate mineral that is aquarium fish safe. This mineral provides a constant source of KH enhancer. Smaller tanks require smaller pieces of aragonite and larger tanks, more. Place in the tank or in the sump tank.

5. Soda Ash

With saltwater tanks use Soda ash. Soda ash is not suitable for freshwater as it releases excess sodium into the water in mineral form. Add small quantities over a period as it will instantly raise the KH and pH in an aquarium. Test and monitor the water with a KH test kit  to ensure the level is not too excessive.

6. Baking Soda

To increase the KH without raising the GH, you can add sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), commonly known as baking soda. By adding one teaspoon per 50 liters (13 gallons) raises the KH by about 4 dH.

7. Water changes

Conducting water changes by removing a third of the tank’s water and replacing with a water source high in KH will help gradually increase KH. Many tap water sources are quite high in KH. Always test the water so that you know what you are adding.

How to Raise KH in Aquarium

What is the ideal KH level for aquariums?

KH is measured based on dKH (degree KH) and ppm (parts/Million, 1dKH equals 17.9 ppm of calcium carbonate per liter). Each fish species has its specific KH value requirement.

  • Brackish water: 10 – 18 dKH
  • Planted aquarium: 3 – 8 dKH
  • Shrimp aquarium: 2 – 5 dKH
  • Cichlid aquarium: 10 – 18 dKH
  • Pond: 4 – 8 dKH
  • Discus aquarium: 3 – 8 dKH
  • Tropical fish aquarium: 4 – 8 dKH
  • Marine reef aquarium: 8 – 12 dKH

 

How to decrease KH?

There are several ways to decrease KH levels in the aquarium. Increase the tannin in the water by adding Indian Almond leaves (particularly when housing Betta fish), or by using peat. As the leaves or peat break down in the water they gradually begin to use up the KH, this lowering it.

Another method is to mix distilled water with the tank or tap water. Distilled water contains no minerals, therefore no KH. By blending it with the tank water KH levels are reduced.

Having an abundance of aquarium plants will help reduce KH when used with a buffer. These buffers are typically utilized by the live plants to reduce the excessive CO2 from aquarium water. Plants use the buffer to convert KH to CO2.

Products to Increase KH Comparison Table

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How To Test And Measure KH In An Aquarium?

Carbonate hardness can be easily measured using KH-based tests. Ensure you have a quality test kit for your specific aquarium (marine or freshwater). Set up a schedule for water tests, being prepared if water adjustments need to be made.

Test pH and water hardness (GH) at the same time.

The greatest fluctuations in water chemistry usually occur when new water is introduced to the tank after cleaning or during part water changes. It is recommended to test the water you introduce.

 

How to Raise KH in Aquarium

 

FAQ

Will increasing KH increase my pH?

Yes, they are related. In general, a higher KH will result in a higher pH. The pH will also be more stable (reduced fluctuations).

What causes KH to drop in a freshwater aquarium?

KH can drop as the rate at which acids are being produced in the tank is accelerated. The acids ‘eat’ at the water’s carbonates/bicarbonates.

Having too many fish, or adding too many at once can increase acids. Ammonia build-up due to fish wastes, excess food and organic matter decomposition also increase acids. Once KH levels are too low for pH stability, the aquarium will likely have a pH crash.

What affect do frequent water changes have on KH?

As fish wastes build up in a tank, so does the acid level, thus reducing KH. Periodic partial water changes remove the polluted water, replacing it with new clean water. This will restore the KH level.

If you have a larger tank that has a good biological filter and a sump tank, the need for water changes will be far less. The beneficial bacteria in a ‘cycled’ tank will eliminate the nitrates and ammonia from the water. Smaller tanks will require regular water changes.

Also, the water you add during a water change will often have a higher KH. This will be determined by where the water is sourced from.

What happens when there is too much CO2?

CO2 supplementation can provide vital nutritious energy for the beautiful growth of different aquatic plant species. Adding CO2 to the aquarium lowers carbonate levels, causing acidification in your aquarium. Having a high KH will prevent problems and keep the pH at an acceptable level.

What happens when the aquarium is overcrowded?

Inherently, unstable conditions occur when aquariums are overcrowded. Fish waste will cause acidification causing KH levels to drop, risking a pH crash. A drop will cause your fish to stress and the less hardy species will start to die.

Having enough water in your aquarium is the best method to improve the health and stability of your aquarium. Using a sump tank will increase its volume. In addition, efficient biological filters will allow for higher stocking rates.

How to Raise KH in Aquarium?

How to reduce hardness in aquariums?

The difference between KH and GH.

Carbonate hardness (KH) is measured by measuring the amount of carbonate and bicarbonate in water.

Whilst GH is a measure of dissolved magnesium and calcium ions. This is what people usually mean when they refer too water being “soft” or “hard”. Generally, plants and most tropical fish and shrimp do best in a dH range of 4-8 dH (degree hardness). This is considered somewhat soft.

Tap water can have both high GH and low KH, therefore, not always ideal for your fish.

How to soften water?

In order to reduce the hardness of water use peat moss or drift wood. This process works by binding calcium and magnesium ions. It will also release tannic and gallic acid into the water. These acids attack and degrade bicarbonates in the fish aquarium, thus further reducing the carbonate levels and the waters PH level.

Place the peat inside the aquarium filter to allow for maximum flow through the peat.

Alternatively, clean rain water is considered ‘soft’ and can be mixed with tank water to reduce hardness.

Final Thoughts

The secret to keeping aquatic live healthy, stress free with a strong immune system is to ensure they have optimal water. Keeping water parameters balanced and within the best range for the species of life in your tank is important.

Understanding KH, pH and GH, and scheduling in regular water tests, will ensure that you are alerted to any water issues. Knowing this will provide peace of mind and will likely save you from much heart-ache.

Understanding how to raise KH in aquarium water is core to maintaining steady pH and keeping water hardness within parameters.

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